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?29?



考点 全景 图

P&rt枷 o:美 国文学播点全景图
Nimeo⒈ the W-ter
召 饣 A z冫 Ⅰ R召
z V7rg氵 /,氵 ‘

rjo刀
`日

Of

0∞ 灬词 σcd
‘ rst book” bc thc‘ Ⅱ
in~Alllcrican litcr? aturc

ω

关于弗吉尼亚的真 《 实叙述》 氵 A3F印 ρ Ⅵ 沏 ″r/I ∫ 1gJ″ 舀D召 sσ o″ ρ r方 c f rV 冫 】 Ct,″ 弗吉尼亚的地图》 《 H氵 sro`γ pf P~″ o″ 晌
rF,r氵

扌 ∶ 童 ∶:鞲富钰 串
缸 -← -£ alIcrⅡ aⅡ 】 ” 伍 -;。

r夕 P`涩 ″ rjo″

1∶ ^r∶
,

普 《 利茅斯种植 园史》
″ 犭 Ⅳ召

!F荮

芽 ;甘 曹 :各

v〃 r/ze Ⅱ泌
d E″ g`夕 ″

《 新英格 兰史》
r/,ε
sf,严 lJ,ag

簋莨烛悚 器

夕 //,M〃 s召 无 rc~ 乃″ lr/,切 A阴 e而 “

《最 近 在 北 美 出现 的
(1)墨迦堕翌业卫 坠匝丝尘彐L垫丝吲△鱼Ⅲ is

第十位缪斯》

翼 搏i讠 磋烛

s氵

ds犭 f/,eH刀 ″ 刀 ″召 's加 ″ 〃 AJag,Cocl

bis佤 mous scrmon O)Ⅱ t CxplC灬 Cs such
basic puritan tcllets as G()d’ s abso1utc

愤 《 怒的上 帝手 中之 罪人 》
P° @严 R氵 c/z〃
9【 l‘

nd由 n钔 dp⒑ 0螂 ⒃¢o直 Ⅱv,ol【 匣

A`,,a夕

饣 ″c

穷 《 理查的历书》
r/l召

日 ¢d‘ A`/,,a〃 刀c co0tains a1argc numbcr of prac"cd sayings ab。 姒 1ifC,g)
(1)P° or
R氵 c勿
,?

A龆 r。 b氵 ogrn/~,”

Thc common thCmc running through thc
sayings is that iRdustriousness and
discretion arc rc`vardcd

自 《 传》

(1)
Amcr1can Drcam

s 四 ms Ⅱ h由 呜 ∞

fron1 povcrty or humb1c bcginnings to
success (2)It is an carly cXamPlc of tllC

∵ o-0犭 汀 A血 E耐踉hⅡ olllC0⒈
Co,9i淝 o″
s召 S召 ″ s召 Co`″ 胛o″ sσ氵 h his most hmous politic? dl

常 《 识》
r/l召 AFPaer|c〃 Fl Cr氵 sjs

pamph1Ct,alld it is rcgardcd as thc grcatcst

ofthc Rcvolutionary pamph1cts

美国危杌》 《 fg乃 火 rs qfi、 r饣 ″ 人 《 的权利》
r/l召

Ag召 pfRctts0刀

理性的时代》 《

F 陴

碣 阱 礴

jo″ or⒕ 昭 纟 c四 刀 L〃 ¢ mrJJ″ 丙 Brj犭 D召 scr忉 矽

r乃 c

乃 Ⅵ JJ Jr。 9I印

s叨 c庀
`纟

(O%召

阴 ′f助 刀纟 冫 vs幼 c攵 J纟

0Frcncat1o bC虻

野金银花》 《
r而 纟 r/Jd切


1yric (2)It

nticipatcd β

thc19th-ccntury usc

g 刀 切Vj刀

of simplc nature i甲 agcry?
TPJ召

CrOItP9'

r,E历 伢 B叨 ″加£ 刀

J Cro切 涩

an“ cⅡ atcd

印 《 地安人 的殡葬地 》 romanuc pⅡ mitiv跽 m
%召 Brjr氵
s?

and tllc cClc0rat⒗ no£

/ls勿 忉

‘ thc‘ 9σ ob1c savagc”

英国囚船 》 《
r/J召 R氵 s切 r9c伤

g C扔 V o/

^rJ9纟

美洲 《 光辉的升起》



`
〓 〓 一 ’ ∷ 〓 ∷ 一

砀 召 D召 cJ夕
'夕

rjo刀

犭 姒

c纟 fJ,ldcI,eP9洳 刀 石 ,rrI∶ D召 c`伤 疡 J9。 刀 。

w凼
anˉ

|

‘ 9ld召 ,lc纟 饣 er,召

adoptcd Ju1y 4, 1776, (2) It not

° n1y

独立宣言》 《

noun0cd thC birth of a ncw natioh,but a1,♀

cxpoundcd a pⅡ lo⒃ phy of human饣 ecdom?

;

∷ 嬲

sts13cmclt抬 s committcd by tllc t~s)R Ⅱ
King of Britain(⑶ The h血 ouF hnCs arc: ‘ ho1d thcsc truths to bc scIf-cvidcnt, ‘ Wc
that a11 mcn crcated cqua1, that thcy arc
ll cndowcd by th⒍ r Crcator With cc⒒ 扯 unal-

hab1cr培 h话 ,that among thesc arc Lifc, 抬

hbCr圩 and thc pursuit of Hapuncss.”

(5)

Tllomas Jcfferson’ s thought、 vas inspircd by

the thoughts of John Lockc.

