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2007 年全国中学生英语能力竞赛(NEPCS)决赛高三年级组试题参考答案


2007 年全国中学生英语能力竞赛(NEPCS)决赛 高三年级组试题
(总分: 分 员5园 答题时间: 分钟) 员圆园

(Dialogues) 15 小题; 每小题 1 分, 15 分) 计 II. 对话理解 (共 选择能回 A) 请听下面五组小对话, 每组对话后有一个问题, 根据你所听到的对话内容, 答所提问题的最佳选项。每组对话和问题均读两遍。

(Listen to the following mini-dialogues and choose the best answer or picture for each question. Each dialogue and question will be read twice.)(答案涂在答题纸上) 6.

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B.

(Responses) 每小题 1 分, 5 分) 计 陨. 问句应答 (共 5 小题; 请听问句,然后从 A、 C、 四个选项中选出一个能够恰当回答你所听到的句子的最佳 B、 D 选项。 每个句子只读一遍。 (Listen to the following questions and choose the best response to each one. Each question will be read only once.)(答案涂在答题纸上) 1. A. I蒺d rather walk. I need some exercise. B. Go ahead. That蒺s all right with me. C. Certainly. It蒺s quite a way. D. I蒺m afraid I蒺m not going that way. 2. A. On the whole, I agree with what she said. B. Personally, I enjoyed the film very much. C. To be honest, the lecture was poor. D. Don蒺t be late for the meeting. 3. A. I wish you wouldn蒺t. B. It蒺s just what I know. C. You are wanted on the phone. D. How clumsy of me! 4. A. He doesn蒺t have time to meet you. B. Let蒺s say two afternoons a week. C. The sports meet is at two o蒺clock. D. She蒺ll see you on Monday. 5. A. She was very tall and quite fat. B. They were much younger than him. C. Someone handsome came looking for you last night. D. He seemed to be about thirty or somewhat older.

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D.

计 听力部分 (共三大题, 3园 分)

7. A. The people.

8. A. A passenger.

B. The place.

9. A. Going out for dinner. C. Going to a hot place.

B. A bus driver.

C. The weather.

C. A tour guide.

D. The time.

B. Going to India.

D. A ticket taker.

10. A. It had an unsatisfactory ending. D. They didn蒺t like the story.

D. Going to visit friends.

C. It should be read in the original language.

B. There were too many characters in it.

话 读两 遍。(Listen to the following dialogues and choose the best answer to each question. The 听第一段对话, 完成第 11 至 15 小题。

每段对 B) 请听下面两段长对话, 根据你所听到的内容, 选择能回答下列问题的最佳选项。

A援 They will be easy to pass援

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14援 What does the man think of the coming exams? C援 They will be harder than the last ones援

C援 The final exams援

15援 Why does the man want to change his present part-time job?

16. What does Alan say about the term“Best Boy” ? 17. When did Alan begin to work in films? A. Five years ago. A. No promotion opportunities. C. The criticism he receives. C. It encourages him to work hard. A. It confuses a lot of people.

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A援 Because he is not earning enough援 C援 Because the work is too boring援

B援 Because his workplace is too far from his home援 完成第 16 至 20 小题。 听第二段对话,

18. What蒺s a disadvantage of the job for Alan?

B. Ten years ago.

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13援 What exams will the man take? A援 The entrance exams援

A援 Take an exam援

B援 Study at home援

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12援 What is the man going to do in the evening?

C. It was not on the noticeboard.

D. It蒺s important for him to attend. C援 Look for a job援 D. Go to the library.

B援 The mid-term exams援 D. Job interview exams. B. He thinks he蒺ll fail.

D援 He needs help from his friends援 B. Because he wants to leave the city.

B. It is just a name for his job.

D. It means he is the best worker. C. Fifteen years ago. D. Twenty years ago. B. The little money he earns. D. The effect on family life.

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11. What does the man say about the lecture? A. It蒺s been cancelled.

B. It蒺s been postponed.

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dialogues will be read twice.)(答案涂在答题纸上)

19. What does Alan recommend as the first step towards getting such a job? A. Training to be an electrician. A. Face different problems. 20. In the future, what does Alan want to do? C. Continue doing the same job. C. Getting a qualification in maths.

