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山东省临沂第一中学2015-2016学年高一10月阶段性质量检测英语试卷


2015 级高一年级考试

第Ⅰ卷 第一部分 基础知识 (共 20 个空;每个空 1.5 分,共 30 分) 根据下列各句句意和空白处的汉语提示,在横线上写出对应的单词和短语的正确、完整形式, 每空只写一词。 1. I haven’t been able to be o_________ for so long that I’ve grown crazy a

bout everything to do with nature. 2. I am able to look at nature through curtains hanging before very d________ windows. 3. The dark, rainy evening, the wind, the thundering clouds held me e_________ in their power. 4. Later in the 17th century, people from England made v_________ to conquer other parts of the world, so English began to be spoken in other countries. 5. N_________ English speakers can understand each other well even if they don’t speak the same English. 6. India has a large number of f________ English speakers because Britain ruled India from 1765 to 1947. 7. A________ all languages change and develop when cultures meet and communicate with each other. 8. Mr. Green _______ ________(经历)a lot of difficulties in the childhood. 9. The excited girl burst into laughing and it was a long time before she _______ _______(平静下 来). 10. Lots of useful advice_________ ________(被提出)at the meeting last week. 11. We should _________ ________ ______(利用)every minute to read as many books as we can. 12. The UN ______ ________ __________ __________( 起着重要作用 ) in the international relations.第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。



A
First Lady Michelle Obama is a big fan of volunteering. Volunteering means working for free to

help someone else. Mrs. Obama says volunteering is very important. “It should be part of everyone’s life,” she says. Many teens agree. They say that helping others feels great and makes a difference. These days, more teens volunteer than work for pay. Teens clean up parks, walk dogs at animal shelters, visit the elderly and more. Some cities — including Seattle, Chicago, and Washington, D.C. — require high school students to volunteer. Students must volunteer in order to graduate. The student volunteers learn new skills and help their communities. Many parents are in favor of the idea ---- they say volunteering helps teens build job skills. But most teens don’t want to be forced to volunteer. They say they are busy. And they say volunteering is only fun if it’s a choice. Read both sides of the debate and decide. YES Volunteering can help teens get into college or get a job. Many cities and towns need help. Volunteers can help keep important programs going. Not all teens will volunteer if it isn’t required. Schools should require students to do all they can to get ready for adult life. NO Most teens are already very busy with classes, homework, jobs and sports. Forcing them to do more isn’t fair. It should be up to each person. Helping outdoesn’t feel as good if you have to do it. Finding a volunteer job isn’t always easy. Students shouldn’t be kept from graduating because of something they can’t control. 1 The writer mentions Michelle Obama in order to___________. A. introduce the topic of the text B. explain what volunteering is C. tell what she does for the US D. show she enjoys volunteering 2. According to the text, in Chicago, . A. finding a volunteer job is quite easy B. more people would rather work for pay C. volunteering is a must for high school students D. college students have to volunteer before graduation 3. The underlined part “ in favor of ” in the text means” . A. drop B. develop C. catch D. like 4. Which question does the text mainly discuss? A. Is volunteering good for students? B. Should students be required to volunteer? C. What is the best time to volunteer? D. Which volunteer jobs should students do?

B
La Gomera is the only place in the world which has a whistle (口哨)language. We do not know how and why it began because we do not know the complete history of the island. But we can certainly imagine the reasons for the beginning of the whistle language. There are many deep valleys on the island. A person on one side of a valley can not easily shout to a person on the other side. But he can whistle and be heard. Some of the best whistlers can be heard from four miles away and the record is seven miles. The people who live on the island usually have good teeth, and this helps them to whistle well. They must also have good ears so that they can hear other whistlers. We can understand why the whistle language continues. It is very useful on the island, and quite easy to learn. When somebody is hurt or ill, the whistle language takes the place of telephone. If the sick person is quite far away from the town, people pass the message from one to another. A

boy guarding cattle on a hillside whistles to a man fishing from his boat. The last one is able to describe the trouble fully and exactly to the doctor in town. People help one another in the same way when a car breaks down or a cow is lost. The whistle language is hundreds of years old, and probably it will continue to live on for hundreds of years more. Radio and TV often kill the special ways of speaking in different parts of a country. But on La Gomera you are nobody if you cannot whistle. Perhaps soon after TV arrives on the island, people there will be whistling the news and other facts and opinions. 5. If a person on La Gomera is ill,______. A. others will phone the doctor in town B. people will take him to town by carriage C. his family will take him to the hospital D. the whistle language will help pass the message to the doctor 6. La Gomera is special because ______. A. many visitors go there every year B. no visitors have ever been there C. people there have special ears to hear whistles D. people there use the whistle language to communicate with each other 7. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? A. It is not easy for a person to live on La Gomera if he cannot whistle. B. The whistle language can only be found on La Gomera. C. The whistle language has been used for hundreds of years on the island, but will not be used any longer. D. The record shows that one best whistler can be heard others seven miles away. 8. Which of the following will be the best title of this passage? A. The Secret Language B. Do You Know the Whistle Language? C. The Life of Islanders D. La Gomera 一 a Mystery

