当前位置:首页 >> >>

高考英语语法正反解读专题十一 正反解读名词性从句


专题十一 正反解读名词性从句

专题十一 │ 考点荟萃 考点荟萃

名词性从句一直备受高考命题者的关注,近几年来的 高考题主要考查在具体语境中连接词的选择,尤其是连接 词what和that的辨析,以及whether 与if表示“是否”时的 区别。因此,正确区分名词性从句的类型,根据在从句中 的作用和所表达的意义,确定恰当的连接词是一轮复习的 重点。此外,名词性从句和定语从句的辨析,也是高考考 查的重点。

专题十一 │ 正面解读 正面解读
一、认识各种名词性从句 名词性从句相当于名词,可分别作句子的主语、表语、 宾语和同位语。因此,名词性从句具体分为主语从句、表语 从句、宾语从句和同位语从句。名词性从句中的连接词有连 词that / whether / if,连接代词what / who(m)/ which / whose / whatever / whoever / whomever / whichever,连 接副词where / when / why / how 。

专题十一 │ 正面解读
从名词性从句在句中所起的作用来说,名词性从句是 句子不可缺少的一部分,和句子的其他成分之间也不会用逗 号隔开。而定语从句和状语从句是句子中的修饰成分,去掉 之后不会影响句子主体结构的完整性。这是判断是否是名词 性从句最主要的特征。如: I wonder how much these shoes cost. (宾语从句,不可省 去) He is the very man I look after. (定语从句,修饰the man) You may borrow the book as long as you keep it clean. (状 语从句)

专题十一 │ 正面解读

1. 主语从句 Who will go is not important. It doesn't matter so much whether you will come or not. (形式主语it代替后面的真正的主语从句) 注意:that引导主语从句放于句首时,不能省略。 That he suddenly fell ill last week made us surprised. 2. 表语从句 The question was who could go there. My idea is that we can get more people to help in the work. That is why the brothers wanted to make a bet. It looked as if it was going to rain.

专题十一 │ 正面解读

3 .宾语从句 I hope (that) everything is all right. 注意:(1)that在引导宾语从句时,常可省略,但如果有两 个以上的宾语从句时,最后一个从句的that不能省略。如: I know (that) he has just graduated from college and that he is looking for a job. (2) 如果动词宾语后又有补语,那么要使用it作形式宾语, 然后把宾语从句放在补语之后。如: I make it known that we'll be invited to the ball.

专题十一 │ 正面解读

(3) 如果主句的谓语动词的时态是一般过去时,那么从句 的时态要采用相应的与过去有关的时态,但如果从句描述 的是客观事实,从句时态不可调整“呼应”。如: She remembered that she had left her wallet at the school gate. Our teacher said that light travels faster than sound. 4. 同位语从句 同位语从句在句中作某一名词的同位语,一般位于该名词 (如:news, fact, idea, suggestion, promise等)之后,说明 该名词的具体内容。如: I have no idea when he will be back. The fact that he had not said anything surprised everybody.

专题十一 │ 正面解读

注意: 在动词:一坚持(insist)、二命令(order,command)、三 建议(suggest,advise,recommend)、四要求(demand, require,request,ask)后的宾语从句和这些动词的过去 分词后的主语从句,以及这些动词的名词引出的表语从句 和同位语从句中,谓语部分常用(should)do形式。如: He insisted that he (should) try once again. His advice is that everyone (should) do his best to help the poor girl. It is required that students (should) attend at least 90% of the lectures.

专题十一 │ 正面解读

二、名词性从句的连接词 名词性从句的连接词是名词性从句中最核心的问题, 也是高考的常考点。连接词的选择要考虑它在从句中的作 用和所表达的意义。

专题十一 │ 正面解读

连接词

词义

在句中所 作成分

例句 The problem is that we don't have

从 属 连 词

that

/

/

enough money.

if/ whether

是否

/

The question is whether they have so much money.

专题十一 │ 正面解读
连接词 who/ whom/ which/ 连 whose/ 接 what 代 whoever/ 词 whomeve r / whichever/ whatever 词义 在句中所 作成分 例句

①Pay attention to 原疑问代词的意义; what the teacher said. what更常表示: 主语、宾语、 the thing that / 表语、定语 ②Who kept the door the …that 所…… open all night was 的东西/…… unknown. ①Whoever breaks the law will be 主语、宾语、 punished. 表语、定语 ②You can take whichever book you like.

