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山东省滕州市第一中学2016届高三上学期12月份阶段检测英语试题


山东省滕州市第一中学 2016 届高三 12 月份阶段检测试题 英语试题
本试卷分第 1 卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题) 。共 150 分,考试时间 120 分钟。 注意事项: 1.答第 1 卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、考号填写在答题卡上。 2.选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净 后,再选涂其他答案标号。不能答在本试卷上,

否则无效。

第 I 卷(选择题共 100 分)
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项, 并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。 每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What are the speakers mainly talking about? A. A textbook. 2. Where is Mr. Fluffs likely to be? A. In his cage. 3. What does the man mean? A. He is tired of eating out. B. The woman is not a good cook. C. The woman should open her own restaurant. 4. What will Luke do for his mother? A. Get her the newspaper. B. Get her something to eat. C. Bring her book to her. 5. What is the woman’s nationality probably? A. She is Chinese. B. She is American. C. She is French. B. In the garden. C. In the kitchen. B. A friend. C. A present.

第二节(共 15 小题,每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后, 各小题给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。 6. What did the man do? A. He forgot to take the woman’s order. B. He wrote down the wrong order. C. He brought the dish to the wrong table. 7. What is the woman like? A. She is tolerant. B. She is mean. C. She is rude to waiters.

听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9 题。 8. Why does the man call the woman?

A. To make an appointment with Mr. King. B. To tell Mr. King about an important meeting. C. To ask her a question about a sale. 9. What does the man want Mr. King to do? A. Investigate the foreign exchange market. B. Prepare a presentation. C. Bring some reports. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. What unlucky thing happened to the speakers? A.They were fined $200 on their way to the airport. B. They had difficulty finding a hotel. C. Their boat was damaged by the storm. 11. Why did the man swim away from the boat? A. To look for his favorite animal. B. Some sharks attacked the boat. C. He lost his way by accident. 12. What does the woman think of the man’s parents? A. They are great cooks. B. They will take good care of the children. C. They will spoil the children. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. What does Nancy want to buy at the grocery store? A. A few things to make dinner tonight. B. A few things for a cake. C. A birthday present. 14. What does Nancy’s grandmother like most? A. Chocolate ice cream. B. Blackberries. C. Chocolate cake.

15. How does Nancy probably feel at the moment? A. Stressed and frustrated. 16. What will Nancy do next?b A. Go home. B. Continue to chat with the man. C. Invite the man to taste the cake. B. A little nervous but excited. C. Emotional and exhausted.

听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. How might you know if you are in a state of sub-health(亚健康)? A. Your doctor tells you so. B. The hospital tests reveal it. C. You always feel tired with no evidence of disease. 18. Who is most likely to be sub-healthy? A. A middle-aged manager.

B. A student in the middle of summer vacation. C. A young person who works as a cashier. 19. What is mentioned as an effective way to prevent sub-health? A. Exercising regularly. B. Making more friends. C. Eating vitamin pills. 20. What is the speaker’s advice on diet? A. Try to avoid meat. food 第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A.B.C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A One cold morning in winter, I went alone to a hillside to do some hunting. I sat there waiting for about an hour. Suddenly, a big beautiful deer appeared less than 20 feet away from me. There was no cover near him. Surely I could shoot him. To my surprise, he came toward me! He was curious, I suppose, or maybe he was stupid. For this was not a youngster, but a fully grown-up one. He must have known about men and their guns. But this deer came closer, and I still waited. His big eyes never moved away from my face. His wonderful head with a set of antlers (鹿角) was clear in sight. I was getting a bit nervous as he walked closer. A big deer can do a lot of damage. Well, he walked right up to where I was sitting. Then he stopped and looked at me. What happened next was hard to believe. But it all seemed quite natural. I held out my hands and scratched his head right between the antlers. And he liked it. The big, wild, beautiful deer bent his head. I scratched and touched his head and body. His nose touched my shoulder. I fed him with my last sandwich. Well, he finally went his way, down the hill. Shoot him? Not me. You wouldn’t, either. Not after that. I just watched him go, a strong deer carrying a proud head. I picked up my gun, and started walking back. Suddenly, I heard two shots, one after another. If you have hunted much, you will know what two shots mean. They mean a kill. I had forgotten that there were other hunters around. You will now understand why I gave up hunting from that day on. 21. How the deer behaved toward the writer shows that______. A. it pretended to be friendly to the writer C. it was too scared to run away 22. You can infer from the passage that ______. A. the writer had waited for more than an hour before the deer appeared B. it was quite friendly to the writer D. it wanted to attack the writer B. Drink fresh milk every day. C. Be careful about salty and sweet

