2015～2016 学年上学期汉铁高中高二 10 月月考 英语试题
第一部分：听力(分两节，共 20 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分) 第一节 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选 出最佳选项，听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段 对话仅读一遍。 1.What does the
woman suggest doing? [A]Repairing the telephone. [B]Surfing the Internet. [C]Cooking at home. 2.What did the man do? [A]He bought a computer. [B]Surfing the Internet. [C]He hunted for a new job. 3.What are the speakers talking about? [A]A fire. [B]A flood. [C]An earthquake. 4.How many people will be expected to the party? [A]15. [B]135. [C]150. 5.Why does the woman mention her dinner guests? [A]To ask the man to join them. [B]Surfing the Internet. [C]To invite the man to have another drink. 第二节 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三 个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读 各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两 遍。 听下面一段对话，回答第 6 和第 7 两个小题。 6.How much will the man pay for the CD player? [A]$30. [B]$70. [C]$100. 7.What is the man concerned about? [A]Return policy. [B]After-sale repairing. [C]Exchange of of goods. 听下面一段对话，回答第 8 和第 9 两个小题。 8.What kind of room does the man take? [A]A shared room with another student. [B]A single room with his own bathroom. [C]His own room with a shared bathroom. 9.What is excluded in the conference fee? [A]Meals. [B]Tea. [C]Coffee. 听下面一段对话，回答第 10 至第 12 三个小题。 10.Where does the man probably work? [A]In a hotel. [B]In a church. [C]In a film company. 11.How did the man help the film star? [A]He woke him up. [B]He lent him his pants. [C]He sent him back to the room. 12.What does the man's wife think of him? [A]He is of great help at home. [B]He is of no help with the housework. [C]He is busy with his work all the time. 听下面一段对话，回答第 13 至第 16 四个小题。 13.Who is Anna?
[A]The man's sister. [B]The man's mother. [C]The man's grandmother. 14.How long will the man stay? [A]Three days. [B]Four days. [C]Five days. 15.What surprised the woman? [A]The man only eats vegetables now. [B]The man still has schoolwork to do. [C]The man is staying for such a short time. 16.What can we learn from the conversation? [A]Anna is a vegetarian. [B]Anna loves to eat turkey. [C]The man is disappointed with Anna. 听下面一段独白，回答第 17 至第 20 四个小题。 17.What is the passage mainly about? [A]The plan for the day. [B]The courses of the school. [C]An introduction to the teachers. 18.What are the listeners going to do at 10:40? [A]Do a test. [B]Take a rest. [C]Get their books. 19.Who will introduce the Learning Center? [A]Carol. [B]Steve. [C]Anna. 20.When are the listeners expected to talk with Helen? [A]During the lunchtime.、 London. [B]In the conversation class. [C]After a talk about
第二部分：阅读理解 (共两节，满分 40 分) 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳答案， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A
Every year Chris Brogan posts his three words for a new year. Many others and I have followed his lead for the past three or four years. They helped me a lot. My words for last year were “passion”, “focus” and “delegate” and I stayed true to them. This year, 2013, my goals are more personal and less professional. FOCUS Focus is making a repeat appearance on my list this year because I’m too much of a multitasker. The problem is that I have trouble finishing one thing with so many things calling me. When I was working as a writer, all my projects were handled via a schedule, I’m putting a fitness and housekeeping routine into my schedule. HEALTH I get so busy taking care of everyone else, and I forget to take care of myself and this has to change. My health suffers and my weight suffers. I have to get my health in check, not only for me but because I promised my 9-year-old son. I’ll make good food and lifestyle choices. I miss being thin, and it’s time to get it back. CELEBRATE What good is having it if I’m not taking time to enjoy it? I have a wonderful job, a happy family, and so much to be thankful for. So how come I spend all my time working? Last summer my family took our first vacation in four years, the best thing I’ve done for myself and my family in a long time. This year, I’m making sure to take time to enjoy life and celebrate its many blessings.
Do you have any words for 2014? 21．The underlined word “multitasker” probably refers to a person who A. makes a living by writing B. always fails to finish a task on time C. has several things to do at the same time D. pays more attention to fitness and housekeeping 22．Why does the writer have “HEALTH” as one of his three words? A. He wants to take better care of others. B. He’s gaining weight and feeling bad. C. He did not take any exercise in the past. D. He got the idea from his son. 23．What can we learn from the passage? A. The word “CELEBRATE” can remind the writer to enjoy life. B. The writer has a vacation with his family every four years. C. The word “FOCUS” can help the writer focus on his family. D. The writer used to be overweight for lack of exercise. .