无论谁/ 无论哪个 (些)/无论什么

专题十一 │ 正面解读
连接词 词义 在句中 所作成 分 例句

连 接 副 词

原疑问副词的意义或 “……的时间(the time when/ when);……的地点(the where/ place where);……的原 状语 why/ how 因(the reason why)”;……的方式(the way that)

①When he will go is unknown. ②I wonder why he tried to avoid me. ③This room is where I was born. ④This is how we work.

专题十一 │ 反面解读 反面解读

1. (1)

what与that 【误】 All what he did was for you.

【正】 What he did was for you. 【正】 All that he did was for you. (2) 【误】 I was thinking that I could do for you. 【正】 I was thinking what I could do for you. 【解析】 what引导名词性从句,what相当于the thing that/ the …that/ all that等,具体的意义要根据上下文确定。 在名词性从句中,what既有意义,又在从句中作一定的成 分,而that无意义,且在从句中不作成分。

专题十一 │ 反面解读

2.

who与 whoever

【误】 Who is the first to come will get a gift. 【正】 Whoever is the first to come will get a gift. 【正】 Anyone who is the first to come will get a gift. 【解析】 whoever引导名词性从句,意为“无论谁”,相 当于anyone who;而who意为“谁”。 3. (1) (2) whether与if 【误】 They don't know if to go there. 【误】 It depends on if we have enough time.

【正】 They don't know whether to go there. 【正】 It depends on whether we have enough time. 【解析】 在以下情况只能用whether不能用if:

专题十一 │ 反面解读
① 作介词宾语时,连接词一般用whether。 It all depends on whether they will come back. ② 后面直接跟or not 时,用whether。 I didn't know whether or not he had arrived in Wuhan. ③ 主语从句、表语从句和同位语从句中,只能用whether。 Whether the meeting will be put off has not been decided yet. The question is whether they have so much time. ④ whether可与动词不定式连用,但if不能。 I have not decided whether to go or not. ⑤ whether可引导一个让步状语从句,表示“不管,无论”,而if不 能。 Whether he comes or not, we will begin our party on time.

专题十一 │ 反面解读

4. whoever 与whomever 【误】 Please give the book to whomever needs it most. 【正】 Please give the book to whoever needs it most. 【解析】 此处,whoever在从句中作主语,因此不能用 whomever。名词性从句引导词的选择要注意其意义及它 在从句中所作的成分。 5. 【误】 He will win the match is certain. 【正】 That he will win the match is certain. 【正】 It is certain that he will win the match. 【解析】 that位于句首引导主语从句时,不能省略。

专题十一 │ 反面解读

6. 【误】 What we bought was some bananas. 【正】 What we bought were some bananas. 【解析】 what 引导的从句作主语时,若表示复数概念, 谓语动词则用复数。 7. 名词性从句的语序 【误】 So now you know what should you do. 【正】 So now you know what you should do. 【解析】 名词性从句应用陈述语序。

专题十一 │ 反面解读

8.【误】 There's a fact that English is being accepted as an important language. 【正】 It's a fact that English is being accepted as an important language. 【解析】 It is a fact that…句型中,It为形式主语,真正的 主语为后面的that…从句。it不能换成there。 9. 【误】 He is late. That's why he got up late this morning. 【正】 He is late. That's because he got up late this morning. 【解析】 That's why………的原因;That's because …那 是因为……此处起床晚是迟到的原因,故用That's

专题十一 │ 反面解读

10.【误】 We'll discuss the problem that the sports meeting will be held in Beijing Stadium. 【正】 We'll discuss the problem when/whether the sports meeting will be held in Beijing Stadium. 【解析】 如果用that引导同位语从句意义不完整,这时可 根据情况选用whether, when等。

专题十一 │ 实战演练 实战演练 1. [2010·全国卷Ⅰ] We haven't discussed yet ________
we are going to place our new furniture. A.that B.which C.what D.where 【解析】D where引导宾语从句,在从句中作地点状语。 2. [2009·北京卷] At first he hated the new job but decided to give himself a few months to see ________it got any better. A.when B.how C.why D.if 【解析】 D 考查宾语从句的引导词的选择。句意为:最 初他不喜欢这份新工作,但是他决定给自己几个月的时间 来看一下这份工作是否会变得更好。所以用if引导宾语从 句。

