[基础知识· 夯实] Ⅰ.单词拼写 根据汉语注释及首字母提示写出下列单词的正确形式。 1. The meanings of words are complex, and you'd better_s______ them. 2. With the help of his friends, Tom finally s______ the problem. 3. Cyclis
ts who give ________(信号)before turning or stopping help prevent accidents. 4. It seemed as if as soon as one problem was solved a new one________(出现)． 5. I haven't ________ (计算，估算) the cost that we will spend in travelling. 答案：1. simplify 2. solved Ⅱ. 选词填空 make up; as a result of; watch over; with the help of; after all 1. When I am back to school from sick leave, I will________ for the missing lessons. 2. The doctors and nurses________the seriously wounded worker day and night. 3. Why are you so anxious? It isn't your problem ________. 4. ________the pilot strike, all flights have had to be cancelled. 5. ________a passerby, I carried the injured person into a clinic. 答案：1. make up 2. watched over 3. after all 4. As a result of 5. With the help of Ⅲ.单句语法填空 1．There ________ ________(arise) a trend that 3D films will become more popular 3. signals 4. arose 5. calculated
ever since the film was shown. 答案：has arisen 解析：考查时态。句意：已有一种趋势，自从这部电影上映以来 3D 电影越来越受欢迎。 根据语境及从句的时态，在此只能用现在完成时。 2．—I think he is taking an active part in social work. —I agree with you ______ ______ ______(way)．
答案：in a way/in one way 解析： 句意： “我认为他正在积极参加社会服务。 ”“在某种程度上我同意你说的。 ”in a/one way“在某种程度上”。 3．His plan was such a good one________ we all agreed to accept it. 答案：that 解析：考查 such...that...引导的结果状语从句。句意：他的计划非常好，我们都同意接 受。本题很容易，错看成是 as 引导的定语从句，而关键是 accept 后已经有宾语 it，所以不 可能是定语从句。
4．With so many things ________ ________ ________(deal)，I have to work late into the night. 答案：to deal with 解析：考查非谓语动词的用法。句意：有很多事情有待于处理，我得工作到深夜。由空 格后的部分可以看出，很多事情还没有处理，所以用 with＋宾语＋to do 的结构来表示将要 做。 5．________(随着) Christmas Day draws near, people are busy preparing for it. 答案：As 解析：句意：随着圣诞节一天天临近，人们为迎接它正做准备。as 在此引导时间状语 从句，意为“随着??”。如果用 with 表达“随着”应构成短语形式：with Christmas Day drawing near. 6. －Would you like me to help you with the heavy luggage? －I can manage it myself. Thank you________(不管怎样)． 答案：anyway/anyhow 解析：句意：“要我帮忙搬那些沉重的行李吗？”“不用了，我自己能行。不管怎样我 还是要谢谢你。”根据题意，anyway/anyhow 表示“无论如何，不管怎样”可以在结束谈话 时使用。 7. －What did our teacher do? －He raised his arm as a(n)________(示意) for us to stop. 答案：signal 解析：考查名词。答句句意：他抬起手臂示意我们停下。signal 意为“信号；手势”。 8. He had ________little education that he couldn't teach________little children.(so; such) 答案：so; such 解析：当 little 作“少量”讲，修饰名词时，要用 so...that...句型；作“小的”讲，修饰 名词时，要用 such...that...句型。句意：他受过那么少的教育以至于他无法教这么小的孩子。 9. Maggie has been fortunate to find a job she loves, and ________ ________(more), she gets well paid for it. 答案：what's more 解析： 句意： Maggie 非常幸运地找到了她喜欢的工作， 而且待遇非常好。 what's more“此 外，而且”。 10．—I am so glad I caught you at home. I need your help! －________ ________(怎么了)，Robin? 答案：What's up 解析：考查交际用语。句意：“碰上你在家，我很高兴，我需要你的帮助。”“怎么了， 罗宾？”what's up“怎么了”，符合句意。
[实战能力· 提升] Ⅳ.阅读理解 A [2014· 辽宁五校联合体高三年级考试] Improving your vocabulary can be done at any age and any level of education. Even college students can benefit from an enlarged vocabulary, which will enhance spoken and written language. Often people are communication as well as providing a deeper grasp of any
encouraged to improve their vocabulary by a major test, but improving your vocabulary can be done for fun as well. Reading more, playing word games and puzzles, and looking up words in the dictionary are all good ways to learn new words. One of the best ways to improve your vocabulary is to read more.Reading is directly linked with a larger vocabulary, especially if you seek out books in unfamiliar styles or about unfamiliar topics. Nonfiction in a wide variety of fields can teach you new words and general knowledge, but reading fiction is also highly beneficial.As you read, make a note of unfamiliar words, look them up, and write down the definition. Playing word games is a fun way to learn new words. Games like Scrabble and Boggle will encourage your brain to play with words and letters, as well as learning new ones. If you play with an open dictionary, you can encourage people to try out words they might otherwise be afraid of using. Most word games are interactive, so you enjoy company while you expand your vocabulary. Another way of improving your vocabulary is to do word puzzles. Most newspapers include crosswords, simple cryptology puzzles, and jumbles that get progressively harder throughout the week.Try to commit to completing all of the word puzzles every day, or at least attempt to finish them. Word puzzles can also be done in groups, especially if you enjoy competition. You can purchase books of word puzzles of varying difficulty for a different challenge. A simple way to improve your vocabulary is to use the dictionary.Create flashcards of unfamiliar words and practice them in the train, on the bus, or when you wake up in the morning. Try to practice words in a variety of environments so that you really learn them, and make sure to use the words in daily sentences as well so that you can grow accustomed to using them correctly. If you hear someone using a word you don't recognize, ask him or her about it or look it up. 1．What does the underlined word “enhance” in Paragraph 1 probably mean? A．Improve. C．Practice. B．Decrease. D．Purchase.