C
There are many fun, free activities that you can do as a family. All that is required is a bit of imagination and some time. And the best part is that these are the kind of fun, family memories a child will remember for a lifetime. Family Game Night Kids often get games for Christmas or birthdays, and would love to have a chance to play with their family. Or, make up some games of their own. Charades(字谜游戏)is a fun game that will challenge children to use their imagination. Divide the family into teams and let each team come up with words and the other has to act out. Family Art Time Pick some time for the family to sit down and come up with their own art. It doesn’t need to be just a drawing-take some old magazines, let the kids cut out pictures and paste them into their own shape. Or let them use leaves, branches and whatever else they can find to make something from their imagination. Family Picnic Taking the family for a picnic is a great way for some fun that doesn’t cost any money. If the weather is nice, take them to a park or playground and let them have a day of playing. Family Field Trip A family field trip doesn’t have to cost a cent. Ask a nearby farm if you can bring your kids out for a tour and to see some of the animals. Or take them to a park to find certain items from nature. Ask a local business if you could bring the family for a tour to see how things work-you might be

surprised at the number of people who would be excited to share what they do with others, and it could be an interesting lesson for kids. 9. When playing the game charades, kids are supposed to ______. A. prepare some cakes for each other B. sing a song for each other in turn C. connect actions with certain words D. be quick to follow others’ actions 10. Which activities in the passage depend much on the kids’ imagination? A. Family Game Night & Family Art Time B. Family Game Night & Family Picnic C. Family Picnic & Family Field Trip D. Family Field Trip & Family Game Night 11. It can be inferred from the last paragraph that ______. A. you may share your own experience with workers B. It costs a lot to visit a park for a family C. all the people will be excited to share what they have with you D. you should ask for permission from the farm owner 12. The passage is mainly intended for ______. A. teachers B. teenagers C. tourists D. parents D Alsten Chase has written a book about Yellowstone National Park. He is worried about the damage the fires can do to the park. He is also concerned(关心) about the park rules. These rules say that nature should decide what happens to the park. Alsten also writes that the elk herd(马鹿群) has grown too big. The elks walk on the riverbanks. They eat the new grass and roots of baby trees. The beavers (河狸) need the trees to build dams. The dams raise the water levels. Higher water levels put more water into the soil. Moist soil helps plants grow faster. The plants offer homes and food to other animals. Chase thinks that the park rules would work only in a park with natural settings. He believes that Yellowstone has had an artificial setting for a long time. The native people left. The wolves were taken away and other animals were removed.The areas of land were fenced off and other animals added. He thinks the park rules that let herds grow too big and the fires burn are hurting the nature of the park. The park manager thinks the rules are good and that the park will be fine. Chase thinks the way the people run the park should be changed. 13.In Chase’s opinion, too many elks in the park will ___. A.cause great fires B.break the balance of nature C.destroy the dams D.do no damage at all 14.Chase thinks that the park is ____. A.no longer in a natural state B.still in a natural stat C.well protected D.well managed 15.After the book by Alsten Chase is published, the park will probably ___. A.be quickly changed B.be completely replaced C.no longer work D.continue to work 第二节 (共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选 项。 Being in an unfamiliar school can be frightening. If you start a new school, you’ll have to worry about making friends. Here are simple tips which help you make new friends more easily.

_____16____ As they’re close by, it is easy to chat to them first. Try to speak to everyone in your class. You will study here for three years, so it helps if you get along well with them. If you don’t have many friends in your class, it doesn’t matter. ___17____ You can also chat to them at lunchtimes and after school. Join a lunchtime or after school club. You’ll get to meet kids of all years that way. ____18____ Since you’re the new person, you’ll have got celebrity status (名人身份), which you can use for a couple of weeks. Talk to classmates, remember to smile, and be open and friendly. ____19_____ When your classmates talk to you, you should listen carefully and look at them in the eye to make them feel important. As you grow older, it’s natural to make new friends and sometimes that means you begin to grow apart from your old friends. So try and make time for all your friends. But what if a friendship group is pushing you out? If this is happening to you, ask someone you’re friendly with what has happened. ___20____ A. Don’t break in while your classmates are speaking. B. Never mind what they are talking. C. Use your celebrity status! D. If the friendship is hopeless, try to find new friends. E. Try and make new friends in your neighbor classes. F. There is no need to be upset even if you have lost the friendship with such classmates. G. Try speaking to the students you’re sitting next to in class. 第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分 60) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处 的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Douglas was my cousin. I first met him when he came to stay with my family for a 21 , because his parents were going to teach in Africa. He and his family 22 all the way on the other side of the country, so we had never had a chance to visit. 23 , when we arrived at the airport, it was not hard to find which person was

