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优 高考英语写作常用的50种高级句型


高考英语写作常用的 50 种高级句型
相同的材料, 相同的时间, 不同的学生利用程度不同, 我相信你是可以学以致用的那个人! ——By LT (Dec, 12) 1) 主语+ cannot emphasize the importance of ? too much. (再怎么强调??的重要性也不为过。 ) 例如: We cannot emphasize the importance of protecting our eyes too much. 2) There is no need for sb to do sth.\ for sth. (某人没有必要做??) , 例如: There is no need for you to bring more food. 不需你拿来更多的食物了。 3)By +doing?,主语 can ?. (借着??,??能够??) ,例如:By taking exercise, we can always stay healthy. 借着做运动,我们能够始终保持健康。 4) ? enable + sb.+ to + do?. (??使??能够??) ,例如:Listening to music enables us to feel relaxed. 听音 乐使我们能够感觉轻松。 5) On no account can we + do?. (我们绝对不能??) ,例如:On no account can we ignore the value of knowledge. 我们绝对不能忽略知识的价值。 6) What will happen to sb.? (某人将会怎样?), 例如:What will happen to the orphan? 那个孤儿将会怎样? 7)For the past + 时间,主语 + 现在完成式?. (过去??年来,??一直??)例如: For the past two years,I have been busy preparing for the examination. 过去两年来,我一直忙着准备考试。 8)It pays to + do?.(??是值得的。 )例如:It pays to help others. 帮助别人是值得的。 9)主语+ be based on?.(以??为基础) ,例如:The progress of thee society is based on harmony.社会的进步是以 和谐为基础的。 10)主语 + do one’s best to do?.(尽全力去??) ,例如:We should do our best to achieve our goal in life.我们应 尽全力去达成我们的人生目标 注意: “尽全力” 在英语中有不同表达, 例如: We should spare no effort/make every effort to beautify our environment. 我们应该不遗余力的美化我们的环境。 11)主语+ be closely related to ?. (与??息息相关) , 例如:Taking exercise is closely related to health.做运动 与健康息息相关。 12) 主语+ get into the habit of + V-ing = make it a rule to + V (养成??的习惯) , 例如: We should get into the habit of keeping good hours.我们应该养成早睡早起的习惯。 Owing to/Thanks to sth? (因为??) ,例如:Thanks to his encouragement, I finally realized my dream.因为他的鼓 励,我终于实现我的梦想。 13) What a + 形容词 + 名词 + 主语 + be! = How +形容词+ a +名词+ be! (多么??! ) , 例如: What an important thing it is to keep our promise!= How important a thing it is to keep our promise!遵守诺言是多么重要的事! 14)主语 + do good/ harm to sth.. (对??有益/有害) ,例如:Reading does good to our mind.读书对心灵有益。 Overwork does harm to health.工作过度对健康有害。 15) 主语 + have a great influence on sth. (对??有很大的影响) , 例如: Smoking has a great influence on our health.
