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全国大联考2015届高三第六次联考英语试卷 Word版含答案


全国大联考
2015 届高三第六次联考·英语试卷
考生注意:
1.本试卷共 150 分。考试时间 120 分钟。 2.答题前,考生务必将密封线内的项目填写清楚。 3.请将试卷答案填在试卷后面的答题卷上。 4.交卷时,可根据需要在加注“ ”标志的夹缝处进行裁剪。 5.本试卷主要考试内容:高考全部内容。

第Ⅰ卷

>第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 第一节 (共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话,每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷 的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1.What’stheprobablerelationshipbetweenthespeakers? A.Husbandandwife. B.Motherandson. C.Goodfriends. 2.Whatarethespeakersdoingnow? A.Goingonatrip. B.Lookingatpictures. C.Visitingazoo. 3.Wherearethespeakers? A.Inahospital. B.Atthecustoms. C.Inamedicalcollage. 4.Whatarethespeakersmainlytalkingabout? A.Friendsandfamily. B.Somespecialtimes. C.Takingpictures. 5.Whatwillthemando? A.Gomountainclimbing. B.Goonahike. C.Walkinapark. 第二节 (共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白,每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选 项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将 给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6、7 题。 6.What’stheweatherlike? A.Warmandsunny. B.Cold. C.Changeable. 7.Whatdoesn’tthewomanwear? A.Shirt. B.Sweater. C.Jacket. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8、9 题。 8.Whatarethespeakerstalkingabout? A.Thewoman’sniece. B.Theman’sniece. C.Alice’slife. 9.WhatcolourareAlice’seyes? A.Brown. B.Blue. C.Black. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 10 至 12 题。

10.What’sthephonenumberforthemotorcycle? A.555-6233. B.555-1298. C.555-6900. 11.Howmuchdidtheowneraskforthemotorcycle? A.$2,000. B.$750. C.$900. 12.Whatwouldthewomanliketobuy? A.Amotorcycle. B.Ablackbike. C.Adog. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 13 至 16 题。 13.What’sthemandoing? A.Buyingvegetables. B.Takingabreak. C.Waitingforsomeone. 14.Whatwillthemanbuyforthewoman? A.Somefruit. B.Potatoesandtomatoes. C.Onionsandapie. 15.Whatcolourofflowersdoesthewomanwant? A.Red. B.Yellow. C.Pink. 16.Whatdoesthewomanaskthemantobuyatlast? A.Somejam. B.Somestrawberries. C.Someflowers. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17.HowdoesAlangotovisithisfriend? A.Bybus. B.Bysubway. C.Bytaxi. 18.Whendoesadriverturnofftheredlight? A.Whenataxiisbusy. B.Whenataxiisn’tbusy. C.Whenpeoplewavetheirhands. 19.Whatisthemostimportantthingduringtaxitrip? A.Safety. B.Fastspeed. C.Cleantaxi. 20.What’stheproblemfortaxidrivers? A.Beingunfamiliarwiththestreets. B.Meetingimpatientpassengers. C.Trafficjams. 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A Normallyandnaturally,adaughterismoreattachedtohermotherincomparisontoherfatherorothersiblings( 兄弟姐 妹).Theattachmentisalsoduetothefactthatthedaughterfindsiteasiertobelieveinthemotheronpersonalandbiolo gicalmattersatdifferentstageswhilegrowingup. Thebonding(感情纽 带)betweenmotheranddaughterwillincreasewiththeirbeingtogetherandgoingoutonexcursions.Anexcursioni sajourneytosomefar-offplaceundertakenbypeople.Itisnotnecessarythatsuchatripbetakenonalavish(奢侈 的)scaleinvolvinglotsofmoney.Itcanbeasshortasanovernighttriptosomeplacetoimprovebonding. Tosurpriseherdaughterwithanunexpectedexcursion,mothercanplanatriptosomelocalspawithoutthekno wledgeofherdaughter.Shecanbereadywithbaggagepackedandwaitforthemomentthedaughtercomesbackfr omschool.Onceinthehoteltheycanenjoythenighttogethergettingrefreshingtreatmentslikemassageormudpac ks.Afterrelaxingspatheycanlazeinbed,enjoyingfavouritefoodordrinkandifpossibleenjoyingnaturethroughthe window.Afteralongperiodofrelaxation,goingoutforawalktogetherwillimprovebonding.