B. Trying to get involved in films.

D. Doing a course in film production. B. Work in other areas of production. D. Go to see many interesting places.

III. 短文理解(Passages) (共 10 小题; 每小题 1 分, 10 分) 计 be read twice.)(答案涂在答题纸上) A. Three weeks ago.

21. When did Waterside Shopping Centre open? C. Fifteen days ago.

23. What can you do on the third level? A. Get information. A. Feed the ducks.

C. The service in the shops was slow.

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25. What does the speaker complain about?

B. Go swimming.

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24. Apart from shopping, what else can you do at Waterside? A. There was nowhere to put the rubbish.

B. Find a bank.

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22. The speaker suggests the best way of travelling to Waterside is by A. coach B. car C. train C. Buy shoes. C. Go sailing.

D. Three years ago.

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B. Two months ago.

B. The food in the caf佴 was disappointing. D. There蒺s a long wait in the restaurant.

两 遍 。 (Listen to the following material and fill in each blank with NO MORE THA N THREE

根据你所听到的内容, 用最多三个词补全各句。材料读 B) 非选择题: 请听下面一段材料,

Visiting Oldcaster Best way to start: take tour on 26 . There is an art exhibition by local painters at 27 . They have reconstructed an old bottle factory at 28 . The swimming pool is open from 29 to 7:00 pm. Tickets for the football match cost 30 .

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W ORDS. The material will be read twice.)(答案写在答题纸上)

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D. bus .

遍。 (Listen to the following material and choose the best answer to each question. The material will

选择能完成下列各题的最佳选项。材料读两 A) 请听下面一段材料, 根据你所听到的内容,

D. Watch a film. D. Surf the Internet.

计 笔试部分 (共七大题, 120 分)
I. 选择填空 (Multiple-choice) (共 15 小题; 每小题 1 分, 15 分) 计 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 从 A、 C、 四个选项中, B、 D (Beneath each of the following sentences, there are four choices, marked A , B, C and D. Choose the answer that best completes the sentence.)(答案涂在答题纸上) 31. Supermarkets now offer a greater of goods to satisfy different needs and . A. types; hopes B. variety; tastes C. number; desire D. kinds; wants 32. In 1911 Madame Curie received Nobel Prize for her research, so she was person in the world to receive two Nobel prizes. A. a second; the first B. a second; a first C. second; the first D. the second; first 33. The question at the meeting about we had enough money for our research. A援 came up; that B援 came out; what C援 came out; which D援 came up; whether 34. —He failed the exam again! What should I do, Mr. Lee? —In my opinion, your son is than stupid. A. much lazier B. very lazy C. more lazy D. lazier rather 35. Check your answers carefully and make some changes . Take your time. A. if it necessary B. if you are necessary C. if is necessary D. if necessary 36. —If you can蒺t decide which of the two books to borrow, why don蒺t you take ? —I won蒺t be able to read them this week. A. all B. any C. either D. both 37. There was any time for Kate to feel lonely, she was an only child. A. no; although B. not; if C. never; even though D. seldom; even when 38. How we wish our school a large sports centre with a swimming pool! A. has B. had C. will have D. have 39. The project by the end of 2007 will expand the city蒺s telephone network to cover two million users. A. to be completed B. being completed C. completed D. having been completed 40. Between the two rows of trees the teaching building, just opposite the library. A. stand B. stands C. is standing D. to stand 41. rich your knowledge is, you cannot stop learning, society is always advancing. A. However; for B. Whatever; for C. Whatever; after D. However; before 42. Public transportation in Beijing is very good, so there be any difficulty in travelling around. A. must not B. would not C. should not D. need not 43. Li Hua said that it was because of his strong interest in English he chose to take part in the competition. A. what B. why C. which D. that