Do you sometimes argue about what seems to you to be a simple fact? Do you argue whether it’s cold outdoors or whether the car in front of you is going faster than the speed limit? If you get into such arguments, try to think about the story about the six blind men and the elephant. The first blind man who felt the elephant’s trunk said it was like a snake. The second who felt the elephant’s side said it was like a wall, while the third said it was like a spear as he touched the animal’s tusk(长牙). The fourth, who had hold of the elephant’s tail insisted that it was like a rope. The fifth man said it looked like a tree as he put his arm around one of the elephant’s legs.The sixth, who was tall and got hold of the elephant’s ears, said it was like a huge fan. Each man’s idea of the animal came from his own experience. So if someone disagrees with you about a “simple fact”, it’s often because his experience in the matter is different from yours. To see how hard it is for even one person to make up his mind about a “simple fact”, try this simple experiment. Get three large bowls. Put ice water in one. Put hot water in the second. Put lukewarm （不冷不热的） water in the third. Now put your left hand in the ice water. Put your right hand in the hot water. After thirty seconds, put both hands in the lukewarm water. Your right hand will tell you the water is cold. Your left hand will tell you it’s hot ! 24. What makes people think about simple facts differently ? A. The fact that simple facts differ from one another B.The fact that people have different experience in the same simple fact C. The fact that people often disagree with one another D. The fact that it’s hard to make up one’s mind about simple facts 25. The writer’s advice is _______________. A. We should never think about simple facts B. We should never judge something with a one-sided view C. We should not agree about simple facts D. We must learn from the six blind men 26. What do you think of the six blind man? A. They are the examples of those who look on things only from one side.
B. They are skilled at exploring different things. C. They are all experts in studying elephant. D. They are the examples of those who always refuse to trust friends. 27. After reading the last paragraph, we may think of __________. A. Newton’s law B. Galileo’s theory of falling objects C. Einstein’s theory of relativity D. Marx’s Theory On Capital (资本)
Regardless of their family background, the children’s reactions to new environments have struck the public.
In one episode of Dad! , the five-year-old daughter of former Olympic diving champion Tian Liang cries and hides behind her father when they arrive at a rural village. In an episode of the other series, a young girl in Tianjin breaks down into a tearful fit after being asked by her father to go out alone to buy eggs and a pancake. In the eyes of some observers, these kids show no sense of independence, and the reason is put down to parents who are overly sheltering. But television viewers and parents were heartened when the sobbing Tianjin girl finally wiped away her tears as she returned holding the pancake. In the case of Tian’s daughter, she eventually began to take care of her younger companions and learned to seek help from people she didn’t know. The father of the Tianjin girl felt “delightfully shocked” and said. “She used to have to be accompanied by her mother or grandmother. Now she has the courage to do it all by herself. ” The shows have led many parents to change how they raise their children. Shanghai mother Liang Jing said she would try to “give some training” to her shy son, asking him to tidy up his toys. Lin Yi, a parenting expert in Beijing, said giving kids a chance to do things for themselves helps to raise their sense of achievement, which carries benefits throughout their lives. ” 28. What attracts the audience’s eyes in the programs? A. What the kids’ family background is like. B. Where children’s real comfort zone is. C. How children react to new environments. D. Why those children are independent. 29. What is Tian Liang’s daughter expected to do in the show? A. Go out to buy something alone. B. Hide in a safe place to avoid a danger. C. Make friends with strange adults. D. Live in a rural village with her father. 30. It can be inferred from the underline words “delightfully shocked” that . A. father is more important than mother in a family B. children deserve a chance to be independent C. parents should provide a safe environment D. the children are as fragile as parents expected
