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2014年高考英语一轮专题复习课件-模块3[北师大版]


第7讲

Unit 7 The Sea

第7讲 │ 美文佳句

美文佳句
诵美文 全球气候变暖是目前人类面临的最大环境问题。请你 根据以下提示,写一篇英语短文,为“节能减排”献计献 策。 背景:随着经济的发展,更多的温室气体被排放,其中大 约70%为二氧化碳,这也是全球变暖的主要原因之一。 后果:海平面上升;自然灾害频繁。

第7讲 │ 美文佳句

措施: 1. 多使用清洁能源,少用煤、油; 2.在可能的情况下以步行代车; 3.…… 4.…… 要求: 1. 短文必须包括表格中的所有内容要点,可适当发挥,措施 中3、4点由考生自由发挥; 2.词数:100左右。

第7讲 │ 美文佳句

With the development of economy , more and more greenhouse gases are being discharged into the air. CO2 makes up about 70% of the greenhouse gases, which is considered to be one of the greatest causes of global warming. It has harmful effects, causing the sea level to rise and many natural disasters to strike.

第7讲 │ 美文佳句

So we must take effective measures to save our planet. Firstly, we should use more clean energy and less coal and oil. Secondly, we should go to work on foot or by bus instead of driving a car if possible. Thirdly, we should plant more trees, because plants can turn CO2 into oxygen. More importantly, we should form the habit of saving energy in our daily life.

第7讲 │ 美文佳句

背佳句 1. With the development of economy , more and more greenhouse gases are being discharged into the air. 随着经济 的发展,越来越多的温室气体正在被排放到空气中。 [赏析]该句使用了现在进行时的被动语态,形象地展示了温 室气体正在大量排进大气的现象,with短语作状语。

第7讲 │ 美文佳句

2. CO2 makes up about 70% of the greenhouse gases, which is considered to be one of the greatest causes of global warming. 二氧化碳,约占温室气体的70%,被认为是全球变 暖的主要原因之一。 [赏析] 该句使用了一个非限制性定语从句,从句中使用了 “consider…to be”的被动结构。

第7讲 │ 美文佳句

3. Thirdly, we should plant more trees, because plants can turn CO2 into oxygen.第三,我们应该种更多的树,因为植物 可以将二氧化碳转化为氧气。 [赏析] Thirdly和前面的Firstly, Secondly层次清晰地展示了应 该采取的措施;此外该句中还使用了一个because 引导的原因 状语从句。

第7讲 │ 课前热身 课前热身
Ⅰ.单词拼写 1. Please call your dog off; it's f rightening the children. 2. The river has been polluted by waste products from the factory. 3. What does Bill say to a pologize for losing the bike? 4. He walked along in the shadows hoping no one would recognize him. 5. The tiger e scaped from the zoo and killed some goats on a farm.

第7讲 │ 课前热身

6. He presented (呈现)her with a bunch of flowers. 7. We had walked further (更远)than I had realized. 8. The shop sells goods without any discount (打折). 9. You need to be tough to survive (存活) in the jungle. 10.He is very ill and unlikely to recover (恢复).

第7讲 │ 课前热身
Ⅱ. 英汉互译 1. set sail 2. get into trouble 3. in search of 4. watch out 5. pick up 6. according to 7. make it to 8. make a living 9. all at once 10.date from/back to

起航 陷入麻烦,陷入困境 寻找 注意,提防 取;接载;捡起 根据,依据 到达 谋生 突然,忽然 追溯到

第7讲 │ 课前热身
Ⅱ.英汉互译 11.沉思 12.关怀;照顾 13.被用于…… 14.轮流做 15.同意某人的意见 16.设法做到 17.在……尽头/末端 18.一般地,大体上 19.换句话说 20.诸如,例如

lost/deep in thought care for be used for take turns to do agree with sb. manage to do at the end of in general in other words such as

第7讲 │ 课前热身
Ⅲ. 完成句子 1.她干完活,坐下来喝茶。 Her Her work done/Having finished her work , she sat down for a cup of tea. 2.亚洲是欧洲的四倍大。(亚洲比欧洲大三倍) Asia is four times as large as/is three times larger than Europe.

第7讲 │ 课前热身
3.我们学校的学生人数是那个学校(学生)的两倍(比那个学校 的学生多一倍)。 The students in our school are twice as many as those in that school. 4.按照医生的说法,我需要动一次手术。 According to the doctor , I need an operation. 5.一旦制定好计划就要坚持,然后你就有可能成功。 Once you have a plan you should stick to it, then you can make it .

第7讲 │ 单词点睛

单词点睛
1 debate v.& n.争论;辩论;讨论 debatable adj. 可争辩的;有争议的 debater n. 辩论者;讨论者 debate sth. with sb. 与某人讨论、争辩某事 debate about/on 关于……的讨论;就……进行讨论

第7讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 用debate的正确形式填空 (1) There had been much debate on how the earth came into being. (2) That question is still hotly debated by many scientists.

第7讲 │ 单词点睛
adj. 更多的;附加的 adv. 此外,进一步 地;更远,较远 v. 促进,推动 further notice 进一步通知 take sth. further 进一步做某事 further one?s studies 深造,进修 【词语辨析】 farther与further farther通常指距离,further既可以指距离,也可以指程度。 如:I can?t go any farther/further.我再也走不动了。 The police decided to investigate further.警方决定作 进一步调 查。 2 further

第7讲 │ 单词点睛
【注意事项 】 “I can't go any further”可指“对某一问题的研究再也不能深 入下去”。通常说to get further education(获得深造),而不说 to get farther education。

第7讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) We had walked farther/further than I had realized. 在不知不觉中我们已走得很远。 (2) We need further help from you. 我们需要你进一步的帮助。 (3) Foreign students bring in new customs and habits when they come to our country for further study. 外国学生来我国进修学习,带来了新的风俗习惯。。

第7讲 │ 单词点睛
3 persuade v.劝说,劝服; 使信服; 使相信, persuasion n. 说服,劝服 persuasive adj. 有说服力的 persuade sb. (not) to do sth. 说服某人(不)做某事 persuade sb. into doing sth. 说服某人做某事求解, persuade sb. out of doing sth. 说服某人不做某事 persuade sb. of sth. 使某人相信某事 persuade sb. that… 使某人相信,劝服某人

第7讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 按要求完成下列各题 (1) 虽然她不想去上学,他还是说服她去了。(汉译英) 111 He persuaded her to go to school, even though she did not want to. , (2) How can I persuade you of my sincerity (使你相信我的诚意呢)? (根据汉语提示完成句子) (3) Can you persuade her out of wearing that dress? (改为同义 句) Can you persuade her not to wear that dress?

第7讲 │ 单词点睛
【词语辨析】 advise, convince与persuade这几个词均可表“劝说”,但具体 的意义有所不同。 (1) advise表“建议,规劝某人应该做某事或如何做”。 如:He advised me to put my money in the bank. 他劝我把钱存入银行。 (2) convince指向某人陈述事实,运用推理或逻辑证明使 某人信服。 如:We convinced Smith to go by train rather than by plane. 我们说服了史密斯乘火车而不乘飞机前往。 (3) persuade指用感情说服某人去做某事。如: I persuaded him to go back to work. 我说服他回去工作了。

第7讲 │ 单词点睛
【注意事项 】 persuade指“成功说服”,强调劝服的结果。 如果要表示 “说而不服”,则要用advise sb. to do sth./try to persuade sb. to do sth.。如: Finally he persuaded me to give him some money. 最后,他说服我给了他一些钱。 I advised him to go at once, but failed. 我建议他立刻就走,但是他没走。

第7讲 │ 单词点睛
4 eventually adv.最后,终于 eventual adj. 结果的,最后的 in the end 最后;终于 finally adv. 最终;终于 in time 及时;迟早 at last 终于;最终 【活学活用】 用eventual的适当形式填空 (1) The eventual aim is to cut down the costs. (2) Eventually ,I'd like to buy a diamond necklace. (3) Joe worked so hard that eventually he made himself ill.

第7讲 │ 单词点睛

5 apologise vi.道歉,辩解 apology n. 道歉,致歉 apologise to sb. for (doing) sth. 因(做)某事向某人道歉 apologise to sb.+thatclause 向某人道歉…… make/offer an apology to sb. for (doing) sth. 因(做)某事向某人道歉 accept/refuse an/one's apology 接受/拒绝某人的道歉 demand an apology 要求道歉 【经典句式】 (口语)Apology accepted. (我)接受你的道歉。

第7讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 用适当的介词填空 (1) I must apologise to him for not going to his birthday party. (2) I make no apology for what I said—it was a fair comment. 6 present adj. 现在的,目前的(作前置定语);出席的, 到场的(作后置定语) vt.讲演,演示;引 见;颁发,授予;提出(交);展示

第7讲 │ 单词点睛
n.[C]礼物 [U]目前,现在at present=now目前,现在 presentation n. 介绍;赠送;引见;表达 presently adv. 不久,目前 presence n. 出席,到场,存在 be present at 出席,到场 at the present time 眼前 present sb. with sth.=present sth. to sb. 送给某人某物,赠予某人某物 present sb. to sb. (正式地)介绍,引见

第7讲 │ 单词点睛
for the present=for the time being 眼前,暂时 in one?s presence 当着某人的面,在某人面前 【活学活用】 (1) Who is the present (目前的) owner of the house? (2) The bridge will be completed presently (不久). (3) My father presented (赠送) me with a small MP4 as my birthday present.

第7讲 │ 单词点睛
7 discount v.打折扣;不重视 n.折扣,贴现率;减价 discounter n. 廉价商店 at a discount 打折扣;不受重视 【活学活用】 (1) I bought the cellphone at a 20% discount (打八折). (2) Their store discounts three percent (打九七折) for cash payment. (3) You can discount (不重视,不当真) what Jack said—he's a liar.