Goingoutovernighttoenjoywalkatthebeach,andrelaxingatintervalswithouttheinterferenceofanyotherper soncanbeagreatideaofbonding.Beingofthesamesex,andoftenhavingthesamesetoflikesanddislikes,theycan spendtimeonmakeuporapplyingnailpolish.Thedaughtershouldneverforgettothankthemotherforthewonderful timetheyspenttogether,andthemothershouldneverhesitatetosayafewwordsofpraisetothedaughter. Goingoutforshoppingtogetherisagoodbondingideatoo.Itisnotessentialthatlotsofmoneyshouldbespento nshopping.Themothercantakethedaughtertosomeshopswhereshecanbuyheruniformorsomeotherthings.Th eycanjointlyenjoywindowshopping,expressingloveandgratitudefortheother. 21.Amotherisadvisedtoplanatripwithouttellingherdaughterprobablyto . A.givethedaughterasurprise B.preventothersiblingsknowingthetrip C.choosetheplacethemotherlikesmore D.avoidmakingthedaughterhavetroubleplanning 22.Whatshouldadaughterdowhenbeingoutwithhermother? A.Payforanythinghermotherbought. B.Showgratitudetohermother. C.Inviteotherstojointhem. D.Praisehermothernowandthen. 23.Accordingtothepassage,motheranddaughter . A.hadbetterspendsometimealone B.needn’tsharelikesanddislikes C.shouldn’tspendtoomuchtimeinahotel D.shouldspendmuchtimeandmoneyonshopping B World’sBestPlacestoVisit Wehopethefollowingplacescanhelpyouchoosewheretogoonyournextvacation. Zurich FromswimminginLakeZurichinsummertoskiingtheAlpsinwinter,Zurichattractsvisitorsyearround.Asafairytalecity,Zurichissetonthebanksofbothariverandalake,withthesnowtoppedSwissAlpsrisinginthebackground.Cleancobblestonestreetshugahillylandandmedieval(中世纪 的)churchtopsreachheavenward.Despiteitsreputationforbeingthecenterofoldschoolinternationalbankingandacapitalforchocolate,Zurichisalsoaverymoderncitythatchoosestoenjoylifeata nunhurriedpace.Travelersdesiringarealexperienceshouldstrivetodothesame. TheCityofAngels TheCityofAngels,theEntertainmentCapitaloftheWorld— LosAngelesneedsnointroduction.Butitsnotoriety(恶名)bothhelpsandhurtsitsreputation.Thetrafficonthe “101” willtireyououtjustasmuchasaneveningatalivelyWestHollywoodclub.Andyourdislikeatthethicksmogoverthecit ywillruinyourenjoymentofasunsetoverlookingSantaMonicaBeach.ToappreciateLosAngeles,visittheareamor ethanonceandgetadvicefromlocals. Prague Aprosperousandbusycity,Praguenowattractsmoretouriststhanever.Butitspicturesquedowntownveils( 掩盖)bothadarklegacyandaresilient(恢复活力 的)past;inits1,100years,Praguehassurvivednumerousoverthrows,invasions,firesandfloods.It’sthisreputatio nforsurvivalandperseverancethathasmadetheCzechcapitalsofascinating.Today,itsstoriedchurches,narrow streets,hilltopcastleandstatue-

