2014 届高三英语寒假作业 （五）
第一部分：英语知识运用(共四节，满分 55 分) 第一节 语音知识(共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分) 从每小题的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，找出其划线部分与所给单词的划线部分读音相 同的选项。 1. noble A. apology B. another C. remote D. copy 2.
campaign A. centigrade B. damage C. elegant D. design 3.fountain A. entertain B. obtain C. mountain D. remain 4. theirs A. thread B. smooth C. thirsty D. health 5. raise A. remain B. certain C. mountain D. bargain 第二节 情景对话(共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分) 根据对话情景和内容， 从对话后所给的选项中选出能填入每一空白处的最佳选项。 选项 中有两个为多余选项。 （M=Mike B=Ben） M: Hi, Ben. My dad and I are going boating tomorrow. B: Wow! That ’s cool! M: What’s your plan for the long weekend? B: I’ll watch late night shows on TV and get up as late as I like. M: 6 B: Maybe not. But these are the two most enjoyable things I can think of. M: 7 B: What do we need hobbies for? We don’t even have enough time for schoolwork. M: 8 But hobbies can help you to relax. B: 9 M: Well, take baseball for instance. You simply must get schoolwork out of your head while standing in the outfield. B: Otherwise I’ll either get hit or lose a catch. M: 10 B: Exhausted, but satisfied. M: You feel that you have finished a job. B: You bet! M: There! See what I mean? A. B. C. D. E. F. G. How are you today? That isn’t much of a plan, is it? You may have a point there. And how do you feel after each game? Are hobbies that great? Oh? Tell me how it works. Don’t you have a hobby? 第三节 语法和词汇知识(共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分) 从每小题的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
11．—Rosie was late for work this morning. —________？As far as I know，she is fairly punctual. A．Why not B．So what C．How come D．How about 12．The town has________population of about 10,000 and 80% of________population are farmers. A．a；the B．a；a C．the；the D．the；a 13．—Will you please tell us how you can seize the robbers? —I will spend a whole week ________in your room to wait for their coming. A．locking B．to lock C．locked D．being locked 14．Don’t forget to________the windows before going to bed.There’s going to be a storm tonight. A．clean B．keep C．adjust D．fasten 15 ． The number of students in our class________more than 70 and the majority of them________from the countryside. A．is；is B．is；are C．are；is D．are；are 16．The boy knocked down by the car stood up all by himself，________unhurt. A．apparently B．abnormally C．unfortunately D．generally 17．The________hills around remind the villagers of the importance of protecting the environment. A．blank B．bare C．vacant D．empty 18． It is said that people are________likely to tell lies over the phone as they are in emails. A．as twice B．twice as C．twice more D．twice than 19．The air of hills is cooler than ________of plains. A．that B．one C．those D．ones 20．The truth is that ________helping the situation，you’ve just made it worse. A．far from B．out of C．due to D．next to 21 ． It’s important that we should show consideration for others if we are to live________them in social life. A．in connection with B．in touch with C．in contrast with D．in harmony with 22． Jim knows little about computer， so his wife thinks he can’t ________the development of times. A．keep pace with B．take advantage of C．throw light on D．put emphasis on 23．Many parents can ________unpleasant behavior from their children while they will not tolerate any from others. A．put up B．put away C．put up with D．put forward 24．Mr Green，Jenny has come to see you.She________for you in your office now. A．will wait B．waits C．is waiting D．has waited 25． ________that his wife might complain him，Tom did all housework before his wife
