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新视野大学英语-第三版-读写教程3-选词填空


Unit 1 Where there is a will, there is a way. This proverb means that if you are really determined to do something, however difficult it might be, you will 1)eventually find a way to do it well. The 2) premier point is that you must have the will to achieve success. Ninety percent of the failures that occur are due to the fact that there is no strong will involved. Many people simply say that they want something, but they do not make any 3) endeavor to achieve it. So, instead of getting it, they use the poorest excuse to explain the situation away. On many occasions, people tend to 4) bypass every minute obstacle, making the objective impossible to attain. In reality, if they have the will to succeed, they can get rid of the 5) handicaps and achieve their goals. Only those with a(n) 6) committed and focused will and spirit can fight their way to final victory. Many a famous man has the same experience. They have 7) attained their prestige because they have had the will to 8) transcend apparently insuperable (无法克服的) obstacles. Many artists, statesmen, writers and inventors have manged to succeed because they possess a fierce will, which has helped them to accomplish major 9) feats. Therefore, we can see that the main thing which one needs is a strong will. Weak-willed people never climb to the top. They collapse at the 10) slightest use of force against them. Strong-willed people, on the other hand will stand up against all odds and will make it a point to succeed. Unit 2

Social anxiety symptoms often begin during adolescence. It's a developmental process that is 1) characterized by profound psychological changes, especially in terms of how we relate to others. One of the most frustrating 2) aspectsof the adolescent years is the tendency for self-focus and a decrease in the 3) amount of focus we have for the feelings and needs of others. While these changes are fairly universal, those of us who were born with a shy temperament (性格) can carry the adolescent fears, which may never 4) recede , into adulthood. An anxious temperament causes our brains to react forcibly when 5) exposedto the stress of sudden awareness of our peers and gradually we become more and more vulnerable. Our brains label the fear of exposure or embarrassment as highly dangerous. This may result in a(n)6) vicious circle for many years: excessive self-consciousness and inhibition when you feel you are being observed. To cope with the problem, I would like to 7) challenge you to strive for increased focus on other people, in place of your 8) excessive focus on yourself. Yes, I know, this is easier said than done. The fear may cause you to feel that you will lose control or make a fool of yourself when you are in the spotlight (聚光灯). But if you begin to build a new response, in 9) reaction to your fears, you will gradually build up a stronger and more positive response. Remember, don't let self-consciousness 10) paralyze you! Be courageous! Unit 3 Audrey Hepburn was a beautiful actress and model, who became one of the most successful and well-known actresses in the film 1) domain. She was a fashion icon and role model for women all over the world, helping to 2) define a particular type of fresh, vulnerable, elfin (小精灵似的) beauty. Today's 3) popularity of the slim fashion model is due to Audrey Hepburn's influence.

Although she appeared frail (脆弱的), she was 4) mentally strong. At the end of her acting career when she entered a(n)5) diplomatic career as a Goodwill Ambassador for UNICEF, she was so solidly 6) committed to her cause that she was held in highest esteem (尊重) by even the most hardened politicians. Audrey originally started working for UNICEF in 1954, doing radio presentations. She always said it was happy to 7) devote her life to helping impoverished (穷困的) children after her own good fortune in 8) surviving the hardship of the Nazi occupation of Holland. She began her permanent ambassadorship in 1988 and 9) embarked on trips to many countries. She was always positive: "People in these places don't know Audrey Hepburn, but they recognize the name UNICEF. When they see UNICEF their faces light up, because they know that something is happening." In 1992, her 10) humanitarian work with those in need was recognized when she was awarded the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences for her contribution to humanity. Unit 4 "Why would you leave behind your comfortable bed, your home, your family and friends? Why do you want to go alone?" When you are living out of a backpack for a period of time, you may often get questioned why. I seldom get time to sit down and 1) contemplatethe reason I travel, but I believe that you only begin to truly live once you step outside of your 2) comfortzone. My first overseas trip was at 14 years old, which 3) sparkedmy curiosity for the world. Since finishing high school I have4) ventured through various countries and been amazed by all the 5) diverse cultures scattered around the globe. My eyes are my greatest asset as they have 6) witnessed the most beautiful scenes that replay in my mind every day: 7) stunning landscapes, friendly locals, breath-taking architecture, and food that makes your mouth water once your eyes catch a(n) 8) glimpse. Traveling teaches you to be independent in the most 9) positive way. I know how to depend on myself, go out and meet people, and not let anyone else's expectations 10) dictate my life. Every day I see my dream and every day it's in a new place. I am 22 years young. I quite agree with Anthony Bourdain, "If you're 22, physically fit, hungry to learn and be better, I urge you to travel. Find out how other people live and eat and cook. Learn from them, wherever you go." Unit 5 In a study conducted in the UK, it was found that only four out of every five 1) employees were happy at work. Surprisingly, contrary to popular 2) notion, friendly, supportive colleagues and a good manager, instead of the salary or the love for the work, have been found to be the 3) primary causes of happiness at work. So, how do you keep your spirits up and, at the same time, 4) foster a sense of joy on the job? Here is one of the tips to help you on your way to finding happiness and complete job satisfaction in the workplace. Start with a positive outlook. Happiness is a state of mind; it5) reflects an attitude, though not many people realize it. Staying happy at work is totally based on your6) motivations and on a positive outlook toward your job, not on 7) monetary rewards or material gain. Dwelling on (老是想着) the good 8) aspectsof the work rather than A witnessed F diverse K sparked B dense G stubborn L positive C stunning H glimpse M comfort D cluster I ventured N dictate E contemplate J extended O tropical rattling

on and on (对...喋喋不休) about what makes you unhappy is the basic key to happiness. Negativity and 9) gossiping about bad things may be easy, but it is looking at the bright side that makes for the challenging part of a job. As Francesca Reigler puts it, "Happiness is an attitude. We either make ourselves 10) miserable, or happy and strong. The amount of work is the same."

Unit 6

World War II was a global war that was under way by 1939, and ended in 1945. It involved a vast majority of the world's nations, including all of the great powers, eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis(轴心国). It was the most 1) appalling and widespread war in human history, with 2) innumerable people serving in military units. In a state of"total war", the major participants placed their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities at the service of the war effort, erasing(消除) the 3) distinction between civilian and military resources. Estimates for the total number of 4) casualties of the war vary, because many deaths went 5) unrecorded . Most suggest that some 60 million people died in the war. Many civilians died because of disease, starvation, and6) massacres. The war ended with the total victory of the Allies over the Axis in 1945. World War II altered the political alignment(结盟) and social structure of the world. The United Nations was established to 7) foster international cooperation and prevent future conflicts. The Soviet Union and the United States emerged as rival superpowers, setting the 8) stage for the so-called Cold War, which lasted for the next 46 years. Meanwhile, the influence of the European great powers started to 9) decline , while the decolonization(非殖民地化) of Asia and Africa began. Most countries whose industries had been damaged moved toward economic recovery. Political integration, especially in Europe, emerged as an effort to10) stabilize post-war relations.


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