2006 年全国中学生英语能力竞赛 年全国中学生英语能力竞赛(NEPCS)高一年级组样题 高一年级组样题
听力部分（共四大题，计 30 分） （略） 听力部分
笔试部分（共七大题，计 120 分） 笔试部分
选择填空（ structure） I. 选择填空（Vocabulary and structure）（共 1
5 小题；每小题 1 分，计 15 分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳答案。 31. Noise is unpleasant, A. basically ________ when you're trying to sleep. B. naturally C. extremely D. especially
32. The watch ________ unnoticed for a few days before I found it. A. had laid B. had lain C. had been laid D. had been laying
33. Steven likes music, but he dislikes dancing, ________ ? A. doesn't he B. does he C. isn't he D. is he
34. ─It was careless of you to have left the door unlocked. ─My God! ________ . A. So did I B. So I did C. So were you D. So did you
35. ─Would you ________ me a hand? ─I will do what I can A. offer; help 36. I won't hire him A. if ________ you. B. grasp; to help C. give; to help D. lend; help
________ he is quite a capable man. B. although C. and D. because
37. In the office Sammie seems to have time until after 6:00 p.m., ________ many people have gone home. A. on which B. whose time C. by which time D. that
38. ________ my lack of experience, I didn't do the work well. A. As for B. Regardless of C. Except for D. Owing to
39. ─There's no water in the basin here. Would you please fetch some? ─ ________ . ─Thanks a lot.
A. I'd be glad to 40. Beyond ________
B. I'd rather not
C. I'd like it
D. I don't have to
stars, the astronauts saw nothing but ________ space. B. the; 不填 C. the; the D. 不填； 不填
A. 不填； the
41. "My son went abroad five days ago," Jane said. Jane said that her son ________ . B. went abroad five days before D. has gone abroad five days ago
A. went abroad five days ago C. had gone abroad five days before
42. ________ who met Marian in the street this morning. A. That was me B. This was I ________ C. It is me never ________ D. It was I back again.
43. Steward left the place,
A. determining; coming
B. determined; to come
C. being determined; to turn
D. determined; return
44. ─Do you enjoy listening to Jolin Tsai's records? ─I think records are often A. as good as ________ an actual performance. C. such good as other people's affairs. D. as well
B. as well as ________
45. Don't ________ yourself
A. care; for
B. be concerned; about
C. concern; with
D. care; about
阅读理解（ comprehension） II. 阅读理解（Reading comprehension）（共 20 小题；选择题 5 小题，每小题 1 分；非选择题 15 小题， 每小题 2 分，计 35 分）
A) 选择题：阅读下面的短文，从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出能回答所提问题或完成所给句子的最 佳答案。
Do you know that some insects are very much like people? They live together in crowded cities and work together for the good of all. Ants are insects of this kind. They are social insects, living together in colonies. They build their houses to suit the climate of the place where they live, and they live almost everywhere in the world.
Like people, ants distribute the work to be done. Some worker ants get food and feed it to young ants. They are like farmers gathering food for people to eat. When the young ants eat the food, they give out a liquid that the grown-up ants can eat. In some colonies, the ants feed liquid food to a few special workers. These workers store it in their stomachs, which become very large. They spend all their time in the nest giving out liquid to whoever needs it, just like the person who runs a store.
Ants are ruled by a queen ant. She spends all her time laying eggs, and the worker ants take care of her. New queens come to rule a colony in many different ways. One kind of ant queen can go into another colony and kill the old queen. Another kind can take some workers with her from her mother's nest and start a new colony of her own. Another kind of ant queen takes her young with her and hides in some other colony. She gets some of the workers to feed her young instead of the old queen's young. In this way she becomes strongest in the colony, and she rules. Some ants form armies and fight battles with other colonies, but not all ants are fierce. Some live in peace with their neighbours. 46. What is the main idea of this passage? A. There are different kinds of ants. C. Ants live alone. B. Ants live very much like human beings. D. Ants live as long as human beings.
47. The underlined word "distribute" means " ________ ".
A. divide and hand out
B. hand in
C. design and carry on
D. try out
48. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage?
A. Ants always build the same kind of homes.
B. Ants are ruled by a male.
C. In some ant colonies, elections are held to choose a new queen. D. One kind of ant queen gets workers to feed her young. 49. The RIGHT order in which they appear in the passage is (a) Some ants fight battles. (b) Different groups of ants do different jobs. (c) Ants live in colonies. (d) New queens come to rule a colony in many different ways. (e) Some insects are very much like people. ________ .