第7讲 │ 单词点睛
8 terrify vt.使恐怖;恐吓;使某人感到恐惧 terrifying adj. terrified adj. 惊恐的,恐怖的 terror n. 惊恐,恐惧 terrorist n. 恐怖分子 be terrified of… 害怕…… 【注意事项】 terrifying多用于形容某事“令人害怕的”,而terrified指某人 “感到害怕的”。

第7讲 │ 单词点睛
【词语辨析】 scare, alarm, terrify与 frighten (1) scare 指“(使)恐慌”,尤指人或动物在受到惊吓之后立即 停下所做的事情,或畏惧、颤抖并转身逃跑。如: The dog scared the thief away. 那条狗把贼吓跑了。 (2) alarm指“(使)惊恐”,指危险突然出现后,在保护措施采 取之前表现或产生的惊慌失措的恐惧,着重“恐惧的突然 性以及充满惊骇与焦虑的表现”。如: I see no danger to alarm us. 我看没有危险,不必害怕。

第7讲 │ 单词点睛
(3) terrify指“使恐怖,使惊吓,恐吓”,指极度的,甚至使 人瘫软、目瞪口呆以至失去活动能力的恐惧。如: She was terrified out of her wits. 她吓得魂不附体。 What a terrifying experience! 多么可怕的一次经历! (4) frighten指“使惊恐,吓唬”,指使人突然产生短暂的惊慌 或恐怖感,为常用词,含义最广。如: The words he said frightened her. 他所说的话使她感到害怕。

第7讲 │ 单词点睛
9 survive vt.继续存在;比……活得长 vi.幸存;残存,生存 下来 survivor n. 幸存者;逃生者 survival n. 幸存,生存 A survive B A比B活得时间长 survive the accident 在事故中幸免于难 survival of the fittest 适者生存 live v. 生存;居住;活着 exist v. 存在 continue v. 继续

第7讲 │ 单词点睛
【注意事项】 survive本身已含有“幸存于”“幸免于”的意思,因而其后 不要再加多余的介词in, after等。 【活学活用】 英译汉 (1) She survived her husband for ten years. 她比她丈夫多活了10年。 (2) Only ten of the crew survived the shipwreck. 船员中只有十个人逃离失事船只。

第7讲 │ 单词点睛
10 recover v.恢复(体力、知觉等),痊愈,康复;找 回失去之物 recovery n. 还原,复原,痊愈 recover oneself 恢复正常;使清醒 recover from… 从……恢复过来 【活学活用】 (1) It took me several days to recover from (从……中恢 复) my heart operation. (2) He was astonished to see me, but he soon recovered himself himself (恢复过来).

第7讲 │ 短语储存

短语储存
1 get into trouble 陷入困境;惹麻烦 ask/look for trouble 自找麻烦 have trouble (in) doing sth. 做某事困难 there be trouble (in) doing sth. 做某事有困难 make trouble 制造麻烦 take trouble to do sth. 费心做某事 save / spare trouble 省事,避免麻烦 put sb. to the trouble of doing sth. 麻烦某人做某事

第7讲 │ 短语储存
【注意事项】 be in trouble表示状态,可与一段时间状语连用;get into trouble表示瞬间的动作,不与一段时间状语连用。 【活学活用】 (1) He is always ready to help anyone who is in trouble (有 麻烦). (2) He could make trouble for (给……制造麻烦) me if he wanted to. (3) The trouble with (……的问题) you is that you don't really want to work.

第7讲 │ 短语储存
(4) He always gets others into trouble (使别人陷入麻烦). (5) I have trouble (in) communicating (交流有困难) with the foreigners. 2 long before 在很久以前 【经典句式】 It will be long before… 还要很久才…… It won't be long before…不要多久就……,很快就……

第7讲 │ 短语储存
【短语辨析】 long before与before long (1) long before意为“在很久以前”, 可单独使用,也可 在其后接名词或从句。如: I knew Tom long before I knew you. 我在认识你之前很久就认识了汤姆。 (2) before long意为“不久以后”,相当于 soon,可与一 般过去时或一般将来时连用。如: The book will be published before long. 这本书不久就要出版。

第7讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 Ⅰ.根据句意用long before,before long 填空 (1) A bridge will be built over the river before long . (2) He said he had been to that village long before . Ⅱ.根据汉语意思完成句子 (1) 看起来一会儿就要下雨了。 It seems as if it's going to rain before long . (2) 我们没等多久她就来了。 We had not waited long before she came .

第7讲 │ 短语储存
【词语联想】 下面这些短语,词序不同,表达的意思也不同。 work hard (at) 努力学习/工作 hard work 辛勤的工作 work at 致力于…… at work 在工作 far from… 远离 from far 从远处来 turn in 交;上交 in turn 轮流;转而,

第7讲 │ 短语储存
according to 根据,按照 according to sb. 据某人所说 【活学活用】 (1) According to John(据约翰说), you were in Edinburgh last week. (2) The work was done immediatelyaccording to her instructions (依照她的指示). (3) He is an honest businessman, according to what everyone says. (根据每个人所说). 3

第7讲 │ 短语储存
4 make it (to) 成功;达到预定目标;及时抵达 get it 懂得,理解 【注意事项】 make it to 中的to是介词,后接名词、代词或动名词。 【活学活用】 根据句意,用make it 或get it 的正确形式填空 (1)The train leaves at 9:00 sharp;I think we shall make it . (2)This is my last offer, got it ?

第7讲 │ 短语储存
5 deal with 处理;对付;解决 make a deal (with sb.) (与某人)达成一笔交易 deal sth. out 分发 【短语辨析】 deal with与do with (1)deal with表示“处理;对付;解决”, 在特殊疑问句中 常和 how 连用。如: How to deal with complaints?如何处理各种投诉? (2)do with表示“对待;处理”,在特殊疑问句中常和 what 连用。如:I don't know what to do with all the food that's left over.我不知道怎样处理所有这些剩饭剩菜。

第7讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 用deal with,do with的适当形式填空 (1)How would you deal with an armed burglar? (2)What have you done with my umbrella? (3)She doesn't know what to do with herself. 6 care for 关怀,照顾;愿意 【短语辨析】 care about, care for与care to (1)care about和care for在表示“关心,担心”等意思的时候 ,用法是一样的,基本可以通用。如:Don't care about/for me.别担心我。

第7讲 │ 短语储存
(2)在表示“介意,计较”等意思的时候,要用care about,后 面一般接表示事物的词。如: I don't much care about going. 我不太想去。 (3)在表示“关怀,照顾,愿意”等意思的时候,要用care for 。如: We must care for the younger generation. 我们必须关怀年轻的一代。 Would you care for a walk after supper? 晚饭后去散散步好吗?

第7讲 │ 短语储存
(4)在表示“喜欢,愿意,想望”等意思的时候,要用care to (do), 即care后面接动词不定式。如: I don?t care to go there. 我不愿意到那里去。 【活学活用】 用about,for填空 (1)I don't care about what people have said. (2)Would you care for some coffee? (3)Well, I don't care for any wine today. (4)He is very good at caring for sick animals.

第7讲 │ 句型透视 句型透视
1. In 982 AD, when a man called Eric the Red decided to set sail further west, there were as many as 10,000 Vikings living in Iceland. 句型公式一 as many as …+be+as many as+…

第7讲 │ 句型透视
【注意事项】 一般来说,修饰可数名词,用as many as,修饰不可数名词用 as much as。但是,英语中表示时间、金钱、距离、体积等单 位的名词虽然其本身可数,依然用as much as修饰。 如: She has as many as seven sisters. 她的姐妹有七人之多。 This little parrot will grow to huge size, as much as three feet. 这只小鹦鹉可以长到巨大的尺寸,长到三英尺长。

第7讲 │ 句型透视
You don?t have to rush. Take as much time as you want.你不 用太赶了。你想用多少时间,就用多少。 【活学活用】 用as many as,as much as 填空 (1)There were as many as one hundred foreign students visiting our school today. (2)Please take as many candies as you want as I have plenty. (3)He has twice as much work as he used to have.

第7讲 │ 句型透视
2. Leif followed Biarni's directions and sailed to what is believed to be the coast of present- Canada. day 句型公式二 作介词宾语的名词性从句 【相关句型】 (1)动词或介词(如reach,to等)+what从句(表示地点)。如: The fleet reached what is now part of Egypt. 船队到达了今天是埃及的一个地方。(what=the place that)

第7讲 │ 句型透视
(2)before / after +what 从句(表示时间)。如: After what seemed to be a long wait,the result was announced. 经过似乎是很长时间的等待,结果终于宣布了。(what=the time that) 【注意事项】 在这类从句中 , what作主语或宾语 。what相当于the+n.+ that。 【活学活用】 根据句意,用适当的词填空 (1) In November the Mayflower landed on Cape Cod in what is . now Massachusetts.

第7讲 │ 句型透视
(2)Before what was spent in the dining hall, he stayed in a place,hiding himself. 【考题示例】 After appeared to be about three hours, the injured man came back to life. A.what B.it C.that D.When 【答案】 A

第7讲 │ 句型透视
3. You can only see a small part of it above the water. It's three times as big underwater. 英语中倍数的表达方式 …倍数(+as+形容词/副词)+as… 句型公式三 【相关句型】 (1)…倍数+as many/much+名词+as… (2)…倍数+形容词/副词的比较级+than… (3) …倍数+the+名词+of…

第7讲 │ 句型透视
【注意事项】 (1)在“倍数+the+名词+of”结构中,常用的名词有 size, height,weight,length,width等。如: This classroom is twice the size of that one. 这个教室是那个教室的两倍大。 (2)“两倍”用twice或double,不到一倍用分数表示,三倍或三 倍以上一般用times来表示,如three times, four times。 (3)在实际运用中,有时根据语境使用省略句式,应注意分辨。

第7讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 (1)Cats sleep twice as much as (比……多一倍) humans. (2)The ball is 49 times the size of/times as big as (大小是 ……的……倍) that ball. (3)The grain output in that village was twice over that of/three times the amount of (比……多两倍)this village. 【考题示例】 (1)I like this jacket better than that one, but it costs almost three times . A.as much B.as many C.so much D.so many 【答案】 (1)A

