雅安中学 2012-2013 学年高三下期月考试题（3 月） 英 语 试 题
（命题人：杨学荣 审题人：张崇梅） 试题分第Ｉ卷和第Ⅱ卷两部分。满分 150 分，考试时间 120 分钟。交第Ⅱ卷和机读卡。
1．答题前，考生务必将自己的学校、班级、姓名、考号用 0.5 毫米的黑色签字笔填写在答题卡上，并 检查条形码粘贴是否正确。
2．选择题(1-55)使用 2B 铅笔填涂在答题卡对应题目标号的位置上，非选择题用 0.5 毫米黑色签字笔书 写在答题卡的对应题框内，超出答题区域书写的答案无效；在草稿纸、试题卷上答题无效。 3．考试结束以后，将答题卡收回。
第 I 卷（选择题，共 90 分）
第一部分 英语知识运用(共两节，满分 40 分) 第一节 语法和词汇知识(共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分) 从 A，B，C，D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 1. — I guess the key to the problem is the choice “A”. — ______ A. That’s it. B. That’s great. C. That’s OK. D. That’s all right. 2. How ______Jenny was! A. a nice girl B. nice girl C. a girl nice D. nice a girl 3. Life is like riding a bicycle. ______ your balance, you must keep moving. A. Keeping B. To keep C. Keep D. Being kept 4. ______, Scarlett never seems able to do the work satisfactorily. A. Try as hard she will B. Trying hard as she will C. Try hard as she will D. Trying as hard she will 5. More water and the young trees ______. A. couldn't have died B. needn’t have died C. shouldn’t have died D. mustn’t have died 6. Americans ______ sent a message to the world ______ they have never been just a collection of red states and blue states. A. who; that B. /; / C. /; that D. that; what 7. Nobody but the workers here and those who are invited ______into the studio. A. are admitted B. are admitting C. is admitted D. is admitting 8. ______ positive intentions, you feel more empowered and more like a “victor” than a “victim”. A. With focused on B. A focus on C. With focusing on D. With a focus on 9. Williams takes ______encouraging when so many students attend his lecture. A. it by B. it as C. by it D. as it 10. — Don't go out, please. It's raining heavily outside. —______. I have to meet my brother at the airport. A. Yes, I will B . Yes, I won’t C. No, I will D. No, I won’t
第二节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出 可以填入空白入的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 The year I went away to college was a very difficult transition (过渡期) for me. 11 is probable true with many people, I got quite homesick and Although the postcard home. 16 18 13 time for many students is getting 15 17 14 12 thought about going home. from home, my mailbox was frequently . One day when I went to the mailbox, there was a a note from someone back 19 postcards were like
out at me. I sat down to read it,
I became increasingly puzzled (困惑) as
this: It was a full news report about a woman named Mabel and her newborn baby. I took the card back to my room and 20 about it. 21 another postcard, this one 24 26 22 news about 23 25 29 30 Several days later I
Maybelline, Mabel's cousin. Soon after, another card arrived and then another, full of news of different people. I began to to see what this author would come up with Finally, the cards 28 look forward to the next one, . I was never 27 .
