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山东省临沂市某中学2016届高三上学期第四次调研考试英语试题


2016 届高三第四次调研考试 英语试卷
满分:120 分 命题人:李莉 胡秀英 考试时间:100 分钟 校对人:李莉 胡秀英

第Ⅰ卷 第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A I was in a rus

h as always, but this time it was for an important date I just couldn’t be late for! I found myself at a checkout counter behind an elderly woman seemingly in no hurry as she paid for her groceries. A PhD student with not a lot of money, I had hurried into the store to pick up some flowers. I was in a huge rush, thinking of my upcoming evening. I did not want to be late for this date. We were in Boston, a place not always known for small conversation between strangers. The woman stopped unloading her basket and looked up at me. She smiled. It was a nice smile—warm and reassuring—and I returned her gift by smiling back. “Must be a special lady, whoever it is that will be getting those beautiful flowers,” she said. “Yes, she’s special,” I said, and then to my embarrassment, the words kept coming out. “It’ s only our second date, but somehow I am just having the feeling she’s‘the one’ ,” jokingly, I added, “The only problem is that I can’t figure out why she’d want to date a guy like me.” “Well, I think she’s very lucky to have a boyfriend who brings her such lovely flowers and who is obviously in love with her,” the woman said. “My husband used to bring me flowers every week—even when times were tough and we didn’t have much money. Those were incredible days; he was very romantic and—of course—I miss him since he’s passed away.” I paid for my flowers as she was gathering up her groceries. There was no doubt in my mind as I walked up to her. I touched her on the shoulder and said “You were right, you know. These flowers are indeed for a very special lady.” I handed her the

flowers and thanked her for such a nice conversation. It took her a moment to realize that I was giving her the flowers I had just purchased. “You have a wonderful evening,” I said. I left her with a big smile and my heart warmed as I saw her smelling the beautiful flowers. I remember being slightly late for my date that night and telling my girlfriend the above story. A couple of years later, when I finally worked up the courage to ask her to marry me, she told me that this story had helped to seal it for her—that was the night that I won her heart. 21. Why was the writer in a hurry that day? A. He was to meet his girlfriend. C. He was delayed by an elderly lady. A. Her words. politeness. 23. Why did the writer give his flowers to the elderly lady? A. She told him a nice story. B. She allowed him to pay first. C. She gave him encouragement. D. She liked flowers very much. 24. What is the message conveyed in the story? A. Flowers are important for a date C. Love and kindness are rewarding. B If you were wondering whether everything is a lie, the answer is: yes. Everything is a lie. Hello Kitty is not a cat, which is strange, because she looks like a cat and is named Kitty. But in fact, she’s a British girl called Kitty White. Puzzled? We are, too. The message comes from Sanrio, the creator of the international toy. Sanrio announced this after a professor from the University of Hawaii, Christine Yano, described the character as a cat in a report. Yano was responsible for a Hello Kitty show in Los Angeles. Professor Yano, speaking to the LA times, said: “Sanrio emailed me, saying that Hello Kitty is not a cat. She’s a cartoon character. She is a little girl. She is a friend. But she is not a cat. She walks and sits like a two-legged person. She does have a pet B. Small talk is helpful. D. Elderly people deserve respecting. B. Her smile. B. He had to go back to school soon. D. He had to pick up some groceries. C. Her flowers. D. Her

22. What does the underlined phrase “her gift” (Paragraph 2 ) refer to?

cat of her own, however, and it’s called Charmmy Kitty.” According to the official Hello Kitty homepage, Kitty White was born in London on November 1, and is “a cheerful and happy little girl with a heart of gold.” Yano says, “Hello Kitty came out in the 1970s, when the Japanese and Japanese women were into Britain. They loved the culture of Britain. It showed an idealized (理想化的) childhood. So the character was created exactly for the tastes of that time.” Since her creation in 1974, Hello Kitty has become a global figure worth about $7 billion to Sanrio. It’s not the first time there have been doubts about who, or what exactly, a cartoon character is. In the 1990s there was discussion about Goofy. Though we were all in shock at the news that Kitty is not a cat, there was some good news, as it is true that Snoopy, the world’s favorite dog, is thankfully a dog. 25. What can we learn from the first paragraph? A. The author is encouraging readers not to believe anything. B. People usually think Hello Kitty is a cat. C. It is strange that a little girl is called Kitty. D. It is puzzling why Hello Kitty has become popular. 26. The underlined word, “this”, in the second paragraph refers to ______. A. the fact that Hello Kitty is a little girl B. the report that professor Yano made C. the Hello Kitty show in Los Angeles D. the view of Sanrio toward Hello Kitty 27. According to the text, Kitty White _______. A. was born in London in the 1990s B. is a happy and kind-hearted girl C. has lived around many Japanese people D. likes showing the culture of Britain 28. How does the author feel toward the news that Hello Kitty is not a cat? A. Delighted. B. Thrilled C What to do on vacation As you are heading to college, this summer vacation could be important in helping you stand out in a new environment. C. Thankful D. Shocked

