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【金榜名师推荐】2015高考英语(人教版)一轮复习课时作业13 必修3 Unit 3]


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课时提升作业(十三)
必修 3 Ⅰ. 阅读理解 ( 原 创 )Taking exams in a large group setting can be stressful for students and f

or the staff members who are watching over them. When classrooms are crowded and desks are close together, cheating might be tempting. One university in Thailand came up with an anti-cheating hat that makes it almost impossible for students to see other students’ papers. A photo of the students wearing the anti-cheating hats made its way to the Internet, and the university was criticized for making students wear those ridiculous looking homemade hats. The hats were made by stapling pieces of paper onto a headband, one to each side of the head. After being criticized, senior academic staff at Kasetsart University in Bangkok, Thailand, released a statement saying that the hats idea came from students. They said that in a bid to prevent cheating they asked the students for ideas on how to prevent cheating in the upcoming exam, which was being taken by almost one hundred students. Students came up with different ideas, then the paper hat idea was selected by them as the most suitable. The university claimed that no one was forced to use the hat, but they all chose Unit 3

to do so. “When wearing the hat during the exam, students felt more relaxed, ”Nattadon Rungruangkitkrai, a lecturer at the university said. “It was not meant to indicate that Kasetsart students often cheat on exams. I apologize if the photo makes other people look at my students in a negative way, ”Rungruangkitkrai added. 【文章大意】很多人在一起考试对监考老师来说压力不小。近日, 泰国某大学就 想出了防作弊帽的点子, 这样就不用担心学生偷看其他人的试卷了。 此举引起了 广泛的争议。 1. According to the text, in which case cheating will become easy? A. When desks are crowded into a classroom. B. When too many students are sitting in a classroom. C. When students are too stressful. D. When the staff members who are watching over them are not responsible. 【解析】选 B。细节理解题。根据第二段 When classrooms are crowded and desks are close together, cheating might be tempting. 可知本题选 B。 2. Why was the university criticized? A. The university was too strict. B. The university prevented students cheating. C. The university made students wear strange looking hats. D. The students chose to use the hats. 【解析】选 C。细节理解题。由第三段第二句中的 the university was criticized for making students wear those ridiculous looking homemade hats. 可知本题选 C。 3. What can we learn from the last two paragraphs?

A. The senior academic staff at the university made the paper hat idea. B. The students felt more stressful when wearing the hat during the exam. C. The students don’t like wearing the hats when taking the exam. D. The students are not forced to wear the hats when taking the exam. 【解析】选 D。推理判断题。根据第四段及第五段的观点可知本题选 D。 4. What’s the best title of the text? A. How to make the anti-cheating hat B. Anti-cheating hat was criticized C. Anti-cheating hat D. Anti-cheating hat was considered the most suitable choice 【解析】选 C。主旨大意题。由全文可知, 文章主要介绍的是反作弊帽, 其他选 项都是文章细节。故本题选 C。 Ⅱ. 完形填空 I was born with cerebral palsy(大脑性瘫痪)and did not walk until after I was two years old. Although my condition was relatively mild and I well, I faced many challenges. I was regularly chosen last for a baseball team when school children were organizing a took me forever to learn to 3 2 . I never learned how to ice-skate. It 1 quite

a bike, and my knees and elbows were always 4 boy and was well liked by my peers

injured in the process. Even so, I was a throughout elementary school. The most 5

time came when I began high school. I

6

up for the

cross-country track and field team. My

7 had always been poor, and a slight push

would send me flying to the dirt. Over the first few days other runners noticed my poor pace and would knock me 8 balance as they lapped me on the track. To the 10 me about my poor

9 of some, I was forced to get up several times. They

performance and made me the target of their one-sided fight. But I was never a 11 . I stayed with track and field even though the harassment( 骚扰)at the track

12 . One day in early October, we had unexpected snow and freezing rain. The track team was allowed to 13 indoors. I borrowed the stopwatch from the coach and

14 my time on the track. As the other kids exercised in the gym, they couldn’t help but notice the one 15 runner dragging through freezing rain on the snow-covered track. The next week, the weather returned to normal, and outdoor training continued. The harassment, 16 , did not. Each time a member of the track team passed me, 17 .

he would offer a few words of “Keep going, pal. ” “Don’t give up, bro. ” “You can do it, buddy. ”

At the end of that month, I was voted“athlete of the month”and was presented with a certificate. I earned their 18 . 19 myself that challenges are not overcome by 20 in the natural goodness of

Now whenever I despair, I’ll

force, but rather by determination and a sincere others.