coming, right about the time I had begun to feel
about college life. They had been such a happy distraction (调剂) that I have all the postcards and still bring them out to read whenever I need a lift. 11. If 12. A. often 13. A. hard 14. A. visitors 15. A. empty 16. A. pouring 17. A. describing 18. A. But 19. A. any 20. A. joked 21. A. mailed 22. A. delivering 23. A. one 24. A. nearly 25. A. promising 26. A. below B. So B. carefully B. last B. letters B. full B. reaching B. considering B. Thus B. no B. talked B. accepted B. demanding B. each B. possibly B. surprised B. lately C. As C. seldom C. busiest C. calls C. closed C. staring C. enjoying C. Also C. some C. forgot C. wrote C.discovering C. either C. usually C. interested C. next D. What D. merely D. happiest D.directions D. open D. rolling D. expecting D. Even D. such D. cared D. received D.developing D. both D. really D.pretending D. behind
27. A. frightened 28. A. continued 29. A. easy 30. A. lost
B. disappointed B. stopped B. safe B. collected
C. excited C. excited C. tired C. torn
D. pleased D. pleased D. anxious D. saved
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节，满分 50 分) 第一节 (共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分) 根据短文内容，从每题所给的（A，B，C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在 答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A My friend, Emma Daniels, spent the summer of 1974 traveling in Israel. During her month-long stay in Jerusalem she often went to a cafe called Chocolate Soup. It was run by two men, one of whom--Alex--used to live in Montreal. One morning when Emma went in for coffee, while chatting with her new friend Alex, she mentioned that she had just finished the book she was reading and had nothing else to read. Alex said he had a wonderful book she might like, and that he'd be happy to lend it to her. As he lived just above the cafe, he quickly ran up to get it. The book he handed to Emma just minutes later was Markings, a book by a former Secretar-General of the United Nations (UN). Emma had never read it; nor had she ever bought a copy. But, when she opened it up, she was floored to see her own name and address inside the cover, in her own handwriting (笔迹). It turned out that the summer before, at a concert back in Montreal, Emma had met a Californian who was in town visiting friends. They decided to exchange (交换) addresses, but neither of them had any paper. The man opened up a book he was carrying in his backpack (背包) and asked Emma to write her name and address inside. When he returned to California, he left the book behind in Montreal, and his friend Alex kept it. When Alex later moved to Jerusalem, he took the book along. 31. Alex lent Emma the book, Markings, _______. A. to show his friendliness to her B. to show his interest in reading C. to tell her about the importance of the UN D. to let her write her name and address inside 32. How did Emma feel the moment she opened the book? A. Pleased. B. Satisfied. C. Worried. D. Surprised. B. invited Emma to a concert D. left Emma his backpack
33. We can learn from the text that the Californian _______. A. met Emma at a concert C. introduced Emma to his friend
34. Who was supposed to be the first owner of the book? A. An official of the UN. C. A friend of the author's. B At a few minutes past five, Dave noted that the blanket of darkness was lifting. He was just able to make out the heavier masses that eventually appeared as the familiar trees that lined the road at the base of the hill. The upper reaches of the sky showed lighter shades of gray. Dave got out of bed quietly and dressed quickly. He mixed a spoonful of instant chocolate into a glass of cold water, and his impatience forced him to finish the drink in gulps. As he walked down toward the lake, Dave paused to reach for the fishing pole and gear box on the bench where he had left them the night before. By the time he reached the small boat, a thick white mist (雾气) had spread over the surface of the water. He stepped into the boat, sat down, and rowed out of the weed beds that lined the edge of the shore. The outer fringe (边缘) of the lake disappeared as the boat moved forward noiselessly. All he could see was the enveloping whiteness. He could not tell where the boat and the surrounding air met the surface of the lake. Dave rowed steadily ahead, relying on a mental picture of the surroundings. Then the mist began to rise, slowly. It soon rested inches above the still surface of the lake. The heavy silence was now being broken by the fish breaking through the surface as they leaped out of the water for low-flying insects. The magic time had arrived. Dave raised his pole. Dawn was broken. He was excited with expectancy. 35. Dave got up early in the morning to _______. A. enjoy the scene of the lake C. go fishing in the lake B. seek adventure at the lake D. take a walk by the lake B. A coffee shop owner. D. Alex's friend from California.
36. According to the story, which of the following is TRUE? A. Dave broke the quietness of the lake. B. Dave was familiar with the surroundings. C. Dave took a picture of the lake with him. D. Dave forgot the fishing pole at the beginning. 37. The underlined word "It" in Paragraph 6 refers to _______. A. fish B. boat C. silence D. mist 38. What can we learn from the end of the story? A. Dave was hopeful of catching a tot of fish.
