广东省中山市 2010 届高三第一学期期末统一考试 英 语
本试卷共 12 页，四大题，满分 150 分。考试用时 120 分钟。 注意事项：1. 答卷前，考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将自己的姓名和考生号、试室 号、座位号填写在答题卡上。 2. 选择题每小题选出答案后， 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目选项的答案信息点 用 涂黑，如需改动，用橡皮擦干净后，再
选涂其他答案，答案不能答在试卷上。 3. 非选择题必须用黑色字迹钢笔或签字笔作答，答案必须写在答题卡各题目指 定区域内相应位置上；如需改动，先划掉原来的答案，然后再写上新的答案； 不准使用铅笔和涂改液。不按以上要求作答的答案无效。 4. 考生必须保持答题卡的整洁。考试结束后，将试卷和答题卡一并交回。 I 听力 (共两节。满分 35 分) 第一节 听力理解 (5 段共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 每段播放两遍。各段后有几个小题，各段播放前每小题有 5 秒钟的阅题时间。请根据各 段播放内容及其相关小题，在 5 秒钟内从题中所给的 A、B、C 项中，选出最佳选项，并在 答题卡上将该项涂黑。 听第一段对话，回答第 1～3 题。 1. What kind of films does the man like? A. Comedies B. Science fiction films 2. Where does the man listen to music only? A. At home B. On his way home 3. What do we know about the man? A. He dislikes classical music. B. He likes reading novels best. C. He watches films twice a week. 听第二段对话，回答第 4～6 题。 4. What are they talking about? A. Living． B. Traveling. 5. Where was the woman’s father born? A．In the city. B. In the countryside. A. Because they have special ways of planting. B. Because they have special soil. C. Because they have a lab on the farm. 听第三段对话，回答第 7～9 题。
C. Musicals C. On his way to work
C. Farming. C. In a worker’s family.
6. Why do the people on the man’s farm make the seed by themselves?
7. What does the man have to do if he rents that apartment? A. He has to clean the house himself. B. He has to rent the house himself. C. He has to install the gas device himself. 8. What else is the man's responsibility besides having his telephone installed? A. To contact the gas and power companies. B. To contact the water company. C. To contact the water and electricity companies. 9. When will the man call on the woman? A. In 90 minutes. B. In 30 minutes. C. In 60 minutes.
听第四段对话，回答第 10～12 题。 10. What can we learn from the conversation? A. Sally loves arguing with her dad. B. Teens have their own ideas about how to dress. C. Sally's dad doesn't want her to wear decent dresses. 11. What do we know about Sally's dad? A. He is open-minded. B. He is narrow-minded. C. He is old-fashioned. 12. Why is Sally dressing herself in that way? A. Because she is hard to get along with. B. Because she is trying to follow the fashion. C. Because she is a spoilt child. 听第五段独白，回答第 13～15 题。 13. Why couldn’t the woman see the sun? A. Because the situation was bad. B. Because the sky was full of smoke. C. Because the sky was getting dark. 14. Where was her husband? A. He was in town. B. He was in the garden. C. He was abroad. 15. What things did the woman take with her? A. Her clothes, passport, bankbook and money. B. Useful things, such as clothes and food. C. Her clothes, drinks, money and books. 第二节 听取信息 (共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分) 听下面一段独白，请根据题目要求，从所听到的内容中获取必要的信息，填人答题卡 标号为 16～20 的空格中。听录音前，你将有 10 秒钟的阅题时间，录音读两遍。你将有 60 秒钟的作答时间。 Who What to do When
Students Tulane University Loyola University New Orleans Harvard University The United States Department of Education
Have received Reopen Reopen Will admit 19
Recently 17 18 Next year recently of 2006 , 2006
Announced rules to help displaced students to get 20
II 语言知识及应用 (共两节，满分 35 分) 第一节 完形填空 (共 10 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 20 分) 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 21～30 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最 佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
Have you ever heard of the Statue of Liberty? The Statue of Liberty, one of the most 21 monuments in the world, was presented to the United States of America in the 22 by the 23 ten years to complete. The actual figure was made of copper 24 constructed by Eiffel. nineteenth century by the people of France. The great statue, which was sculptor August Bartholdi, 25
supported by a metal framework（构架）which had been to be built. The site 26
it could be transported to the United States, a site had to be found for it and a pedestal had was an island at the entrance of New York Harbor. By 1884, a 27 28
statue which was 151 feet tall had been erected in Paris. The following year, it was taken to and sent to America. By the end of October 1886, the statue had been put together monument has been a New York Harbor to 21. A. interesting 22. A. cut 23. A. cost 24. A. especially 25. A. When 26. A. chosen 27. A. figures 28. A. more 29. A. sight 30. A. make 29 30
and it was officially presented to the American people by Bartholdi. Ever since then, the great of liberty for the millions of people who have passed through their homes in America. B. famous B. designed B. spent B. necessarily B. After B. made B. sites B. once B. scenery B. find C. exciting C. bought C. took C. usually C. Before C. seen C. places C. again C. picture C. set D. beautiful D. sent D. paid D. extremely D. Until D. founded D. pieces D. ever D. symbol D. buy
第二节 语法填空 (共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文，按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求，在空格处填入一个适当
的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空，并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 31～40 的相应位置 上。 The human body has developed its millions of nerves to be highly aware of what goes on both inside and outside of it. This helps us adjust to 31 outside world. Without our 32 is happening.