【文章大意】从小患有大脑性瘫痪的作者面临许多挑战 , 并最终赢得他人尊重, 这使他明白了这样一个道理: 挑战不是通过武力克服的, 而是通过意志和对别 人善良天性的真诚信任。 1. A. managed B. worked C. behaved D. remained

【解析】选 A。考查对上下文语境的理解。由于作者病得不重, 所以设法应对得 很好。work 工作; behave 表现; remain 剩余, 逗留。 2. A. party B. trip C. game D. meeting

【解析】选 C。考查常识。选拔棒球队员自然是为组织比赛。 3. A. push B. ride C. fix D. make

【解析】选 B。考查对上下文语境的理解。由后半句 my knees and elbows were always injured in the process 可知应该是花了很长时间才学会骑(ride)自行车。 4. A. clever B. kind C. lucky D. happy

【解析】 选 D。 考查对上下文语境的理解。 根据后半句 was well liked by my peers throughout elementary school 可知作者很快乐。 5. A. difficult B. important C. enjoyable D. critical

【解析】 选 A。 考查对上下文语境的理解。 根据文章第一段 I faced many challenges 并结合本段内容可知。 6. A. raised B. carried C. picked D. signed

【解析】选 D。考查固定搭配。sign up for 为固定搭配, 意为“报名”。 7. A. eyesight B. judgement C. balance D. behavior

【解析】 选 C。 考查对上下文语境的理解和词语复现。 由于作者患大脑性瘫痪, 轻 轻一推就可以让他摔倒, 所以他的平衡不好。下文 Over the first few days other runners noticed my poor pace and would knock me balance as they lapped me

on the track. 也有提示。 8. A. off B. with C. in D. on

【解析】选 A。考查介词辨析。off 偏离; with 具有; in 在……里; on 在……上。 9. A. excitement B. amusement C. contentment D. astonishment

【解析】 选 B。 考查对上下文语境的理解和名词辨析。 根据 Over the first few days other runners noticed my poor pace and would knock me balance as they

lapped me on the track. 可知他们是故意拿 “我”取乐。amusement 取乐, 消遣; excitement 兴奋; contentment 满意; astonishment 惊奇。 10. A. told B. teased C. warned D. questioned

【解析】选 B。考查动词辨析。tease 取笑, 戏弄; tell 告诉; warn 警告; question 质问。 11. A. quitter B. runner C. fighter D. beggar

【解析】选 A。考查对上下文语境的理解。由下句 I stayed with track and field 可 知“我”没有放弃。 12. A. appeared B. stopped C. increased D. continued

【解析】 选 D。 考查动词词义辨析。 尽管骚扰还在继续, 我依然没有离开。 continue 继续; appear 出现; stop 停止; increase 增加。 13. A. rest B. study C. train D. play

【解析】 选 C。 考查词语复现。 由下文 The next week, the weather returned to normal, and outdoor training continued. 可知。 14. A. organized B. improved C. wasted D. enjoyed

【解析】选 B。考查对上下文语境的理解和动词辨析。根据下句 As the other kids exercised in the gym, they couldn’t help but notice the one runner dragging

through freezing rain on the snow-covered track. 可知作者不顾雪天和冷雨继续练 习以提高自己的时间。 improve 改进, 提高; organize 组织; waste 浪费; enjoy 喜欢。 15. A. weak B. hard C. brave D. lone

【解析】 选 D。 考查对上下文语境的理解。 根据前半句 As the other kids exercised in the gym 可知作者只身一人在户外训练。 16. A. moreover B. therefore C. however D. though