B. Dave wished the weather would be better. C. Dave was happy that dawn was broken. D. Dave expected someone else would come. C When I learned that my 71-year-old mother was playing Scrabble -- a word game -- against herself, I knew I had to do something. My husband suggested we give her a computer to play against. I wasn't sure my mother was ready for it. After all, it had taken 15 years to persuade her to buy an electric cooker. Even so, we packed up our old computer and delivered it to my parents' home. And so began my mother's adventure in the world of computers. It also marked the beginning of an unusual teaching task for me. I've taught people of all ages, but I never thought I would be teaching my mother how to do anything. She has been the one teaching me all my life: to cook and sew; to enjoy the good times and put up with the bad. Now it was my turn to give something back. It wasn't easy at the beginning. There was so much to explain and to introduce. Slowly but surely, my mother caught on, making notes in a little notebook. After a few months of Scrabble and other games, I decided it was time to introduce her to word processing (文字处理). This proved to be a bigger challenge (挑战) to her, so I gave her some homework. I asked her to write me a letter, using different letter types, colors and spaces. "Are you this demanding with your kindergarten pupils?" she asked. "No, of course not," I said. "They already know how to use a computer." My mother isn't the only one experiencing a fast personal growth period. Thanks to the computer, my father has finally got over his phone allergy (过敏反应). For as long as I can remember, any time I called, my mother would answer. Dad and I have had more phone conversations in the last two months than we've had in the past 20 years. 39. What does the author do? A. She is a cook. B. She is a teacher. C. She is a housewife. D. She is a computer engineer. 40. The author decided to give her mother a computer _______. A. to let her have more chances to write letters B. to support her in doing her homework C. to help her through the bad times
D. to make her life more enjoyable 41. The author asked her mother to write her a letter _______. A. because her mother had stopped using the telephone B. because she wanted to keep in touch with her mother C. so that her mother could practice what she had learned D. so that her mother could be free from housework 42. After the computer was brought home, the author's father _______. A. lost interest in cooking C. played more games B. took more phone calls D. began to use it
D While parents, particularly mothers, have always been attached to their infants (婴儿), societal conditions frequently made this attachment difficult to maintain(保 持). First of all, the high infant death rate in the premodern times meant that such attachments often ended in hopelessness. Perhaps to prevent the sadness that infant death caused, a number of societal practices developed which worked against early attachment of mother and child. one of these premodern attachment-discouraging practices was to leave infants unnamed until they had survived into the second year. Another practice that discouraged maternal( 母 亲 的 ) attachment was tightly wrapping( 包 裹 )infants. Wrapping effectively prevented the close physical interactions like stroking(抚摸) and kissing that are so much a part of modern mothers' and fathers' affection for their infants. A third practice which had the same distancing effect was wet-nursing. Breast-feeding(母乳哺育)was not popular among the well-to-do in the early modern times; infants were often fed by wet nurses hired for the purpose. In some places, such as nineteenth-century France, city infants were sent to wet nurses in the country. Often a wet nurse would feed her own child first, leaving little milk for the city infant －who, in many cases, died. In Rouen, the death rate for children sent to a wet nurse was 35 percent. 43. Babies were unnamed until they were two so that ______. A. an old social custom could be kept up B. maternal attachment could be maintained C. they could have better chances to survive D. their parents would not be too sad if they died 44. Why were babies wrapped? A. To protect them from the cold. B. To distance their mothers from them. C. To make them feel more comfortable. D. To make it easy for their mothers to hold them.