50. Which one of the following is a way people are just like ants? A. The young give off a liquid that the grown-ups eat. B. They store liquid in their stomachs and give it to others. C. Queens spend all their time making new citizens. D. They build their houses to suit the climate. B) 非选择题：阅读下列短文，并按文后的要求完成所给出的题目。
Sally was a seventeen-year-old high school student. She lived with her parents on the outskirts of a small village in North Dakota, in the U.S. The winters are long and cold in North Dakota, and Sally sometimes felt very isolated （隔离的） from the outside world. However, Sally had a computer in her bedroom. Late at night, when she had finished her homework, she used to get onto the Internet, log into a chat room and join a chat group.
One night, around midnight, she started chatting to someone using the name "Zanda". Sally and Zanda soon realised they had a lot in common. So they agreed to leave the chat room and talk to each other more privately using an instant message service called ICQ. Sally discovered that Zanda was an eighteen-year-old boy from Sydney, Australia. His real name was Ben. They sent each other messages for about an hour, and exchanged e-mail addresses. Over the next year Sally and Ben e-mailed each other regularly, and also communicated through ICQ. Then one day Sally decided she wanted to visit Ben in Australia. Sally's parents were very nervous about the idea. However, after talking to Ben's parents by phone and e-mail, they agreed that she could go. Six months later the two friends met face to face for the first time. This friendship between two people thousands of miles apart was possible because the Internet links computers all over the world. It has been described as the most revolutionary technological development since the telephone. In a short time, it has changed how people communicate with each other, how they do business, and how they get information.
Many people still find it amazing that two people who live as far apart as Sally and Ben can communicate with each other so easily.
Questions 51—53: Answer the following questions or complete the sentences.
51. Sally and Ben communicated by
52. When did they meet face to face for the first time? 53. The underlined word "it" in the fourth paragraph refers to ________ .
Questions 54—56: Answer the following questions or complete the sentences.
54. Another word for "jealousy" would be " ________ ". 55. In which programme can you see a drama which is based on actual events? 56. How many programmes are thirty minutes long?
Kristen Ulmer （极限运动员） takes risks for a living. She is the only woman to have skied down Wyoming's Grand Teton, one of the steepest slopes in the United States. She loves extreme sports so much that she is also an ice climber, a paraglider （滑降伞运动员）, and a downhill mountain biker. Extreme sports have helped Ulmer gain the self-confidence she didn't have as a child. She was alone a lot. So skiing, which she started at age seven, became a way to express herself. She skied a lot through her teens, joining the U.S. Freestyle Ski Team in 1985.
Ulmer's great competence led her to become one of the first skiers to join in a new sport: extreme skiing—doing stunts while skiing down extremely steep, difficult slopes. When she left the U.S. ski team in 1992, she entered the first extreme skiing championships and won the women's division. After that experience, Ulmer became a professional extreme skier. At 34, she was called the original goddess of extreme and the best female extreme skier in the world. In Powder magazine's 2001 list of the 50 best skiers in North America, Ulmer was the only woman in the top 10. Ulmer is an example of the best risk taker. However, taking risks often results in injuries. At one point in her career, Ulmer had knee surgery five times in four years and was in rehab （康 复治疗） constantly. "The more time you spend taking risks, the more chances you have of getting hurt or killed," says Ulmer. Sometimes, however, things do get out of control. Ulmer's scariest moment was surviving a series of 100-to-200-mph avalanches （雪崩）. After that experience, Ulmer says she has become a little more careful. She's also trying to do new things. In addition to extreme skiing, she gives speeches to young people and business executives. She doesn't suggest that they take risks, but she says, "I tell them to go big. That's a reference to doing a big jump and catching big air while skiing, but it applies to everyday life, too. I talk about the importance of going big in whatever you do. Don't do it halfway."
Questions 57 and 58: Complete the following sentences.
57. Kristen Ulmer is different from most other athletes because ________ . 58. The word in Paragraph 3 means "a very dangerous action that shows great strength and skill" is " ________ ".
Questions 59—61: The table below shows Ulmer's different experiences in different years. Fill in the blanks to complete the table correspondingly （相应地）.
Three months ago, Mariza Castro left Honduras. Today, she is in the United States, and she has a job. Castro works behind the counter at McDonald's. Speed is an important part of her work life. Fast-food counter workers are expected to serve customers in less than a minute. At McDonald's they say, "Work fast or you don't last."