__

?31



考点 全景 图

C跏

lnost m∞ m岬



y蕊

∶蕊

r犹 onalism

impσ tallt tllm rca⑽

ns w∝ C mt,rc C1ings,htt【 itons and Cmot⒗ For romallt⒗ s,t11c℃ d indl呐 dua1ism。 n and common s品 ∞ Tllcy Cmpllasizt?
firmCd thC inllcr1ilC of thc sC1f,

Ⅰ忑 :tw⒍



⒈ 涮

a£ 刚 m咖


∷ ¨ +k^ ^li;^ρ ‘ ° 耐 血 巾


m“ h岱 c岫 唧 f;v;1飞 ∩ u咖 ` d
f

p1acing thc individua1against thC group ThCy a£ and chCrishcd strong intCrcst in thC past,thC xxri1d,th0rCmotc,thC mystCrious and
AmCrlcˉ annCss”

in thCir workS (3)It
rcJ,Bot,攵

thc strangc ThCy strcssCd tllC ClCmcllt“
startcd with thC pub1ication o£

诫 th Wa1t Whitman’ s

of AmCrlcan1itCrattlrC, it is also Callcd“

bc s£ s/cc’ 氓 `shington Irving’ oWC五 ng Cat Ⅱ V召 Lε 日 s犭 Cr〃 ss? ← )BCing a pCriod of tllC箩 thC Amcr沁 an RCn泣 s0ancC” (5)

and cndod

gurcs as氓 Ⅱ `shington Irving,Ra1ph 庐 uncrican Romanticists inc1udC such litcrary CLtllm BrlaⅡ ,Htiln叩 ⒆ 叽 MⅡ 洫 犰 ∶ ∶ ∶iii∶ Hc唧 冫 谰 :uLi∶ ∶ 溢 1m A【 tllorllc,E魄 盯 ˉ l⑾ Poc,HCrI【
i∶ii∶

wσ tlsworth

Mc1vi11C,Walt Whitman alld⒃

LclllgfC11oxxj.Natlla11id H抑 mC Othcrs



“ 涮 帅
,

咖 硎 跏

屺sd
s,wh忆 h
r~? .∩



’● ’ ’ ¨ ˇˇ ^ˉ Ralph?Waldo Emcrson alld otllc⒔ 上 `Cl△
l’

in NC艹 Eng1and h tllC middlC18lJll’

^~∷ ‘ 0′ zI,∩ 、 :^^ 7ρ

cmphasiz。 d thC importancC of individua1inspiration and intuition,thC OvCr-soul,

"I

and Naturc OmCr conccpts that acc0mpanicd TranscCndcnta1ism indudc lllC idca
that naturc is Cnnob1ing and thC idCa that thC individua1is divine and,thcrcft)rc,
scl⒈

rcliant (2)NCw En要 and TranscendCnta1ism is thC pioduct of a c(〉
伍 C血 万 瓦

mbha蛀 on

dn舾 c蛔 cncan P¨

骂祯

ω i

F盂

ese lnca“

dTu盯

hyhCd po哎

γ

co唧



dw⒒ b° “ papng

attcntion to convcntiona1mlcs of mctcr O)Frcc vCrsc Was originatCd by a group

∶ :1∶ ∶Ι

i:⒊ s ofthc1atc19m ccnttIry,(3)狲 欧Cad IliC打 CC dl pattCms and to rCciCatC血 from thC rcstAdions of formal mctnc? ss i。 ,pcrhaps,tbC t whitman’ sL幽 vcs or C阳 rhythms of na-ural印 CCch← )w耐

Cir pLlrpo£

w凼

“ ω

C tbCmsdvss



洮 h⒏ ∝

a岬

泅 Ⅱ 咖 盹 ms

h




⒃lllCthing

el∞



飞 :点 J^=赢Ⅰ hc wm齑

“ palpat● lC tllall mc nam浏 w1nbc,lO)ThC ,Ⅱ ua11v somcthing忆 冖 ~~^ ^「 冖 muC onc d“h∽ ^l伞

? and讷 ⒑ rCllt^n⒍ oR⑾

vith、 vhat

cquiva1cpcC,A11cgorica1symbo1s usua11y cxprCss a nCatcr Cquiva1cncC、
Ι∶ ,jaidh伍

althcw曲 洮

foLInd血 ⑾ 山
s“ 品舶 ∞ 、 w咖

(1)Theme mcans tllc unfying p0nt Pr g9ncr扯 =早



j盂

^i偏

Ca Ⅱ o£

÷ 罕呵 婴 ::=麻 work a⒒ tcr盯 y
9’





G)⒈

c㈨ m乩

. 1 ~1~^¨ ‘ `,` r.Yρ b ⑶ 咖 “伽 wσ k曲 黢
’ jJlg Lc夕 r has【 nany 《

1itcrary`Ⅳ

thcmcs,

ork carrics its o`vn thcmC OrthCmcs For cxamp1c,丿 s which盯 Cb1indn∝ s and madn∞

B'j犭 D纟 scr忉 rjo刀 o/⒕ 昭 勿

c四 刀 Lj'召 昭

彻″

?33?

点景 讯锃 胥 勤 X黔 考 全 图
(1)T/l召 ‘ 召c乃 Boo庀 ~饣 莎

Ⅰ ⒕Ⅱ ro〃 犭Λ ″肠磁 泌 纟 纽约外史》 《
r,J纟

markcd thc bcgin-

ning of thc Alnerican romanticism and
、 the£ irst、 vork by an Alucrican writcr vas to win financial succcss on both sidcs of

s砘

rc?