第7讲 │ 句型透视
(2)Ten years ago the population of our village was that of theirs. A.as twice large as B.twice as large as C.twice as much as D.as twice much as 【答案】 (2)B 4. You certainly won't find a noisier fish. 比较级表示最高级含义 句型公式四 【相关拓展】 [口语]I couldn't/can't agree more.我非常同意。

第7讲 │ 句型透视

“否定词+比较级”,即否定形式与比较级连用,表示最高 级意义,通常意为“没有比……更……”,“没有像……一 样 ……” 。 常 用 的 否 定 词 有 no , not , never , nothing , nobody,hardly等,表示最高级的含义。如: —Did you sleep well last night?“你昨夜睡得好吗?” —Never better, like a rock.“从没这么好过,睡得很死。” 【相关句型】 …形容词/副词比较级+than any other+单数名词

第7讲 │ 句型透视
【注意事项】 在“…形容词/副词比较级+than any other+单数名词”句型中 ,应注意把主语排除在外;但若不属于一类,则不能排除。 如: He is taller than any other boy in his class. 他是班里最高的男孩。 (he是班里一员,故应排除) He is taller than any girl in his class. 他比班里任何一个女孩都高。 (he与the girl不是一类)

第7讲 │ 句型透视
【考题示例】 (1) — Go for a picnic this weekend,OK? — .I love getting close to nature. A.I'm sorry B.I couldn't agree more C.Go by yourself D.I'll be busy (2) — Shall I give you a ride as you live so far away? — Thank you. It couldn't be . A.good B.better C.bad D.worse 【答案】 (1)B (2)B

第7讲 │ 句型透视
5. One day, my two brothers and I were coming back from the islands, our boat full of fish. 独立主格结构 句型公式五 【相关句型】 (1)名词/代词+现在分词 在该句型中,现在分词表示前面的名词或代词主动进行的动 作或状态。如: The man lay there, his hands trembling. 那人躺在那里,双手发抖。

第7讲 │ 句型透视
形容词 副词/介词短语 不定式(短语) 过去分词

(2)名词/代词 +

+主句

【注意事项】 (1)在该结构中的过去分词表示其前的名词或代词被动完成的 动作;不定式表示将要发生的动作。 (2)名词或代词与后面的分词、形容词、介词短语、副词、不 定式等存在逻辑上的主谓关系。

第7讲 │ 句型透视
(3)独立主格结构一般有逗号与主句分开。 如: When the test was finished, we began our holiday. =The test finished, we began our holiday. After the meeting was over, we all went home. =The meeting over, we all went home. 【活学活用】 用独立主格结构完成句子 (1)Everything taken (take) into consideration, the plan he put forward seems to be more practical. (2)The meeting gone (go) over, everyone tried to go home earlier.

第7讲 │ 句型透视
(3)He came into the room, his ears red with cold . (耳朵冻得通红). (4) There being no bus/taxi (没有车),he had to go to the meeting on foot.

第7讲 │ 跟踪训练 跟踪训练
1.[2010· 湖南卷] John's success has nothing to do with good luck. It is years of hard work has made him what he is today. A. why B. when C. which D. that 【解析】 D 考查强调句型。题干为强调句型,被强调部分 为years of hard work,故选D。

第7讲 │ 跟踪训练
2 . [2010· 国 卷 Ⅱ] My mother opened the drawer to 全 the knives and spoons. A. put away B. put up C. put on D. put together 【解析】 A 考查动词短语辨析。句意为:妈妈打开抽屉把 刀子和匙收拾起来。put away收拾起来,储存;符合句意。 put up提出,张贴,悬挂,提供住宿;put on上演,穿上; put together放在一起。

第7讲 │ 跟踪训练
3.— There was once time the farmers suffered a lot. — Yes. They had to leave their land and find new jobs to earn a living. A.a; which B.a; when C.the; that D.the; then 【解析】 B 考查冠词及定语从句关系词的用法。time这儿 当“一段时间”讲,是可数名词,要用不定冠词a;先行词 在定语从句中作时间状语,所以用关系副词when。

第7讲 │ 跟踪训练
4.[2010· 辽宁卷] We were astonished the temple still in its original condition. A. finding B. to find C. find D. to be found 【解析】 B 考查非谓语动词。be astonished 后应该跟动词 不定式。

第7讲 │ 跟踪训练
5. [2010· 川 卷 ] Jenny was looking for a seat when, 四 luckily,a man and left. A. took up B. got up C. shut up D. set up 【解析】 B 考查动词短语辨析。句意“詹尼在找座位,幸 运的是正好有人站起来离开了”,符合句意的是get up, 表示 “站起来”。take up“占据,拿起”,shut up“关闭”,set up“建立”。

第7讲 │ 跟踪训练
6.[2010· 上海卷] It took us quite a long time to get to the amusement park. It was journey. A.three hour B. a threehours C.a threehour D.three hours 【解析】 C 此题考查复合形容词“数词+连字符+名词” 的用法。连字符连接的词作名词定语且用单数。此处意为“ 三个小时的路程”。

第7讲 │ 跟踪训练
7.[2010· 湖北卷] Had she her promise,she would have made it to Yale University. A. looked up to B. lived up to C. kept up with D. come up with 【解析】 B 考查动词短语辨析。这里是虚拟语气,句意“ 如果她践行她的诺言的话,她就在耶鲁大学读书了”。look up to表示“尊敬”;live up to“实践,遵守,不辜负”; keep up with“跟上”;come up with“提出(办法)”。

第7讲 │ 跟踪训练
8.—Are you happy with your new computer? —No, it is me a lot of trouble. A.showing B.leaving C.giving D.sparing 【解析】 C 本题考查动词与名词的搭配。名词trouble可以 跟很多动词搭配,表示不同的含义,如:borrow trouble自 找麻烦;cause trouble引起麻烦;make trouble制造麻烦; 选项C give sb trouble意思是“给某人添麻烦”,选项D spare sb trouble不再麻烦某人。从题意看,我对新电脑并不 满意,它给我添了很多麻烦。

第7讲 │ 跟踪训练
9. We trust you;only you can him to give up smoking. A.suggest B.attract C.advise D.Persuade 【解析】 D 此题考查动词的词义和用法。A、B两项后不 能跟不定式的复合宾语,故排除。C项虽然可跟不定式的复 合宾语,但语意不妥。advise sb. to do sth. 意为“劝某人做 某事”。而persuade sb. to do sth.意为“说服某人做某事” ,正合题意。

第7讲 │ 跟踪训练
10.[2009· 安徽卷]—Do you think it's a good idea to make friends with your students? — ,I do. I think it's a great idea. A.Really B.Obviously C.Actually D.Generally 【解析】 C 考查四个副词基本词意的区别。really真正 地 , obviously 明 显 地 , actually 实 际 上 , generally 一 般 来 说。从句意来看,actually最符合情境。

第8讲

Unit 8 Adventure

第8讲 │ 美文佳句

美文佳句
诵美文 [2010· 北京]假设你是红星中学高二(1)班的学生李华,利用上 周末的时间帮助祖父母安排了去北戴河的旅行。请根据以下 四幅图的先后顺序,写一篇英文周记,叙述你从准备到送行 的全过程。注意:1.周记的开头已为你写好。2.词数不少于 60。

第8讲 │ 美文佳句
Last weekend, I helped my grandparents with their trip to Beidaihe. On Saturday morning, together with my grandparents, I searched the Internet for the train schedule, the weather in Beidaihe, and some hotel information. In the afternoon, I went to the train station and managed to buy two tickets for my grandparents although there was a long queue. After dinner, I packed into the suitcase the things my grandparents needed, such as clothes, glasses, an umbrella, and a map.

第8讲 │ 美文佳句
The next morning, I went to the station to see them off. Waving goodbye to them on the platform, I felt happy for them and wished them a safe journey.

第8讲 │ 美文佳句
背佳句 1.I went to the train station and managed to buy two tickets for my grandparents although there was a long queue. 我去火 车站为我爷爷和奶奶买到了两张车票,尽管有很多人在排长 队买票。 [赏析] 该句含有一个although引导的让步状语从句,从句使 用了there be句型;主句中使用了两个并列的谓语动词went 和managed。

第8讲 │ 美文佳句
2.Waving goodbye to them on the platform, I felt happy for them and wished them a safe journey. 在站台上,我和他们挥 手告别,我为他们感到快乐,并祝他们一路平安。 [赏析] 该句中使用了动词的ing形式作状语,句中包含了并 列 的 谓 语 动 词 felt 和 wished , 同 时 使 用 了 祝 愿 语 “ wished them a safe journey”。

第8讲 │ 课前热身 课前热身
Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.The anxious husband awaited the birth of his son. 2.I always confuse the twin sisters: they look so alike. 3.In the distant (遥远的) future people may live on the moon. 4.In production, we demand not only quantity (数量)but also quality.

第8讲 │ 课前热身
5.With time and patience (耐心) you will gradually come to understand the society that is so different from ours. 6.Life is limited (有限的), but there is no limit to learning. 7. Observe (观察)and record the operation and data through experiments. 8.The firm employs the retired professor (教授) as an adviser. 9.He set a good example for us by risking (冒险) his life to save the girl. 10.The author (作者)insisted (that) he was innocent.

第8讲 │ 课前热身
Ⅱ.英汉互译 1.take off 2.right now 3.flow into 4.upside down 5.turn up 6.back out 7.get across 8.in turn/take turns 9.break out 10.put into prison

起飞;脱下 就在此刻,马上 流入 颠倒地,倒置地 出现,到场 决定不履行(允诺的事) 使理解(某事) 轮流 (坏事)突然发生,爆发 关进监狱

第8讲 │ 课前热身
11.坚持;支持;信守 stand by on one's way 12.在途中 in preparation for/prepare for/make 13.为……作准备 preparations for break down 14.损坏;不能运转 run out (of)/use up 15.用完,耗尽 carry on 16.继续(做某事) be worth doing 17.值得做 18.和(某人)进行贸易 do trade with sb. make rapid progress 19.取得很快的进步 have difficulty/trouble (in) doing sth. 20.做某事有困难

第8讲 │ 课前热身
Ⅲ.完成句子 1.你认为在你的工作中应该做什么? What do you think you should do at work? 2.我上周太忙,以至于没能看那部电影。 I was too busy to see the film last week. 3.这又反过来对狼群的食物供给产生了影响。 This in turn had an effect on the food supply for wolves. 4.地震后开始发生火灾。 Fire broke out after the earthquake. 5.不要麻烦去找我的雨伞了,它总有一天会出现的。 Don't bother to look for my umbrella. It will turn up some day.