Are McDonald's workers lucky to have their jobs? Or are they being exploited? The answer depends on who you talk to. McDonald's does many good things. For example, no other company hires more young people than McDonald's. More than half of its workers are under 20 years old. McDonald's also has a good record of hiring minority workers. Thirteen percent of its workers are black. This is better than any other U.S. company. But the burger house has its critics as well. The pay bothered Edward Rodriguez. He worked for nearly a year at a Los Angeles McDonald's. During that time he got only one 10-cent raise. (64) "I used to joke that working for McDonald's is the closest thing to slave labour in the U.S. today," he says. Today, most McDonald's pay about $5.00 an hour. They hire new workers constantly. The restaurant has no other choice because 70 percent of its workers quit or are fired every year. But McDonald's also gets its share of praise. Its best workers move up quickly. Just talk to 17-year-old Ameer Abdur-Razaaq of Harlem, New York City. "They call me 'Young Crew Chief' around my block," he says. "Where else can I go at my age and be in charge of this many people?" He sees the job as the first step in his career. (65) However, most McDonald's crew members never make it to manager because the job pressure is so intense and the rewards so few. As one worker put it, "They expect a lot and they don't pay you much."
Questions 62—63: Answer the following questions.
62. What does the sentence "Work fast or you don't last." in Paragraph 1 mean? 63. How to explain the underlined word "exploited" in English?
Questions 64 and 65: Translate the underlined sentences in the passage into Chinese.
完形填空（Cloze） III. 完形填空（Cloze）（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，计 15 分）
fall, break, later, before, cause, take away, happen, take place, at work, evening, morning, situation, blow down, drive, get, remove, move, outside, inside, piece
Here is the local news for Friday, February 14th. Last night in Cowford many trees (66) the main road into Cowford. It (68) ________ in the storm. One tree (67) ________ across
by the fire service during the night. Heavy rain
also (69) ________ problems on the roads. Some roads were covered by half a metre of water. Many motorists left their cars and walked home. Now over to our reporter, Carol Black. Carol, what (70) ________ ? Well, the (71) (72) (73) ________ ________ this morning is better, and nearly back to normal. The last few cars
by the emergency services at the moment. And I can see the telephone engineers in
________ . The (74) ________ lines are being repaired. The traffic now (75) ________
and out of the town along the main roads. Thank you Carol. And now one (76) ________ of good news. Yesterday (77) ________ , a black BMW was stolen from outside the home of Mr John Simpson.
Mr Simpson telephoned the police. (78) ________ that evening, the car was seen in the High Street by Mr Simpson's wife, Laura. It was (79) ________ the Red Lion Hotel. The keys were in the car, so she (80) ________ it home! The police are looking for a careless thief! 翻译（Translation） IV. 翻译（Translation）（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，计 10 分） 根据提示把下列句子译成英语。 81. 这个字拼错了， 你漏掉了一个字母。（leave out） _______________________________________________________________ 82. 不要老是责怪他！毕竟他还是个孩子。（after all） _______________________________________________________________ 83. 那部电影我已经看过好多次了。（a number of）
_______________________________________________________________ 84. 为了能赶上第一班火车，我们很早就出发了。（in order to） _______________________________________________________________ 85. 她又改变主意，这使我们大家都很生气。（定语从句） _______________________________________________________________ V. 短文改错（Error correction）（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，计 10 分） 短文改错（ correction） 此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。对标有题号的每一行做出判断：如无错误，在该行右边横线上画一个 勾（√）；如有错误（每行只有一个错误），则按下列情况改正： 此行多一个词：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉，在该行右边横线上写出该词，并也用斜线划掉。 此行缺一个词：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧），在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。 此行错一个词：在错的词下划一横线，在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。 注意：原行没有错的不要改。 For hundreds of the years, people learned about the world from materials in print, such as book, newspapers, and magazines. This was the main way people get information. The ability to read and write was the key to learn. Today many people also get their information from electronic media. They prefer to watching television, listen to a radio or connect to the Internet rather than reading. That's what it's important for students to learn to analyze, not just acceptance, electronic information as well what they read in print. 智力测试（IQ） VI. 智力测试（IQ）（共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，计 5 分） 回答下列问题。 96. A B C D E F G H 86. __________ 87. __________ 88. __________ 89. __________ 90. __________ 91. __________ 92. __________ 93. __________ 94. __________ 95. __________
Which letter is two to the right of the letter immediately to the left of the letter three to the right of the letter immediately to the right of the letter A? 97. Dormitory is to sleep as refectory is to ________ . A. study B. eat C. meet D. pray E. speak
98. Change one letter in each word to get three words that are members of the same category. For example, foul, sax, tin = four, six, ten. weed, dab, near = ________ . 99. Find a word in the brackets that means the same as the two words outside the brackets. BARREN LAND （------） RUN AWAY 100.