31. The shows are bound to raise a wave of discussion about . A. protecting good traditions B. the social safety C. approaches to parenting D. the influence of TV programmes D Why Doesn’t Anybody Copy Apple? Apple’s products are the envy of the world. They have been spectacularly successful and are widely imitated, if not copied. The minute Apple crystallizes a product, everyone knows how to compete． This idea that the basis of competition is set by Apple and then the race is on to climb the path of improvement is unquestionable．When Apple releases a product that defines a category or dramatically changes the structure of an industry, it becomes obvious what needs to be built. But what I wonder is why everyone wants to copy Apple’s products but nobody wants to copy being Apple? I can think of two reasons. Firstly, Apple is not worth copying because it's not successful; secondly, Apple’s success cannot be copied because it is a magical process． There is a great deal of evidence for the first hypothesis. The idea of Apple being successful is not something reflected in its stock price．Being valued lower than the average company in the S&P （标准普尔）500 indicates that to whatever degree Apple was successful in the past, it's not seen by the vast majority of observers as successful in the future．Why should one bother copying Apple if it results in being punished with a low valuation? If one works really hard at innovation and then that innovation becomes commoditized（商品化）very quickly, why should one bother? When innovation practitioners are asked what makes Apple successful, the answers regarding the cause of this success border on the mythical. The climax of this hypothesis is the “chief-sorcerer” theory of success which places one magician, like Steve Jobs, in charge of casting all the right spells（符咒） ． What about Apple’s own opinion of what makes it tick? Tim Cook refers to a great team and integration of hardware, software and services as unique Apple advantages. It’s a better explanation． Integration is something that can take a long time, but it is possible with great effort． A few companies are starting to make moves in that direction, but efforts are half-hearted．There is no “move the Earth” panic to become an integrated company from Samsung, Google or Microsoft． My own suspicion is that Apple is more aware of what makes it special than it lets out． However, as Tim points out, it’s not a formula． It’s complex, it’s subtle, but it’s not magic． It’s a process that requires a degree of faith and courage． 32．When a new product of Apple comes out, often it ______． A．ruins an industry dramatically B．starts a revolution of an industry C．puts itself in an unbeatable position D ． is soon overtaken by imitated products 33．According to the passage, other companies don’t “copy being Apple” because ______. A. Apple is not a successful company B. they have no access to relevant resources C. It’s hard to find a magician like Steve Jobs D．being Apple takes more than time and efforts 34．We can infer from Para. 5 that ______． A．other companies are dedicated to integration B．Apple itself is fully aware of its unique advantages
C．Apple will hold the leading position in this industry D．other companies don't have a great team as Apple does 35．What does the author think of Tim Cook's statement? A．Acceptable． B．Disappointing． C．Unquestionable． D．Convincing．
第二节（共 5 小题； 每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有 两项为多余选项。
Tips for cooking on a Tight Schedule From my experience, there are three main reasons why people don’t cook more often: ability, money and time. 36 . Money is a topic I’ll save for another day. So today I want to give you some wisdom about how to make the most of the time you spend in the kitchen. Here are three tips for great cooking on a tight schedule: 1. Think ahead. The moments when I think cooking is a pain are when I’m already hungry and there is nothing ready to eat. So think about of the coming week. When will you have time to cook? Do you have the right materials ready? 37 2. Make your time worth it. When you do find time to cook a meal, make the most of it and save yourself time later on. Are you making one loaf of bread? 38 it takes around the same amount of time to make more of something. So save yourself the effort for a future meal. 3. 39 This may surprise you, but one of the best tools for making cooking worth your time is experimentation.（实验、尝试） It gives you the chance to hit upon new ideas and recipes （烹饪法） that can work well with your appetite and schedule. The more you learn and the more you try, the more ability you have to take control of your food and your schedule. Hopefully that gives you a good start. 40 and don’t let a busy schedule discourage you from making some great changes in the way you eat and live! A. Try new things. B. Ability is easily improved. C. Make three or four instead. D. Understand your food better. E. Cooking is a burden for many people. F. Let cooking and living simply be a joy rather than a burden. G. A little time planning ahead can save a lot of work later on.
第三部分：语言知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 36—55 各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A man hired a taxi outside the airfield. The cab had a woolen carpet with 41 lace（花边、 蕾丝） edges. On the glass partition（隔板） that 42 the driver's seat was a copy of a famous painting. Its windows were all clean. The customer was very much 43 and said to the driver， “I've never seen a nicer 44 .”“Thank you for your praise. ”the driver answered 45 . “The car isn't mine,” said the driver. “It belongs to the company. I used to be a 46 of cabs.