/9Bo°乃

见闻札记》 《
R忉
I/c″
9V饣

温 瑞 普 《 ? 凡 ? 克尔》
`召

乃 彳

thC'吐 1an"c,(2)R泐 吻 刀 叼 刀 c and王 z丝 昀〃

z鳄 e/c歹
famous
taIcs

鲑 s汔 兰 L~ffo/`之 ,″ arc the most 乙 口
:亠

r勿 召 乙 纟gc刀 do/sJ纟



y Hor~

and

frcqucnt1y

antho1ogized

`o″


睡谷的传说》 《
屁召

(ll RjⅠ

7:刀 ,吻 ″【 kJc心 刁

about an indo1cnt,

o/A Tr曰 v纟
`纟

旅行者的故事》 《
TPJ纟 ⒕ rFl夕 昭 b沏

'

goodˉ naturcd

and hen-pcckcd farmcr,

Rip 、an ,Vink1c, and his 20.year s1cep, ‘
(劭 The thCmes ofthe sto” may bc man’ s

阿尔罕伯拉 》 《

desirc for an cscapc from socicty and
rctuln to nature, man’ s identity crisis,
man’ s diEⅡ cu1ty

in facing o1d age and

maⅡ ’ nostalgia of thO past,ctc. s

Ⅳ 昭《 自 》 勿 论 然 %召 A泖 例c夕 刀 o勿 sC乃 论 '《 美国学者》
r勿

Ⅳ勿叨 has becn caIlcd“ thc manifcsto of 囱昭 American transCendcntal怂 m” in which ‘ ‘ hc says∶ Thc univcrse is 〈 omposed of
:氵

seJ/ˉ

R纟 ′ JnP9ce《 论 自 助 》
《超

Nature and thc sou1, spirit is prescnt
evc-,、 vhcre,”

助 召 rr。 P,sc幽 歹幽 rnJ9s矿

验主义者》 D” 切0″ sc勿 oo`^d批 ss 《 院演说 》 神学

(1)%召

del加 crcd

纟 刀s幽 o助 'is an ad-rcss ^〃 'jc夕 at Ha″ ard Univc恣 ity.lz)⒒
‘ ‘
AJnerica’ s Decˉ

has becn acc1aimcd as

laration of Int。 11ectua1 Indepcndencc”

because it cxpresses Ameriqan pcop1e’

s

1onging for cu1tura1 indepcndence and
I⒒ erary

idcntity

S召 /FR召
`J‘

饣 ,,ce hot∷ only

demonstratco

EmcrpolIian ideas of sc1Irehance, but
aIso deve1ops and tests Thoreau’
/c〃 召 《 刀 瓦尔 登湖》
钅氵 c召 《论 公 幽

s Own

T?

(1)TV勿 〃 刀is a product of Thoreau’ 召
tb/⒍ yc盯

s

CJv氵

民之不服》

'asob纟

expcrimcnt狨 Waldcn Pond,(zl

R str∞ scs thO i岫 ortancc of伍 ⑾ght ov∝

m乱 crial circumstanCcs o)He b丬 抬 vCs
that thcre is toe poss山 iIit,,for and imˉ

portancc of coangC血

onc’ ss∮ ritual

Ⅱ fc

tllat is in harmρ ny With n碰 urc.e)walˉ dcn is ft111of cco-wisdom。

∷ Ⅱ ∷∷ 宙∷ ∴ ∷∶ Ⅲ ∶∶ ∷ ∷

Brj‘ vF D纟 scr巾 r氵 @刀

7zzrzJ″ orA阴 σ jc四 刀 Lj矽 召

白鲸 》 Mo” 0氵 c庀 《 T,,p纟 召 泰比》 《 欧穆 》 o昭 ∞ 《 j《 玛地》 llr夕 ″
TI,9氵 J召

(1)M汕 yJ泌 ″厶 regarded
dous chronic1c of a

as thc f灬

t

Amerlcao prosc ep忆 .(2)It厶 a tromen、 vhaling voyage in
`hltc

pursu“ of a sccmingly supcrnatural、 汛
whaIc that bit off Ahab’

r《 白 夕 套 》 J勿 c庀 召 卜

s1eg(3)Ishmae1

Pj召 rre《

皮埃 尔》 比利 ? 德 》 伯
'《

is the narrator of tho novcl, the captain,

婴 蠲 邋 :嬲 箨 躐 |勰

B氵 J/,?

B切 歹

Ahab, is a monomaniac man whosc sinerce,cunlC 莒 purposC Is to revenge thc Ⅱ 且 ing访 hitc whalC (4)ThC voyagC sym~
bolizes thc search for ulti1nate truth Thc

giant whitc whalc is symbo1ic of thC
cr mystery of thc univcrse,thO poⅥ 严 of the

grcat naturc,and the evi1of thc`^`or1d

了 召 i§ a romanticizcd accoun钅 V矽 召
vi11e’ s

of Mel-

staV amonρ the Polvncsians,

r 矽 r/。 纟 ,/o'`'” cx0 J召 `r召 “ ” prcsses thc poctcss’ anxiety about her 这是我给世界 的一封信 communication、 vith thc Outsidc World J勿 召夕耐 夕 F夕 bIJzz—
r9Ijs js昭

Vo'`J yJ召 r矽 召r矽 o矽 勿召 、



r/9氵

s 叼 s 氵 乃V

\召 Ⅳ P,Ⅰ dj召 歹-— “ 我 死 时 听 到 了苍 蝇 的 嗡 ” 嗡声
r zj庀
J‘ ,9JI?