2．How many fun ways of improving vocabulary are mentioned in the passage? A. 3. C. 5. 3. Which of the following is a word game? B. 4. D. 6.
4．What do we learn from the last two paragraphs? A．You have to complete all of the word puzzles to improve your vocabulary. B．Word puzzles sometimes are so difficult that they need to be done in groups. C．Practicing words everywhere and using them in daily sentences are helpful. D．You can ignore the new words used in the conversation with your friends. [文章大意] 单词记忆一直是困扰英语学习者的一个大问题，本文就英语单词记忆问题 向读者介绍了几种有趣的方法。 1．A。考查词义猜测。根据上下文可知，此句话意思是：词汇量大对大学生非常有利， 会提高他们口语和写作表达能力，也会帮助他们深层理解任何语言。故选 A 项。 2． B。 考查细节理解。 文中一共提到 4 种有趣的扩大词汇量的方法： to read more， playing word games，to do word puzzles 和 to use the dictionary，故选 B 项。 3． B。 考查细节理解。 根据第三段中的“Games like Scrabble and Boggle will encourage
your brain to play with words and letters，as well as learning new ones.”一句可得出答案，故 选 B 项。 4 ． C 。考查推理判断。根据最后一段中的 “Try to practice words in a variety environments so that you really learn them, and make sure to use the as well so that you can grow accustomed to of
words in daily sentences
using them correctly.”可知 C 项为答案。 B
[2014· 河南省开封市高三模拟考试] As more and more books become movie adaptations, I can't help but think how this will affect English classes. Thinking back to my years in middle school and high school, I was required to read a number of classics. Today, a majority of those books are now also movies: Life of Pi, The Great Gatsby, Much Ado About Nothing and Anna Karenina, to name a few. Even contemporary books such as The Hunger Games and Harry Potter are gracing the big screen. In discussions with friends, I will often hear them say they are not going to read the book because the movie adapted from it will be out soon, which made me wonder what effect, if any, movie adaptations will have on modernday students. Will the Common Core State Standards (CCSS) encourage them to read the books more carefully or to use movies to supplement their understanding of the text? The CCSS requires students to provide textbased evidence when reading and discussing a book. By focusing on such evidence, teachers can pull specific details from a book that may have not made the final cut when the book was adapted for the big screen. For instance, after reading and watching The Hunger Games, there were a number of details from the book that were missing from the film. A student who failed to read The Hunger Games would not quite understand
Rue's impact on the games in the same way as someone who had read the book and remembered all the details that went into her death. I am not saying the CCSS will stop students from cutting corners, but I believe if teachers use the support the CCSS provides, it can be a great roadway to ensure all students are digging deep into texts and not just hitting the play button. 5．In the past, the author was encouraged________. A．to read textbooks in the class B．to read movie adaptations C．to read many classics D．to see movies in the cinema 6．What effect does the movie have on modernday students A. Encouraging students to read more books. B. Using the movie to help understand the text. C. Making some of students read too little. D. Helping students to save a lot of time. 7. What can we infer from Paragraph 3? A．Teachers can teach students better by seeing films. B．Students are encouraged to see The Hunger Games. C．Rue's impact on the games is presented in the movie. D．Those who only see movies might not understand some details. 8．The passage tells us that the author ________. A．hopes students to see the movies adapted from books B．thinks the CCSS should prevent students from watching movies C．urges students to read books rather than see the films D．tries to ban the CCSS from giving students many choices [文章大意] 随着越来越多的名著改编成电影，有些青少年很少再去阅读原著，这对他 们的阅读和学习产生了一定影响。 5． C。 细节理解题。 由第一段第二句“Thinking back to my years in middle school and high school，I was required to read a number of classics.”可知，作者小时候被要求读很多名著。故 选 C 项。 6． C。 细节理解题。 由第二段第二句中的“In discussions with friends， I will often hear them say they are not going to read the book because the movie adapted from it will be out soon”可 知，作者在与朋友讨论时，经常听他们说不打算去阅读原著，因为改编的电影就快上映了， 也就是说电影让一些学生读的书更少了。 7．D。推理判断题。由第三段中的“a number of details from the book that were missing” according to the passage?
和“A student who failed to read The Hunger Games would not quite...into her death.”可知，改编 的电影通常忽视原著的某些细节。 8．C。细节理解题。由全文尤其是最后一段中的“it can be...hitting the play button”可知， 作者提倡教师应遵照课程标准，鼓励学生深入阅读，而不是只看电影。 Ⅴ.短文改错 When it came to city and country life，I think they all have their own advantages and disadvantages. For city life，you know，the traffic is too convenient that you can arrange your life flexible and easily.At the same time， there are many great opportunity for you when looking for jobs.Also， there is no doubt the quality of life is fantastic.Fortunately，living in cities，you will suffer much stress and heavy air pollution. For country life， as we all know it, the life is peaceful and the environment is beautiful， which is both good for your health.However，it is inconvenient for people to go out.Besides，the communication is easy. 答案： When it came
to city and country life，I think they
have their own advantages
and disadvantages. For city life，you know，the traffic is too convenient that you can arrange your life
flexible and easily.At the same time，there are many great opportunity for you when looking
for jobs.Also， there is no doubt ∧
the quality of life is fantastic. Fortunately， living in cities，
you will suffer much stress and heavy air pollution. For country life，as we all know it, the life is peaceful and the environment is beautiful， which
both good for your health.However，it is inconvenient for people to go out. Besides，
the communication is easy.