linedbridgescreatethesceneofanurbanfairytale.Eventhemosttiredtravelerwouldhavetroubleresistingthiscity’ scharms. PuertoRico Pickavacationexperienceyou’relookingfor,andPuertoRicocanhelp.PuertoRicoisanoldtownwithalotofhis toricarchitectureandcobblestonestreets.LooknofurtherthanOldSanJuananditsElMorrofortress.Considerthe bioluminescent(生物发光的)baysofCulebraandVieques.PuertoRicoisaglobaldestinationwithhighendshoppingandexcitingnightlife. Yellowstone Morethan3,000squaremilesofnature’sfinestcanyons,hotspringsandrockycliffsareaneasysellforoutdoor senthusiasts.Geothermic(地 热)wondersliketheMammothHotSprings,OldFaithfulandYellowstoneLakearenottobemissedatthisnationalpa rk.Withdramaticpeaksandlakes,Yellowstoneisanoutdoorenthusiast’sparadise.Multicoloredpoolsgoaroundh otsprings;greenforestsweavepastwidemeadows;andhotspringslaunchstreamsofsteamingwatertowardthes ky.Withsomuchunspoilednaturalbeauty,there’snodoubtthattheparkisindeedextraordinary.Whileyougoacros sthepark’s3,000plussquaremilesofmountains,canyons,andwaterfalls,bepreparedtosharethetrailswithpermanentresidentslik ebuffalo,elkandsometimesevengrizzlies. 24.Whichofthefollowingplacescouldbemostsuitableforthewintersportslovers? A.TheCityofAngels. B.Zurich. C.Yellowstone. D.Prague. 25.WhatpreventsyoufromenjoyingthesunsetinthecityofAngles? A.SantaMonicaBeach. B.Theheavytrafficonthe “101”. C.Thethicksmokeandfogoverit. D.ThelivelyWestHollywoodclub. 26.UnliketheCityofAngels,PuertoRicohas . A.anicebeach B.colorfulnightlife C.alotofmusicclubs D.manyancientbuildings 27.WhileinYellowstonetouristscan . A.haveaswiminitslakes B.findallkindsofseaanimals C.enjoynaturalbeautyandanimals D.walkonthewidemeadowsatnight C Likemostparents,Iworrythatmychildisn’tgettingenoughsleep.Nowitturnsoutthatdoctorshavebeenwarnin gkidsdon’tgetenoughsleepforoveracentury— longbeforeiPads,andtextingrobbedchildrenofpeacefulsleep.What’smore,there’snosolidscientificbasisforpe diatricians’(小儿科医 师)recommendationsontheamountoftimechildrenneedtosleep.That’sthewordfromresearchersinAustralia. Itturnsoutthatchildrenaresleepinglessthanthoseindaysofold.Theresearchers,attheUniversityofSouthAu stralia’sHealthandUseofTimeGroup,foundthatkids’nightlysleeptimedeclined(下降)byaboutthreequartersofaminuteeachyearfortheperiodtheystudied.Mydaughterwasmorelikelytobegforafewmoreminuteso fAngryBirdsbeforebedtime.Thatmeansnowadaysmydaughterissleepingabout50minutesanightlessthanherg randfatherwhohadtogetuptomilkthecowsat5:30am. Whathasn’tchangedisthepredictionsfromhealthprofessionalsontheconsequencesoflackofsleep. “Thisisasleeplessageandmoreandmore...weareturningnightintoday,” oneexpertsaidin1905.Backthen,sleepwasseenasawaytorestore “weariedbraintissue”.Childrenand “clever” childrenwerethoughttobemostatrisk,andmostinneedofenergy-

restoringsleep.Thewordsmaybedifferenttoday,butthethreatsareprettymuchthesame.Parentsaretoldthatchil drenriskmentalandphysicalproblems,andevenobesity,iftheydon’tgetenoughsleep. SotheAustralianslookedtoseehowmuchsleepkidsdoneed.Theansweristhebiggestsurpriseofthisstudy— noonereallyknows. “Thereisalmostnoexactevidenceforpropersleepforchildren,” theauthorswrite.TheirworkwaspublishedinthejournalPediatrics. 28.Theauthoruseshisdaughterasanexample . A.toexplainwhychildrensleepless B.toindicatethatheisstricterwithhischild C.toshowthatchildreninthepastsleepmore D.toprovethatchildrenarenoteasytocontrol 29.Accordingtotheunderlinedwords “weareturningnightintoday” inParagraph3wecaninferthat . A.childrenthenwerenotclevererthannow B.peoplereallyrealizedthesleepingproblem C.childrendevotedmostoftheirtimetostudy D.peopletriedtoremovethenightintheirdailylife 30.Ifchildrensufferfromlackofsleepforlong . A.theywillbecomeproblemchildren B.theywilltakenointerestintheirstudies C.theywillbenotfitforthepresentsociety D.theywillbepoorinmentalandphysicalhealth 31.Wecanknowfromthepassagethat . A.children’sillnessisduetothelackofsleep B.thepediatriciansdidn’tperformtheirduty C.parentsshouldcaremorefortheirchildren D.nobodyexactlyknowshowmuchkidsshouldsleep D Ifyoucouldleaveafarewell(告 别)videoforyourlovedonesthatthey’dseeonlyifyoudied,wouldyoudoit?IthinkIwould. Ireadaboutanapp(应用程序)thathelpspeoplecreateavideotobepublishedonasocialnetworkingsiteonlyafterdeath.Ofcourseyoudon’tneedanappsinceit’seasytomakeyourownvideowithsmartph ones,laptopsandcomputers.Buthowmanypeopledoyouknowwhowouldactuallygoaheadandleave “IfIdie” footage(镜头)? MyfatherdiedunexpectedlyonChristmasEvethreeyearsagoandI’vesincelongedforonemoretimetotalkto himandhearhisvoice.Imagineifhehadleftsuchavideo.Iwouldseehimagain,hearhislaughterandbenefitfromhis partingwordsandadvice. Idon’tthinkpeople,unlesstheyhaveaterminalillness,gothroughlifethinkingthey’dbetterleaveavideoincase ofanuntimelydeath.Butitisanopportunitytosayallthethingsyouwanttosaybeforeit’stoolate. Still,somesaythatsuchavideorobslovedonesoftheirownmemoriesofyou.Anyspecialimagestheyhavewo uldbesuperimposed(叠加)bythevideoimageyou’vecreated.Othersthinkit’sscaringandmightbetemptingfate. Iexpectmyvideowouldconsistofreminderstomychildren:Besafe;bemindfulofyoursurroundings;exercise goodjudgment;speakup;itneverhurtstoask;don’twastetimeand “callwhenyougetthere”.Andinaddition,IwouldrepeatwhatIalwaystellthem:Ineedtoknowwhereyouare,everystep-of-the-way.Thatwouldmakethemlaugh.