(1)

is a desorVt。 n of thc momeit of deat廴

侈)ThC King in tllc poom symbo1弦 es the
God of death
肠 (1)叮 厶 匆
s纟

召矽 s召 ej矽 °

0锪


L 凵

’ i,fj助 sΓ rrI召 ” “ 我 愿 看他 穿千 里

,

e打 助夕 r/9¢ Mj`它 s-”

oa

poem in which Dickinson makcs the train
part of natLlre by animal弦 ing it侈 )In the

B召 c夕 Irs召 rc。 JJ`‘ J/,o莎





srop ror D幽



poem“

it’

’ refers to the train

“ 因为我 不能等待 死神



rFI” or 。 (1)“ B召 c曰 勿 召ⅠC0切 J歹 刀 sho夕 fo'D召 历

is a pocn1in which thc poetess pers0nifics death and im血 oⅡ ality so as to make

her mcssage strongly felt (2) In the

poem

“ school’ ’symbolizcs youth; thc

“ Fields of Gazing Grain” is a symbol thc of maturc period; f‘ thc setting sun” “ “ stands for cnd of1ife. Housc” and A
s、 vc11in黑

— 卩 凵
r ˉ
: d F m

ofthC Ground” refer to gravc



? 卜 沁 伍 济 艹

缸∷ Ⅰ

jo刀 D纟 scr忉 矽

o/^〃 勿

c四 刀 L氵 饣 彻

砌″

`rj犭

i-

?37?

刘馊黔 点 景 盘勤× 考 全 图
Brief descrintion

Name oF1he∷ ∷ W-te”

∶Ⅸ ℃ 弼 ∷

I/,lc`召 助 r,P‘

C日 brJJ

(1)〃 力 c`召

Ⅰ oJ,J‘

C日 b`″ traocs thc tllals,

汤姆叔叔的小屋》 《

sufcrings and human dignity of Unclc

Tom,an old black davc g)Thc novcl
hclpcd trcmcndously /|`1ncricans kno、
^/

morc about thc crucIty and inhumanity
of slavcrⅤ and hurricd on a£ rcat war
r/l召 R氵
/l伤 PJJ

sc犭

s″ 日 sL‘ tJ,-

(1)

Howclls’

卫 =Ⅱ兰 四 丝 ェ L旦丝 Ⅰ 幽 丝 is ± 亘 塑 m小 抬 rpiccc(2)It“ con卩 id

拉帕姆的发 crcd to bc a Ⅱnc cxamplc of thc 赛拉斯 ? 《 Arnerican realist novels 迹》
A Mo〃 (,r/lJ,Jt,r/IJzc‘
A JfFz¢
r″
?

《 个现代的例证》 一
P丿 `1‘

r fVc″ F° r-

昭s《

新财富的危害》
`‘
r讶

(三 部小说 )
孔召

A洳 c″

昭s



(1)助 召A刁 ’ 昭s@F cPz助

HrrC〃 召 bc`,△

Fz″ 刀
al

HzfcX/`召 /9召 rry Ff/z/。

is Mark ΙⅣ mn,s ma吼 clp始 ce 1th孙
books of wcstcrn litcraturc and

哈克贝里 ? `恩 历险 《 费 记》 r叨 助 召A'v召 ″ 〃s犭 助 仰
s舀 lI
l召

、 vays bccn rcgardcd as onc ofthc grcatcst 、 vcstcrn

civi1ization Hcmi11少 vay dcscrbcd it as

r

'

thc book± on1、 vhich“ al1modcm/、 Jncricall litclaturc∞

汤姆 ? 索耶历险记 》 《
L0jft9o,I砌 召 丿 ss沁 sv`J
l'`l氵

m卟 ∴ @)HLlck Finll o

portraycd as a typica1 '令 kr11crican Boy Ⅵ vith `holll its crcator dcscribcd as a boy、 “

密西西比河上》 《
r/J纟

G〃 d召

a sound hcart and a dcformcd con-



'Ag召 镀金时代》
AD阳 曰

scicncc” (3)△ lC raR、 jotirncy do咖

mc

r/l″ @c召 rlrs

Mississippi rivcr is both rcalistic and

记 ' 傻子出国 》 《
r/,召
J″

symbolic,吼 c rivcr心 a symbol of iccdom and thc shore a symbol of bondagc,


Ce`eDr舀

r召

J JlfF,P-

gF,og亻 Co泐 ″ 9

C刃 夕 r¢ s v召

△ wi1s of伍 c 11e

prc-()ivil W?al内 ¨ ri-

can socicty is

血11y exposed through thc

卡拉维拉斯县驰名 《 的跳蛙》
r/l召
'

cycs ofthc innoccllt Huck,l~s)h tllC book

、 vc

see c1carly tllc atlthor’ s thcmatic con-

PrJ″ c纟

日 刀

召Pnzr-

trasts bct、 vccn inno。

cncc and cXpcricncc,
vⅡ dcrncss

'汤

naturc and culturc,、 zation

and ckⅡ

i-

'印王 《 子与贫儿》
Ro泖 &幻 山gfr 叮

(Dr/Ic o刃 c,rf丛 丝 was wⅡ ttcn血 ∞Ⅱ dbo
raton xx△ tll(九 pic缸 rcs

代》 艰难时 《

arlcs Dudlcy Wanlcl O)It

thc Unitcd statcs as bcconung

oormpt bccausc t samⅡ ccd thc tnJc idcas
of vlrllIc and happ△ lcss for dcstmc⒒ vc notions In sho⒒ , tllc thid quartcr of thc 19th ccntury血 thc Unied states was not a