nerves and our brain, which is a system of nerves, we couldn’t know But we pay for our sensitivity. We can feel 33
(pain) when the slightest thing is wrong
with any part of our body. The history of torture ( 折磨 ) is based on the human body being open to pain. 34 there is a way to handle pain. Look at the Indian fakir ( 苦行僧 ) who sits on a
bed of nails. It is also believed that Fakirs can put a needle right through an arm, and feel no pain. This about 35 36 (able) that some humans have developed to handle pain should give us ideas the mind can deal with pain. 37 it. If the dentist says, "This 39 (relax) , and by
The big thing in withstanding pain is our attitude will hurt a little," 38
helps us to accept the pain. By staying
treating the pain as an interesting sensation ( 感觉 ), we can handle the pain without falling apart. After all, although pain is an are the stuff of life. 40 (pleasant) sensation, it is still a sensation, and sensations
Ⅲ 阅读 (共两节，满分 40 分) 第一节 阅读理解 (共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。 A Asked Tuesday how Christmas would differ this year, eight-year-old first daughter Sasha Obama showed she is quite comfortable with the perk of dad's job, replying: "It will be easier to get on the plane than last year." As President Barack Obama prepares to fly his family off to Hawaii for the Christmas holidays, Sasha and older sister Malia, 11, visited Washington's Children's National Medical Center with their mother. "How will the holidays be different for you this year?" one curious child asked, prompting the response from Sasha which was met with a chorus of laughter. Since taking office in January, Obama and his family have had two Boeing 747 airplanes at their disposal, luxuriously outfitted aircraft that are designated as "Air Force One" when the president is aboard. "Every year, ever since the kids were born and even before, we go to Hawaii, because that's where the president is from," First Lady Michelle Obama explained to the audience of some 200 children, some of them in wheelchairs.
"So as soon as all the work here is done, we'll go there." The first lady and her daughters carefully dodged another question from a child who wanted to know what Christmas present they would be giving the president. "Oh, I can't tell," Michelle Obama said. "Don't say it, just give it a category," she cautioned her daughters. The First Lady divulged that her husband could expect something related to sports, with Sasha adding: "It's something he likes." Michelle Obama and her daughters also revealed that there are some 26 Christmas trees distributed throughout the White House. "Unfortunately, you don't get presents under all of them," Malia said. Reading festive stories to the children, Michelle Obama and her daughters were keeping up a tradition of visiting sick kids during the Christmas season started by Bess Truman, former president Harry Truman's wife. 41. The underlined word “perk” in Paragraph 1 probably means ________. A. possibility B. convenience C. disadvantage D. position.
42. From the questions asked, we can see that the children in Washington's Children's National Medical Center are interested in ________. A. how the first family enjoy their holiday. B. how the president carries out his policy. C. what the president likes. D. how the first family make use of their planes 43. From the passage, we can NOT know exactly ________. A. how the first family will go to enjoy their Christmas. B. where the first family will go to enjoy their Christmas. C. what present the president will receive on Christmas. D. when the first will lady and first daughters go to enjoy their Christmas. 44. Who started the tradition of visiting with sick kids during the Christmas? A. A former president C. A former first lady B. The congress D. Harry Truman.