B. the writer was a little nervous at first as he had been attacked by a big deer before C. the writer felt afraid to kill the deer the moment the deer walked up to him D. a grown-up deer usually will not get close to men with guns 23. After reading the whole passage, we can know that the passage is written in a(n)_____ tone. A. sad B. excited C. worried B More than 2 million US teenagers have suffered a serious bout(发作) of depression in the past year, according to a federal government survey released on Tuesday. On average, 8.5 percent of adolescents aged 12 to 17 described having had a major depressive episode in the previous year, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration reported. But there were "striking differences" by sex, with 12.7 percent of girls and 4.6 percent of boys affected. Depression is the leading cause of suicide, which in turn is the third-leading cause of death for 15- to 24-year-olds in the United States. "The data Combined 2004 to 2006 data showed that rates of past year major depressive experience among youths aged 12 to 17 generally increased with increasing age," the researchers wrote. Researchers at SAMHSA and RTI International in Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, prepared the report using data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health. More than 67,700 youths aged 12 to 17 answered questions about mood and depression. They were also asked to rate how depression affected them using the Sheehan Disability Scale(残疾量表), which measures impact on family, friends, chores at home, work and school. Researchers defined a major depressive episode as two weeks or longer of depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure, and at least four other symptoms such as problems with sleep, energy, concentration or self-image. Nearly half of the teenagers who had major depression said it severely damaged their ability to function in at least one of the areas on the disability scale. "Fortunately, depression responds very well to early intervention and treatment," SAMHSA Administrator Terry Cline said in a statement. 24. The underlined word “ episode ” in paragraph 2 probably means _________. A. experiment B. experience C. expression D. feeling D. happy

25. What can be implied, but is not stated directly?

A. depression is the third-leading cause of suicide. B. There were over 2 million American teens suffering depression in the past two years. C. The students surveyed were aged between 12 and 17. D. There were more girl students suffering depression than boys. 26. The main symptoms of a serious depressive episode include ________ A. no family or friends or jobs or interests at all. B. low spirits, lack of sleep, energy and self-image, and poor concentration. C. poor health, sex discrimination, less energy and loss of interests D. suicide, sadness, lack of confidence and depression. 27. What will the following paragraph probably talk about according to the passage ?b A. How to recover from stress C. How to prevent and treat depression C For history fans, Margaret Thatcher is one of the most interesting of the British Prime Ministers. She is praised by both British and American conservatives for her firm principles and accomplishments of her term. Being so popular, it is only appropriate that a solid movie be made to detail the life of the first female Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. The film Iron Lady focuses on Thatcher (Meryl Streep) and her dementia(痴呆症), with certain items in her house reminding her of periods of her life, which then start series of flashbacks. Thatcher also fantasies of her husband, Denis (Jim Broadbent), and holds conversations with him throughout the film. In a world controlled by men and where women are thought to belong to the kitchen, Thatcher struggles to break through the barriers of sex to win a seat in Parliament(国会). Not only does she struggle with her sex, but being the daughter of a simple shopkeeper, she struggles with class barriers. After winning a seat in Parliament in 1959, Thatcher was appointed Secretary of State for Education and Science(SES). The film details how the leadership of her party didn’t take her or her opinions seriously. Thatcher became tired of being unheard and decided to challenge the leadership of the party and run for Leader of the Opposition. Not expecting to win the position, she took off in popularity, continuing a strong campaign even after her manager was killed by the Irish Republican Army. Thatcher, after the conservative party won a majority in Parliament, became the first woman Prime Minister of the UK. She took off in popularity until an economic decline hit the country. She regained B. How to have a happy feeling D. How to live a comfortable life .