写作（Writing） II. 写作（Writing）（共 2 小题，计 30 分）
A) Read the following passage, and then use your own words to give a brief summary of it in about 80 words. （10 分）
The movie, Titanic, is a love story which takes place in the middle of a disaster. Rose DeWitt Bukater is a beautiful young woman. She is returning to the United States with Caledon Hockley and her mother. Rose is engaged to Hockley. Her mother wants her to marry him because he is rich. Rose is very unhappy because she doesn't love Hockely. One night, she gets upset and tries to commit suicide. Jack Dawson, a poor young artist, saves her life. Rose is very grateful, so she invites Jack to a formal dinner. After dinner, he takes her dancing in the part of the ship where
all the poor people are. Rose has a wonderful time. She and Jack fall in love. The next day they meet in secret. While they are together, an iceberg hits the ship. Meanwhile, a friend of Cal's puts a diamond necklace in Jack's pocket. Cal accuses Jack of stealing the necklace and he is arrested. The ship begins to sink. Rose fights her way down to Jack and helps him to escape. There are not enough lifeboats. Rose gets onto a lifeboat but she can't leave Jack. She jumps back onto the ship. Right before the ship sinks, Rose and Jack jump into the water. They find a piece of wood that is floating but it is not large enough for both of them. Jack stays in the water. He dies from the cold. Rose is saved.
B) You have recently done an exiting sport or leisure activity for the first time. Write to an English-speaking pen-friend, describing what you did and how you felt. Write your letter in about 120 words in an appropriate style. Do not write any addresses. The beginning and the ending of the article have been given. （20 分）
……… I must tell you about a really amazing experience I had yesterday. ... Please write soon to tell me your news.
2006 年全国中学生英语能力竞赛 年全国中学生英语能力竞赛(NEPCS)高一年级组样题 参考答案 高一年级组样题
I. 31―35 DBABC 36―40 BCDAB 41―45 CDBAC
II. 46. B 47. A 48. D
49. C 50. D
51. an instant message service (ICQ) and e-mails 52. Eighteen months after they first met in a chat room. 53. the Internet 54. envy 55. Ice Storm: Perfect Disaster. 56. Seven. 57. she likes extreme sports and takes lots of risks
58. stunt 59. Joined the U.S. Freestyle Ski Team 60. 1992 61. Listed by Powder Magazine as the only woman in the top 10 best skiers 62. At McDonald's you will be fired if you do not work fast. 63. Slaves were not paid for their work, and Edward believed that he was not paid enough for his work. 64. 我曾经取笑过：在当今的美国社会为麦当劳工作的人最接近于奴隶。 65. 然而，大多数麦当劳的员工从来都没有成功做到经理这个职位，因为这种工作所带来的压力相当大， 而且报酬也很少。 III. 66. were blown down 67. fell 68. was taken away 69. caused 70. is happening 71. 75. is moving 76. piece 77. evening
situation 72. are being removed 78. Later 79. outside 80. drove
73. at work 74. broken
IV. 81. This word is wrongly spelt; you've left out a letter. 82. Don't always scold him! After all he is still a child. 83. I've seen the movie a number of times. 84. We left early in order to catch the first train. 85. She changed her mind again, which made us all very angry. V. For hundreds of the years, people learned about the world from materials in print, such as book, newspapers, and magazines. This was the main way people get information. The ability to read and write was the key to learn. Today many people also get their information from electronic media. They prefer to watching television, listen to a radio or connect to the Internet rather than reading. That's what it's important for students to learn to analyze, not just acceptance, electronic information as well∧what they read in print. VI. 96. F 97. B 98. week, day, year 99. DESERT 100. A VII. A) One possible version: 86. 87. 88. the books got
89. learning 90. 91. 92. 93. 94. 95. √ watch the why accept as
The movie, Titanic is basically a love story. The main characters are Rose, a beautiful upper class young woman and Jack, a poor young artist. Rose is on the Titanic with her mother and her fiancée, Cal. By chance, Rose and Jack meet and fall in love. Then the ship begins to sink. Rose saves Jack’s life. Then they jump off the ship together. Unfortunately, Jack dies but Rose survives. B) One possible version: ……… I must tell you about a really amazing experience I had yesterday. It was our day off so we went to an old airfield near Oxford and flew in a microlight! I was with Jane, who is a very friendly instructor. First we went across grass very quickly, shaking a lot. Then we were in the air with only the noise of the engine and I thought ‘I hope this thing doesn’t stop’ because when I looked down I saw it was a long way. After then we flew over some trees and suddenly we started to drop. Jane said it was because the air was colder there and it always happened like that, but I was terrifying and at that moment I wished I had stayed on the ground. At last we came down. Our landing was hard but the first thing I said when I got out was “When can I do this again?”. It was the wonderful fun. Please write soon to tell me your news.