45. According to this passage, which of the following statements is NOT true? A. "Air Force One" refers to the planes especially for the president of America. B. President Obama is a sports lover. C. The children in Washington's Children's National Medical Center find the first daughter’s answers interesting and funny. D. It has been a tradition for the first lady to visit sick kids during the Christmas season since the 19th century. B ‘Dwelling Narrowness,' 《蜗居》a hit TV series about the struggles of two sisters to make it in the dynamic metropolis of Shanghai, focuses on a decidedly less glamorous aspect of in the big
city: rising housing prices, and the effect on the young. Over the past month, the TV drama has drawn a great deal of attention from young Chinese who discuss the program online. Many argue that Shanghai's rising housing prices are at the root of the tragic events in the storyline, and the term 'house slaves' has become a popular slang term to describe people like Haiping. In a recent (unscientific) survey by Chinese Web portal Sina.com, more than 60% of 15,000 voters agreed with the statement that 'the drama reflects the public's sentiment on house slaves.'. Another poll by Tencent drew more than 360,000 votes, with most agreeing with the statement that 'happiness is closely related to owning a home.' According to the latest report from China Index Academy, a domestic real estate research institute(中国房地产研究机构), as of October this year, the average house price in Beijing has reached 16,057 yuan per square meter, a 54% increase from the average price of 10,403 yuan in January. In Shanghai, the average residential price for October was 16,954 yuan per square meter, up 22% since January. Despite new measures by the Chinese government to emphasize construction of low-cost houses, the new report on housing by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences warns that low and middle-income families are 'not well-covered' by the existing residence-guarantee system, which is intended to provide a type of rent and housing price-control. The report concluded that supporting policies haven't been well implemented. In a post on a Tianya discussion forum, the author, Mr. Ying compares current housing price to a 'wild and unpredictable horse.' The current situation 'has pushed the social problems resulting from the housing issue to their peak. The cruelty of life depicted by the drama strikes a responsive chord among every citizen who is obsessed by high property prices. Others say it's a bit extreme to regard housing prices as the source of all evils, and that it's unfair to use housing prices as a proxy (替身) for all social problems. On a Xinhua property forum, a commenter called Jiangjun32 wrote that 'the home is just a fuse for the ensuing tragedies' on 'Dwelling Narrowness', but the underlying cause of the troubles is the character's greed and desire. 46. The purpose of writing this passage is to ________. A. comment the TV series ‘Dwelling Narrowness' . B. draw the readers’ attention to the social problem: increasing house price. C. discuss the solutions to the social problem: increasing house price. D. tell us the reasons for the social problem: increasing house price. 47. Why did the writer mention the TV series ‘Dwelling Narrowness'? A. to tell us how popular the TV series is now. B. to prove that the TV series is very successful. C. to lead to the topic of the passage. D. to show the writer’s appreciation on the TV series. 48. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE? A. High housing prices are the source of all evils. B. Jiangjun32 agrees that the home is exactly the underlying cause for the tragedies on 'Dwelling Narrowness'. C. 60% of 15,000 voters agree that 'happiness is closely related to owning a home.' D. the TV series reflects some people’s struggling life in big cities.
49. According to Paragraph 4, which of the following statements is WRONG? A. In this October, the average housing price of Shanghai is higher than that of Beijing. B. The Chinese government has new measures to emphasize construction of low-cost houses. C. The housing prices in Shanghai and Beijing have gone up since this January. D. the existing residence-guarantee system works well. 50. The underlined word “implemented” in Paragraph 4 probably means ________. A. put on B. carried on C. carried out D. put forward C As the pace of life continues to increase, we are fast losing the art of relaxation. Once you are in the habit of rushing through life, being on the go from morning till night, it is hard to slow down. But relaxation is essential for a healthy mind and body. Stress is an natural part of everyday life and there is no way to avoid it. In fact, it is not the bad thing it is often supposed to be. A certain amount of stress is vital to provide motivation and give purpose to life. It is only when the stress gets out of control that it can lead to poor performance and ill health. The amount of stress a person can withstand depends very much on the individual. Some people are not afraid of stress, and such characters are obviously prime material for managerial responsibilities. Others lose heart at the first signs of unusual difficulties. When exposed to stress, in whatever form, we react both chemically and physically. In fact we make choice between "fight" or "flight" and in more primitive days the choice made the difference between life or death. The crises we meet today are unlikely to be so extreme, but however little the stress, it involves the same response. It is when such a reaction lasts long, through continued exposure to stress, that health becomes endangered. Such serious conditions as high blood pressure and heart disease have established links with stress. Since we cannot remove stress from our lives (it would be unwise to do so even if we could), we need to find ways to deal with it. 51. People are finding less and less time for relaxing themselves because A. they do not know how to enjoy themselves B. they do not believe that relaxation is important for health C. they are travelling fast all the time D. they are becoming busier with their work 52. According to the writer, the most important character for a good manager is his A. not fearing stress B. knowing the art of relaxation C. high sense of responsibility D. having control over performance 53. Which of the following statements is true? A. We can find some ways to avoid stress. B. Stress is always harmful to people. C. It is easy to change the habit of keeping oneself busy with work. D. Different people can withstand different amounts of stress. 54. In Paragraph 3, "such a reaction" refers back to _____________. A. "making a choice between 'flight' or 'fight'" B. "reaction to stress both chemically and physically" C. "responding to crises quickly" D. "losing heart at the signs of difficulties" 55. In the last sentence of the passage, "do so " refers to ____________. .