popularity after the Falklands War. The film, in many cases, shows archive footage (资料片) to convey the historic timeline of the movie. The film does an excellent job in recording the complex life of one of Britain’s most complex women. It examines the price that Lady Thatcher paid for power, the class and sex struggles she overcame, and the burden of dementia. The film strikes an astonishingly dear portrait of the “Iron Lady” and will be sure to stand the test of time. 28. According to the passage, the film Iron Lady is mainly about__________. A. Margaret Thatcher and her dementia C. the British Prime Ministers’ interests B. Thatcher’s principles and achievements D. Margaret Thatcher and her husband

29. When Thatcher worked as Secretary of SES, _________. A. her party took her and her opinions seriously sex C. she struggled to break through the class barriers party 30. This passage is possibly a(n) ___________. A. autobiography B. political report C. film review D. life story D. she wasn’t respected by the leaders of her B. she tried hard to break through the barriers of

31. What is the author’s attitude towards the film Iron Lady? A. Negative B. Positive D People are being tricked into Facebook with the promise of a fun, free service without realizing they’re paying for it by giving up loads of personal information. Most Facebook users don’t realize this is happening. Even if they know what the company is up to, they still have no idea what they’re paying for Facebook because people don’t really know what their personal data is worth. The biggest problem, however, is that the company keeps changing the rules . That was the great thing about Facebook. You could create your own little private network. Last year, the company changed its privacy rules so that many things: your city, your photo, your friends’ names ,were set by default (默认)to be shared with everyone on the Internet. According to Facebook’s vice-president Elliot Schrage, the company is simply making changes to improve its service, and if people don’t share information, they have a “less satisfying experience”. C. Disapproving D. Casual

Some critics think this is more about Facebook looking to make more money. In original business model, which involved selling ads and putting them. At the side of the pages totally, who wants to look at ads when they’re online connecting with their friends? The privacy issue has already landed Facebook in hot water in Washington. In April, Senator Charles Schumer called on Facebook to change its privacy policy. He also urged the Federal Trade Commission to set guidelines for social networking sites. “I think the senator rightly communicated that we had not been clear about what the new products were and how people could choose to use them or not to use them,” Schrage admits. I suspect that whatever Facebook has done so far to invade our privacy, it’s only the beginning, which is why I’m considering canceling my account. Facebook is a handy site, but I’m upset by the idea that my information is in the hands of people I don’t know. That’s too high a price to pay. 32. What do we learn about Facebook from the first paragraph? A. It provides loads of information to its users. B. It earns money by putting on advertisements. C. It is a website that sends messages to users who want to get married. D. It makes money by selling its users’ personal data. 33. What does the author say about most Facebook users? A. They don’t know their personal data enriches Facebook. B. They are unwilling to give up their personal information. C. They don’t identify themselves when using the website. D. They care very little about their personal information. 34. Why does Facebook make changes to its rules according to Elliot Schrage? A. To obey the Federal guidelines. C. To improve its users’ connection B. To expand its business. D. To provide better service to its users

35. Why does the author plan to cancel his Facebook account? A. He is dissatisfied with its present service. B. He finds many of its users untrustworthy. C. He doesn’t want his personal data badly used. D. He is upset by its frequent rule changes. 第二节(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分 根据短文内容,从短文后的七个选项中选出能填人空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

A student's life is never easy.

36

A lot of preparations are needed so you can be sure to go hack

home with a diploma and a bright future waiting for you. The following are some basic things you need to do before even seizing that passport and boarding on the plane. ●Knowing the country. You shouldn't bother researching the country's hottest tourist spots or historical places. You won't go there as a tourist, but as a student. It'll be helpful to read the most important points in their history and to read up on their culture. 37 You surely don't want to face legal problems, especially if you're away from home. ●Studying their language. Don't expect that you can graduate abroad without knowing even the basics of the language. Before leaving your home country, take online lessons to at least master some of their words and sentences. 38 Doing this will also prepare you in communicating with those who can't speak English.b ● 39