came back. A．Worrying B．Having worried C．Having been worried D．Worried 第四节 完形填空(共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出适合填入对应空白处 的最佳选项。 In the spring of 1919, Princess Bazaar of Luxembour’s royal family met the royal kitchen helper Leon. Many nights, Leon went into the kitchen and made ___26___ for Bazaar. They always talked about the good times ___27___they were having ice-cream. They soon fell in love. But ___28___ their different social status, both of them buried the ___29___. Soon, Bazaar was made to accept an arranged royal marriage. For days, Leon could not see Bazaar, he was___30___ with impatience. Finally, Bazaar ___31___ at the table a month later. While serving desserts, Leon ___32___ the letters DOVE, which is an abbreviation of DO YOU LOVE ME with hot chocolate on Bazaar’s ice-cream. Leon ___33___ that Bazaar could understand his feelings. A few days later, Bazaar got ___34___ . One year later, Leon could not ___35___ the mental suffering and left the royal kitchen. Years later, he and his own family ___36___ a candy store. Many years later, they met again. Bazaar ___37___ that that afternoon she ate the ice-cream made by Leon, but didn’t see the ___38___ letters then. Hearing this, Leon broke down in tears, and he finally understood the past ___39___ .If that chocolate had been___40___, those letters would never have melted, and he would not have lost his last chance. Leon decided to ___41___ a solid chocolate which can ___42___ a long time. After lots of ___43___ , the chocolate Dove was finally made and each piece of chocolate was___44___engraved(刻有) with the letters “DOVE”. It’s a symbol of the love between Leon and Bazaar. Now more and more people fall in love with this chocolate. Giving someone DOVE means sending the___45___ of love: DO YOU LOVE ME? 26 A. dishes B. chocolate C. ice-cream D. cakes 27 A. until B. if C. while D. once 28 A. because of B. thanks to C. apart from D. regardless of 29 A. feelings B. difference C. silence D. needs 30 A. calling B. burning C. working D. talking 31 A. stood up B. turned up C. stayed up D. dressed up 32 A. wrote B. sent C. mixed D. noticed 33 A. expected B. declared C. allowed D. promised 34 A. sick B. angry C. married D. bored 35 A. reduce B. stop C. repeat D. bear 36 A. left B. visited C. ran D. found 37 A. realized B. remembered C. wondered D. thought 38 A. confusing B. interesting C. melting D. annoying 39 A. misunderstandings B. competitions C. judgment D. prejudice 40 A. stable B. powerful C. frozen D. solid 41 A. buy B. discover C. create D. enjoy 42 A. stand B. spare C. take D. preserve 43 A. breaks B. research C. pressure D. problems
44 A. luckily B. immediately C. quickly D. firmly 45 A. story B. memory C. whisper D. secret 第二部分：阅读理解(共两节，满分 40 分) 第一节 (共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 阅读下列四篇短文，从每小题后所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项。 A Looking for some inspiration or the “write” kind of ideas for your creative stories? To start with, some writers describe winter by using their five senses or their imagination. Others write on their favorite winter activity. Whatever you choose to write about, working on a winter story can always help to improve your writing skills. Now read the following story and see if it helps get rid of any icy writing block you’ ve been struggling with. A Winter Adventure Beep, beep. Beep-beep: the alarm clock rang. Slowly, I got out of warm bed down onto the wooden floor which the winter had thrown its cold upon. The bitter cold temperature penetrated （穿透）my socks and I hurried to put my feet in shoes. Looking out of the window, I watched the white snow, soft and thick, drop onto rooftops and trees. Half an hour later, finishing the last of my hot chocolate, I prepared to enter the adventure that waited for me outside. I buttoned my jacket and fastened my boots. Hat on, I opened the door and was greeted by the winter coldness. In the depths of winter, the early morning did not have the rush of the rest of the year. Most of my neighbours were put off by the cold, and stayed in bed until the sun had climbed higher into the sky. Unseen by those who remained locked inside their homes, warm in their beds, I enjoyed being alone with the beauty of the wintertime. Those indoors were unable to appreciate the snow-scapes, ice crystals, frost and the crisp（清新的）breeze. For them, the coming of winter meant just the arrival of the cold. Appreciation depends on contrasts. One cannot love the warmth of April if one has not known the freezing cold of winter. Later that year, the heat of the sun on my skin would be all the more wonderful for my memories of that cold morning and others like it. 46. The underlined word “adventure” refers to____________. A．