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44. —Hi, Mark. Sorry I蒺m a bit late. You haven蒺t been here long, have you? — . A. That蒺s news to me B. Since 7 o蒺clock, actually C. I蒺m on the way now D. I蒺ll be there in another hour or so 45. —Martine, you are so lucky, going to Paris for the weekend. . —It would be fun if you could come. Trouble is, you蒺ve got to work. A. You enjoy your work anyway B. You know that work comes first C. I wish I were going with you D. In fact, I don蒺t know why I蒺m going (Reading comprehension) II. 阅读理解 (共 20 小题; 选择题 5 小题, 每小题 1 分; 非选择题 15 每小题 2 分, 35 分) 计 小题, 根据文意从每题所给的四个选项 (A、 C 和 D) 选出能回 A) 选择题: 阅读下面的短文, B、 中, 答所提问题或完成所给句子的最佳选项。(Read the following passage, which is followed by five questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices, marked A , B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best, according to the passage.)(答案涂在答题纸上) In their darker moments, climatologists talk about their own “nightmare scenario” This is one . where global warming has brought about such significant climatic changes that ocean currents change direction. Last year oceanographers began their biggest international research project to learn more about ocean circulation. The first results from the World Ocean Circu原 lation Experiment demonstrate just how complex the movement of sea water can be. They have also given scientists a glimpse of the amount of heat being ex原 changed between the oceans and the at原 mosphere. The Earth has two “envelopes” — the oceans, consisting of slowly circulating water, and the atmosphere, made up of fast -moving air. Far from being indepen原 dent, they interact, one modifying the other, until a balance is reached between them. The present balance came about at the end of the last Ice Age, about 10,000 years ago. Scientists hope that knowing more about the oceans蒺 “weather patterns”will help them predict climate changes further ahead. Knowing how heat is moved around the oceans is important to such long-term forecasting. The top three metres of the oceans store more heat than all of the atmosphere. Some of the heat is transported downwards between 30 metres and several thousand metres. The deeper it goes, the longer it stays out of the atmosphere. Water heated in the equatorial region flows in shallow cur原 rents north or south towards the poles, where it releases its heat to the air and, as it becomes cold原 er and denser, sinks to the sea floor, where it forms deep, cold currents that flow back to the equa原 tor. Dr Woods, a scientist involved in the project believes such research will help to save lives.

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“More deaths can be prevented by ocean forecasting than by weather forecasting, and our economic and social well-being are more vulnerable to change in the oceans than in the atmosphere.” he said. 46. Some scientists believe that global warming could . A. modify ocean currents B. change wind directions C. reduce the influence of currents D. increase wind speeds 47. The first results have already confirmed . A. that heat is stored at great depths B. that the last Ice Age ended about 10,000 years ago C. that ocean currents are not easy to understand D. that air moves slowly in the atmosphere 48. The atmosphere and the ocean . A. influence the climate independently B. interact and create a global balance C. have no effect on the climate D. were in balance during the last Ice Age 49. Heat is transferred from the tropics to the poles . A. in surface currents B. in the atmosphere C. in deep currents D. along the seabed 50. Why is this research considered to be of great importance? A. It will enable scientists to prevent climate changes. B. It will help scientists predict climate changes. C. It will change the world蒺s economic development. D. It will help scientists control ocean currents. 然后按材料后的要求完成所给出的题目。(Read the following B) 非选择题: 阅读下面三篇材料, three texts. Each text is followed by several questions. Respond to the questions with information from the texts.)(答案写在答题纸上) A Success was a long time coming for Leslie Scott, the creator of Jenga, the second best-selling game in the world. It was only thanks to financial support from her mother, an understanding bank, and good friends that she was able to persevere. The object of Jenga, a game of 54 wooden bricks, is to take blocks from the bottom of a tower and put them on the top without the tower falling over. Last year three million people bought it—only Monopoly was more popular. As a child, Scott lived in Africa, where she spoke Swahili as well as English. Jenga is a Swahili word meaning “to build”She invented the . game at the age of 20 for her eight-year-old brother, Malcolm, while she was living in Ghana.“We had these handmade wooden bricks that were all slightly different in size. This is critical as Jenga doesn蒺t work if they蒺re all the same size. It蒺s a fun game but quite 糟燥皂责造藻曾. We got a number of sets made for friends and played with them after dinner at home.” Back in England, she worked in marketing, but at 25 she gave up her job to launch Jenga, not realising how hard it would be. Lloyds Bank lent her 谊12,000. However, when she first exhibited the game at a toy fair in London, there was little interest. But she didn蒺t lose hope. She borrowed