Check the conversion(兑换)of your money to their local currency, set up your bank account so you can use it there, get an insurance, and find an apartment. The Internet or your intended school will be very helpful in finding an apartment and helping you understand local currency. Remember, you're not only carrying your own reputation but your country's reputation as well. If you act foolishly, people there might think that all of your country men are foolish as well. A. Packing your clothes. B. Preparing for other needs. C. Most importantly, read about their laws. D. This will be useful in living and studying there. E. That would surely be a very bad start for your study abroad program. F. Going with their trends will keep it from being too obvious that you're a foreigner. G. And it is even more difficult if you will have to complete your study in a foreign land. 第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A.B.C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳 选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 On a trip to California, my family stopped for lunch. As we walked toward the entrance to the restaurant, a man, with a 41 beard and dirty hair, jumped up from a bench outside the restaurant and 40 .

opened the door for us.Regardless of his

42

, he greeted us in a friendly way. 43 ." After we ordered our lunch, I explained,

Once inside, my daughters whispered, "Mom, he telling the kids to look many 45 46 44

the dirt.We then watched other customers approach the restaurant but

him. Seeing this rudeness truly upset me. The day I became a mother, I had determined to to my children. Yet sometimes when things didn't go right, being a good example was

set a good

47 . When our meal arrived, I realized I had left the car-sick pills in the truck. With the windiest trip ahead, the kids needed them, so I 48 myself from the meal and went to get them.

Just then, the "doorman" was opening the door for a couple. They rushed past him without even acknowledging his 49 . Letting them in first, I said a loud "thank you" to him as I 51 50 .

When I returned, we talked a bit.He said he was not allowed inside went back and told my family his The kids looked 53 52

he purchased food.I

.Then I asked our waitress to add one soup and sandwich.

as we had already eaten, but when I said the order was for the 54 our trip, I found the "doorman" enjoying his 55 out his hand for a 56 .What

"doorman" , they smiled.When it was time to

meal.Upon seeing me, he stood up and thanked me heartily. He then

handshake and I gratefully accepted. I suddenly noticed the tears in his eyes—tears of happened next drew great astonishment: I gave the " doorman" a 58 down his face. 57

. He pulled away, with tears

Back in truck, I fell into deep thought. While we can't choose many things in life, we can choose when to show gratitude. I said thanks to a man who had for that 60 59 held open a door for me, and also said thanks

to teach my children by example. B. pretty B. appearance B. smokes B. into B. ignored B. target B. tough B. refreshed B. challenge B. approached B. since B. deed C. messy C. state C. signs C. over C. missed C. record C. awkward C. forgave C. presence C. marched C. though C. story D. bright D. attitude D. smiles D. beyond D. hated D. rule D. stressful D. excused D. attack D. quitted D. unless D. demand

41.A. clean 42.A. service 43.A. smells 44.A. around 45.A. refused 46.A. example 47.A. accessible 48. A. prevented 49.A. company 50.A. exited 51.A. before 52.A. desire

53.A. puzzled 54.A. make 55.A. washed 56.A. approval 57.A. clap 58.A. streaming 59.A. firmly 60.A. opportunity

B. excited B. start B. reached B. sympathy B. nod B. rushing B. constantly B. journey

C. concerned C. take C. raised C. gratitude C. lift C. slipping C. simply C. wisdom

D. bored D. continue D. waved D. affection D. hug D. breaking D. politely D. community

第Ⅱ卷(非选择题共 50 分)
第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第二节(共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空格处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或使用括号中单词的正确形式。 When someone has deeply hurt you, it can be very difficult to let go of your anger. But forgiveness is possible --- and it can be surprisingly research 62 “People who forgive show people 65 64 63 61 (benefit) to your physical and mental health. So far, (show) that people who forgive can have more energy, better appetite and better sleep. (little) anger and more hopefulness,” says Dr. Frederic Luskin, who

wrote the book Forgive for Good. “So it can help reduce the tiredness out of the immune system and allow (feel) more energetic.” 66 So when someone has hurt you, cool down first. Take a couple of breaths and think of something gives you pleasure: a beautiful scene in nature, or someone you love. Don’t wait for an 67 68 (apologize). “Many times the person who hurt you may never think of apologizing,” says Dr. Luskin. “They may have wanted to hurt you or they just don’t see things people to say sorry, you could be waiting a very long time.” Next keep in mind that forgiveness does not necessarily mean see things of view. 69 (accept) the action of the person who upsets you. Instead, learn to look for the love, beauty and kindness around you. Finally, try to the other person’s perspective. You may realize that he or she was acting out of 70 (you) from that person’s point ignorance. To gain perspective, you may want to write a letter to same way. So if you wait for