【解 析】选 C 。考查 对上下文 语境的 理解和副 词辨析 。根据 “Keep going, pal. ”“Don’t give up, bro. ”“You can do it, buddy. ”可知。however 然而; moreover 而且; therefore 因此; though 尽管。 17. A. praise C. comfort B. encouragement D. congratulation

【解析】 选 B。 考查对上下文语境的理解和常识。 “Keep going, pal. ”“Don’t give up, bro. ”“You can do it, buddy. ”显然是鼓励的话语。 18. A. attention B. trust C. thanks D. respect

【解析】选 D。考查名词辨析。earn one’s respect 赢得某人的尊重。respect 尊重; attention 注意; trust 信任; thanks 感谢。 19. A. promise B. bless C. remind D. inform

【解析】选 C。考查动词辨析。remind 提醒; promise 许诺; bless 祝福; inform 通 知。 20. A. faith B. love C. interest D. pride

【解析】选 A。考查名词辨析。此句意为“现在无论何时我绝望时, 我都提醒自 己挑战不是通过武力克服的, 而是通过意志和对别人善良天性的真诚信

任。”faith 信任; love 爱; interest 兴趣; pride 自豪。 Ⅲ. 语法填空 阅读下面材料, 在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的 正确形式。 American Dreams in China, a comedy based 1 the story of real-life company

New Oriental Education Group, is now the weekly champion of China’s box office, 2 (beat)Hollywood blockbusters Iron Man3 and The Croods. The movie, ticket sales 3 cost $9 million to produce, has taken in over $34 million in

4 it was released on May 17, according to media research. 5

The main character in this movie is believed to resemble Yu Minhong, chief executive and co-founder of New Oriental. Weibo that he has no first place. Heated discussion on the definition of real successes and more audience came into the cinema for this movie. 7

6 , Mr. Yu said on his Sina

(invest)in the movie and he was against the idea in the

8 (arouse)after more 9 some among the

Chinese audience are cheering for the entrepreneurial spirit the movie conveys, others say skeptically that 10 equates(等同)success with wealth and fame.

【文章大意】在中国的一周电影票房榜上, 本土喜剧片《中国合伙人》目前居榜 首, 好莱坞大片《钢铁侠 3》和《疯狂原始人》都成为它的手下败将。虽然中国 一些电影观众为这部电影所表达的企业家精神喝彩, 但也有一些对这部电影的 主题思想持怀疑态度的人说, 该片将成功与财富和名望等同了起来。 1. 【解析】on。考查介词。be based on 以……为基础, 是固定搭配。

2. 【解析】 beating。 考查非谓语动词。 beat 和逻辑主语 American Dreams in China 之间是主动关系, 应用现在分词作状语。 3. 【解析】which。考查关系代词。which 引导的是定语从句, 修饰 movie, 且在 从句中作主语。 4. 【解析】since。考查连词。句意: 这部影片的制作成本为 900 万美元, 据媒体 研究说, 该片自 5 月 17 日上映以来, 获得的票房收入已经超过 3, 400 万美元。 since 自从……以来。 5. 【解析】the。考查冠词。特指新东方的联合创始人兼首席执行官, 应用定冠 词 the 表示特指。 6. 【解析】However/Nevertheless。考查副词。由下句句意“俞先生在新浪微博上 说他没有投资 《中国合伙人》 这部影片, 自己一开始就反对把新东方搬上银幕。 ” 可知, 上下文之间是转折关系 , 所填空后又加了逗号 , 应用副词 however 或者 nevertheless。 7. 【解析】investment。考查名词。no 应该修饰名词。 8. 【解析】was aroused。考查被动语态。arouse 和主语 discussion 之间是被动关 系, 应用被动语态。 9. 【解析】While。考查连词。句意: 虽然中国一些电影观众为这部电影所表达 的企业家精神喝彩 , 但也有一些持怀疑态度的人说 , 该片将成功与财富和名望 等同了起来。while 表对比转折。 10. 【解析】it。考查代词。it 代替上文的 the movie。

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