第8讲 │ 单词点睛

单词点睛
1 1. anxious adj.忧虑的,担心的;渴望的 anxiety n. 焦虑;烦恼,忧虑 anxiously adv. 忧虑地,不安地 be anxious for/about 为……担心/忧虑 be anxious for sth. 渴望某事 be anxious to do sth. 渴望做某事 be anxious for sb. to do sth. 渴望某人做某事 be anxious that sb. (should) do sth. 渴望某人做某事

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)She was anxious to meet him (渴望见到他). (2)She was anxious (渴望) that her son should get what he wanted. (3)His mother is anxious for/about his safety (担心他的安 全).

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
2 2. shock n.震动;震惊;打击 v.(使)震惊;(使)惊愕;使触电 shocked adj. 感到吃惊的,感到惊讶的 shocking adj. 令人气愤的,令人憎恶的 be shocked at/by (doing) sth. 被震惊 be shocked to do sth. 惧怕做某事 (be) a shock to sb. 对某人来说是一个打击 culture shock 文化冲击

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
【经典句式】 It shocked sb. to see/hear… 看到/听到……对某人来说是一个打击 【注意事项】 shocked,frightened,surprised,amazed等主语通常为人, 而shocking,frightening,surprising, amazing等主语通常为 物。

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 汉译英 (1)他妻子去世对他是一个沉重的打击。

It was a great shock for him that his wife died (2)当我听到你出事后我很震惊。

.

I was shocked when I heard about your accident .

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
3. risk vt. 冒险;风险n.冒险;危险的人或物 3 risk one?s life 冒着生命危险 risk doing sth. 冒做某事的危险 reduce/increase the risk of sth. 降低/增加……的危险 at risk 处境危险;遭受危险 at the risk of doing sth. 冒着做某事的危险 run/take the risk of doing sth. 冒着做某事的危险

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)She risked her life trying to save the drowning child.她冒 着生命危险去救那个溺水的儿童。 (2)You have to take/run a lot of risks if you want to make success in business. 如果你想在生意上取得成功,就得冒许多风险。 (3)If there hadn't been a ship sailing on the sea that day, he would have been at risk . 若是那天海上无船航行,那他就处于危险中了。

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
4. various adj. 不同的;各种各样的 4 variously adv. 以各种方式;不同地 variety n. 种类;多样化,变化 a variety of 各种各样 varieties of 各种各样 【活学活用】 (1)There are various /all kinds of/varieties of flowers (各种各样 的花) in the garden. (2)He refused us for varieties of/various reasons (以各种理由).

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
5 observe 5 v.注意到;观察;监视;遵守(规则、法 令等); 庆祝 observable adj. 看得见的; 应遵守的; 显著的 observably adv. 显著地; 醒目地 observation n. 观察; 观察力; 观测 observer n. 观察者; 评论者; 遵守者 observe sb. do sth. 看到某人做某事 observe sb. doing sth. 看到某人正在做某事 observe that 看到,观察到…… be under observation 受严密监视

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1) You must observe the speed limit while driving. 开车时,你必须遵守限速规定。 (2) Do they observe Christmas Day in that country? 在那个国家他们庆祝圣诞节吗? (3) He pretended not to observe our entry . 他装作没有看见我们进来。 (4) A scientist's observation should be very good. 科学家的观察力应该很敏锐。 (5) He was under observation by the police. 他受到警方严密监视。

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
【词语辨析】 look,see,watch,observe与witness 这些动词均有“看”之意,但也有区别。 (1)look侧重“看”的动作,用作不及物动词。如: We looked but saw nothing. 我们看了, 但什么也没看见。 (2)see是一般用语,指看见,常侧重于结果。如: Did you see what happened? 你看见有什么事发生了吗?

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
(3)watch指用眼睛跟随某物,以便对每一个变化、运动等进 行观察。如: The students watched as the surgeon performed the operation. 学生观看外科医生做手术。 (4)observe侧重以客观的态度进行观察。如: The police observed the man entering/enter the bank.警方监 视着那男子进入银行的情况。 (5)witness指当场看见,亲眼看见。如: I witnessed the traffic accident. 我目睹了那次交通事故。

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
【注意事项】 observe sb. do sth.改为被动语态时,要在do前补出to:be observed to do sth. 6. similar adj. 相似的;类似的 6 similarity n. 相似点;相似之处 similarly adv. 同样地;差不多地 be similar to sb. in sth. 在……方面与……相似

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)They have similar taste (爱好相近) in music. (2)Your mother's idea is similar to (与……相似) your father's. (3)The two paintings are similar in style (在风格方面相似). (4)The similarity (相似之处) between you and your father is obvious.

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
7 7. differ vi.不同于,相异 different adj. 不同的 difference n. 不同(点) differ from sb./ sth. (about / over / on) sth. 在……方面与某人/某物不同 be different from… 与……不同 make a difference 起作用;产生影响

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 用介词填空 (1)I'm sorry to differ from you on/over/about the matter. (2)The customs here differ from those of the south. (3)The two books differ in language. (4)There are many differences between living in the city and living in the countryside.

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
8. quantity n.量;数量 8 in quantity /in large quantities. 大量地;批量 large quantities of /a large quantity of.许多的,大量的 【知识拓展】 表示“许多,大量的”的词语还有: a (large /great) number of,a great deal of,a lot of, plenty of,a good /great many, scores of, dozens of, much, large amounts of, a large amount of 等。

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)They buy goods in large quantities /in quantity (批量). (2) Quantities of(大量的)books are sold out every day. (3)He has collected quantities of/a large quantity of ( 许 多 ) stamps.

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
【词语辨析】 quantity,number与amount (1)quantity 意为“量,数量”,指事物(可数或不可数)的总 量和总数,很少用于人。如: There is a small quantity of milk left in the cup. 杯子里剩下少量的牛奶。 (2)number 意为“数,数字;数额”,总是用于具体的、可 数的人或物。强调部分或个体。如: The number of teachers in our school is 200. 我们学校老师的人数是200人。

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
(3)amount 意为“总数,总额”,通常用于不可数的或不必 计数的事物,指其总数或总和。如: We need a small amount of fuel. 我们需要少量的燃料。 9. aim n.瞄准,目的v.瞄准,对准 9 aimless adj. 无目标的;无目的的 aim at 瞄准;目的在于 aim at doing sth. 力争做到某事 be aimed at 目的是,旨在 achieve /realize one's aim 达到目的

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
with the aim of… 有……的目的 take aim at 瞄准 without aim 漫无目的地 【活学活用】 (1)He must be patient in order to achieve/realize his aims( 达 到 他的目标). (2)The firm is aiming at reducing the number of employees (力争 减少雇员人数). (3)She was wandering on the street without aim (漫无目的地).

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
10. 10 adj.较大的;较多的;主要的;较重要的,较 严重的;[C]n.专业;专业学生;vi.主修;专攻 minor adj. 次要的 majority n. 大多数,大部分 minority n. 少数、小部分 major in sth. 主修;专修(大学里的某一科目) a/the majority of=most of 大多数的 major

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 英汉互译 (1)他打算将来以英语为专业。 He intended to major in English in the future. (2)The computer needs major repairs. 这台计算机需要大修。 (3)The doctor said that the patient needed a major operation. 医生说那个病人需要大手术。

第8讲 │ 单词点睛

【词语辨析】 main, major与chief (1)main用作形容词,意为“主要的;最重要的”。 (2)major用作形容词,意为“较大的;较重要的;主要的” 。 (3)chief用作形容词,意为“最重要的;最高级别的”。

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
11 11. limit n. 界限;限度 vt. 限制;限定 limited adj. 有限(制)的 limitation n. 限制; 局限; 缺陷 go beyond/over the limit 超过限度 within limits 在一定程度上 to the limit 达到极限 set a limit to sth. 对某事规定限 be limited to sth. 受限于某事 【注意事项】 limit用作名词时,其词义是与limitation有区别的。limit意为 “限制”,“限定”;而limitation则意为“局限”,“局限 性”。

第8讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)All speeches will be limited to 10 minutes . 所有发言都将限定在十分钟内。 (2)I think you should limit the number of cigarettes your husband smokes 认为你应该限制你丈夫吸烟的数量。 (3)This technique is useful but it has its limitations . 这项技术很有用,但也有它的局限性。

第8讲 │ 短语储存

短语储存
1. take off 1 take along take away take back take in take out take on 脱下;(飞机等)起飞;休假 随身携带 带走;解除 带回;收回 吸收;留宿;欺骗;领会 拿出;摘除 呈现

第8讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 用take的相关短语的正确形式填空 (1)When Japanese army invaded China, our whole nation took uparms against the enemy. (2)The small village has taken on a new look since the kindhearted photographer came into it. (3)When you go travelling in summer, you should take your raincoat along . (4)The careless doctor took out a good tooth by mistake.

第8讲 │ 短语储存
(5)Hurry up! The plane is taking off in ten minutes. (6)We need more time to take in the situation. 2. break out 指战争、火灾等爆发;疾病突然发生 2 break through 冲破;突破 break in 打断(说话);插嘴说;闯入 【短语辨析】 take place, happen, occur与break out (1)take place 为不及物动词短语, 无被动语态,无进行时, 指事先计划或预想到的事情非偶然地发生。如: The film festival takes place in October. 电影节将于10月份举办。

第8讲 │ 短语储存
(2)happen 是普通用语,其发生带有意外和偶然性。另作“ 碰巧”讲,用法是happen to do sth.,无被动语态。如:A terrible accident happened on the street yesterday.昨天在街 上发生了一起严重的事故。 (3)occur 较正式用语,指具体事物碰巧发生时可与happen互 换(但happen to do 不可换成occur to do);另外occur还有“ 突然想起”,客观事物的“出现”“存在”等意思,此时不 可与happen互换。如: Oil occurs under the North Sea. 北海底下有石油。

第8讲 │ 短语储存
It occurred to him that he would go at once. 他突然想起他要立刻就走。 (4)break out 是不及物动词短语,无被动语态,指战争、火 灾等爆发;疾病突然发生。如: The Second World War broke out in 1939. 第二次世界大战于1939年爆发。

第8讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 用occur, happen, take place的适当形式填空 (1)Suddenly a good idea occurred to me. (2)Great changes have taken place since I came to this city. (3)It happened that I had no money on me, so I didn't buy it.