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抽烟对我们的健康有很大的影响。 16) nothing can prevent us from doing?. (没有事情能够阻挡我们做??), 例如:All this shows that nothing can prevent us from reaching our aims.这显示了没有事情能够阻挡我们实现目标。 17) Upon / On doing?, ?. (一??就??.) ,例如:Upon / On hearing of the unexpected news, he was so surprised that he couldn’t say a word. 一听到这个出乎意料的消息,他惊讶到说不出话来。 注意:此句型一般可以改为如下复合句句型,例如:As soon as he heard of the unexpected news, he was so surprised that he ?. Hardly had he arrived when she started complaining. 他刚来,她就开始抱怨。 No sooner had he arrived than it began to rain. 他刚来,就下雨了。 18) would rather do?than do?(宁愿??而不??), 例如:I would rather walk home than take a crowded bus. 我宁愿步行回家也不愿做拥挤的公交车。 注意:此句型可以改为 prefer to do?rather than do?句型,例如: I prefer to stay at home rather than see the awful film with him. 我宁愿呆在家也不愿意和他去看那部恐怖电影。 19) only + 状语, 主句部分倒装 例如:Only then could the work of reconstruction begin. 直到那时,重建工 作才开始。 20) be worth doing (值得做),例如:The book is worth reading. 这本书值得读。

21)Owing to/Thanks to sth, ?. (因为??) ,例如:Thanks to his encouragement, I finally realized my dream.因为 他的鼓励,我终于实现我的梦想。 以下为复合句高级句型: 1)主语+ is + the +形容词最高级+名词+(that)+主语+ have ever + seen(known / heard / had / read,etc)例如:Liu Yifei is the most beautiful girl that I have ever seen in my life. 刘亦菲是我所看过最美丽的女孩。 Mr. Liu is the kindest teacher that I have ever had. 刘老师是我曾经遇到最仁慈的教师。 注意,比较级也可以用来表达最高级的意思, 例如:I have never seen a more beautiful girl than Liu Yifei in my life. 在我生活中我从来没见过比刘亦菲更美的女孩。Nothing is more important than to receive education. 没有比接受教 育更重要的事。 2) There is no denying that + S + V? (不可否认的??) . , 例如: There is no denying that the qualities of our living have gone from bad to worse.不可否认的,我们的生活品质已经每况愈下。There is no denying the fact that the new management method has greatly increased the production. 不可否认的事实是,新的管理方法已经极大提高了产量。 3) It is universally acknowledged that +从句 (全世界都知道??) , 例如: It is universally acknowledged that trees are indispensable to us.全世界都知道树木对我们是不可或缺的。 注意,全世界都知道还可以改为以下句型:As is known to us/As we all know, ?. (众所周知,??)。例如:As is known to us/As we all know, knowledge is power.众所周知,知识就是力量。 4)There is no doubt that +从句(毫无疑问的??) ,例如:There is no doubt that he came late. 毫无疑问,他来晚 了。 There is no doubt that our educational system leaves something to be desired.毫无疑问的我们的教育制度令人不满 意。 There is no doubt that you will be helped by others if you have any difficulties.毫无疑问,你有困难时,会得到
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别人的帮助。 5)(It is) No wonder that.... (难怪??) ,例如:No wonder that he fell asleep in class. 难怪他在课堂上睡着了。 6) So + 形容词 + be + 主词 + that + 从句 (如此??以致于??) , 例如: So precious is time that we can’ t afford to waste it.时间是如此珍贵,我们经不起浪费它。 7) 形容词+ as +主语+ be, 主语+ 谓语 (虽然??) , 例如: Rich as our country is, the qualities of our living are by no means satisfactory.虽然我们的国家富有,我们的生活品质绝对令人不满意。 8)The + 比较级 +主语+谓语, the +比较级+主语+谓语(愈??愈??) ,例如:The harder you work, the more progress you make. 你愈努力,你愈进步。The more books we read, the more learned we become.我们书读愈多,我 们愈有学问。The more, the better. 越多越好。 9)It is time + 主语 + 过去式 (该是??的时候了)例如:It is time the authorities concerned took proper steps to solve the traffic problems.该是有关当局采取适当的措施来解决交通问题的时候了。 注意:此句型可以转化为简单句句型:It is time for sth./for sb to do?.例如: It is time for lunch. 该吃午饭了。 It is time they were taught a lesson. 他们该接受教训了 10)Those who?. (??的人??) ,例如:Those who violate traffic regulations should be punished.违反交通规定 的人应该受处罚。 注意: 此句型还可以转化为 one/a person who?, 例如: As the saying goes, nothing in the world is difficult for one who sets his mind to it.俗话说,世上无难事,只怕有心人。In a certain sense, a successful scientist is a person who is never satisfied with what he has achieved.在某种情况下, 一个成功的科学家就是一个绝不满足于自己已取得的成就的人。 