Readers,wouldyoufindcomfortinknowingyou’vesaidyourfarewellsandleftsomethingconcreteforyourlove dones?Whatmessageswouldyouleaveforfamilyandfriends? 32.Thewritermentionstheapptoshow . A.theappisoutofdatenow B.smartphonesarebettertoolstomakevideos C.itisnotconvenienttomakeavideowiththeapp D.howhewasinspiredtogettheideaofcreatingavideobeforedeath 33.Somepeopleagainstsuchavideoarguethattheimageinthevideo . A.willbedifferentfromthatoftherealperson B.cannotconveytherealintentionofthedead C.willreplaceourlovedones’ownmemoriesofus D.willstopthelovedonesfrommissingthedead 34.Thepurposeofmentioninghisfather’sunexpecteddeathisto . A.showhisdeeploveforhisfather B.showtheimportanceofkeepinghealthy C.showthanksforthebenefitshegotfromhisfather D.showthatitisnecessarytoleaveafarewellvideo 35.Theunderlinedword “untimely” inParagraph4probablymeans . A.happeningatasuitablemoment B.happeningtoosoonorsoonerthanexpected C.continuingtohappenorexistwithoutstopping D.havingavaluethatisnotlimitedtoaparticularperiod 第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。 Everywhereyoulook,youseearticlesthatoutline5,10or50tipsforhealthyfatloss.Weightlossisn’trocketscie nce.Itdoesn’trequirecountlesshoursofcalorieandcarbohydratecounting.Andyoudon’thavetoexerciseuntilyou drop. 36 1.Willpower.Youmusthavethewillpowertomaintainanewlifestyleinordertosucceedinyourfatlossgoals. 37 Ifyoulackthewillpowertosay “no” tothatcandybarorsoda,howcanyouexpecttoreachyourweightlossgoals? 2.Besmart.Setrealisticfatlossgoalsinarealistictimeframe. 38 Next,readeverything.Youneedtoreadthelabelsoffoodsyoueattoensureyou’reputtingthepropernutrientsintoy ourbody.Readmagazinearticlesorblogswrittenbypeoplewhohavelostweightandmaintainahealthylifestyle.Joi nmessageboardsoronlinesupportgroups. 3.Maintainyournewlifestyle. 39 Bythetimeyou’vemasteredyourwillpowerandlearnedtochangeyourlifestyle,maintainingabalanceddietwillbee asy. Thefirstandmostimportantpartoflosingweightishavingthewillpowertomakeithappen.Second,doitintellige ntly. 40 Finally,bepreparedtomaintainanentirelynewlifestyle.Thereyouhaveit.Weightlossisassimpleas12-3. A.Eathealthyfoodsandexercise. B.Thisgoesbacktothefirststep. C.Thisfirst,veryessentialstepiswheresomanyfail.