第8讲 │ 短语储存
3. in turn 反过来,转而;依次,轮流 3 in return 作为回报 in return for 作为……的交换;作为……的报答 in advance 提前 in all 总共 in brief 简明扼要,简言之 in case 以防,万一 in danger 有危险 in debt 负债

第8讲 │ 短语储存
in general in order in person in rags in ruins in short in vain in view 一般说来 井然有序 亲自 穿着破衣 一片废墟 总之 徒劳地 看得见

第8讲 │ 短语储存
【短语辨析】 in return 与 in turn (1)in return意为“作为回报”。如: He was always ready to help others; in return, he was liked by everyone. 他总是乐于助人,作为回报,大家都喜欢他。 (2)in turn意为“反过来”,在句中多作状语,还有“轮流地 , 依次地,一个接一个地 (=by turns)”的意思。如: She asked the same question of everyone in turn. 她依次向每一个人问同样的问题。

第8讲 │ 短语储存
【注意事项】 in turn与in return很容易混淆,在复习中应引起足够重视。 【活学活用】 英汉互译 (1)Theory is based on practice and in turn serves practice. 理论以实践为基础,反过来又为实践服务。 (2)他送给她几朵玫瑰花以答谢她的好心。 He gave her some roses in return for her kindness.

第8讲 │ 短语储存
4 stand by 旁观;坚持(某种)说法;支持(某人) stand out 引人注目;突出 stand up 起立 stand for 代表;象征;表示 【活学活用】 (1)What does “USA” stand for (代表)? (2)The blue picture stands out very well ( 引 人 注 目 )against the white wall.

第8讲 │ 短语储存
5. run out of 用完,耗尽 5 run across 不期而遇 run after 追逐,追求 run away 逃跑,跑掉 run away from 从……逃跑 run into 偶然遇见 【短语辨析】 run out,run out of,give out与use up 这四个短语都有“用光,耗尽”之意,但也有区别。 (1)run out 是不及物动词短语,无被动语态,通常以物作主 语,相当于give out。 如: Our food soon ran out.我们的食物不久就吃光了。

第8讲 │ 短语储存
(2)run out of是及物动词短语,常以人作主语,相当于use up。 如: Could I have a cigarette? I seem to have run out of them.给我 一支烟好吗? 我的(烟)好像已经抽完了。 (3)give out 是不及物动词短语,意为“用尽,分发,宣布, 发出”。如: After a month their food gave out. 过了一个月, 他们的食物已消耗殆尽。 (4)use up 是及物动词短语,意为“用完, 耗尽”。如: Don't use up all the soap. Leave me some to wash with.不要把 肥皂用尽,留一些给我用。

第8讲 │ 短语储存

【活学活用】
(1)My money has been used up/run out of (用光). (2)My money has run out /given out (用光).

第8讲 │ 句型透视 句型透视
1. Why do you think people would want to go on this trip? do you think作插入语 疑问词+do you think+其他部分 “疑问词+do you think+其他……”句型中,应注意句子的 语序为陈述语序 句型公式一

第8讲 │ 句型透视
【相关句型】 (1)Do you think that…? (2)插入语:…,I think,… (3)I (don't) think that… 【注意事项】 (1)I don?t think that…中存在否定转移的用法,即形式上是 否定主句,实际上否定从句的谓语。但是如果主句的谓语动 词为didn?t think,则表示“没有料想到”,这时并不发生转 移。如:We didn't think we'd be so late.我们没有料到我们 会来得这么晚。I don't think he is right, is he?我认为他不 对,是吧?

第8讲 │ 句型透视
(2)I think可用作插入语,插入语可用于句中,往往用逗号与其 他部分隔开,也可用在句末;去掉之后,句子结构和语义都是 完整的。 【活学活用】 —Come on, Peter. I want to show you something. —Oh, how nice of you! I you to bring me a gift. A.never think; are going C.didn't think; are going B.never thought; were going D.hadn't thought; went 【答案】 B

第8讲 │ 句型透视
2. Although people enjoyed reading his book, many of them thought that Marco's stories about China were too fantastic to be true. too…to 结构 too+adj./adv. (for sb.) to do sth. 句型公式二 【句型解读】 (1)该句型表示否定意义,意思是“太……而不能……”,可 用so+adj./adv.+that句式转换。 (2)too… to… 的否定形式not too… to… 的意思是“不是太 ……而不能”。如:

第8讲 │ 句型透视
He is not too young to dress himself. 他不是小得连衣服都不会穿。 It is never too late to learn.活到老,学到老。 (3)too还因此形成一类特殊而重要的用法,具体如下: cannot(或can never)… too… 表示“怎么……也不过分”、 “越……越好”的含义。如: One cannot be too careful in making the decision as it was such a critical case.因为这是一个如此重要的问题,所以在做 出决定时无论怎样谨慎都不过分。 You cannot praise the play too highly. 无论你怎样称赞这部戏都不过分。

第8讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 Ⅰ.改为同义句 (1)The book is too difficult for him to read. The book is so difficult that he can't read . (2)The boy was so young that I couldn't blame him. The boy was too young for me to blame . Ⅱ.汉译英 (1)我非常乐意帮你。 I'm only too pleased to help you . (2)学习再怎么认真都不过分。 One can never be too careful to learn .

第8讲 │ 句型透视
【考题示例】 It was late to catch a bus after the party, therefore we called a taxi. A.too B.much C.very D.so 【答案】 A

第8讲 │ 跟踪训练 跟踪训练
1.—I can't find Mr. Smith. Where did you meet him this morning? —It was in the hotel he stayed. A.that B.where C.which D.the one 【解析】 B where引导定语从句修饰the hotel。该句为强调 句式的省略句,完整句子为“It was in the hotel where he stayed that I met Mr. Smith.”

第8讲 │ 跟踪训练
2.Great changes have taken place in that school. It is no longer it was 20 years ago, it was poorly equipped. A.what; when B.that; which C.what; which D.which; that 【解析】 A 学校不再是20年前的学校,当时(when)设备很 差。第一空填what,指代学校,引导表语从句,后一空填 when,为定语从句的关系副词。

第8讲 │ 跟踪训练
3.You'd better not pick the flowers in the garden.They are everyone's enjoyment. A. in B. at C. for D. to 【解析】 C 本题考查介词。根据句子意思“这些花是让大 家欣赏的”,可知用for表示目的。

第8讲 │ 跟踪训练
4.What strikes me about his poetry is its to Shakespeare's. A.familiarity B.similarity C.imitation D.same 【解析】 B 考查固定搭配。similarity to与……的相似性; familiarity熟悉;imitation模仿;same相同,后与as连用。

第8讲 │ 跟踪训练
5.It is said that they have already fuel, so we'd better offer them some help. A.made use of B.run away with C.run out of D.gone in for 【解析】 C 本题考查动词短语辨析。make use of利用,使 用;run away with轻易地获胜;go in for 参加(考试);run out of 用完。

第8讲 │ 跟踪训练
6.[2010· 全国卷Ⅱ] The island is attractive in spring and autumn because of the pleasant weather in both seasons. A. partly B. merely C. nearly D. equally 【解析】 D 考查副词词义辨析。partly部分地;merely仅 仅;nearly几乎;equally同样。句意为:这个岛屿因春秋两 季气候宜人,因此同样迷人。

第8讲 │ 跟踪训练
7. As is known to us, theory is based on practice and serves practice. A.by chance B.in turn C.in return D.by turns 【解析】 B 考查介词短语。by chance偶然的;in turn转 而,反过来;in return作为回报;by turns轮流地,交替 地。根据题意:众所周知理论建立在实践基础上,又反过来 为实践服务,所以答案为B。

第8讲 │ 跟踪训练
8.[2010· 山东卷] Sam some knowledge of the computer just by watching others working on it. A.brought up B. looked up C. picked up D. set up 【解析】 C pick up含有“不经意间学会语言或技能”的意 思,符合语境。

第8讲 │ 跟踪训练
9.It was reported that the forest fire last Sunday and that it itself and wasn't . A.went out;broke out;put out B.broke out;went out;put out C.broke out;put out;went out D.put out;broke out;went out 【解析】 B 本题考查动词短语辨析。break out“爆发”; go out“火自燃熄灭”;put out“扑灭”。

第8讲 │ 跟踪训练
10.If you're about Australian cities,just read the book written by Dr Johnson. A.interested B.anxious C.upset D.curious 【解析】 D 本题考查形容词的词义区别及搭配区别。be interested in“对某事感兴趣”;be anxious about“为某事或 某人着急”;be upset at“为某事不安或苦恼”;be curious about“对某事好奇”。根据搭配及句意可得出答案为D项。

第9讲

Unit 9 Wheels

第9讲 │ 美文佳句

美文佳句
诵美文 为了提高同学们处理突发事件的能力和自救的能力,你 校决定举办一场地震知识讲座,并观看相关录像。假设你是 校学生会主席,请你以学生会名义用英语写一则书面通知( 写通知时间为2011年8月23日)时间:2011年9月13日,星期二 ,上午8:00地点:学校礼堂内容: 学习有关地震中逃生的 知识,并观看相关录像演讲人:

第9讲 │ 美文佳句
著名地质学家王教授要求:全体学生按时参加;认真听讲, 做好笔记;报告会后进行讨论注意:1.内容要完整,不要逐 字翻译以上提示。2.词数:100左右。3.参考词汇:地震 学家 geologist