getting out of bed on the cold winter morning. B．enjoying the loveliness of the winter outdoors C．going skiing on the cold winter morning D．throwing snowballs with friends. 47. According to the story A Winter Adventure, most of the neighbours _________. A．didn’t work in winter B．stayed up late in winter C．missed the beauty of winter D．enjoyed the seasons except winter 48. Which of these statements is true according to the story A Winter Adventure? A．Of all the seasons, the writer loves winter most. B．The writer regrets that he went out on the freezing cold winter morning. C．The writer believes contrast makes our experiences of the seasons lovelier. D．The writer values the autumn and summer more than the winter B Recently, a student used his Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) to film a female teacher scolding and tearing the work of a classmate. The public discussion that the incident caused
started on the Internet. However, when it came to the media’s attention, it quickly became a major topic in the education circles. The reactions so far suggest that the focus of the debate has been on one question: whom to blame? Teachers who are anxious to defend their professional dignity have tried to put the blame on the students. They mentioned their right to privacy 隐私）and for this reason they requested the Ministry of Education (MOE) to prohibit PDAs in schools. On the other hand, some parents and students have taken a different position. They feel that the teacher is also at fault. Caught up in the war of words between both sides, people are no longer interested in the “truth” of the matter which seems now unimportant. It was left to newspapers to discover the central point of the controversial issue, by stressing the problems that are not always easily noticed in our educational system. For those responsible for educating the young, this PDA incident conveys the message that “Times have changed”，a reality that must have been felt even more strongly by the female teacher when reflecting on this unpleasant experience. Different times call for different professional approaches in education. The ability to understand the students they are teaching has always been the quality of successful teachers. Despite some factors, the incident shows that the teacher lacks good qualities on her part. Besides, the rules under current system to deal with recalcitrant students need to be improved. Also, it is an example which shows the issue we are familiar with: what to do with new technology? With PDA, the new technology, the interaction (交流）between the teacher and students in classroom has been changed. 49. The author’s purpose in writing this passage is to______. A．improve the teachers’ way of teaching B．stress the using of PDA in the classroom C．change the students’ behavior in the classroom D．discuss the potential problems of educational system 50. The underlined word “recalcitrant” in paragraph 3 probably means______? A．difficult to control B．interested in nothing C．unwilling to learn D．ready to obey rules 51. The writer’s attitude toward the PDA incident is______. A．optimistic B．critical C．uncertain D．approval 52. What might be the best title for the passage? A．Whom to blame? B．The PDA incident C．Times have changed D．What to do with new technology? C The Pacific island nation of Nauru used to be a beautiful place．Now it is an ecological disaster area．Nauru's heartbreaking story could have one good consequence-other countries might learn from its mistakes． For thousands of years，Polynesian people lived in the remote island of Nauru，far from western civilization．The first European to arrive was John Fearn in 1798．He was the British captain of the Hunter, a whaling ship．He called the island Pleasant Island． However, because it was very remote, Nauru had little communication with Europeans at first．The whaling ships and other traders began to visit，bringing guns and alcohol．These elements destroyed the social balance of the twelve family groups on the island．A ten-year civil war started，which reduced the population from 1,400 to 900.