D.Thisarticlebreakshealthyweightlossdownintothreeeasy-to-followtips. E.Faddietsorcrashdietswillnotmaintainweightloss. F.Healthyweightlossisestimatedatthreetofourpoundsperweek. G.Nutritionisalsoveryimportantforyourhealth. 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 AsIlayonthetableenjoyingmymonthlymassage(按 摩),Iwasgratefulforachancetorelax.WhileIfeltthecaring 41 ofthemassagetherapist(治疗学 家),Ilistenedtorecordingsofmusic 42 onlyafewcenturiesagoforroyaltyandtheveryrich.Violinwascomplemented(伴奏)by 43 pianomusic;inmyimagination,thesegiftedartistswere 44 justforme. Ipay$80foranhour-longmassage.Howmuchisitreally 45 tome?$500?$1,000?Icouldnever 46 thatamounteverymonth,butifsuddenlyamassagecost$500or$1,000atminimum,IrealizedthatIwouldstill 47 andgetamassageeveryyearortwoasaspecial 48 . Whenthemassagewas 49 ,Itoldmymassagetherapisthow 50 Iwasforherwork,howmuchthistime 51 tome.Hermassagesareworthfarmorethan$80tome—$500or$1,000, 52 .WhileIcan’taffordthat 53 ,Ipaidheranextra$100thismonth 54 thatshewouldn’tputitinthebankorpayherbillswithit.I 55 thatshespenditonsomethingextraordinaryforherselfshewouldn’tpurchase 56 ,likeaspecialarticleofclothingorsomethingbeautifulforherhome. She 57 forjoysuddenly.It’snotatthegiftitself,butatthe 58 behindit.Atlastshesaidshecouldn’tthinkoutthe 59 shecouldspendthemoneyimmediately,andthatshewouldbesuretotellmeaboutwhatsheendedupdecidingon. “Youdon’thavetotellme,” Isaid. “Itwillgivemeevenmore 60 totellyou,” shereplied. 41.A.observation B.information C.touch D.requirement 42.A.reserved B.valued C.existed D.discovered 43.A.rapid B.smooth C.regular D.delicate 44.A.appearing B.performing C.changing D.developing 45.A.useful B.effective C.important D.worth 46.A.afford B.expect C.ignore D.gain 47.A.keepup B.saveup C.makeup D.breakup 48.A.entertainment B.treat C.attention D.action 49.A.processed B.prepared C.completed D.improved 50.A.puzzled B.amused C.attractive D.grateful. 51.A.meant B.cost C.implied D.referred 52.A.nearly B.totally C.surely D.really 53.A.gift B.amount C.charge D.offer 54.A.incase B.forfear C.inorder D.oncondition 55.A.insisted B.ordered C.denied D.persuaded 56.A.then B.willingly C.otherwise D.completely 57.A.jumped B.wept C.cheered D.waved 58.A.intention B.purpose C.plan D.emotion 59.A.way B.thought C.determination D.chance

60.A.time

B.relaxation

C.pleasure

D.freedom

第Ⅱ卷

第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第二节 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 Acollegegraduatewasnewinjobandhefoundsomethingreallystrange.Oneofhiscolleagueswasachairwar mer(游手好闲的人).Mostofthetime,he 61 playhisdigitalcamera,receiveandsendhisprivateemailsorlistentothemusic.Andmorestrangely,thebossneverblamedhim. Thegraduatewasquite 62 (curiosity).Howcomehiscolleaguecouldlazeaway 63 thecompetitionnowadayswassofierce?Mayhe 64 theboss’srelative? Oneday,hiscolleague 65 (listen)tothemusicleisurelywhilethebosssuddenlycameandsaidseriously, “Thehostcomputerinthecompanyhassomethingwrong.” Thecolleaguejumpeduprightoffandrushedtothecontrollingcentre.Allthemanagerswerethereandknewno thingtodo, 66 (wait)anxiously. Thecolleaguetestedthemachinesandbegantofixitsilently.Twentyminutes 67 (late),thehostcomputerreworked 68 (normal).Thankstohisgoodjudgingandinstanthandling,thecompanysavedhundredsofmillionsofdollars. Thenthegraduaterealizedthatthebosswasnotstupid 69 (raise)alazyman.Theeconomicloss 70 hiscolleaguehadsavedthistimemusthavebeenhundredstimesofhissalary. 第四部分 写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错 误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。 2.只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 It’susefulandnecessarytodiscusslearninghabits.Sinceweallknow,learninghabitsplaysakeyroleinourstud y.Onlyifweformagoodlearninghabitcanwelearnefficient.Amonglearninghabits,reviewregularlyisamostimport antone.Ifwegooverournotesandtextbooksregularly,theywouldbecomemoremeaningfulandberememberede asily.Whatshouldwedotodevelopsuchagoodhabit?Ithinkmakingapracticalplanandstickingtoitwillbegreathelp .Inaddition,Ithinkthatimportanttoturntoourteachersforadvice.Buttherealsoexitmanyproblems.Forexample,Ic an’ttakedownthattheteacherssayintheclass.Toimprovethissituation,Idecidetolearntotakenotesquicklyandtry tofocusontheimportantpoint. 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 一家英语报社向中学生征文,主题是“我对高考两次考试机会的看法”。请根据下列要点和你的想法完成 短文。 1.教育部将探索高考部分科目两次考试,学生可自主选择考试时间和次数; 2.和目前的高考制度相比,你更喜欢哪种方式? 3.请谈谈你的看法。 注意:1.词数 100 左右;