A. "expose ourselves to stress" C. "remove stress from our lives"
B. "find ways to deal with stress" D. "established links between diseases and stress"
第二节 信息匹配 (共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分) 阅读下列应用文及相关信息，并按照要求匹配信息。请将答案填涂在答题卡标号为 56~60 的相应位置上。 首先，请请阅读下面广告信息： A. EarlyChinese.com We offer good quality Chinese books for very young children, especially for bilingual kids. It was created to help parents, grandparents, teachers and nannies to teach young children about Chinese language, literature, culture, holidays and traditions. Our mission is to provide you with Resources to early education in Chinese; the Convenience of ordering books from your home; the Community you can utilize to better your child’s life. B. Nan Hai Company, Inc. USA is comprised of the following two major divisions: Chinese Language Education & Research Center utilizes and integrates available resources and facilities for the promotion of research and advancement of Chinese language education in the US and US-China educational exchanges; Chinese Language Materials offers the biggest collection of Chinese language learning textbooks and reference materials. It has always been dedicated to the promotion of cultural and education exchange between the United States and China. C. AppO2 Children's Books is a webstore that enables parents to easily and quickly purchase books for their children from their iPhone. In addition to the primary functionality of being able to purchase most in-pint books, the site will also host occasional articles, research, and links to materials of interest to parents of reading children and teenagers. Choose the title of the book you wish to purchase or search by the author's name, elect the format you want and then place your order – it's as simple as that. D. Harvard Book Store is excited to welcome business and technology writer DANIEL PINK as he explores what makes us most productive, and discusses his new book, Drive: The Surprising Truth About What Motivates Us. In Drive, he demonstrates that while the old-fashioned carrot-and-stick approach worked successfully in the 20th century, it's precisely the wrong way to motivate people for today's challenges. Pink explains that the secret to high performance and satisfaction in today's world is the deeply human need to direct our own lives, to learn and create new things, and to do better by ourselves and our world. E. Eslite was the first bookstore to hold the artistic activities and set up its Showroom Display. Even since its establishment in June 1990, Eslite’s has held a total of 694 exhibitions (an average at 115 per year) with a wide range of activities, including acting, art, dance, movies, humanity, photographs, ecology, and opera. In addition, Eslite has collaborated to hold various activities, including Week of Female Art , Art Festival on Human Body and Historical Shows..
F. The City College of San Francisco Do you dream about achieving a college degree, but
have postponed realizing that dream because you have a demanding full-time job, children to raise, or a busy personal life? Then this program is right for you! The Working Adults Degree
Program offers classes at convenient times for working adults (evenings and Saturday mornings). There is an advisor specifically for this program, a computer lab with programs designed to help students increase their English and Math skills, priority registration, and the benefit of attending classes in a smaller setting. 现在，请阅读下面人物的信息，根据他们的实际情况，进行信息匹配： 56. Bestsey is an accountant in a trade company. She knows that employees with degrees have an edge in finding better-paying career positions and succeeding in them and want to be one of those employees. But she is busy working during work days and busy looking after her three children during weekends. The only time she can spare is the evenings when her husband is back home from work. 57. Karen is a writer, who recently intends to write a book about children. She needs to do some research on children and teenagers. She also wants to buy some books for children through net with her cellphone. 58. Peter is the vice president of Confucious College of Boston, where most students take Chinese language courses or Chinese culture related courses. He wants to get some useful resources to improve his students’ performance. He also intends to go to China one day to explore its education. 59. Howard is a personnel manager of a large company, which offers high salary, but with strict punishment rules. It worked well in the past. But now the staff seem to have performed badly. He wants to know why and wants to do something to trigger his staff’s motivation for better performance. 60. Jason Chen has immigrated to the US for 10 years and has a 5-year-old daughter, who can speak both English and Chinese. He doesn’t want his daughter to lose the Chinese root. So he wants to buy her some good Chinese books about Chinese language, literature and culture. Ⅳ 写作(共两节，满分 40 分) 第一节 基础写作 (共 1 小题，满分 15 分) 假设有一批外国友人来你校参观学习, 请你根据下面的提示用英语写一篇学校简介。 [写作内容] 建校时间 学校规模 教学设施 教学情况 教学成果 1980 年（近三十年历史） 占地约 20 万平方米, 60 个教学班级, 400 多名教师, 5000 多名学生 先进, 齐全 教师关爱学生、努力工作，学生德智体全面发展 各类竞赛成果显著, 高考成绩列全市前茅