Nauru's real troubles began in 1899 when a British mining company discovered phosphate(磷 酸盐)on the island． In fact， it found that the island of Nauru was nearly all phosphate， which was a very important fertilizer for farming．The company began mining the phosphate． A phosphate mine is not a hole in the ground； it is a strip mine． When a company strip-mines， it removes the to player of soil．Then it takes away the material it wants．Strip mining totally destroys the land．Gradually, the lovely island or Nauru started to look like the moon． In 1968，Nauru became one of the richest countries in the world． Every year the government received millions and millions of dollars for its phosphate． Unfortunately, the leaders invested the money unwisely and lost millions of dollars．In addition，they used millions more dollars for personal expenses．Soon people realized that they had a terrible problem—their phosphate was running out．Ninety percent of their island was destroyed and they had nothing． By 2000， Nauru was financially ruined． Experts say that it would take approximately$433， 600， 000 and more than 20 years to repair the island． This will probably never happen． 53. What might be the author's purpose in writing the text? A. To seek help for Nauru's problems. B. To give a warning to other countries. C. To show the importance of money. D. To tell a heartbreaking story of a war. 54. What was Nauru like before the Europeans came? A. Rich and powerful. B. Modern and open. C. Peaceful and attractive. D. Greedy and aggressive. 55. The ecological disaster in Nauru resulted from________. A. soil pollution B. phosphate overmining C. farming activity D. whale hunting 56. Which of the following was a cause of Nauru's financial problem? A. Its leaders misused the money. B. It spent too much repairing the island. C. Its phosphate mining cost much money. D. It lost millions of dollars in the civil war. D Squirrels often communicate with whistles, chirps and chucks, which sound like the word “chuck”． Whistles and chirps are like the sounds that many birds make．Now scientists have translated some of their squirrel-speak. Hare, a professor of zoology at the University of Maniloha in Winnipeg, and his team managed to record squirrels' alarm calls． The researchers studied the sounds and then played them back to 60 wild squirrels, which the scientists approached individually with a video recorder to capture(抓 拍） their responses． Some squirrels lifted their heads up and became． Alert(警惕的） ． Creatures that were more frightened simply ran for their lives and dived into caves． "In effect then, whistles that mix with chucks say 'there's an enemy of average threat that's here', and whistles without chucks say 'there's an enemy of seemingly average threat around here somewhere', while pure chirps say, 'I'm hiding here because there's an immediate danger．' " Hare told．Discovery News． Hare and some other researchers believe such sounds arc part of an advanced language that develops just as all other communication systems． Although squirrels risk their lives when they call out to warn others of threats, other squirrels might admire this behaviour, thus increasingly the caller’s social status, like humans who look up to heroes. Hare added that other animals, such as birds, probably understand at least
some squirrel language, since they also may benefit from the alarm calls. In fact, another Canadian study found that deep-voiced, black-capped chickadees have their own language too．According to certain research, there are a lot of tidings in chickadees' calls, such as directing fellows' activities, keeping in contact between mates, and raising alarms． While chickadees and other birds are often welcomed into gardens by homeowners, squirrels are frequently viewed as pests(害兽）. Hare wishes a greater understanding of the complex social lives and communication systems of squirrels will provide “hope that humans will gain a greater appreciation and stop doing harm to these animals”. 57．The text mainly talks about ． A．the study on the language of squirrels B．the comparison between squirrels and chickadees C．the calling for the protection of squirrels D．the ways for squirrels to escape from their enemies 58．If a squirrel is in a very dangerous situation, it would probably make ____． A．whistles with chucks B．pure chirps C．whistles without chucks D．repeated chucks 59．The underlined word “tidings” in pardgmph 6 probably means ____． A．difficulties B．poises C．messages D．languages 60．What can be learned from this text? A．Squirrels communicate with cach other as humans do. B．Some squirrels understand the recorded alarm calls. C．Other animals also well understand the language of squirrels． D．Birds such as chickadees don’t have their own language． 第二节 (共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分) 根据短文内容，从下框的 A～F 选项中选出能概括每一段主题的最佳选项。选项中有一 项为多余项。 A. Take action B. Love yourself C. Live in the present D. Listen to your own voice E. Find out what you want F. Be open to change and growth Five Clear Steps to Success As I think about success there are five areas that jump out. If we put our energy into these areas we will be successful. 61 Inside you are the answers to what you need for yourself in order to feel successful. It could be that you want more love, income, a meaningful relationship and so on. When you make time to listen to yourself you will see the direction you want to take. Your heart will not cheat you. Instead it will challenge you and remind you that you are capable of more. 62 What you want to do is let go of other’s voices and expect yourself to listen to your own. If you are not used to paying attention to yourself, put effort into hearing what you care about. This is a most important step.