笫四部分:写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处 错误,每句中最多有两处,错误仅涉及一个单词的增加,删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 Dear Ms. J. K. Rowling,

It is great pleasure to write to you. I like reading all of your Harry Potter book. A few days before, I listened to a radio programme about you. Now I know that you teach English at home and in others countries before you started writing books. I also know that you could only write the first book while your baby daughter was asleep, so you worked on them for five years. That was a very much difficult job. Your son David and your daughter Jessica must be proud for you. I hope I can become as successfully as you when I grow up. Thank you for spending time read my letter.

Yours sincerely, Michele 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假如你是某中学的学生Tom。前不久,你参加了全国英语演讲比赛并获得一等奖。请用英语给校 刊写一篇文章,谈谈你的体会。内容主要包括: 1.付出才有回报; 2.收获自信和友谊; 3.感激之情。 注意1.词数100左右; 2.可适当增加细节以使行文连贯; 3.开头语已为你写好,不计入总词数。 Looking back to the National English Speaking Competition I took part in several days ago, I have a lot to share with you.

]

12 月阶段检测英语试题答案
听力 1-5 CABBC 6-10 CABCB 11-15 ACBCB 阅读理解:21-25 BDABD 26-30 BCADC 16-20ACAAC 36-40 GCDBE 31-35 BDADC

完形填空:41---45 CBADB 46---50ABDCA 语法填空:61.beneficial 66. apology 短文改错: 62. has shown 67. the

51---55. DCADB 56---60. CDACA 63. less 64. to feel 69. from 65. that 70. yourself

68. accepting

Dear Ms. J. K. Rowling, It is ^ great pleasure to write to you. I like reading all of your Harry Potter book. A few a books days before, I listened to a radio programme about you. Now I know that you teach English at ago taught home and in others countries before you started writing books. I also know that you could only other write the first book while your baby daughter was asleep so you worked on them for five years. it That was a very much difficult job. Your son David and your daughter Jessica must be proud for you. I hope I can become as successfully as you when I grow up. Thank you for spending of successful time read my letter. reading

Yours sincerely, Michele
作文:Looking back to the National English Speaking Competition I took part in several days ago, I have a lot to share with you. First of all, I really delighted that I’ve won the first prize in the competition, and it makes me understand the true meaning of the proverb “No pains, no gains”. I also established friendship with students from all over our country, from whom I’ve learned a lot. More importantly, taking this competition has enabled me to overcome my fear of speaking in public, thus developing my self-confidence. Besides, I owe

many thanks to my teachers and judges. I couldn’t have done such an excellent job without their help To sum up, I will always treasure this meaningful and memorable experience. 录音文本 Text 1 W:I spent the entire day searching for the perfect gift for Dan. M: What do you have so far? W: Um, I found a first edition J.K.Hall book. M: That’s very thoughtful. Text 2 M: Have you seen Mr. Fluffs? He’s not in his cage. Is he running around here in the kitchen with you? W: It’s cold outside. He’s probably just under a big pile of tissues in his cage trying to keep warm. M: Oh, you’re probably right. I’ll go look again. Text 3 W: What do you think I should cook today? M: How about we go out to eat? W: But we went out to eat last night and the night before. I’m beginning to think that you don’t like my cooking. M: No offense, but if you opened a restaurant, it would probably get closed down by the health department. Text 4 M: Good morning mom. Would you like to read the newspaper? W: Oh, Luke, thanks for offering, but I have this book that I’m reading right now. M: Would you like some breakfast at least? W: That would be great, honey. Text 5 M: Nice dress. I think that when Westerners wear Chinese-style clothing it looks even better than when Chinese people wear it. W: Really? In France, we say that American-style clothing looks best on Chinese people. M: Ha, that’s so strange. Text 6 W: Waiter! M: Yes. What can I do for you, madam? W: I didn’t order this. M: I’m sorry. I made a mistake. This is Table 9’s order. I’m very sorry. W: That’s okay. It’s pretty busy right now. M: Thanks for your understanding. W: What about my order? M: I’ll check on your order right now. It should be ready any minute. Text7 M: Hello, this is James Johnson from the export department, May I speak to Mr. King? W: I’m sorry, but he is out of the office right now. M: When will he be back? W: He should be back any moment. M: I wonder if you could give him a message for me. W: Yes, certainly. Just a minute. I’ll get a pen… Okay, I’m ready. M: There will be a very urgent meeting at three o’clock, and I would like Mr. King to attend it. W: OK. May I ask what it’s regarding? M: Yes. It’s regarding the foreign exchange market and our sales strategy this year.