第9讲 │ 美文佳句
NOTICE
In order to help students deal with emergencies and save themselves, a lecture will be held in the lecture hall of our school at 8: 00 a.m. on September 13th, 2011, Tuesday. The lecture is mainly about surviving in an earthquake, Students' Union including the signs of a coming earthquake and the dos and don'ts during and after an earthquake. The lecture will be given by Professor Wang, a famous geologist in China. After the lecture, there will be a video about earthquakes. Everybody is required to be present on time. Please listen attentively and take notes. After the lecture, we'll have a discussion in groups. August 23rd, 2011

第9讲 │ 美文佳句
背佳句 In order to help students deal with emergencies and save themselves, a lecture will be held in the lecture hall of our school at 8: 00 a.m. on September 13th, 2011, Tuesday. 为了提高学生处理紧急情况以及开展自救的能力,我校 将于2011年9月13日,星期二上午8时在校礼堂举行一场演 讲。 [赏析] 该句使用了一个将来时的被动语态…will be held。in order to结构在句中作目的状语 ,时间的表达 “at 8: 00 a.m. on September 13th, 2011, Tuesday”值得我们在写作中 借鉴。

第9讲 │课前热身
Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.She is l ikely to disagree, but have a try. 2.Twenty p lus sixteen equals thirtysix. 3.Even then he would not admit (承认) his mistake. 4.The tourists drove northwest (西北). 5.The children are addicted (上瘾) to computer games. 6. Wherever (无论哪里)he went, his dog always followed him. 7.It's my responsibility (责任) to lock the doors. 8.A fish bone stuck (卡住) in his throat, which made him painful. 9.It's a great convenience (方便) to live in the town. 10 . Such a mistake would perhaps lead to disastrous consequences (后果).

第9讲 │课前热身
Ⅱ.英汉互译 1.traffic jam 2.plenty of 3.in the 1960s 4.rely on 5.be worried about sth. 6.have a good impression of 7.persuade sb. of sth. 8.get/be stuck in 9.compare…to… 10.work out

塞车,交通阻塞 大量的,充足的 在20世纪60年代 依赖,依靠 为某事担心/焦虑 对……有好的印象 使某人信服某事 被阻塞在……,卡在某处不能移动 把……比作…… 计算出;设计出

第9讲 │课前热身
11.与……相关 12.对……不好 13.继续做…… 14.找借口 15.沉溺于,沉迷于 16.保持健康 17.减少……的风险 18.不愉快的,厌烦的 19.在……的另一边/端 20.捡起;用车接某人 be related to be bad for carry on doing make an excuse be addicted to keep fit cut the risk of fed up on the other side of pick up

第9讲 │课前热身
Ⅲ.完成句子 1.我要向学校申请奖学金。 I'll apply to the school for the scholarship. 2.众所周知,吸烟有害健康。 As is well known,smoking is bad for health. 3.你多久给家里写一封信?(how often) How often do you write home? 4.这个杀人犯手绑在背后被带了进来。 The murderer was brought in with his hands tied behind his back.

第9讲 │课前热身
5.自行车比汽车更便宜,对环境更有益。(be kind to) Bikes are much cheaper and kinder to the environment than cars. 6.从五点起,他就在做家庭作业。 Since five o'clock, he has been doing his homework.

第9讲 │ 单词点睛

单词点睛
1 convenient adj.便利的,方便的 convenience n. 便利,方便 for convenience 为了方便 at one's convenience 在某人方便时 convenience food/store 便利食品/便利店 【经典句式】 It is convenient to sb. 对某人来说方便 It is convenient for sb. to do sth.某人方便做某事

第9讲 │ 单词点睛
【注意事项】 convenient作表语时,主语应该是表示物的词语,或者是用it 作形式主语,而不可用人作主语。 【活学活用】 (1)Please come at your convenience (在你方便的时候). (2)Will this time and place be convenient to you ( 对 你 方 便 吗)? (3)When I go camping, I often bring some plastic bags for convenience(为了方便).

第9讲 │ 单词点睛
2 benefit n.利益;好处 v.有益于;有助于;受益 beneficial adj. 有益的;受益的 benefit from/by 从……中受益,得益于 to one's benefit… 对某人有益的是…… for the benefit of 为了……的利益 be beneficial to sb./sth.(=be of benefit to sb./ sth.) 对……有益

第9讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)The plants benefited from the rain . 植物得益于这场雨。 (2)It will be to your benefit/beneficial to you/of benefit to you to arrive early. 早到对你有好处。 (3)He was traveling for the benefit of his health. 为了身体健康,他出去旅行了。

第9讲 │ 单词点睛
3 argue vi.& vt. 争论,争辩;说服 argument n. 争论,辩论;争吵 arguer n. 争辩者,辩论者 argue with sb. on/about/over sth. 与某人争论某事 argue against/for 论证,争辩 argue sb. into/out of doing sth. 说服某人做/不做某事 get into an argument with sb. 和某人争吵起来 argue that… 坚持说,坚持认为……

第9讲 │ 单词点睛
【注意事项】 “和某人争论”要用介词with/against;而“就……辩论”则 要用介词on, about或over。 【活学活用】 (1)We argued (argue) him into the adoption of the plan. (2)He argued (argue) that the experiment could be done in another way. (3)She got into an argument (argue) with her mother.

第9讲 │ 单词点睛
4 4 consequence n.后果,结果;重要性 as a consequence /in consequence 结果,因此 as a consequence of /in consequence of 作为……的结果 take/accept/face the consequences 承担后果 be of little /no consequence 不重要的;无足轻重的 be of consequence / importance 重要的

第9讲 │ 单词点睛
【词语辨析】 result, effect,consequence与outcome (1)result结果,后果,指一种具体行动、运动或过程的结 果。如: I was late, with the result that I missed my train. 我迟到了,结果错过了火车。 (2)effect指由于某种原因或行为而产生的结果。如: The film had quite an effect on her. 电影对她产生了很大的影响。

第9讲 │ 单词点睛
(3)consequence指一种行为或情况在逻辑上或自然而然产生 的结果或后果。如: The high level of unemployment has produced harmful social consequences. 高的失业率已经产生了有害的社会后果。 (4)outcome结果,成果,多指事物经过一系列发展变化所导 致的最终结局,而不是某种原因的直接结果。常可与result 通用。如: The outcome of the game is beyond his fondest hopes.比赛结 果使他大喜过望。

第9讲 │ 单词点睛
5 arrest v.&n.逮捕;吸引;阻止;抑制 arrestment n. 阻止; 扣押; 逮捕, 拘留 under arrest 被逮捕 get arrested 遭被捕 arrest sb. for sth. 因某事而逮捕某人 【活学活用】 (1)一幅异乎寻常的画吸引了他的注意。 An unusual painting arrested his eyes/attention . (2)警察破门而入,逮捕了杀人犯。 The police broke into the room and arrested the murderer .

第9讲 │ 单词点睛
(3)罪犯已被捕。 The criminal is under arrest/got arrested . 6 6 responsibility n.责任;责任心 responsible adj. 负责的;责任重大的 responsibly adv. 负责任地;可信赖地 respond v. 回答;反应;应答 response n. 回答;应答 take/have the responsibility for sth. 对某事负责 be responsible for 对……负责

第9讲 │ 单词点睛
make/give a response to 对……作出答复 respond to 对……作出反应或回应 【活学活用】 (1)That means a lot of work and responsibility (责任). (2)Isn't he too young for such a responsible (责任大的)job? (3)He is my student, and I am responsible (负责任)for him. (4)I offered to help her, but she didn't respond (作出反应). (5)He made no response (反应)to my question.

第9讲 │ 单词点睛
7 7 case n. 情形,情况,实例;案件;病例;箱子,盒子 in any case 无论如何 in case 假使;免得;以防(万一) in no case 绝不;在任何情况下都不 in this /that case 假使这/那样的话;在这/那种情况下 in case of 如果;万一 【注意事项】 (1)case表示情况(抽象的地点),若有定语从句修饰,后面的 定语从句多用where 引导。 (2)in no case 置于句首时,句子要用倒装结构。

第9讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 用case或其相关短语的正确形式填空 (1)I brought my key just in case you forgot yours. (2)I don't think I'll need any paper, but I decide to bring some . in case (3) In no case should you give up learning English. (4)Nobody understood her case and none of them can deal with it. (5)He stays at home all day in case there is any missing call.

第9讲 │ 单词点睛
8 appreciate vt.鉴赏;感激;意识到 appreciation n. 评价;鉴赏(力) appreciate doing sth. 欣 赏 / 感 激 做 某 事 deeply/fully/highly/much appreciate 不胜感激 express/show one's appreciation for sth. 为某事表示感激 【注意事项】 appreciate后只跟动名词,不跟不定式,而且不能用人作宾 语。如: Thanks for your help. We did appreciate you.(误) Thanks for your help. We did appreciate it.(正)

第9讲 │ 单词点睛
【经典句式】 I'd appreciate it if… 如果……我会很感激的。如: I would appreciate it if you could give me his address. 如果你肯把他的地址给我,我将感激不尽。 有些动词如like, dislike, hate, see to等,不能直接跟宾语从 句,往往先用it作形式宾语,再接一个宾语从句。如: I don't like it when you get angry. 我不喜欢你生气。 I'm sorry, I should have seen to it that she was told about it. 对不起,我本应该确保她已经被告知此事。

第9讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 用括号中所给词的正确形式填空 (1)His art was not appreciated (appreciate) during his own lifetime. (2)—Did Hana say anything about me in her letter? —Only that she appreciated hearing(hear) from you. 【词语辨析】 thank与appreciate thank的宾语应当是表示“人”的名词或代词,而作“感谢” 解时,appreciate的宾语则应当是表物的名词或代词(即为之表 示感谢的事情的词语)。如:

第9讲 │ 单词点睛
He thanked me for the present. 他感谢我送给他的礼物。 I appreciated the help you have given me. 我对你所给予的帮助表示感谢。 9 addicted adj. 对……上瘾的;沉溺于……的 9 addict vt.(药物等)使上瘾;使沉迷 n.有瘾的人 addiction n. 热衷,专心,上瘾 addictive adj. (药物等) 成习惯的;上瘾的 addict oneself to sth./doing sth. 沉溺于某事(物)/做某事 be /get /become addicted to 对……上瘾

第9讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 英汉互译 (1)不要每天总是沉溺于饮酒。 Don't addict yourself to drinking every day. (2)Her son has become addicted to smoking. 她儿子吸烟成瘾。

第9讲 │ 单词点睛
10 admit vt. 承认;准许进入;容许 admission n. 进入许可; 入场券; 承认 admit (to) sth. 承认某事 admit (to) doing sth. 承认做某事 admit sb./sth. to be… 承认某人/物是…… admit that… 认可…… be admitted as 作为……被接受 be admitted to/ into 获许做某事;获准进入

第9讲 │ 单词点睛
【注意事项】 admit后不能接不定式,只能接动名词作宾语。 误:He admitted to have done wrong. 正:He admitted having done wrong. 他承认自己错了。 【活学活用】 英译汉 (1)The new hall admits 3,000 people. 新大厅可容纳三千人。 (2)You must admit that the task is difficult. 你必须承认这个任务是艰巨的。

第9讲 │ 单词点睛
11 reliable adj. 可靠的;可以信赖的 reliability n. 可信赖性,可靠性 reliably adv. 可靠地;可以信赖地 rely v. 依靠;依赖 rely on=depend on=count on 依赖,依靠,信任 rely on sb. for help 指望某人的帮助 rely on sb. to do sth. 指望某人干某事 【经典句式】 rely on it that…相信会……

第9讲 │ 单词点睛
【活学活用】 (1)—Oh, it's nearly 9 o'clock. Jack should have come earlier. —But you may rely on that he won't be late, since he is always on time. A.that B.this C.it D.which (2)You can on me to do it. A.reliable B.rely C.reliability D.dependence 【答案】 (1)C (2)B

第9讲 │ 单词点睛
12 12 occupy vt.占有;占(时间、空间);拥有; 使从事,使 忙碌 occupied adj. 已占用的; 无空闲的; occupation n. 职业; 占有 occupy a high position 拥有很高的地位/职位 occupy oneself with sth./ (in) doing sth. 使某人忙于(做)某事 be occupied with sth./ in doing sth. 忙于某事 be busy doing sth./with sth. 忙于做某事 be engaged in doing sth. 忙于做某事

【活学活用】 (1)He himself in solving the problem recently. A.occupies B.has been occupying C. occupied D.is occupying (2)The park a third of the city. A.occupies B.belongs to C.stands D.takes on (3)The problem his mind, making him worried. A.covered B.put on C.occupied D.took over 【答案】 (1)B (2)A (3)C

第9讲 │ 短语储存

短语储存
1 1 thanks to 由于;多亏 表示“因为”的短语: because of due to owing to on account of as a result of 表示“因为”的连词有: because, since, now that, as, for

第9讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 翻译下列句子的画线部分 (1)He couldn't attend the meeting owing to illness. 因为生病 (2)The game was cancelled because of the bad weather. 由于坏天气 (3) As a result of the warning,nobody was hurt. 由于得到了预警 (4) Thanks to your help, we overcame the difficulty. 多亏了你的帮助

第9讲 │ 短语储存
(5)He was late on account of traffic jam. 由于交通堵塞 2 2 pull up 拔起; 阻止; (车辆)停止,停车 pull back 拉回;撤退 pull in 到站 pull off 脱下 pull on 穿上 pull through 使……渡过难关

第9讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 英译汉 (1)The driver pulled up at the traffic lights. 。 司机在红绿灯前把车停住 (2)The train pulled in right on time. 。 这列火车正点到站 (3)He pulled off his overcoat and began to work. 他脱下大衣,开始工作 。 (4)He helped to pull me through the difficulty. 。 他帮助我渡过了难关

第9讲 │ 短语储存
3 so far 如……这般远; 到目前为止(=by now) by far =much 修饰比较级或最高级,强调数量、程度等 ……得多;大大地 as (so) far as 到……那么远;就……而言 far from 远离,远远不 【注意事项】 so far常与完成时态连用。

第9讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 用by far,as far as,so far 填空 (1)He is by far the best in our team. (2)It's too bad that you can't go as far as Ottawa, Canada's capital. (3)It's been very successful so far . (4)Besides, as far as he was concerned, what other people thought was not the most important thing.

第9讲 │ 短语储存
4 go up 上升; 兴建起来; 增长 4 go against 违背;与……不符;对……不利 go without 勉强维持,凑合 go down 落下; 减弱; 下降 go in for 爱好;参加;从事 go on 继续 go over 复习,仔细审查;从一处到另一处 go ahead 进行 go away 走开;外出度假;消失

第9讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 (1)The temperature has gone up (上升). (2)Don't went out(违背)your parents'wishes. (3)We waited for the wind to go against(减弱). (4)How long can a human being go down(没有食物维持)? 5 5 ask for 要求得到;需要 ask some money for sth. 索价多少 charge some money for sth. 索价多少 ask sb for sth. 向某人要某物 ask sb. to do sth. 要某人做某事 ask for leave 请假

第9讲 │ 短语储存
【活学活用】 英汉互译 (1) I must ask to be excused. 我得请求原谅 。 (2) 我向父亲请教。 I asked my father for his advice .

第9讲 │ 句型透视

句型透视

1 Wherever someone finished a journey they would leave the bike there for someone else to use. 地点状语从句 wherever+从句/no matter where+从句 wherever用作连接副词,引导地点状语从句,在从句中作地 点状语。地点状语从句还可以由where和anywhere引导,可 以放在主句前,也可以放在主句后。

第9讲 │ 句型透视
【注意事项】 (1)where引导的地点状语从句 ,有时可转换为…in the place where。如: This kind of plant grows well in the place where there?s plenty of rain and sun.=This kind of plant grows well where there's plenty of rain and sun. 这种植物在有阳光和雨水的地方长势良好。 (2)where引导名词性从句,可以转换为the place where。如: That's where you're wrong.=That's the place where you're wrong. 你错就错在这儿。

第9讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 (1)You should put the book where it was (原来的地方). (2) Wherever I am (无论我在哪里), I will think of you. (3)He takes his pet dog with him wherever he goes ( 无 论 他 去哪里). (4)Sit where I can see you (我能看到你的地方). (5)It doesn't matter where you work (你在哪里工作). (6)Is this the factory where your father worked (你爸爸曾经 工作过的地方)?

第9讲 │ 句型透视
【考题示例】 You'd better not leave the medicine it. A.even if B.which C.where D.so that 【答案】 C 2 Do whichever of these things that suit you. whever引导的从句 主句+whever…从句 kids can get at

第9讲 │ 句型透视

【相关句型】 No matter+wh从句,+主句 (1)whatever, whoever, whichever, whomever既可引导名词性 从句,也可引导让步状语从句,在引导让步状语从句时相当 于no matter what/who/which/whom。 (2)whenever,wherever,however引导让步状语从句,相当 于no matter when/where/how。 (3)no matter+wh只能引导让步状语从句,可放在主句前或 主句后。

第9讲 │ 句型透视
【活学活用】 (1)Don't always say comes into your mind.Think twice before saying. A.whenever B.whatever C.however D.whichever (2) we meet with difficulties they always come to help us. A.Whatever B.Whenever C.Whichever D.However 【答案】 (1)B (2)B

第9讲 │ 句型透视
【考题示例】 (1)Eat cake you like and leave the others for whoever comes in late. A.whatever B.whichever C.whoever D.however (2)The lawyer rarely wears anything other than jeans and a Tshirt the season. A.whatever B.wherever C.whenever D.however 【答案】 (1)B (2)A

第9讲 │ 句型透视
3 Have you been cycling in the rain? have/has been doing 现在完成进行时 【注意事项】 现在完成时与现在完成进行时的区别: (1)现在完成时表示动作已经完成,侧重于结果;现在完成进 行时表示动作还在进行,强调动作的持续性。 I have watered the flowers. 我已经给花浇水了。(已完成:你 不必浇了) I have been watering the flowers. 我一直在给花浇水。(未完 成:一直在浇)

第9讲 │ 句型透视
(2)状态动词、感官类动词或情态动词如see,feel,know, love等,不可用于现在完成进行时,但可用于现在完成时。 I have known her for a long time. 我认识她很久了。 【活学活用】 (1)Where have you been living these years? 这些年来你住在哪里? (2)Sorry! I'm late. How long have you been waiting for me ? 抱歉,我来迟了。你等了多久了?

第9讲 │ 句型透视
(3) You've been saying you can succeed for five years. 五年来你一直在说你能成功。 (4)My hands are dirty. I've been painting the door . 我的手很脏,我一直在漆门。 【考题示例】 Cathy is taking notes of the grammatical rules in class at Sunshine School, where she English for a year. A.studies B.studied C.is studying D.has been studying 【答案】 D

第9讲 │ 跟踪训练

跟踪训练
1.Gun control is a subject Americans have argued for a long time. A.of which B.with which C.about which D.into which 【解析】 C 考查定语从句,先行词是gun control,指物, 关系词在从句中作介词的宾语,介词前置,介词与从句动词 构成搭配argue about sth,选C。

第9讲 │ 跟踪训练
2.After seeing the film, . A.the book was read by him B.he wanted to read the book C.the book made him want to read it D.the reading of the book interested him 【解析】 B 根据seeing,判断出后面主句的主语必须是人。

第9讲 │ 跟踪训练
3.—I wonder you'll water this kind of flower. —Every other day. A.how often B.how long C.how soon D.how much 【解析】 A 考查相似疑问词的区别。根据答语Every other day可知对方问的是这种花多久浇一次。how often就频率提 问,符合题意。

第9讲 │ 跟踪训练
4.Miss Jones music at Barden School for five years when she was abroad and now she is an actress. A.had taught B.has taught C.taught D.has been teaching 【解析】 C 本题考查时态。句意为:她以前在国外时学了 五年音乐。过去某段时间做的事情应该用一般过去时。

第9讲 │ 跟踪训练
5.[2010· 福建卷] Stephen Hawking believes that the earth is unlikely to be the only planet life has developed gradually. A. that B. where C. which D. whose 【解析】 B 考查定语从句。where引导定语从句,在从句 中作地点状语,修饰the only planet。

第9讲 │ 跟踪训练
6.So far this year we a fall in house prices by between 5 and 10 percent. A.saw B.see C.had seen D.have seen 【解析】 D 考查动词时态的用法。so far“迄今为止”,so far this year“到今年为止”应该与现在完成时连用。

第9讲 │ 跟踪训练
7.She admitted a story to explain the reason why she was late. A.to have made up B.having told C.to have told D.having made up 【解析】 D “承认做过……”,要用admit加现在分词的完 成式;“编造故事”,用词组make up。

第9讲 │ 跟踪训练
8.I hate when the weather in Changsha becomes freezing cold because there is no heater inside. A.this B.that C.it D.so 【解析】 C 有些动词(词组)如like, appreciate , dislike,see to,hate不能直接接宾语从句,往往先用it作形式宾语,再接 一个宾语从句。

第9讲 │ 跟踪训练
9.[2010· 江西卷] Computers and mobile phones,though they are indeed making our life and more , have reduced the need for face- face tocommunications. A. easily;efficient B. easier;efficient C. easy;efficiently D. easily;efficiently 【解析】 B 考查形容词用法。使役动词make后接形容词作 宾语补足语,此处意为“计算机和手机使得我们的生活更轻 松、更高效”。

第9讲 │ 跟踪训练
10.Fully in looking after three children at home, she no longer has time to enjoy various activities in the club. A.attached B.occupied C.contributed D.devoted 【 解 析 】 B 考 查 短 语 搭 配 。 be occupied in doing“ 忙 于……”。

第9讲 │ 作文点拨

作文点拨
议论文的写作 一、写作指南 议论文是以议论为主要表达方式的文体,通过摆事实、 讲道理、辨是非的方式来表达观点和看法。议论文常由论 点、论据和论证三部分构成。 命题特点: 1.议论文的主要命题形式是以提纲式、表格式和图画式来 呈现写作材料的。

第9讲 │ 作文点拨
2.它要求语言必须简练、准确。要尽可能避免使用口语, 多用书面语,可适当使用名言警句;以议论为主,辅之以叙 述、说明和描写等手法。 高分策略: 1.使用三段式作文法 所谓三段式作文法,就是将一篇书面表达按三段的写作模式 布局谋篇,即在论述观点时,按提出问题、分析问题、解决 问题的逻辑顺序来安排文章结构。该写作模式思路清晰,结 构分明,是我们提高议论文作文档次的首选方案。 (1)第一段开门见山直奔主题,提出要解决的问题或观点,或 者交代清时间、地点、人物、事件。

第9讲 │ 作文点拨
(2)第二段摆出事实或提出论据,或者把事情发展的经过详细 写出来。该部分条理要清楚,过渡要自然,也就是评分细则 所要求的“有效地使用了语句间的过渡词、句,使全文结构 紧凑,完全达到预期的写作目的”。 为了迅速把握句与句、 段与段的连接方式,很有必要熟记表示各种逻辑意义的过渡 词语。 (3)最后一段,得出结论。可以有三种方式: ①重复中心思想,回到文章开头提出的中心思想或主题上, 达到再次肯定和强调的效果。 ②引用。用格言或名人名言总结全文,既言简意赅,又有较 强的说服力。

第9讲 │ 作文点拨
③得出结论。文章最后用几句话概括全文内容,并进一步肯 定文章的中心思想或作者观点。 2.选用合理的论证方法。常用的论证方法有: (1)对照法,即把正反两方面进行对照,然后加以分析,得出 结论。 (2)演绎法,即从一般原理出发,对个别事物进行说明、分 析,然后得出结论。 (3)驳论法,即先列出错误的观点,然后逐条加以反驳,最后 阐明自己的观点。 3.确定文章时态 因为议论文是针对一种现象进行评论,所以常用一般现在时 态。

第9讲 │ 作文点拨
4.谨慎发表看法 如果短文要求考生发表自己的看法,应力求紧扣主题、言简 意 赅 。 经 典 句 式 有 : In my opinion… ; Personally speaking…; As far as I'm concerned… 5.观点式议论文的写作模板 第一段根据提示陈述一下所谈论的话题。第二段分别提出双 方的观点,并进行论述。可以采用下列句型:观点陈述① Some people think that…;The reason is that…;Besides, … (Some are against the view that…) 。 观 点 陈 述 ② (However/On the other hand) Others have just the opposite opinion. They think that…;

第9讲 │ 作文点拨
What's more,…(Some are in favor of the view that…)。第 三段陈述个人的看法,可以采用下列句型:As far as I am concerned , … ; In my opinion , … ; It's my opinion that…;For one reason,… For another reason…;In a word,… 6.图画式议论文的写作模板 对于看图画/表式议论文,写作时,第一段描述图画所反映 的问题,第二段分析该现象产生的原因,第三段发表一下自 己的看法。可以套用以下模板:

第9讲 │ 作文点拨
As is shown . In my opinion/I think we should (On the one hand, . On the other hand, ). In addition(Additionally), we should . As far as I am concerned, I hold ./Only in this way can we . 二、 真题欣赏 [2010· 安徽卷] 假设你将参加某英语杂志社开展的一次征文 活动,征文的内容要求你在电视、手机(cell)和网络三者中, 放弃其中一个并陈述理由。请你以“Which would you give up: TV, cell, or Web?”为题,写一篇英语短文。

第9讲 │ 作文点拨
注意: 1.词数:100左右; 2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 【思路点拨】 1.本文是一篇议论文,时态以一般现在时为主,用第一人 称。 2.第一段概述对电视、手机和网络的看法。第二段阐述自 己的观点——放弃哪一个,并陈述理由。第三段简要阐明自 己选择保留哪一个的理由。

第9讲 │ 作文点拨
【示例】 Which would you give up:TV, cell or Web? We are now living in an information age, in which TV, cells and the Web are widely used. It seems that many people cannot enjoy themselves without them. However, if I had to give up one of them,I would turn off the TV rather than switch off my cell or cut off the Internet. I could do without TV because few shows take my fancy and there're too many commercials. Besides, most programs on TV are also available elsewhere.

第9讲 │ 作文点拨
As for cells and the Web, they are more necessary to me. I need a cell to keep in touch with my friends and family, and almost all information can be gathered on the Internet. 【好词好句积累】 1. be widely used 被广泛使用 rather than 而不是 cut off 切断 do without 没有……也行 available 可获得的 as for 至于,关于 keep in touch with 和……保持联系

第9讲 │ 作文点拨
2. We are now living in an information age , in which TV, cells and the Web are widely used. (“介词+关系代词” 引导的非限制性定语从句) 三、实战演练 (一) 据报道,几位慈善人士最近几年一直资助五名贫穷大学 生,但是,这些学生从来没有表达他们的感激之情,所以这 几位慈善人士决定停止资助。此事在社会上引起了广泛的争 论,某报为此在读者中展开了调查。请你以“Do They Have to Say Thanks?”为题,根据下列表格所列信息及要求用英 语写一篇短文,投到该报的Readers' Letters栏目。

第9讲 │ 作文点拨
赞成者的理由 不赞成者的理由 你的看法

1.别人没有义务帮你;
2.学生们会变得自私。 …… 1.说“谢谢”不是唯一的感谢方式 ; 2.帮助别人本身就是一种快乐。 …… ……

第9讲 │ 作文点拨
注意: 1. 词数:120左右; 2. 参考词汇:捐赠donate One possible version: Do They Have to Say Thanks? Do they have to say thanks? Some people say yes. They think when others donate money to us, we should be thankful. After all, it's not others' duty to help us. Besides, if people continue helping the five students, they will take it for granted. As a result, they will become selfish.

第9讲 │ 作文点拨
Others, however, think the students should not. They think saying “thanks” in words is not the only way to express appreciation. Studying hard and doing something in return for society in the future is the best way to show their thanks. On the other hand, helping others is a kind of happiness. In my opinion, maybe some students are not good at expressing their feelings. But when getting help, they should say “Thank you”.

第9讲 │ 作文点拨
(二) 近年来,在大学新生入学时,媒体对“父母护送子女上学”的现象作了一 些报道,引发了许多讨论,赞同和不赞同的声音都有。假如某英语报记者 对你进行采访,征求你对此现象的看法,请你根据下表提示,用英语写一 篇短文,表达自己的观点,并说明理由。 赞同 不赞同

首次远离家门;
缺乏社会经验; 家长很不放心; …………

已经长大成人;
获取社会经验; 培养独立能力; …………

第9讲 │ 作文点拨
注意: 1.只能选择写一种观点,赞同或不赞同;除提示外还可适 当增加你认为重要的理由; 2.短文开头已分别给出,把所选的开头句子抄写下来,然 后接着写。开头句子不计入总词数; 3.词数:120左右。 参考词汇:放心feel relieved;新生freshman One possible version: For:I think it's normal and understandable for parents to accompany their children to college.

第9讲 │ 作文点拨
Firstly, most students have never stayed far away from home until they are admitted to universities. Since this is the first time for them to travel to college, they need their parents' company and help. Secondly, being the only child in the family, they lack social experience, so their parents will not feel relieved unless they accompany them to college. Thirdly, parents can take the opportunity to travel with their children, relaxing and enjoying sightseeing on the journey.

第9讲 │ 作文点拨
Last but not least, parents can help their children to get used to the college environment sooner and make a good start of their college life. As far as I am concerned, I would be very happy if my parents accompany me to my university. Against: I don't think it's necessary for parents to accompany their children to college. We have grown up and can look after ourselves without our parents' help. As far as I am concerned, I can manage to travel alone to college. I may also invite some other students as companions if possible.

第9讲 │ 作文点拨
I'm sure by relying on myself I can train myself to be more independent and gain more social experience. I believe the service for freshmen must be good enough and well organized. I can fit in with the new environment and make new friends very soon. What's more, it's convenient for me to keep in touch with my family by phones or through the Internet whenever and wherever I need. If my parents want to accompany me to college, I'll certainly try to persuade them not to.

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