专题十一 │ 实战演练

3. [2010·全国卷Ⅱ] —Have you finished the book? —No. I've read up to ________ the children discover the secret cave. A.which B.what C.that D.where 【解析】 D 考查宾语从句连接词。答句句意为:我已经 读到孩子们发现神秘洞穴的部分。where引导的从句充当 up to的宾语,强调地点概念。

专题十一 │ 实战演练

4. [2010·福建卷] We should respect food and think about the people who don't have ________ we have here and treat food nicely. A.that B.which C.what D.whether 【解析】 C 考查引导词。句意为:我们应该尊重食物, 考虑那些没有我们拥有的东西并很好地对待食物的人们。 who引导的定语从句修饰the people,定语从句中又含有 一个宾语从句,这个宾语从句中we have 缺少宾语,所以 用what引导宾语从句。

专题十一 │ 实战演练

5.________ the flight to New York will be delayed is ________I'm especially worried about. A.If; what B.Whether; that C.When; that D.Whether; what 【解析】 D 句意为:到纽约的航班是否会被耽搁是我 特别担心的事情。放在句首的主语从句表“是否”要用 whether引导,而不能用if,what引导表语从句。表示所 担心的事情。选D。

专题十一 │ 实战演练

6. [2010·重庆卷] To improve the quality of our products, we asked for suggestions ________ had used the products. A.whoever B.who C.whichever D.which 【解析】 A 考查宾语从句引导词。句意为:为了提高产 品的质量,我们向任何使用过我们产品的人征求意见。这 里可以表示“任何人”的只有whoever,引导宾语从句, 在从句中作主语。正常语序应为…asked whoever had used the products for suggestions。

专题十一 │ 实战演练

7. [2010·北京卷] ________some people regard as a drawback is seen as a plus by many others. A.Whether B.What C.That D.How 【解析】 B 本题考查主语从句的引导词。在主语从句 ________some people regard as a drawback中,regard 缺少宾语,选B。 8. [2010·北京卷] I want to be liked and loved for ________I am inside. A.who B.where C.what D.how 【解析】 C 本题考查名词性从句的引导词。for后跟宾语 从句,从句中am后缺少表语,故用what,相当于一个名 词加that。

专题十一 │ 实战演练

9.[2010·北京卷] Part of the reason Charles Dickens loved his own novel,David Copperfield,was ________ it was rather closely modeled on his own life. A.what B.that C.why D.whether 【解析】 B 本题考查表语从句的引导词。当the reason 作主语,后面接表语从句时,习惯上用that来连接。

专题十一 │ 实战演练

10.Mum is coming. What present________ for your birthday? A.you expect she has got B.you expect has she got C.do you expect she has got D.do you expect has she got 【解析】 C 考查双重疑问句,疑问词+do you think/believe/expect+句子的其他成分(句子用陈述句语 序)。

专题十一 │ 实战演练

11.People believe that there is no doubt ________a cure for H1N1 has been found. A.which B.that C.what D.whether 【解析】 B 考查同位语从句。There is no doubt that为 There that 固定句型,that在从句中不充当成分。 12.[2010·江苏卷] —I prefer shutting myself in and listening to music all day on Sundays. —That's ________ I don't agree. You should have a more active life. A.where B.how C.when D.what 【解析】 A 本题考查名词性从句。where引导表语从句, 在从句中作地点状语。注意agree是不及物动词。

专题十一 │ 实战演练

13.Father made a promise ________I passed the examination he would buy me a new dictionary. A.that B.if C.whether D.that if 【解析】 D that引导同位语从句。在同位语从句中又含 有一个由if引导的条件状语从句。 14.________ children should learn from around us is a question of great importance. A.Where B.Whom C.When D.How 【解析】 B 考查对句式和引导词的判断能力。分析句子 结构可排除A、C、D,也可根据句意“孩子们该向谁学 习……”得知答案。

专题十一 │ 实战演练

15.—Alice looks blue today. —Yes, I asked her, but she wouldn't say ________ troubled her. A.why was it that B.that was why C.it was what D.what it was that 【解析】 D 考查宾语从句的语序和强调句型。句意为: “爱丽丝今天显得沮丧。”“是的,我问她为何,她没说 究竟是什么让她伤心。”