忆 Brj犭 D纟 scr巾 莎 ″ or⒕ 昭 引

c四 ″ Ljrε 阳 rJJ″

?39

&“ ″ C夕 〃沱

(1)s沁 招rc夕 〃沱

tclIs abo【It扌 pooI

《 嘉莉妹妹》
Jc,I刀 氵 G纟 //r曰 耐 t 纟

country gir1rCarric Mccbcr)who gocs tQ Chicago to pursuc thc Alncrican



珍妮姑娘》 《
Tr氵

Dlcam.O)111e nov¢

shows Drciscr’

s

Jog犭 D召
F沏

s氵



natura1istic vie`v about life by i11ustrat¨

欲 《 望》三部曲
夕。 T/z召 伤刀cj召

ing tllc purposclessllcss of hfc.f~s)ThC

金融家》 《
3T/J召 乃仍力

'

don1inant symbo1 of the nOYel is thc
roCking chair that is indicativc of thc
unCertainty of lifc

巨 《 人》
c 「 Fa召
sr‘,氵 c

(1)A形
^/9J召

rjc¢

刀 7砀 £ cdv诣 Drcoer’ s

greatcst、 vork ahd the tidc of thc book
i1npⅡ cs Drciscr intcntion to tcl1us that

斯多噶》 《
T,Jc C纟 ″Jrs 氵

it is thc social prcssurc that makos

天 《 才》
A刀 A,PJ召 r氵 c伤 刀 rrng召 ‘ 夕

Cˇ dC、 downfa⒒

inex,⒒ ablc

O)Cl”

C℃

tragcdy is a tragcdy that d苔

pcnds ipon
^'hich cn-

《 美国的悲剧》

thc Alllcrican social systcm、

‘ couragcd pc。plc to pursue thc ‘ drcam
of succcss” at alI oosts

Π刀 叨s口 饧 饣ci9沙 勹 小 《 镇畸人 》



(1)2丝垫 堡 丝 垦 卫 ⒓ is a co11cction of 丝 互 Ξ =兰 丝 23 intcrreIatcd storics of small~tOwn

hfe. Thesc storics sound morbid and
grotcsquc,but undcrncath thcn1runs a
strong desirc to con11nunicatc,and Iove

and bc1ovcd.O)It won thc alIthor a
forcmosposition in contcmpρ rary

Alllcrican1itcrature,

Brj犭 Dcscrv矽

jo刀

or^阴

吖 jc四 彳

L″ 臼 叼 彻 r



?41?


melu枷i纳 ˇ ● ¢σ 0 0少 ∷Ⅱ |
Hero● ← 海明∷ 式∷ 葳∷ 荚

考点全景 图
ong,

(1)Hemhgway Hero,also callcd codc hclo,is one who,woundcd btll s仃
morc scnsiti、

雄)∷Ⅱ Ⅱ Ⅱ ●∷∷∷

lls,throˇ gh⒃ mc notioh of a code,an idcal of lllmsclf O) dcatll,and m渐 趾扯

`c,c11joys fllc p1casurcs of hfc6cx,alco耵

ol,sporO in facC ofruh and

Barncs in r″ 纟 ,t Afs@Rjs纟 s,Hcnry in⒕ F饣 昭 召 r° A″ s〃 ″〃

夕 @`dM伢刀 刀
Ha|I0艹

s召

¢ arc

`1s and santiago in r南



typ沁

al of Hcmingway Hcro

【 檗 泰蓖 艹 峪 擗∷ ) |

Re哪 ∷

^0ance

(1)Harlem Renaissance rcfcrs to a pcriod of outstanding1itcrary xlgor and crcati呐 ty

'r/z纟

that occurlcd in thc Unitcd Statcs during thc1920s(2)ThC HallCm Rcn

aissancc changcd thc imagcs of 1itcraturc crcatcd by many b1ack and whitc
Alll由 妃an wrilcs Ncw black imagcs wcrc no longcr obcdicllt and doolc,instcad

they showcd a ncw con£ 1dcncc and racial pridc o)ThC cClltcr of th^movcmcn{ was thc va吼 black ghctto of Hallcm,in Ncw York C⒒ y(4)ThC1Cading ngurcs
arc Lan∫ ξ ston Huf犭

hes,Jamcs Wc1don Johnson,Wa11acc Thurman,ctc

醣 礴⒃ ⅡⅡ ” {印∷其∷) 褰 又
IⅡ

(1)I” presso"sm o a stylc of painting tlldt givcs thc imprcssion madc by thc
stlbjcd oll tllc arti哎



conviction that thc pcrsona1 attitudcs and moods of thc

^`itllOLlt mtlCh attclltic,ll to dctai1s Writers acccptcd thc same 、 vritcr、 vcrc 1cgiti1natc

c1emcn“ in dcpictlng charactcr or sctting or action (2)BhCfly,it o a sty1c of
1itcrature charactcrizcd by thc crcation of gcncraI imprcssions and moods rathcr
than rcalistic llloods

'
Brj¢ /D召 sc厂
Jo刀 忉莎

orⅡ 坳 纟 c四 刀 zJ勿 石 矽 r召 刀 四勿

?42?


MΩ氵 P91Frre召 莎

点 考 荃景图
ofthe du11ˉ

(9姒 助 srre匆 芯 a-⒒ tcr α 怂 沏 it忆 m
ness,hypρ orisy,pr哟
” 岔Midd1C
udic。

大 《 街》
B纟 bb氵 rr

,and opprcs敲 on of

Ⅱ fc

westcm呐 ↓ gc.侈 )ThC novc1访 as 1卩
Whcn pubIished in19zO。

巴比 《 特》

an

虻 Ⅱ ant叩 ccess

o)

shcmrood AndeFβ on’ sⅢ 刀 sb切 rg,@乃 jo 纟
scⅣ c as a kind o£ prCIude to this novO1.