It can be challenging for students to set themselves apart during the academic years because every student at their high school has the same opportunities to take the same classes and participate in the same clubs and activities. Summer jumps out as a great opportunity for a student to do something different from the pack. If possible, it is a good idea for students to develop their academic interests in a college environment. Spending a week or two on campus and going into more depth in the area they’re going to study will be helpful for their future study. What else can students do besides that? 1. Help out. Summer is a wonderful time to become more engaged(投入的) in your community through service projects. 2. Get a job. Paid work experience is extremely well-regarded by colleges because it needs maturity, responsibility, and devotion. Don’t look down your nose at entry-level jobs in supermarkets, restaurants or retail(零售业). They are great training grounds. 3. Train for a leadership role. Leadership is a skill you can easily take from high school to college. Colleges are always looking for students to take the roles within clubs and organizations that are left open after students graduate. 4. Get a taste of the real world with an internship(实习). Internship can be a great way for a student to test the waters. Seeing what day-to-day life is like in specific careers will often be life-changing. 5. Be creative—Start something new. Create a business with a friend and make some money. 6. Oh yeah: Have some fun too! 29. The underlined phrase “look down your nose at” is closest in meaning to ___________. A. apply for C. become interested in vacations EXCEPT ________________. A. setting up a business with friends B. spending some time on a college campus C. helping their parents with some housework D. getting a paid job or doing an internship 31. What is the author’s main purpose in writing this article? B. expect too much of D. have a low opinion of

30. The author recommends that students do the following things during their summer

A. To explain which qualities make students stand out in high schools B. To advise students to make use of their summer vacations to prepare for college life C. To try to persuade students that their studies should not be the most important thing in their lives. D. To give students tips on how to develop their academic interests in a college environment

D It’s one of our mainly beliefs that mice are afraid of cats. Scientists have long known that even if a mouse has never seen a cat before, it is still able to detect(察觉) chemical signals released from it and run away in fear. This has always been thought to be something that is hard-wired into a mouse’s brain. But now Wendy Ingram, a graduate student at the University of California, Berkeley, has challenged this common sense. She has found a way to “cure” mice of their inborn fear of cats—by infecting(感染) them with a parasite(寄生虫),reported the science journal Nature. The parasite, called Toxoplasma gondii, might sound unfamiliar to you, but the shocking fact is that up to one-third of people around the world are infected by it. This parasite can cause different diseases among humans, especially pregnant women—it is linked to blindness and the death of unborn babies. However, the parasite’s effects on mice are unique. Ingram and her team measured how mice reacted to a cat’s urine(尿) before and after it was infected by the parasite. They noted that normal mice stayed away from the urine while mice that were infected with the parasite walked freely around the test area. But that’s not all. The parasite was found to be more powerful than originally thought—even after researchers cured the mice of the infection, they no longer reacted with fear to a cat’s smell, which could indicate that the infection has caused a permanent change in mice’s brains. Why does a parasite change a mouse’s brain instead of making it sick like it does to humans? The answer lies in evolution. Toxoplasma gondii can only reproduce inside a cat. So the parasite had to develop a way of tricking the mice into getting eaten more easily—thus helping itself go inside a cat—by taking away mice’s sense