11)To be frank/ To tell the truth, ?. (老实说, ??) , 例如: To be frank/ To tell the truth, whether you like it or not, you have no other choice.老实说,不论你喜不喜欢,你别无选择。 12)it took him a year to do?.( 他用了 1 年的时间来做??), 例如:As far as we know, it took him more than a year to write the book.到目前为止我们所知道的是, 他用了 1 年的时间来写这本书。 It took them a long time to realize they had made a mistake. 过了很久,他们才意识到犯错了。 13)spent as much time as he could doing sth.(花尽可能的时间做某事) ,例如:He spent as much time as he could remembering new words. 他花了尽可能多时间记新单词。 14)Since + 主语 + 过去式,主语 + 现在完成式,例如:Since he went to senior high school, he has worked very hard.自从他上高中,他一直很用功。 15)An advantage of? is that + 句子 (??的优点是??) ,例如:An advantage of using the solar energy is that it won’t create (produce) any pollution. 使用太阳能的优点是它不会制造任何污染。 16) It was not until recently that?.( 直到最近, ??) , 例如: It was not until recently that the problem was solved. 直 到最近这个问题才被解决。 17) We will be successful as long as we?. (只要我们??,我们就会成功的) ,例如: We will be successful as long as we insist on working hard.只要我们坚持努力工作,我们会成功的。
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18) No matter + wh-从句,?, 例如:No matter how difficult English may be, you should do your best to learn it.不管 英语有多么难,你都应该尽你最大的努力来学它。No matter what he asks you to do, please refuse him. 不管他让你 做什么,请拒绝他。注意:此句型一般可以改为疑问词+ever 引导的从句,+主句,例如:Whatever he asks you to do, please refuse him. 19)It’s useless/ no good / no use doing sth. (做??是没有用的) , 例如:It’s no use crying over spilt milk. 难收。 覆水

20)It’s + a shame / nice/ kind + to do (做.....真惭愧/好) ,例如:It’s a shame to lose the match. 输了比赛,真 惭愧!It’s nice of you to tell me the truth. 你太好了,告诉我真相。It’s your turn to look after the young trees. 该 你照顾这些小树了。 21)It is obvious/clear that + 从句 (?是明显的) ,例如:It is obvious that knowledge plays an important role in our life.可想而知,知识在我们的一生中扮演一个重要的角色。 注意:此句型中 it 是形式主语,其后谓语可以有不同变化。例如: It’s certain that he will win the election. 他肯定会赢得选举。 It is true that we must make our greater efforts; otherwise we cannot catch up with the developed countries.是真的, 我们 要作出更大的努力,不然/否则,我们不能赶上发达国家。 It is hard to imagine how Edison managed to work twenty hours each day.很难想象爱迪生每天是怎样工作 20 小时的。 It’s hard to say whether the plan is practical.这个计划是否实际很难说。 It is a common saying that where there is a will ,there is a way.俗话说,有志者,事竟成。 It must be pointed out that it is one of our basic State policies to control population growth while raising the quality of the population. 一定要指出的是国家基本政策之一是在提高人口质量的同时控制人口增长。 It must be kept in mind that there is no secret of success but hard work. 一定要记住的是成功的秘密是努力的工作。 It can be seen from this that there is no difficulty in the world we cannot overcome.从这里可看出,世上没有克服不了 的困难。 It has been proved that his theory is right.已经证明,他的理论是对的。 22)It is/ was ?.that? (强调句型), 例如:It was on the desk that you put your book. 你把书放桌子上了。It was the doctor that inquired what had happened. 医生询问了发生的事情。 23)I don’t think / feel/ suppose that? (否定前移),例如: I don’t think that we shall finish it on time. 我认为我们不能按时完成(工作) 。 24)The reason why + 从句 is that + 从句 (??的原因是??) ,例如: The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can provide us with fresh air. The reason why we have to grow trees is that they can supply fresh air for us.我们必须种树的原因是它们能供应我们 新鲜的空气。 The reason why the river is polluted is that the factory has poured much waste into it.这条河受污染的原因是那家工厂 向里倾到了很多垃圾。 注意: 表示原因还可用以下句型。 请比较: That is the reason why ?. (那就是??的原因) , 例如: Summer is very hot. That is the reason why I don’t like it.夏天很热。那就是我不喜欢它的原因。 25)It will (not) + 时间段 + before?(??需要很长时间), 例如:It will be a long time before everything returns to normal. 一切恢复正常需要很长时间。 26) I think / feel/ find it + important/ our duty + to do? (我发觉做??重要/是我的责任),例如:I feel it our duty to help the old. 我觉得帮助老人是我们的职责。
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