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Hide and Seek Call out. Call loud:“I蒺m ready! Come and find me!” The sacks in the toolshed smell like the seaside. They蒺ll never find you in this salty dark, But be careful that your feet aren蒺t sticking out. Wiser not to risk another shout. The floor is cold. They蒺ll probably be searching The bushes near the swing. Whatever happens You mustn蒺t sneeze when they come prowling in. And here they are, whispering at the door; You蒺ve never heard them so hushed before. Don蒺t breathe. Don蒺t move. Stay dumb. Hide in your blindness. They蒺re moving closer, someone stumbles, mutters; Their words and laughter scuffle, and they蒺re gone. But don蒺t come out just yet; they蒺ll try the lane And then the greenhouse and back here again. They must be thinking that you蒺re very clever, Getting more puzzled as they search all over. I 蒺

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蒺 “蒺 蒺

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more and more money, including two more bank loans. When she was 30, the game started selling in Canada, thanks to a friend蒺s brother, but only slowly. Then two years later, an American toy giant started selling the game under licence, and, at first, that brought in a few thousand dollars a year. In 1993, however, the game made serious money in America and Canada, and soon afterwards an American company launched the game onto the British market and sales took off. Questions 51—55:A nswer the following questions briefly, according to the passage above. 51. What are Jenga bricks made of? 52. Why did Leslie originally create the game Jenga? 53. Where did Leslie first put the game on show? 54. How many bank loans did Leslie get? 55. How old was Leslie when an American toy company started selling Jenga under licence? B

—Vernon Scannell

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Questions 56—60: A ccording to the poem, complete the following statements or answer the following questions. 56. Which part of the body is difficult to hide? 缘7援 The bushes are to be found . 58. Where will the searchers look before they return to the shed? 59. The searchers think the child must be very clever because . 60. What time of day does the child leave the toolshed? C As time marches on, the nature of people蒺s jobs changes and the characteristics of organisations change—and as a result, so too do people蒺s careers. These changes can be characterised as developments along three basic dimensions. First, careers often involve vertical movement—that is, promotions up an organisational hierarchy (such as from assistant manager to manager). Naturally, different people working in different settings experience vertical movement at tremendously different rates. (64) Not only may people be prepared for advancement at different times, but also organisations may have different opportunities for promotion. Second, careers often involve horizontal movement. This reflects changes in specific job functions, or sometimes, in major fields or specialties. (65) For example, individuals who start out in marketing may move into the related field of sales. This trend may result from several sources, such as people蒺s needs to seek fulfilment by doing different kinds of work, or by their belief that they might sooner be able to make a vertical movement by first moving horizontally into a field with greater opportunities for advancement. Finally, careers also involve what Schein terms radial movement—shifts toward or away from the inner circle of management in an organisation, the base of power. Such movement often follows vertical movement (i.e. promotion), but not always. For example, a manager of engineering operations for a television network, who works at its headquarters, may be promoted to vice-president at one of the network蒺s local offices. Questions 61—63: Use ONE OR TW O W ORDS from the passage to fill in the blanks.

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Level 2 Job 4

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Job 3

(61)

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Job 1

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(63)