2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。 参考词汇:教育部 MinistryofEducation

2015 届高三第六次联考·英语试卷 参考答案
听力部分录音材料 (Text1) M:You’reabusywoman,Carry.Doyouoftenseeyourson? W:Yes!Mysonandhiswifecometomyhouseeveryweek. (Text2) W:Hi,Ken.Whatareyoudoing? M:I’mlookingatpicturesfrommytriptothezoo.Look,themonkeysarelovely. (Text3) M:Howdoyoufeel? W:Fine.ButIstillwantamedicalexamination. M:OK.HereisDrWang’sinformation.Haveagoodmedicalexaminationbyhim! (Text4) W:Itakepicturesoffriendsandfamily. M:Metoo. W:Ialsotakepicturesatspecialtimes.ThenIcanrememberthemlater. (Text5) W:Whatareyougoingtodo? M:We’regoingonalonghikeinthemountains.Willyoujoinus? W:Oh.MaybeI’lljustenjoynatureatthepark! (Text6) M:Doyouchecktheweatherreport? W:No,butIshouldcheck. M:Yes.Butsometimestheweatherreportcanbewrong.Soprepareforweatherchanges. W:You’reright.Fallischangingintowinter.It’scoldinthemorning,butwestillhavewarm,sunnydays. M:Whatdoyouusuallywearforthiskindofweather,Amy? W:Well,Ioftenwearlayers.Iwearashirt.ThenIputonasweater. M:Doyouwearajackettoday? W:No.IfIwearajacketwhenhot,Iusuallycantakeoffalayer.That’ssmart. (Text7) W:Hi.Whatareyoulookingat? M:Wearelookingatpicturesofmynewniece. W:CanIsee?Aww.She’slovely.Lookatherlittleface.Sheissotiny.Whatishername? M:HernameisAlice. W:Aliceisaprettyname.Whatcolorarehereyes? M:Theylooklightbrownrightnow.Shehasherfather’seyes. W:Shehasbigeyes.Sheisabeautifullittlegirl.Yourbrotherandsister-in-lawmustbeveryproud. M:Yes.Theyareveryhappy. (Text8)

W:Hi,Tom!Whatareyoulookingat? M:AroadmapofFlorida.I’mtakingatriponmynewmotorcycle. W:Youhaveanewmotorcycle? M:Notyet.ButIambuyingone. W:Really?Tellmeaboutit. M:Lookatthisadinthenewspaper. “ForSale:2000Honda750motorcycle.Only2,000miles.$900.CallHoward555-6233.” Icanbuyit!Ihave$900. W:Doyoureallywantamotorcycle? M:Yes.ButIwantsomethingelsetoo.Lookatthisad.Youngblackdogforsale.1yearold.Veryprettyandquiet.$400.555-1298. W:Oh,Ireallywantadog. M:Iwantamotorbikeandacomputer.ButIcan’taffordboth.lcan’tdecide. W:Thendon’tbuyanything.Saveyourmoney! M:Maybeyouareright. (Text9) W:Hey,Jack.Areyoutakingabreak? M:No.I’mwaitingforLily.We’regoingtothefarmers’market. W:Sowhatwillyoutwobuyatthefarmers’market? M:Somefruit.Thefruitatthefarmers’marketisreallyfresh.It’sverydelicioustoo!Ihearyourcellphone. W:Oh,itisatextmessagefrommymom. M:IseverythingOK? W:Yes.I’mhavingdinnerwithmyparentstonight.Mymomwantssomethingsfromthemarket. M:Whatthings? W:Ihavepotatoesandtomatoesinmyfridge.SoIonlyneedsomeonionsandapie.Couldyougetthosethingsformeatthemarket? M:Sure. W:Oh,andsomeflowers.Todayismymom’sbirthday.Icangivehersomeflowers. M:OK.Whatkindofflowers?Redorpink? W:Mymomlikesyellow.Buysomeprettyyellowones. M:Noproblem!Icanpickoutsomeyellowflowers.Doyouneedanythingelse? W:Canyougetsomejamtoo?Mymomlovesstrawberryjam. M:Allright.We’llbuysomejam. W:Thanks!Icanpayyoulater. (Text10) Alanwantstovisitafriendontheothersideofthecity.Hecouldgobybusortakethesubway,buthedecidestotakeataxi.Findingatax iinabigcityiseasy.Taxiscomeinmanyshapesandsizes,andmosttaxiscancarryuptofourpeople. Togetataxi,allyouneedtodoiswaveyourhand.Ifadriverisn’tbusy,heorshewillstopnearyou.Thenthetaxiwilltakeyouwhereyou wanttogo.Whenataxiisnotbusy,youcanseearedlightinsidethetaxi.Whenataxiisbusy,thedriverwillturnofftheredlight. Everytaxihasameter.Themetertellsyouhowmuchyourtripcosts.Makesurethedriverturnsonthemeterwhenyoustartyourtrip! Speedisespeciallyimportantduringtaxitrip.Whenyouuseataxi,youpaythedriverandthedrivertakesyoutoaplaceveryquickly. Butsafetyisalsoimportant.Whenpassengersfeelsafe,theyalsofeelcomfortable.Thatiswhyit’simportantforadrivertodrivesafely.K eepingataxicleanisanotherwaytomakepassengersfeelcomfortable. Taxidriversknowthestreetsofacityverywellbecausetheydriveonthemeveryday.AroadmaporGPScanalsohelpthedrivergeta roundthecity.