of alarm. “It’s exciting and scary” to know how a parasite can manipulate(操作) a mouse’s brain this way, Ingram said. But she also finds it inspiring. “Typically if you have a bacterial infection, you go to a doctor and take medicine and the infection is cleared and you expect all the symptoms to also go away,” she said, but this study has proven that wrong. “This may have huge implications(含义) for infectious disease medicine.” 32. In this passage the writer mainly tries to ______________. A. analyze why mice are afraid of cats B. inform us a harmful parasite called Toxoplasma gondii C. introduce a new study on how a certain parasite affects mice D. describe the evolution of Toxoplasma Gondii 33. The underlined word “hard-wired” in first paragraph is closest in the meaning to ________. A. deeply rooted C. quickly moved _________. A. stayed away from cats’ urine B. moved around freely and didn’t react to cats’ urine C. became more sensitive to cats’ smell than normal mice D. became more afraid of cats after recovering from the infection 35. What can we conclude from the passage? A. Harmful as it is to human beings, Toxoplasma gondii does no harm to mice or cats. B. People who are infected by Toxoplasma gondii will have permanent brain damage. C. Toxoplasma Gondii cause people to develop strange and deadly diseases. D. With certain infections, even after they have been cured, there may still be some effects from the bacteria(细菌) that cause them. 第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) B. gradually changed D. closely linked

34. It was found in the experiment that mice infected with Toxoplasma gondii

根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有 两项为多余选项。 What we wear at home is our own business. We can dress freely at home. No one

will care or debate about it. 36

Why? That’s because the way we dress affects us

and other people. It is basically a matter of self respect and respect for others. According to a famous behavioural economist, humans have a pattern of irrational(不理智的) behaviours. One of them is called “the effect of expectation”. Ariely says that when a person believes beforehand that something is good, he will look upon it generally as good. 37 If you wear a cheap old T-shirt like a beggar, the respect and expectation that you gain from people around you will be poor. Some people might argue that we should have the freedom to dress however we want regardless of what people think. They can also argue that we should not judge people based on how a person dresses. 38 and that is a fact that we should accept. In fact, we don’t have to spend a lot of money buying the most expensive clothes. It doesn’t make sense to go to a supermarket in a tux (晚礼服). 39 Experts suggest that we should have various levels of dressing. For example, level1: dressing for staying at home, level 2: casual dress for going out with friends, level 3: formal dress for work, level 4: attire (盛装) for business functions and so on. 40 When we choose clothes to wear, we should be aware of how it makes us generally look. At least we should be aware of it instead of just wearing it and going without giving a second thought. Dressing up is how you “sell” yourself so don’t take it too lightly. A. The dress should match the occasion. B. It is helpful to have fashion awareness when we dress. C. Therefore, the look is important for a first impression. D. That is pretty ideal, but it is not practical in the real world. E. It changes people’s reactions towards you in a positive way. F. Therefore, it is a good idea to be aware of how we behave at home. G. However, when we dress up and go out to public places, it becomes an issue. People judge us based on how we look,

第三部分: 英语知识应用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节:完形填空 (共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项 (A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以

填入空白处的最佳选项。 As a young child I can always remember rushing down the steps on Christmas morning and looking around the tree for the biggest box. I always believed that within the biggest box lay the most expensive and best gift. But as time works its __41____ on the mind and soul of a young man, I soon realized every gift was special and meaningful. ___42____, the presents I remember most are the gifts that came directly from the ___43____, such as one of my mother’s handmade sweaters. Christmas definitely is not about the gift itself, but ___44___ the thought behind the gift. This Christmas I have already been ___45____ to receive the most beautiful and amazing gift in the world ----- my girlfriend Angela. But I know the true ___46____ of Christmas is found in the word “giving”. ____47____, this Christmas I ___48_____ myself to find the most beautiful gift for this most beautiful girl. I spent many days ___49___ the crowded shops, but nothing seemed to ____50____. As Christmas quickly ____51____ I wondered if I would ___52___ find that “perfect” gift. I decided to ___53_____ the local shopping center one last time. But, as I quietly passed from one store to the next, nothing attracted my eye. Somewhat ___54____, I slowly ____55___ my way to the shopping center ___56___. But ___57____ I could reach the doors, I suddenly found that “perfect” gift. No, this gift was not found in a fancy department store. It will not be wrapped in pretty paper. In fact, this gift doesn’t have a receipt and can’t be taken back. So, where did I find this “perfect” gift, and more importantly, what is it? I found it in the ___58_____ of an elderly couple holding hands. I ____59____ it in the playful words between a grandfather and grandson, and I saw it in the actions of a proud new mother. Yes, the gift is ___60____! So Angela, this Christmas I give you my love and I trust that you will always keep it within you! 41. A. magic 42. A. In fact 43. A. friends 44. A. for 45. A. given 46. A. friend 47. A. However 48. A. expressed B. way B. In case B. heart B. also B. blessed B. meaning B. Instead B. made C. tool C. In general C. home C. so C. awarded C. prize C. Therefore C. promised D. land D. In particular D. relatives D. rather D. rewarded D. fact D. Suddenly D. appointed