45. Wet nurses were women who ______. A. babysat city infants B. fed babies of other families C. sent their babies to the country D. failed to look after their babies 46. Which is the best title for the passage? A. Societal Conditions in Premodern Times B. Practices of Reducing Maternal Attachment C. Poor Health Service and High Infant Death Rate D. Differences between Modern and Premodern Parents E A study published in September suggests there is a surprising way to get people to avoid unhealthy foods: change their memories. Scientist Elizabeth Loftus of the University of California at Irvine asked volunteers to answer some questions on their personalities(个性) and food experiences. "one week later, "Loftus says, "we told those people we'd fed their answers into our smart computer and it came up with an account of their early childhood experiences. "Some accounts included one key additional detail( 细 节 ) :"You got sick after eating strawberry ice-cream. "The researchers then changed this detail into a manufactured( 人 为 促 生 的 )memory through leading questions－Who were you with? How did you feel? By the end of the study, up to 41% of those given a false memory believed strawberry ice-cream once made them sick, and many said they'd avoid eating it. When Loftus published her findings, she started getting calls from people begging her to make them remember hating chocolate or French fries. Unfortunately, it's not that easy. False memories appear to work only for foods you don't eat on a regular basis. But most important, it is likely that false memories can be implanted(灌 输)only in people who are unaware of the mental control. And lying to a patient is immoral, even if a doctor believes it's for the patient's benefit. Loftus says there's nothing to stop parents from trying it with their overweight children. "I say, wake up--- parents have been lying about Father Christmas for years, and nobody seems to mind. If they can prevent diseases caused by fatness and all the other problems that come with that, you might think that's a more moral lie. Decide that for yourself." 47. Why did Loftus ask the volunteers to answer some questions? A. To improve her computer program. B. To find out their attitudes towards food. C. To find out details she can make use of. D. To predict what food they'll like in the future.
48. What did Loftus find out from her research? A. People believe what the computer tells them. B. People can be led to believe in something false. C. People tend to forget their childhood experiences. D. People are not always aware of their personalities. 49. According to the study, people may stop having a certain food if they _______. A. learn it is harmful for health B. lie to themselves that they don't want it C. are willing to let doctors control their minds D. think they once had a bad experience of eating it 50. What is the biggest concern with the method? A. Whether it is moral. C. When it is effective. 中有两项为多余选项。 --What do you think I ought to see first in London? I'm told one ought to see the British Museum. Do you think I shall have time for that? -51 But if I were you, I should leave that for some other day. You could spend 52 a whole day there. It's much too big to be seen in an hour or so. -- I suppose it is. -- That's not a bad idea. You could spend a couple of hours there comfortably, or even a whole afternoon, watching the wild animals and all those birds. You could have tea there too. -- I'll do that, then. How do I get there? -- 53 -- 54 -- Oh, no, a quarter of an hour or so, but, if you're in a hurry, why not take a taxi? -- I think I will. A. Let me see. B. Well, you might. C. What time is it now? D. Is it much of a walk? E. Ah, here's one coming. F. What about going to the Zoo? G. Must I stay in London for long? 55 Taxi! Where are we now? Oh, there's that big building. I think your best way from here is to take Baker Street. B. Who it is best for. D. How it should be used.