Questions 64—65: Translate the underlined sentences in the passage into Chinese. 每小题 1 分, 15 分 ) 计 III. 完形填空 (Cloze) (共 15 小题; A) 阅读下面的短文,结合文意用右边所给单词的适当形式填空。(For questions 66—70, read the passage below. Use the word given in bold at the end of the line to form a suitable word that fits in the space on the same line.)(答案写在答题纸上) Bells have been in existence for a long time. They were used by the Chinese about 6,000 years ago and the oldest bell ever (66) is around 7,000 find years old. Today, we live in a world of mass communications and (67) rely clocks, so it is easy to forget what an essential part of everyday life bells used to be. Bells told people of happy events, such as weddings and births or were used to announce (68) events such as a death or a funeral. pleasant Sometimes bells were used for giving people (69) of an enemy蒺s warn approach or spreading the good news of victory. In many places today, bells are perhaps most commonly associated with announcing when (70) services are going to take place. They are religion also frequently rung during celebrations and continue to play a part in many people蒺s lives today. B) 阅读下面的短文, 根据首字母提示在空白处填上适当的单词, 使短文意义完整。每空一 词 。 (For questions 71—80, read the passage below. Complete it by filling in one word in each blank. The first letter of each word is provided.)(答案写在答题纸上) Many different types of self -help books tell the reader how to develop the skills, goals, and attitudes that will b (71) promote success and provide for a healthy lifestyle. Now, after i (72) 1,600 university students, researchers at Harvard University have found out what contributes both to academic success and students蒺 feelings of satisfaction. What they found out is so important that the university decided to make changes to its policies. Some e (73) of the changes it has made are giving more group h (74) and scheduling classes later in the day. The purpose of these changes is to encourage students to c (75) talking about their classes over dinner. How did the researchers get their i (76)? First they asked a lot of questions. They asked about everything from what students did in their f (77) time to the quality of the teaching and the counselling. Researchers looked for patterns to find what made some courses u (78). They asked the students about their feelings—if they were happy or satisfied or excited about what they were learning. Then they c (79) the answers they got to the students蒺 success in their courses. The p (80) of their questions was to find out what made the students happy and what helped them learn. (Translation) 每小题 2 分, 10 分) 计 IV. 翻译 (共 5 小题; 用括号中给出的提示将下列句子译成英语。(Translate the following sentences into English, using the hints given in the brackets.)(答案写在答题纸上)
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但却担起了养活一个五口之家的重任。(带有 as 的让步状语从句; to be 81. 她虽然外表瘦弱, 用以造福人类。(apply; for the benefit) 82. 我想揭示大自然的奥秘, burdened with the responsibility of) 83. 到另一个国家学习需要进行很大的调整, 要花一段时间来适应。(a major adjustment; adapt) 84. 教育的真正目的是教一个人不断地提出问题。(object; continually) those; acquire the ability) 85. 只有有耐心圆满完成简单工作的人, 才能够得到轻而易举地完成困难的事的能力。(only (Error correction) 计 V. 短文改错 (共 10 小题; 每小题 1 分, 10 分)

的横线上画一个勾(姨); 如有错误(每行只有一个错误), 则按下列情况改正: 划掉。

并也用斜线( 攒 ) 该行多一个词: 把多余的词用斜线( 攒 )划掉, 在该行右边横线上写出该词, 该行缺一个词: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(夷), 在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。 该行错一个词: 在错的词下划一横线, 在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。

If someone asks you how you can always make you happy,

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(答案写在答题纸上) 注意: 原行没有错的不要改。

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“No human being can really be happy who it is not giving or trying in your life since you may be very rich. Here蒺s a recipe for you. If each of you follow it, there will be an end to many happy days. Learn to give up your own

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you will perhaps find that is rather difficult for you to give

him a proper answer. Do you remember only one saying like this:

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to give happiness to other?”If you always think of taking more from others and giving them more, you won蒺t be able to have happiness

(IQ) 每小题 1 分, 5 分) 计 VI. 智力测试 (共 5 小题; What am I?

96. I am something that is never felt, seen, nor heard; I have never existed; and yet I have a name. 97. You can bake two pancakes at the same time in a pan, but you need two minutes to bake each pancake, one minute for each side. What is the shortest time you will spend baking three pancakes if you only have one pan? 98. Why are people always tired on April Fool蒺s Day?

99. Solve the puzzle to find out how many soft drink cans the children have found on the train.

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please when necessary, and you will know how to be much happier.

回答下列问题。(A nswer the following questions.)(答案写在答题纸上)

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86. 87. 88. 90. 89. 91. 92. 93. 94. 95.

如无错误, 在该行右边 此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行作出判断:

It蒺s the number in the top tin. Can you complete the pyramid and find the top number?

Wake up! It蒺s your turn to make a trip to the bin!

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Simon has spun round so much that he feels

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! VII. 写作(Writing) (共 2 题; 题满分 10 分, 题满分 20 分, 30 分) A B 计 (答案写在答题纸上) A) A ccording to the information given below, write a passage of about 80 words, in addition to those given. Matter The world is made up of matter. Matter exists in one of three states: solid, liquid and gas. Matter changes from one state to another under different conditions. B) It is said that“The world is turning gray” so taking care of elderly people will become , economically more difficult in the coming years. What actions should be taken by our society to respond to the crisis of our increasing elderly population? (Words: 120—150)
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Cross out each letter that appears more than once in the jumble below. Then, rearrange the remaining four letters to finish off the sentence about Simon.

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100.

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