49. A. seeking 50. A. pick out 51. A. approached 52. A. ever 53. A. avoid 54. A. delighted 55. A. found 56. A. counter 57. A. after 58. A. hands 59. A. heard 60. A. belief

B. searching B. find out B. arrived B. never B. find B. defeated B. lost B. entrance B. before B. clothes B. smelt B. love 第Ⅱ卷

C. studying C. dig out C. passed C. still C. measure C. decided C. felt C. exit C. though C. eyes C. tasted C. music

D. wandering D. stand out D. celebrated D. yet D. try D. affected D. made D. office D. until D. minds D. touched D. trust

第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第二节 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单 词的正确形式。 Valentine’s Day is my new least favorite day of the year. Just recently, the marriage I’d dreamed of power of love. When I started sorting my mail, I noticed a pale pink envelope. I opened it to find a red heart-shaped card with beautiful white lace. favor to ages ago. “Not only do I celebrate my anniversary each Valentine’s Day,” Kris wrote, “but also I remember I smiled. I 64 65 kindness by doing something nice for someone else to (speak) to Kris in years. She had no way 66 (know) perpetuate (使永恒) the love you once showed me.” about my divorce. Was this one of those little reminders? Lunch came. I went to the garden center and bought potted tulips (郁金香) for a woman in another department you might need them today.” 67 mother had recently died. 68 to her. “I thought “For Valentine’s Day,” I said quietly when I handed 62 (obvious) it was not a 63 guy card. I looked for a signature. It was from Kris, a former colleague I’d done 61 girlhood had broken up, and with it my faith in the

She looked at me with surprise. Her eyes watered. She took the flowers, (touch) them softly with her hand. “Thank you,” she said. Back at my desk I placed Kris’s card right day — a little reminder of the power of love. 第四部分:写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 70

69

I could see it the rest of the

假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作 文。文中共有 10 处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、 删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(^) 。并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不记分。

Maria was afraid that she was going to have to deliver a bad news to her friend Freddy. She was upsetting about the news herself. In the spring, Maria’s mother had said Maria might be allowed bring a friend along on the family two-week vacation at the beach. Since then, Maria and Freddy had been doing nothing and plan all the thing they would do together. By the time August had arrived, Maria’s mother had total forgotten her promise. When Maria reminded her, she said that she was sorry but that it wouldn’t be enough room for Freddy because Maria’s cousin, Theresa, would be going to the shore with them. Now Freddy was in his way to Maria’s house.

第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假定你是李华,现在国外学习。你两周前在一家商店买了一台 Cool 牌电风扇 (model 1440C,No 6737), 结果刚用五天就坏了。上周你把它拿到店里,售货员说 她不负责,让你找售后经理(service Manager)。现在你给售后经理写封信,说明 情况,要求对方维修或更换。 注意:

1.词数 100 左右: 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯 3.信件开头和结尾已为你写好。 Dear Sir or Madam, _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ ____________________Looking forward to your immediate reply.

2016 届高三第四次调研考试答案
阅读: 21—24 ABCC 32--35CABD 完形: 41—45 AABDB 51—55 AADBD 语法填空: 61. since 64. your 66. to know 69. touching 25-28 BABD 36—40 GCDAB 29—31 DCB

46—50 BCCBD 56—60 CBCAB

62. Obviously 65.hadn’t spoken 67. whose 70. Where

63.a 68. them

短文改错: 1. a--the 2. upsetting—upset 4. family—family’s 5. and—but 7. had arrived 中 had 去掉 9. it—there 10. in—on

3. allowed 后加 to 6. thing—things 8. total—totally

写作: Dear Sir or Madam, I have been having trouble with my new Cool electric fan (model 1440C, No 6737). It no longer works properly. I bought it at your store two weeks ago (see enclosed copy of receipt). After five days it simply stopped working. I brought it back to the store last week and told the salesgirl about my problem, but she said that she

could not do anything for me and asked me to see the service manager about it. Since it is only two weeks old, I am sure you will agree to replace or repair my electric fan. I will appreciate your letting me know what to do about the problem. Looking forward to your immediate reply. Regards Li Hua
Regards, Li Hua


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