W: Should I tell Mr. King to prepare anything? M: Yes. Please tell him to bring the financial reports from the last three quarters. W: I’ll let him know. M: Thank you very much. Text 8 W: Raul, this is the worst vacation that we have ever been on. First, we missed our flight and had to pay $200 for new tickets. Then you forgot to make reservation at the hotel, and now we are alone here on this stupid island because you had to go off swimming alone. Why couldn’t you just stay close to the boat like you were supposed to? M: Honey, you know that sharks are my favorite animals. I couldn’t just stay near the boat and look at stupid colorful fish when I know that there were sharks swimming around out there just waiting to be found. W: Well, you’re certainly done it now, haven’t you? We can’t even leave this island without one of them biting off our arms. How are we supposed to get home now? What about the kids? We left them with your parents. God knows how fat and spoiled they will get if we leave them there. We have to get back home. M: Listen, it’s all going to be okay, honey. I have a plan. I’m going to use this watch to make a mirror and attract the attention of a helicopter. W: Helicopter? What helicopter? We are doomed… doomed, I tell you! Text 9 M: Hi, Nancy! What are you doing here at the grocery store? W: Oh, hey, Landon. I am getting ready for my grandmother’s eightieth birthday party tonight. Since we are going out for dinner, I am going to make her cake in advance, and I needed a few things. M: Wow, eighty years old. Your grandmother sure is something! What type of cake are you making? W: Since my grandmother’s favorite kind of cake is chocolate, I am making a chocolate cake with sliced strawberries on top; that’s her favorite fruit. M: That sounds delicious! Have you baked a cake before? W: Well, sort of. I have followed directions on those cake mixes. This time, I am making it all by hand. It’s a bit of a challenge, and I guess I’m a little nervous. M: I am sure it will turn out fine. The cake will be delicious, and your grandmother will be so happy. W: I sure hope so. My grandmother has been a wonderful parent and grandparent. She means a lot to me, well, it has been nice chatting with you, but I must get going. This cake is not going to make itself. M: Ha-ha, understood! Tell your grandmother I said happy birthday. I cannot wait to hear about the cake. Text 10 Feeling stressed lately? Has your doctor said he cannot find anything wrong with you? Perhaps he told you to go to a hospital, but all the fancy equipment there still showed that there was nothing wrong with you. Then consider this: you might be in a state of sub-health. Sub-health, also called the third state or the grey state, is defined as a borderline state between health and disease. According to an investigation by the National Health Organization, over 45 percent of sub-healthy people are middle-aged or elderly. The percentage is even higher among people who work in management positions, as well as students around exam time, due to their heightened exposure to stress. The key to preventing and recovering from sub-health, according to some medical experts, is to form good habits, alternate work with rest, exercise regularly, and take part in open-air activities. As for meals, people are advised to eat less salt and sugar. They should eat more fresh vegetables, fruits, and fish because they are rich in nutritional elements — vitamins and trace elements(微量元素) — that are important to the body. Nutrition experts point out that it is not good to eat too much at one meal because it may cause

unhealthy changes in your body. They also say that a balanced diet is very helpful in avoiding sub-health.


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