第二节 根据对话内容， 从对话后的选项中选出能填人空白处的最佳选项。选项
51. ______ 52. ______ 53. ______ 54. ______ 55. ______
第 II 卷（非选择题，共 60 分）
第三部分 写(共三节，满分 60 分) 第一节 阅读表达(共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分) 阅读下面短文并回答问题，然后将答案写到答题卡相应的位置上(请注意问题后的词数要 求)。
A generation of children is in danger of growing into dysfunctional(不正常的) adults because they do not play outside, an expert warned yesterday. A shocking study found that 60 percent of youngsters would rather watch television or play computer games than venture outdoors. A third of children aged between 6 and 15 have never climbed a tree, a quarter has never climbed a hill and one in ten children cannot ride a bicycle and a third has no idea how to build a den(简陋的小房间）. The decline(下降) of traditional outdoor games is in part due to the busy lives of parents. Seven out of ten mothers and fathers said ___________ because they were too busy and the local park was too far away. One in seven parents said they did not feel fit enough to play with their children outside, while 8 percent said they were too embarrassed. Catherine Prisk, a former teacher and director of campaign group Play England, said, "children are missing out on vital experiences and may become dysfunctional adults. Playing outside, getting muddy and climbing trees are simple pleasures, but many of today's children are missing out on." Children are likely to be more physically active when they play outside and are more likely to play with other children. This is essential for their emotional and physical health, wellbeing and happiness and is also important for their future development, to build vital life and social skills. When children learn to climb a tree they are learning to overcome a physical challenge and it will stand them in good stead for overcoming other challenges in life, such as learning to read. "If we do not address parents' safety concerns and encourage our children to make the most of outdoor spaces we will breed a generation of dysfunctional adults," Catherine Prisk added. 56. What is the main idea of the text? (No more than 10 words) ______________________________________________________________________ 57. Fill in the blank in Paragraph 3 with proper words. (No more than 6 words)
______________________________________________________________________ 58. What outdoor games are simple pleasures? (No more than 6 words) ①______________ ②______________ ③______________
59. Why should children play outside? ( No more than 15 words) ______________________________________________________________________ 60. Why does the author end this article with Catherine Prisk's words? ( No more than 10 words) ______________________________________________________________________ 第二节 短文改错(共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文， 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧)，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线(＼)划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线(______)，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意： 1．每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2．只允许修改 10 处，多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Honesty plays an important role for friendship. To be honest means we treat our friends heart
and soul but in no case should we cheat each other. When we make a promise, we must try to keep
our words. If we can't, we'd better explain why and let him know as soon as possible. Last month I
told a lie to my best friend, Peter, who has ruined our friendship. We had planned to get together to
the gym to watch a basketball match. But that day I change my mind and went to play with others.
Peter waited for me for more than one hour and went back, feeling very much disappointed. After
figuring out the truth, Peter became so angrily that he refused to talk to me. I learned valuable
lesson. Be dishonest means ending a good friendship.
第三节 书面表达(共 35 分) 这些年，在中国有很多高中学生不太重视对语文学科的学习。 1. 描述现象； 2. 分析原因: A．身为中国人，已经能够很流畅地讲汉语； B．即使努力学习语文，考试成绩依然未能有大的提高； 3. 你自身的经历和看法。 请根据以上信息和要求，用英语写一篇短文，词数120 词左右。 （注意：短文开头已经给出，不计入总词数。） These years in China, there have been lots of senior high students who
雅安中学 2012-2013 学年高三下期月考试题（3 月） 英 语 试 题参考答案
第一卷 1---5 ADDBC 6---10 AADAC 11---15 CADBA 16---20 CDABC 21—25 DABDC 26—30 CBBAD 31—34 ADAD 35—38 CBDA 39—42 BDCB 43—46 DBBB 47—50 CBDA 51—55 BFADE 第二卷 56 .It is essential for children to play outside more. 57.They rarely played with their children. 58.Playing outside, getting muddy, climbing trees. 59.Because it is essential for children’s emotional and physical health ,wellbeing and happiness. 60. Tell parents to encourage children to play outside. 改错 role for—in soul but—and our words—word Let him—them Peter, who---which I change— changed Very much---much angrily—angry learned—learned a Be dishonest--Being 作文：Last Saturday, our class held a discussion about the topic “Can middle school students be in love..” Different students have different ideas. 25% of the students are in favor of it .They think loving one person is the right of every student. If dealt with properly, love can improve the study of each other. However, 55% of them are against it. Firstly, being in love with someone will take up time and energy, which can badly affect our study. Secondly, our parents who expect too much of us are unwilling to know we are in love instead of studying hard. Lastly, students falling in love often end up in failure. But 20% of the students have a neutral attitude because they don’t understand the difference between like and love. As far as I am concerned,we students should focus firmly on our study instead of falling in love too early.