63 Did you know that the way we increase self-confidence is by expecting more of ourselves? Success comes from taking risks to move out of your comfort zone by attempting new things, taking care of your body, and trusting that you can develop a mind-set (思想的形式) that is built on growth. 64 Sadly many people either live in the past or worry about the future. The present is the only place where we can be. By living in the present, you will look for opportunities and take action in the present. When you are fully engaged in the present you start living into your ideas of success. 65 When you like who you are, it becomes so much easier to interact with others. They sense that your life is built on love which will bring success. You will find that you are not alone in your quest for life success. You will appreciate having people in your life who will help you achieve what you want. 第三部分：写作(共三节，满分 55 分) 第一节 单词拼写(共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分) 根据下列各句句意和空白之后的汉语提示词， 在横线上写出对应单词的正确、 完整形式， 每空只写一词。 66.I put on my sports shoes so that I could walk more________ (舒服地). 67. Will it be________ (方便) for you to start work tomorrow? 68. Recently, I have had an______（采访）with university students about their opinions on job choosing. 69. In North China, the weather in ______(十一月)could be very cold. 70. It is useful to take proper and______(定期的)exercise in order to keep fit. 71. ______(判断)from his accent, he is an American. 72. She was wearing even more ____ (珠宝饰物) than the Queen. 73. It was ____ (打雷) while he was on his way home. 74. The broadcast came from America by____ (人造卫星). 75. It is said that he gets more than $ 100,000 a year ____ (总共). 第二节 短文改错(共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文， 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共 有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧)，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线(__)，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词； 2．只允许修改 10 处，多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Dear Diana， Thank you for the lovely day we have with you. It was so kind for you to let us bring Anne's friend, Gina. Unfortunate, the only problem was the journey home. There had been a terrible accident on the highway and, for a result, there was a long line of traffic for at least six mile. In the end, we drove to a service station and waited there unless the road was clear. In the car park here Gina nearly got knocked over as car drove out far too quickly from behind a lorry. They finally dropped Gina off at her parents' and made our own way to home. 第三节 书面表达(满分 30 分) 目前我国餐桌浪费现象严重。请用英语写一篇 100-120 词的短文，谈谈你对 Anti-waste and “Clear the Plates” Campaign 的看法。文章的题目和开头已给出（不计词数） 。
参考词汇：好客 hospitality 公款吃喝 banquets at public expenses Anti-waste and “Clear the Plates” Campaign Nowadays, food waste is serious in China． _______________
参考答案： 语音知识：CDCBA 补全对话：BGCFD 单项选择：CACDB 完型填空：CCAAB 阅读理解： BCC DABA BCBA ABCB
大意匹配：EDFCB 单词拼写： comfortably; convenient; interview; November; regular; Judging; jewels; thundering; satellite; altogether 短文改错： 1. have→had 2. for→of 3. Unfortunate→Unfortunately 4. for a result 中的 for→as 5. mile→miles 6. unless→until/till 7. here→there 8. as car 中间加 a 9. They→We 10. 去掉 home 前的 to 书面表达： Possible student version: Anti-waste and “Clear the Plates” Campaign Nowadays, food waste is serious in China． To show their hospitality in interpersonal communication, some customers order far more than what is enough, causing much food to be untouched and thrown away． What is even more unbearable lies in the fact that banquets at public expenses cost the reputation of our government as well as a huge amount of money, which can have actually been spent in helping those in need． Consequently, such waste really makes people disappointed and depressed． To our delight, as a nationwide campaign against waste at the dining table has been launched, “Clear the Plates” is gaining more acceptance and support． Therefore, the nation’s “Clear the Plates” is most likely to become the mainstream idea of hospitality through everyone’s efforts．