[写作要求] 1．必须使用 5 个句子表达全部的内容； 2．文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。
第二节 读写任务 (共 1 小题,满分 25 分) 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 "PEKING University is no longer open to group tours of primary school students and adults," an authority from the university stated this week, in an effort to "protect the normal operation of the university". However, many pupils and their parents who are attracted to this key university feel frustrated at being refused entry. In the past, Peking University received millions of visitors every year. However, too many visits have had a negative impact on teaching, research and everyday life and led to heavy traffic. The statement has generated a heated discussion nationwide. Some experts applaud the decision to reduce visitor numbers. They say it will improve the annoying status quo (现状) of too many tourists on campus. But group tour visitors oppose the move, claiming that Peking University is not only a university for its students, but a key university for the whole country. It shouldn’t arbitrarily (任意 地)shut its doors to group tours. [写作要点] 1．概括短文的内容要点，该部份的字数大约 30 左右。 2． 就“Should Beida refuse tourists?” 这个主题发表你的看法， 至少包含以下的内容要点， 该部份的字数大约 120 左右： a) 简述北大禁止游人参观理由； b) 你是如何看待北大拒绝游客的做法，并以你亲身经历来说明你的观点； c) 你认为应该如何解决这个问题。
[写作要求] 1．可以使用实例或其他论述方法支持你的论点，也可以参照阅读短文材料的内容，但 不能直接引用原文中的句子； 2．作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。
[评分标准] 概括准确, 语言规范, 内容合适, 篇章连贯。
广东省中山市 2010 届高三第一学期期末统一考试 英语参考答案
听力理解: 1-5 ACBCB 6-10 BAABB 11-15 CBBCA 听取信息: 16. offers of help 17. In the spring 18. In January 19. 25 college students 20. financial aid 完形填空： 21-25 BBCAC 语法填空：31. the 36. how 阅读理解： 41-45 信息匹配： 56-60 32. what 37. toward 26-30 33. pain 38. it 46-50 ADCDA 34. But 35. ability
39. relaxed 40. unpleasant
基础写作： Our school was set up in 1980 and has now a history of nearly thirty years. It covers nearly 200,000 squre meters, and we have 60 classes, over 400 teachers and more than 5,000 students.Our school is fully equipped with all kinds of advanced teaching devices.The teachers loves their students and are devoted to their teaching so that all the students are developing morally, mentally and physically. We have performed wonderfully in all kinds of competitions and we are also among the best of the schools of our city in the National College Entrance Examinations. 读写任务： It’s reported that Peking University says NO to group tours of primary school students and adults to protect the normal operation of the university which arises a heated discussion among people. Some agree to the measure, while others oppose it. In fact , Peking University refuse tourists has its own reason. It seems crowded in the limited campus with too many visitors. Some make great noise and litter rubbish everywhere, which may bring a lot of chaos. Beida also has to employ a number of students to regulate visitors or guide the tour, which brings a huge burden to the management of Beida. More importantly, it severely interfere the teaching and normal operation of the university . As for the move of Peking University, I don’t support it.. Firstly , Peking University is not only for its current students but also for all Chinese people. Tourists should be able to enter the university freely. Top universities should be open to the public. Moreover, Peking University is a key and famous university in China, which is also an ideal place for many highschool students and parents. They usually come to see it during the summer vacation, which is a great chance for them to feel the thick academic atmosphere . This experience is more important than what they learn from books or classes. I once visited Qinghua University. I was amazed by the beautiful and quiet campus, and it motivates me to study hard to go to this university in the future.
Of course, the university authorities should try to think of other solutions other than simply shutting the doors to group tours. They can limit the number of visitors every day, primary school students and adult visitors. Secondary school students should not limited.They may also collect some entrance fees to guarantee the regulation or guidance.