When they returned, all of them were as 47 as garbage cans with cigarette butts and rubbish 48 here and there. On the seats and door-handles could be found something _49__ like peanut sauce or chewing gum. Why so? I thought if the car itself were very clean the passengers would most 50 be considerate and refrain（克制、避免） from littering.” “So when I got a 51 to be a taxi-driver, I began 52 my idea into practice----to tidy and 53 the car. Now before a new passenger gets on my car，I'd make a check and be sure it is in good order. When my car 54 after a day's work, it always remains 55 .” When doing a thing, one makes efforts and wants to see the result. To change others, one has to make twice the 56 but get half the result. To change oneself is the other way round--more fruit with less effort. One had better ask oneself why one makes _57_ on others much more than on oneself. _ 58_ you take enough care to do as best as you can for other people's sake, your efforts will yield results. If you 59 the inner world of your own, examine yourself and wipe out the dust and dirt, instead of fixing your eyes on other people, you will find a cheerful 60 for yourself and create a pleasant environment for others. 41. A. ugly 42. A. separated 43. A. moved 44. A. seat 45. A. naturally 46. A. driver 47. A. attractive 48. A. spread 49. A. funny 50. A. likely 51. A. permit 52. A. put 53. A. provide 54. A. speeds 55. A. clean 56. A. progress 58. A. Though 59. A. look into 60. A. spirit B. exciting B. covered B. annoyed B. carpet B. smilingly B. cleaner B. pleasant B. extended B. busy B. willingly B. 1icense B. take B. drive B. leaves B. pretty B. effort B. While B. look for B. mood C. brilliant C. protected C. disappointed C. garage C. hopefully C. repairer C. dirty C. dotted C. sticky C. extremely C. certificate C. make C. decorate C. arrives C. bright C. attempt C. demands C. As C. look up C. mind D. favorite D. prevented D. surprised D. cab D. firmly D. customer D. clean D. 1eft D. clumsy D. regularly D. passport D. get D. describe D. returns D. dirty D. trial D. decisions D. If D. look through D. sense
57. A. suggestions B. comments
第二卷 第二节（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面材料，在空白处填入恰当的内容（不多于 3 个词）或括号内单词的 正确形式。
(一). Educated people in the twenty-first century may find it hard to believe that two hundred years ago people did not ______(61) illness to problems in the environment. We all know that in London drinking_____(62)water caused many ______(63)(death) from cholera. There was a clue to its cause because it always started in the poor neighborhood. Then it______ (64)(spread) to the richer areas
as the servants passed it on. Many doctor suspected that the water ______(65)(be ,blame)and clean water was the cure. ( 二 ). When I entered the house I found the telephone_______ (66)(connect), the windows ______(67) （break） and the door opened, I was _______(68) (overcome) by the smell, I had to get the kitchen cleaned, the cooker_______(69) (repair) and the floor washed before I could look into the problem. Mrs Smith had had the house examined and I locked a few months ago so it _______(70)(safe).
第四部分: 写作（共两节，满分 35 分） 第一节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共有十处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加，删除， 或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧)，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线( \ )划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，在该词下面写出改正后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词; 2.从第 11 处起所改错误不给分。
My dream school starts at 8:30 a. m and ends at 3:30 p. m. They are three lessons in the morning and two in the afternoon. We didn’t need to do so many homework. Therefore , we have more time with after-school activities. For example, we can do reading for one and a half hour and take exercise for one hour every day. My dream school look like a big garden. There are all kinds of the flowers and trees around the Classroom buildings. We can lie on the grass for a rest, sit by the lake and listening music. The teachers here are kind and helpfully. They are not only our teachers but also our friends.
书面表达（满分 25 分）
假设你叫李华，是一名高三学生。自从进入高三以来，你发现有的同学晚上学习到很晚， 他们边学习边吃零食或喝可乐，早上则由于起床太晚而不吃早餐。你感觉这样会对身体有害。 请你根据这种现象给《英语周报》写一封信反映上述情况，并谈谈自己的想法----虽然学习重 要，但也要注意身体，同时应合理安排各科学习时间。 注意：(1) 可根据内容需要适当增加细节，以使行文连贯； (2) 词数：100 左右。 (3) 参考词汇：零食 snack Dear Editor, _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________
Yours faithfully, Li Hua