my 24 . He was the one standing all alone, looking around for someone to 25 him. He looked a little scared to meet us, 26 started to smile shyly after my mom hugged (拥抱) him. When we got back home and Douglas 27 putting his things away, I could not believe it. All of his 28 were the same, all white shirts and dark blue shorts. He 29 had a dark blue jacket with a tie! “How come you 30 only one kind of clothes?” I asked him. “That’s the way my school has 31 been,” he said. “We have to wear uniforms.” “I would hate having to wear the 32 thing every day,” I said. “I don’t 33 ,” Douglas said. “It 34 time. I don’t have to think about what I am going to wear.” “Well, we don’t wear uniforms at our 35 . You’re going to look pretty 36 if you come to school in a jacket and tie.” Douglas looked worried. 37 , I felt bad. I had not meant to 38 his feelings. After all, it was not easy to come all this way to live with some 39 family for a year. Then and there I decided that I was going to 40 my cousin and try to make this as good a year as possible for him. 21. A. day 22. A. worked 23. A. However 24. A. parent 25. A. ask 26. A. so 27. A. started 28. A. bags 29. A. also 30. A. make 31. A. sometimes 32. A. right 33. A. know 34. A. costs 35. A. airport B. week B. lived B. Instead B. cousin B. teach B. but B. stopped B. pictures B. again B. hate B. never B. same B. use B. saves B. country C. month C. traveled C. Besides C. uncle C. help C. or C. finished C. books C. still C. wear C. always C. only C. mind C. wastes C. home D. year D. studied D. Therefore D. friend D. meet D. and D. continued D. clothes D. even D. sell D. seldom D. old D. remember D. counts D. school

36. A. brave 37. A. Really 38. A. share 39. A. difficult 40. A. look at

B. funny B. Luckily B. enjoy B. special B. look for 第 II 卷

C. smart C. Suddenly C. hurt C. big C. look after

D. handsome D. Secretly D. understand D. strange D. look up

注意事项: 用 0.5 毫米黑色笔迹的签字笔将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。 第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分 60 分)
第二节 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的的正确形式。 Once there lived a rich man 41. __________ wanted to do something for the people of his town. But first he wanted to find 42. __________ whether they deserved(应得) his help. In the center of the main road into the town, he placed a very large stone. Then he 43. __________(hide) behind a tree and waited. Soon an old man came along with his cow. “Who put this stone in the center of the road?” said the old man, but he did not try to move the stone away. Instead, with some 44__________(difficult) he passed around the stone and continued on his way. Another man came along and did 45. __________ same thing; then another came, and another. All of them complained about the stone 46. __________ not tried to move 47. __________ aside. Late in the afternoon a young man came along and saw the stone 48.__________ (lie)in the way. He said to himself: “The night 49. __________(be) very dark soon. Some people will come along later in the dark and will fall against the stone.” Then he began to move the stone. He pushed and pulled with all his strength to move it. How great was his surprise at last! 50. __________ the stone, he found a bag of money. 第四部分:写作(共两节,满分 50 分) 第一节短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共 有 10 处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(Λ),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

注意: 1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。

Dear Uncle, My parents were considering sending me to study abroad before I graduate from high school. I am quite unsure about it. So I’m writing to ask you for advice. Although some of my classmate have decided to apply for a foreign university in the future, but I’m really wondering whether it is right or not. As you know, study abroad will cost lot of money. Beside, I’m not sure whether a foreign university will fit you. I wish to get some practical advice for you since you have been lived in America for years. Looking forward to your reply. 第二节 书面表达 (25 分)

假如你叫李华。昨天收到了美国朋友 David 的一封电子邮件。得知他在学习汉语方面感觉 比较困难,因而来信向你询问如何能学好汉语。请根据以下提示写一篇回件。 要点 1、学唱中文歌曲;2、交中国朋友;3、看中文书刊、电视;4、参加中文学习班 要求:至少包含以上四个要点中的三个。词数 100 左右。

Dear David,

学校: ___________

班级: ___________

姓名: ___________

???????????密???????????封???????????线??????????

英语答题卡
【基础知识】(20×1.5′=30)
1._____________ 4._____________ 7._____________ 2._______________ 5._______________ 8.________ 3.____________ ___ 6._______________ 9.________

10. ________

11.

12.

【语法填空】(10×1.5′=15)
41.__________________42._________________43.________________44.________________45.___________ ______ 46._______________47._______________48.________________49.______________50.

_________________

【改错】(10×1′=10)
Dear Uncle, My parents were considering sending me to study abroad before I graduate from high

school. I am quite unsure about it. So I’m writing to ask you for advice.

Although some of my classmate have decided to apply for a foreign university in the

future, but I’m really wondering whether it is right or not. As you know, study abroad will cost

lot of money. Beside, I’m not sure whether a foreign university will fit you. I wish to get some

practical advice for you since you have been lived in America for years.

???????????密???????????封???????????线??????????

【书面表达】(25′)
Dear David,

Yours, Li Hua


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