Trafficisaproblemformanydrivers.Trafficcanbereallybadinthecitywhenpeoplegotoandcomefromwork.Whendrivingintraffic ,itisgoodtohaveapatientdriver. 试题答案 1~5 21.A 22.B 23.A CBACB 6~10 CCBAA 11~15 CCCCB 16~20 ACABC 推断题。分析文章第 3 段可知,作者建议出行之前先不要告诉女儿,目的是要给她一个惊喜。 细节题。从文章倒数第 2 段“Thedaughtershouldneverforgettothankthemotherforthewonderfultimetheyspenttogether” 推断题。文章第 4 段

可知,当女儿外出和母亲在一起时,女儿要向母亲表示感谢。 “Goingoutovernighttoenjoywalkatthebeach,andrelaxingatintervalswithouttheinterferenceofanyotherpersoncanbeagreatideao fbonding”说明,母女两人散步,没有他人的打扰对增进母女关系更为有利。 24.B 25.C 推断题。根据第 2 段中的“FromswimminginLakeZurichinsummertoskiingtheAlpsinwinter ,Zurichattractsvisitorsyear细节题。根据 round”可知选 B 项。 “AndyourdislikeatthethicksmogoverthecitywillruinyourenjoymentofasunsetoverlookingSantaMonicaBeach”可知,阻止人们欣 赏日落的是城市上空的烟雾。 26.D 建筑。 27.C 28.C 29.B 30.D 推断题。根据最后一段中的“Withsomuchunspoilednaturalbeauty”和“withpermanentresidentslikebuffalo”可知,游客可 推断题。文章第 2 段的第 1 句“Itturnsoutthatchildrenaresleepinglessthanthoseindaysofold”说明,现在孩子们的睡眠远 推断题。根据专家的话可知,在那个时候人们已经意识到一个睡眠少的时代已经开始了。 细节题。根据文章倒数第 2 段的 欣赏自然美景和动物。 远少于过去。在下文中作者用父亲和自己女儿的情况做了比较。 细节题。根据“anoldtownwithalotofhistoricarchitectureandcobblestonestreets”可知,PuertoRico 有许多具有历史意义的

“Parentsaretoldthatchildrenriskmentalandphysicalproblems ,andevenobesity,iftheydon’tgetenoughsleep”可知,孩子长期缺少 睡眠,会导致身体和精神状况的问题。 31.D 主旨题。文章论述了目前孩子睡眠越来越少,导致很多问题出现。文章结尾处的 “Thereisalmostnoexactevidenceforthepropersleepforchildren”说明,一个孩子具体需要多长睡眠时间,到目前为止,没有一个确 切的数据。 32.D 33.C 34.D 35.B 36~40 41.C 42.A 43.D 44.B 45.D 46.A 推断题。从文章第 2 段可知,作者提到该应用程序的主要目的是说明自己关于视频遗言的想法是受此启发而来的。 细节题。从文章第 5 段可知,有些人反对视频遗言的原因之一是视频遗言中的印象将会取代亲人对我们的独特记忆。 推断题。从文章第 3 段及综合分析全文可知,作者提及父亲猝死的主要是为了表明及早留下视频遗言是有必要的。 词义推测题。综合分析文章及该词所在句子,可以推知该词意为“过早的;比正常情况早的”。 DCFBA 联系空后的“themassagetherapist”可知,“我”在感受按摩师亲切的触摸。 从空后的“onlyafewcenturiesago”可知,这样的音乐是在几个世纪前为达官贵人准备的,因此用 reserved。 结合上下文语境可知,小提琴伴音优雅的钢琴声。 这些有才华的艺术家仅仅是在为“我”演奏(perform)。 从空后的“$500?$1,000?”可知,“我”在问自己:这一个小时的按摩究竟值多少钱? 结合空后的“thatamounteverymonth,butifsuddenlyamassagecost$500or$1,000atminimum”可知,如果要 500 美元或者