is said to

(1)B汕 b氵 〃怂gencra11y regardcd柢 uc∞ ,(纷

his

aotcrη

⒒critic弦 ∝bourgcos

matcrhl忑 m and

thc suppression of mora1 conscicnce undcr thc
burdcn ofFnidd1ec1ass customs。



砀 召 Cr,p召 s
yrcr勿 【



(1)口 %C坳 夕 ° Wrc砀 、 stc血 beck’ sm灬 tcr∵ 贺 f
p⒗ cc。

侈)Thc tit1e mca灬

an angry ccrta血 ty of

愤怒的葡萄》 《 o/MC召 A刀 刀 人鼠之间'M纟 《 》
f刀

i刂 ust妃 e

ofthe systcm that h灬 impovcr灬 hcd and
c。 nVCi/th。

C邛 1aved thc pcoplc.rˉ s)n ai” st。

hars0rcality of thc deprcsso亠 g)It won a P0⒈
itz∝ PⅡ zC.(劲

DzJ3jo切 .s B¢ rrJe

ThC novC1trac∞

c 山

suⅡ ∝ ings of

胜负 《 未决》
%'″
`助

thc Joad fami1y who are drivcn away0om山 fam1in oklahoma and move to Califoroa,

0r

FJ,莎

托 《 蒂 亚 平地 》

tc11s of thc}agic佥 iCndship

%召 R召
'Po四 小红 《 马》`
F南 召 P召 夕 ″

betwccn a muant farm wOrker aIld h谂 cnorm。 umy str。 ng,fceblemind。 d fr忆 nd

whom hc怂

Ⅱ Iy forced to1<il1,as an act of1<indiess,to n扯 ∝ c Ⅱm from a worsc dcath at伍 c hands of h谂 Ⅳ
oppressors。

《 珍珠》

刀%P召历 rr“ ap。 st war novel that reflccts his b妣 c=

免 莎ag血 “ dⅡ tho∞ grc浏 b灿 ∝ us 忆
曲c sooetv whi山 made thc w缸
BeJ’o刀

el⑾ ρ of nts

d饧 纟 Jfo'讠 工 α 历 )%纟 Ⅱ rv

Az,e谂

o’ Neil’ s

greatcst pl”
an’ 呷 s

伍 at

苈刀 《 边 外 》 天
Z″ 召

conCerns the prob1em of mode血

idCntity.

rorJo刀 贺 E印 召

@)Yank:s sCnsc of belon斟 ng nowhelc,hcncc
homρ 1essncss and root1essnc“ ,灬 typical of thc mood of iso1ation and a1ichation in thc ear1y twentieth century in thc Un⒒ c- statcs an- the

琼 《 斯皇帝》
%纟

御勿 毛猿 》 《
JkΞ

Ap召

D贺 饣 已″ r 貂 【‘
E'泖 s

J丿 1召

whoIe world as weI1。

《榆 村 下 的 欲 望 》
z勿 召

C″ 夕r Cod

Bro″ 刀

伟 《 大之 神 布 朗 》
zjo刀 g

D¢ y‘ Jo切


刀 JPzro泽讠 r 印 凼

长夜漫漫路迢 《 迢》 ∷

jo刀 jf Br氵 ‘ D召 s″ 忉 矽

orA啊 σ jc四 刀 Lj招
`tz砌
r/l召 c`k纟



?44。

饣 芯 rC夕 Ⅱ 了不起的盖茨比》 《


(1)刀彷 C昭 夕 rC夕 rsbv。

FitzgCrald’

s血astcrphcc O)
、 vca1thy, p1casˉ

It怂 a sad story of an idcdlist(Gatsby)who was dc~



&歹

召 犭

P舀

阳 泷 s召

stroycd by thc inΠ ucncc of thc

人 《 间天堂》
饧 ′s犭 召
r/9纟

urc-sccking pcop1c around hi1n Thc book n1irrors thc
Ag召 乙 cxpcⅡ cnccs and att⒒ udcs of thc1920s (3)The n。 vc1



2≈

爵 《 士时代的故事》
乃〃 r沁 d召
r/l召

cmbodics thc disillusionmcnt ofthc Amcrican Drcam
(θ ThC nalrator o Nic?
crncr,
r/z氵 s

8、 醯

J

kC盯 rawa≯

a young MⅡ w∞ t-

夜色 《 温柔》

e s氵 歹

js召 。 fP夕 r日 歹 is, to s0mc cXtc五t, his own

story, It portrays thc cmotiona1and spiritual co11apsc
of a、 vca1thy young rnan during an unstablc Inarriagc,

traccs thc dccIinc of a young
Alllcrican psychiatrist 、 vhosc marriagc to a bcautiful

and 、 vca1thy paticnt drains his personal encrgics and
corrodcs his profcssionaI carccr
JPl0讶 r TI/9,e

`勹

召IF讶 ,z

AJs‘ ,R氵 ses

paints thc imagc of thc1ost gcn-

《 们的时代里》 在我
T勿 召 S〃 ″

cration

A`so R泌 召 s

describcs thc po1gnant1ovc bcˉ

太阳照样升起 》 《 r昭 AF四 Iod`匆 ⒕ s 永别了,武 器》 《
`x彐

twccn an 'uncrican soldicr Frcdcric Hcnry and an
English nursc Catherine,It is an anti-war nove1,

Fo'N`o/PI茄 ″ B召 J`彐V`Js tclIs of a voluntccr AlmcⅡ can 纟
gucrri11a in thc Spanish Civi1氓
(1)T/l召

For
r。 ``s

、 oJ9J l.乃

r/z召

Bt,/`

@刀 】 勿 刀 纟 夕 Vr夕 夕dr/。 s召 tclls of a Cuban Ⅱ shcrˉ

`r

丧钟为谁而鸣》 《

man(Santiago)who c时 chcs a big Ⅱ sh,on1y to scc it
dcvoured by sharks,(幼 ⒒h瑭Hights thc themc that
man can bc destroyed but not dcfeatcd It is a reprc¨
scntation of1ifc as a stru售 芗 gle against unconqucrab1c forccs in、