专题十一 │ 实战演练

16.[2010·浙江卷] —How about camping this weekend, just for a change? —OK,________you want. A.whichever B.however C.whatever D.whoever 【解析】 C 句意:“这个周末野营怎么样,来点新鲜 的?”“好啊,按你的意思吧!”答语中谓语动词want缺 少宾语,排除B、D项;whichever需要在语境中给出具体 范围,所以排除A项。whatever等于anything that。

专题十一 │ 实战演练

17.[2010·陕西卷] It never occurred to me ________you could succeed in persuading him to change his mind. A.which B.what C.that D.if 【解析】 C 本题考查名词性从句中的主语从句。It 为形 式主语,真正的主语从句中不缺任何成分,根据句子意思, 只需要用that 连接。 18.[2010·四川卷] How much one enjoys himself traveling depends largely on ________ he goes with,whether his friends or relatives. A.what B.who C.how D.why 【解析】 B 考查连词词义辨析。宾语从句中with缺少宾 语,whether his friends or relatives暗示缺少的是指人的

专题十一 │ 实战演练

19.—You know, I'm poor in Chinese; you are not good at English, and … —That's ________ we should help each other. A.when B.where C.how D.that 【解析】 B 考查名词性从句。where引导的从句作表语, where意为“……的地方”。

专题十一 │ 实战演练

20.The free tickets will go to ________ comes first to the concert. A.whoever B.whomever C.whichever D.no matter who 【解析】 A 本题考查名词性从句。题干句子空白处用 whoever连接宾语从句同时在宾语从句中作主语,指人。 句意为:免费票将送给第一个来听音乐会的听众,不管他 是谁。注意no matter who只能引导状语从句,不能连接 名词性从句。


相关文章:
高考英语语法专题讲解与训练之八名词性从句
高考英语语法专题讲解与训练之八名词性从句 - 高考英语语法专题讲解与训练之八名词性从句 一、名词性从句的概念和分类 1. 名词性从句的概念:一个句子在连接词的...
高考英语语法讲解之名词性从句
高考英语语法讲解之名词性从句 - 2010 高考二轮复习英语学案 专题名词性从句 【典例精析】 1.(2007 山东,22 )Could I speak to ___is in charge...
2010年高考英语语法专题复习-13名词性从句
2010年高考英语语法复习专... 8页 免费 2011年高考英语语法专题复... 18页 免费 名词性从句的填空练习 4页 免费 五年高考真题与解析:名词... 13页 免费 高...
高中英语语法专题 名词性从句讲解与练习
高中英语语法专题 名词性从句讲解与练习_英语_高中...六、高考考点 考点(1) 引导名词性从句的连接词 1...高中英语语法解析---名词... 4页 1下载券 高中...
...复习提能专训 语法11 专题十一 名词性从句
2015届高考英语二轮复习提能专训 语法11 专题十一 名词性从句_高中教育_教育...答案: where; what 解析: 考查定语从句和宾语从句。 “___ we spent our...
高考英语语法专题复习讲义-名词性从句
高考英语语法专题复习讲义-名词性从句_英语_高中教育_教育专区。博纳书院 Mr.Dong 作品 高中语法精讲—名词性从句了解这样的从句前,我们先回忆下英语中常见的句子...
高考英语语法练习(名词性从句)经典例题
高考英语语法练习(名词性从句)经典例题 隐藏>> 英语:语法练习(名词性从句) 1(...A.How;thatB.That;which C.What;whichD.What;that 【解析】how 在句中引导...
高考英语语法精讲第11讲名词性从句考点精讲与提升_免费...
高考英语语法精讲第11名词性从句考点精讲与提升 隐藏>> 名词性从句的几个难点 that 通常不可省略的三种情况 (1)引导主语从句,that 置于句首时。 That he fa...
高中英语语法之名词性从句
高中英语语法名词性从句第一节 基本知识与基本概念 【什么是名词性从句?】 ...分类解析 【考点一:语序问题】 名词性从句的语序问题一直断断续续地在各地高考...
2014高考英语语法冲刺专题复习-名词性从句(试题精解)
2014 高考英语语法冲刺专题复习(6) :名词性从句(试题精解) 语法专项(六) 名词性从句考点一 主语从句 1.主语从句的引导词通常是: who,that,which,what,when,...
更多相关标签: