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Vocabulary on Chapter 3(练习)


Vocabulary on Chapter 3
1. chain n. 链,连锁 a chain of mountains= a mountain chain 连绵的山(山脉) chain store: 连锁店 food chain:食物链 I bought this loaf of bread in the ______ store opposite the street. 2. lie -- lay-- lain-- lying 位于,躺,卧 lie---lied ---lied --lying 说谎 lay –laid—laid—laying 将…置放,孵蛋 The village______ across the river. ______ have short legs. He_______ about his age to join the army. You may ________ it on the table. 3. base(n.)---basic (adj. 基本的) be based on sth: 以…为根据 This novel is _______ on historical facts. Many languages have Latin as their ________. 4. bronze(n)/ silver(n. 银)/ gold (n. 金) a bronze medal :铜牌 5. scenery(n.风景)—scenic (adj. 景色优美的 )—scene(n. 场景) scenic spots: 风景点 scenic area 风景区 The country abounds in _______ and natural wonders. We passed through some beautiful ______on our journey through this district. Reporters were soon on the _______ after the accident 6. peak : top of a mountain reach a peak : 到达顶峰 at the peak of one's career:在事业巅峰 At ______ hours, the traffic is very heavy. The mountain ______ are covered with snow all year. 7. reflection (n.)—reflect (v. 反映,反射) reflect on: 考虑(回想, 回顾) reflect on life 思考人生 I often _______ _____ the beauty and complexity of life. The sunlight was ________ in the water. 日光由水面反射出来. The cat felt curious when she saw her own ________ in the mirror. 8. direction(n.)— direct(v. 指导,指挥 adj. 直接的)—director (n. 导演)--directly(adv. 直接的) in every direction/in all directions 四面八方 Stones were flying about in every ______. 石块朝四面八方乱飞. The general _______ that the prisoners should be set free.
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9. extra 额外的 extra homework extra bus/train... extra edition 特号, 临时增刊 By doing ______ homework, he soon got ahead of his class-mates. There were so many people that the company put on _______ buses. 10. fake n. 假货, 欺骗 v. 伪造, 伪装; 假造 fake money: 假钱 He _______ his father's signature. That's not a real diamond necklace, it's just a_______! 11. cheat v. 欺骗 n. 欺骗;骗子 ---cheater n.骗子 cheat on 不忠于... He never ______ to pass exams.他考试从不作弊. I would rather ______ than cheat in the exam. 11. sign n. 标志;符号 v. 签;做标记—signature (n. 签名) The football team has signed two new players. She signed her name to the document. 12. audience n. 观众(指整体为单数,指个人为复数) There was a ______ _________ in the theatre.剧院中观众甚多. Three thousand _______ crowded the concert hall. The ________ is/are always very excited by a wonderful goal. 一个精采的进球总会使观众们非常激动. 12. appreciate v. 感谢 ---appreciation n. 感谢;赏识;欣赏 She shows little _______ of good music. I really _______ a good cup of tea. 13. contact v. n. 联系;接触 与...取得联系 make contact with Keep contact with sb = keep in touch with sb 与...保持联系 Have the children _______ _____ _____ with disease? 14. body n. 主体;身体;尸体 We often use ______ language to convey extra meaning. I was sickened at/by the sight of the dead ______. The sun, moon and stars are heavenly _______(天体) 15. state v. 陈述;说 n. 情形, 状态, 国家, 政府, 州 adj.国家的, 国有的, 州的 three states of state 物质三态
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one of the 50 states in the United States of America 美国 50 个州中的一个 state one's views 陈述自己的观点 _______ your name and address.请说出你的姓名和地址. 16. take shape: develop into a clear form 成形 The plan is beginning to ______ _____in my mind. It will take a long time before the building ______shape. 17. in advance ( of sth) ahead of time 预先;事先;事前 The rent must be paid ____ ______. It's impossible to know____ ______what will happen. 18. case(n.) in case of sth: 假设遇到某事 ____ ______ ____ fire, ring the alarm bell. In this ______ , let's start earlier. 既然这样, 我们就早点开始.

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