热‰ ∷硝 麟缁 镞
i扌

r/lc o`d Mα

Pl夕 ″ dr/le

;

老 《 人与海》 冖 D召 曰 沏r/l纟 肺 召 r/J 刀 《 在午后》 oo″ 死 AC助 夕 刀
S幽
,

^`hich on1y a partial victory is possiblc,Thc

o10man,s indomitablc spiⅡ t rcmons inspiⅡ ng al1thc timc r~s)This book lcd to Hcmingway’ s rcceipt of thc Nobcl Prizc in1954.
De¢ r/l氵 刀r勿 召 Afrc'PIo0刀 prcscnts his philosophy about lifc and dcath through thc depiction ofthc bu11Ⅱ ght

黥 订觜 甘蹒
∮ 0Ⅱ Ⅱ 艹 |0|Ⅲ ∷ 巾
9Ⅱ

;扌

|mo町 0ll h^ss|Ⅱ 0屮

eal

∷絷 甘
;甘;∴

’ ∷ ∷ 矿 0Ⅱ 咖Ⅱ0郇 009∴ 枷 ^ellρ de。 p0:|| 乞力马扎 罗山上 《 ∷ ”肿 △命 阜 ⒋ 的雪》 Ⅱ Ⅱ螂”轳Ⅱ¢ 外 i螭 ∷心“ z,ld △ 昭 淹舛 |∷0蛉 Ⅱ r。 Jr。 , ‘ rfdv(: 蚺醉 Ⅱ 灬 or《 ∷ ∷ ¢ i|各 ∷ 0|∷T肛 0” Ⅳ 富有与贫穷》 W扛 灬 00¢ 如 ∷ 庞 o宙 矿 cali杏 矿|Ili- r/ad氵 砑 J91p 碰∷ 印第安人营地》 |狃 0“ |0gv? 豸C0de∷ ∷∷ 《 ∮ ∷ ∷∷∷∷∷ ∷ HefoⅡ∷ ∷∷ ∷∷ ∷ ∷ Ⅱ ∷∷ Ⅱ
,9I日 /,/夕
`0‘

;;;∴ ;0;;;

d r″ 召 送矽 P助 c召 明亮的 《 个干净、 一 地方 》 T/lc C昭 c刀 历J/s亻 缈铴 非洲的青山》 《 「 s/zo″ 犭 Κ′ /9纟 氵氵
TV0``zj氵

A CJc勿 , tV'`J乇 扌
`饣

‘ P助 c纟 is about old agc and 氵

lonclincss
JPId氵

`rFl佗

伤 C¢ 勿夕 h about Nick’ s initiation into pain alld ″

violcncc of birth and dcath,

v‘

/J(∶ I四

刘锃勤 点 景 锷勤Ⅺ 考 全 图
rF,召
r/9召

s。 扬 /Jd 夕 J 刀

(1)%召

s° zz/9'9r9歹

仂 FIu″ 召

|s a story of△ d innoccllcc”

,

丿z〃 吁 、

In it thc author uscd thc tcchniquc of

喧嚣与骚动》 《
L愆 FIr切 A〃 g勿 sr

soousncss’ ’ whiρ h the who1c虻 0ry was toId through山 C in

‘ ‘ stream

of coh~

八 《 月之光》
Jo犸 ⒕Ds勿 ~

though‘ by onc charactcr侈 )⒒ descr奶 cs thc decay and of an ou s° LIthern盯 istocratiρ fami1y that sym~ boIizcs thc o1d order,(3)It Was told from muItip1Jpoints
dρ WnfaⅡ of v1c、

^b搠
切昭



《 押沙龙,押 沙 龙 !》
Co Do″ PI,
Moses

'

L灰 乃 莎切 ⒕形 ″ 0rimariIy∞ nccrns thc souih as a tate of £ s莎
n1ind,

Co丿 9o1。 m,ar。 s召 s

iⅡ ustrates

thρ

problen1ofblack and wh⒒ c

in southcrn socicty as a cIoscˉ knit dcstiny of blood and

去吧 《 ,摩 西》
As f`伤 y DyJ刀 g

brothcrhood.

As r切 v
through

Dv氵 ″ £0about and

a p0o卜 whitc fami1y、 joumey
wn,

我弥留之际》 《
A Ros召

Ⅱ rc

Ⅱ ood

to bury thc motherin hcr homet。



E仰 讠 汐

'

the ccntraltown of Yoknapata、 vpha,

(1)AR° s召

ro、

EP99j勺

is sct in thc town of Jcffcrson in

给 《 艾 米莉 小 姐的玫瑰 》
r/9召

Yoknapata、 ~vha, It tCⅡ s of ErnⅡ y Gricrson, an cccentric
spinstcr、 vho rcfuscs to accept thc passage of timc,or the

B纟 伤 F

ine呐 table chapge and lo“

th?

