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Alex Haley


Born: August 11, 1921 Ithaca, New York, U.S. Died: February 10, 1992 (aged 70) Seattle, Washington, U.S.

Alex was the oldest of three brothers and a sister. Haley lived with his family in Tennessee, before returning to Ithaca with his family when he was five years old.

Haley's

father was Simon Haley, a professor of agriculture at Alabama A&M University.

? Alex Haley was enrolled at age 15 in

Alcorn State University, a historically black college, and, a year later, enrolled at Elizabeth City State College, also historically black, in North Carolina. The following year he returned to his father and stepmother to tell them he had withdrawn from college. His father felt that Alex needed discipline and growth, and convinced him to enlist in the military when he turned 18. On May 24, 1939, Alex Haley began what became a 20-year career with the United States Coast Guard

During his enlistment he was often paid by other sailors to write love letters to their girlfriends. He said that the greatest enemy he and his crew faced during their long voyages was not the Japanese forces but rather boredom. After retiring from the U.S. Coast Guard, Haley began another phase of his journalism career. He eventually became a senior editor for Reader‘s Digest magazine(读者文摘杂志).

Literary career
? The Autobiography of Malcolm X

The Autobiography of Malcolm X, published in 1965, was Haley‘s first book.
? Roots

In 1976, Haley published Roots, he spent 10 years wrote this novel which through seven generations .The book later won the Pulitzer Prize. Roots was eventually published in 37 languages. Haley won a special Pulitzer Prize for the work in 1977.The same year, Roots was adapted as a popular television miniseries of the same name by ABC. The serial reached a record-breaking 130 million viewers. Roots emphasized that African Americans have a long history and that not all of that history is necessarily lost.

Alex Haley married Nannie Branch in 1941, and they remained married for 13 years before divorcing in 1954. That same year, he married Juliette Collins; they split in 1972. He later married Myra Lewis, to whom he remained married for the duration of his life. Haley had three children, a son and two daughters Haley died of a heart attack on February 10, 1992, at the age of 70.And was buried beside his boyhood home in Henning Tennessee.

? The Pulitzer Prize is an award for achievements in

newspaper and online journalism, literature, and musical composition in the United States. It was established in 1917 by Hungarian-American publisher Joseph Pulitzer. Prizes are awarded yearly in twentyone categories. In twenty of these, each winner receives a certificate and a US$10,000 cash award. The winner in the public service category of the journalism competition is awarded a gold medal.

An Emmy Award, recognizes excellence in the television industry, and corresponds to the Academy Award (for film), the Tony Award (for theatre), and the Grammy Award. Because Emmy Awards are given in various sectors of the American television industry, they are presented in different annual ceremonies held throughout the year. The two events that receive the most media coverage are the Primetime Emmys and the Daytime Emmys, which recognize outstanding work in American primetime and daytime entertainment programming.

? The National Association for the Advancement of Colored

People (NAACP) is an African-American civil rights organization in the United States, formed in 1909. Its mission is "to ensure the political, educational, social, and economic equality of rights of all persons and to eliminate racial hatred and racial discrimination". Its name, retained in accordance with tradition, uses the once common term colored people.
achievement in the arts and entertainment, and the annual Spingarn Medals for outstanding positive achievement of any kind, on deserving black Americans. It has its headquarters in Baltimore, Maryland(巴尔的摩,马里兰州)

? The NAACP bestows the annual Image Awards for


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