1000 美元,自己确实付不起那么多钱。

47.B 手”。 48.B 49.C 50.D 51.A 52.C 美元。 53.B 54.D 55.A 56.C 57.B 58.D 59.A 60.C

结合“ifsuddenlyamassagecost$500or$1,000atminimum”和“getamassageeveryyearortwo”可知,如果一次按摩最少要

花费 500 至 1000 美元,“我”节省下来的钱,一年可以消费一两次。keepup“保持;不低落”;makeup“弥补;占据”;breakup“分解;分 联系“getamassageeveryyearortwo”可知,节省下来的钱一年进行一两次的按摩作为对自己的特殊招待。 从空后的内容看,按摩结束后,“我”与按摩师谈话。 根据本处语境及下句“Hermassagesareworthfarmorethan$80tome...”可知,“我”对她的工作很感激。 根据前文提到“我”对按摩师的工作很感激可知,这段时间对“我”很有意义。 结合空前的“farmorethan$80tome—$500or$1,000”可知,这一个小时的按摩不仅仅值 80 美元,很确定地值 500 至 1000 从空后的“Ipaidheranextra$100”可知,“我”支付不了那么多。 “shewouldn’tputitinthebankorpayherbillswithit”是“我”另外支付她这些钱的条件。onconditionthat 意思是“只要”。其他 从上句可知,此处指“我”坚决要求她把钱花在特别的东西上。 联系前文的“something...shewouldn’tpurchase”可知,没有这些钱她就不能买,因此此空用 otherwise。 根据本处语境和句中的 joy 和 suddenly 可知,她突然喜极而泣。 联系前文可知,是这份礼物背后的情感让她哭了。 根据后半句“...totellmeaboutwhatsheendedupdecidingon”可知,她目前还没想到花这笔钱的方式。 根据语境可知,她告诉“我”如何花的这些钱将带给她更大的快乐。 62.curious 63.while 64.be 65.waslistening 66.waiting 67.later 68.normally 69.toraise

选项中,incasethat“以防”;forfearthat“担心”;inorderthat“为了”。

61.would 短文改错

70.that/which It’susefulandnecessarytodiscusslearninghabits.Sinceweallknow,learninghabitsplaysakeyroleinourstudy.Onlyifweforma
As play

goodlearninghabitcanwelearnefficient.Amonglearninghabits, review regularlyisamostimportantone.Ifwegooverournotesan
efficiently reviewing

dtextbooksregularly,theywouldbecomemoremeaningfulandberememberedeasily.Whatshouldwedotodevelopsuchagoodha
will

bit?Ithinkmakingapracticalplanandstickingtoitwillbe ∧ greathelp.Inaddition,Ithinkthatimportanttoturntoourteachersforadvice.B
of it

uttherealsoexitmanyproblems.Forexample,Ican’ttakedownthattheteacherssayintheclass.Toimprovethissituation,Idecidetole
what

arntotakenotesquicklyandtrytofocusontheimportantpoint.
points

书面表达 Onepossibleversion: AccordingtothereformprogramofthecollegeentranceexaminationthattheMinistryofEducationhasmade,someofthesubjects willbeexaminedmorethanonce. Peoplehavedifferentopinionsaboutit.Comparedwiththetraditionaladmissionsystem,Ipreferthenewtestingprogram,whichgi vesstudentsmorefreedom.Moreover,studentscanchoosethetestingtimethemselvesandit’sobviousaneffectivewaytoimproveth eirgradesfortheuniversityentranceexamination.

Ontheotherhand,oncesomesubjectsarefinishedandtested,studentsmaynotkeeplearningthem.Frequenttestingwillincreas etheburdenofstudents.Itisalsoawasteofeducationresourcesbecausethenewcollegeentranceexamscostmore.Inaddition,some technicalproblemsmayariseifstudentshavemorethanoneopportunitytositthetests.


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