at acco血 panⅡ s

it.rz)/`a
a1of
山e

夤》 《呈

desccndcnt of thc southern aristocrac,1EmiIy is typi。

those in Fau1⒗

cr’

s Yoknapatawpha stories who are

symbols ofthρ old south but the pris° ners ofthc pas⒈

(D%召 B幽 r。

Fadhler’ s mo“ 佗mous st。 r豇 (zl Ⅱ sCems
truth”

at first the ta1e of a boy1carning to hunt,but bencath the

simple story lies thc “ univers庄 l o1d

- couragc,
ce,

honor,hopc,pridc,sympathy,compassion and sacriⅡ

rPI纟

c夕 rc/。 召 r

J刀



%纟

C曰 rc/,召

砀召jVc

'切

r9Je ftv召

revca1s the AmeⅡ can yoingˉ

ster:s rcb芎

11ions against thc dubious ˇ a1ues of the adu1t

麦 《 日里 的守 wOrld,(2)T|e protago血 st is Ho1den,a run孙 vay。 rCp schoo1student who r苟 ccts the scⅢ shness and hypocrisy of 望者》
socict,;hoping t。 find tmth and goodncss duⅡ ng hio9scapadeρ in Ncw York.o)It is to1d in the

Ⅱ pcrson point of rst

vicw1

(1)讪 e pocm丿勹 Π ,v''o

callcd the mallifc“ o of thc Bcat
fricnds

Movcmcnt.侈 )助 e“ ght he rcad tll`pocm to h。
was ca11cd“ thc birth trauma ofthc Bc,t Gcneration’


,

历 Brj犭 D纟 scr〃 ″j° 刀 o/⒕ 昭 召 c四 刀 Lj比 m砌 ″

o彳 r/Je Ro伤

(1)@刀 矽召R° 曰 is his bcst novcl(2)It tClls about thc 乃 d

在 《 路上》

'

Bcat hfcstylc of povcrty.J[i∶

ccdom and aimlcssncss.

Γ 0R‘ zz9z9氵 f 乃
s纟 r9cs

Thc Rabbit Scrics tc11s ofthe ups and do、 vns of rd young
Rabbit” , who uscd to bc a marricd man nicknamcd “
LDaskctba1l star,

《兔 子 系列 》
j阝

t历 t曰

Db氵 ‘

jFt〃
`饣

j阝

氵 zJv 乙 氵jFt召 ‘ 乙r

R汕 b打 Js R氵 c/I
R勿 Dblr伤 rR召 sf

凳 甑 勰

Nσ″ s@r9 v召

N伢

r氵 v召

1?

‘ is a novcl that forccs pub1ic attcntion on to ,/l

土生子》 《
JrJv氵 s氵 z9'召 11r夕
9a

thc problcms of b1ack~Alllcricans
f/Jvjs氵 J,`召

∷| 鹦

,I is a novcl that calls for a rcform of thc

隐形 《 人》
r/J JzJPterc纟 ″

whoIc “ ^r伤 dchumanizcd” socicty, not on1y for b1aCks but
for a11pcoplc


六 《 月庆典》
C日 莎 l-22 C’

(1)ThC novcl C曰 rc肛 22bittclly criticizcs thc dchuma“
zation of a11 contcmporary institutions and thc corrup¨

-

《 二 十二 第 条军规》

ton of ind加 muals who g耐

n powcr h血 哎ittltio殂 s O)

Yossarian is thc hcro、 vho is caught in thc absurdity of

thc situation causcd by thc n1ilitary rcgu1ation -—

Catch-22(3)Catch⒓

2^am阝 tcr0us rcgLllaton th肫 h
ch kccps YOssar-

in esscncc a circuIar argumcnt,This c菠
ia卩

var in the 、 bccausc a conccrn for onc’

s own Ⅱ fc

provcd that hc is not rcally crazy,and to gct out of combat you havc to bc crazy Thc catch is uscd by thc supc~
rior po、 vcrs to uphoId and incrcasc thcir po、 vc△

and yct

it is harmftll to thosc、 vho do not have thc powcr in thc
f1rs扌

nl/nce If crenfes sifllnfionq wher0 when von fhimk

cvcrything is pcrfcct,Catchˉ 22p0ps up and makcs your
Dlans imDOssible。

D鲴 仂 犭 夕
s夕 J召 sP,t历 刀

r/l。 f幺 (1)D召 夕

s夕

sJ99nJ,0MⅢ

cr、

mastcrpicCe∏

tc11s

`召 of a travcⅡ ng sa1csman — a mctaphor for Amcrican

推销 员之 《 死》

— vho socicty — 、 chooscs popu1arity and gctting rich as
thc false goals for his1ifc and is finally driven to suiCide. (劭 Ill thC pl叩

MⅢ cr

Cxprcsscs hs bc1icf that tllc com-

mon η an

is tllc tragic h∝

o of modcrn timcs,l~s)ThC
fc 讧 Linda,

main charactcs arc V盹 uV L。man and his、

jE`1召

C`‘ 7ss

Me-

%召 C助 ss M召 刀四£召 is a pessi血 iotiC,cven morbid,play r:纟
aboLlt巳 fallen southcrn famiIy h氵 ing in a m刂 m。

刀 ger9纟 历



玻璃动物 园》 《

r/Je N¢ 肠 刁 夕 /,'
r9J召

D召夕 歹

rhe NΩ 召 ‘ JJ丿 oe JD召 ¢ is a War novcl aboit a p1atoon of J夕 ‘ 氵 Amcr忆 an so1dcrs Ⅱ ghtin查 to frcc a PaciⅡ c玉 land from
,z‘
`←

裸者与死者》 《

Japanesq occ刂 pation,



p夕 刀 g`犭 勿 g'勋 刀

被 《 挂起 来 的 人》
AJl,eP,彻 〃j‘
gJ召
r
l丿

姒 rc乃 饧

^切

奥吉 ? 玛琪历 《 险记 》∷
《只 争 朝 夕 》

se泣eJ乃 eD伤 y
Jrerz。 g

赫尔索格 》 《
He刀 歹 rso刀 召
丿
?四 j刀
rF9纟

Κ讠 g 乃

雨王汉德逊》 《


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