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雅思写作模板高分句型整理:强调与倒装


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雅思写作模板高分句型整理:强调与倒装
为帮助大家有效备战雅思写作, 在此整理关于雅思写作模板和雅思写作评分 标准的相关内容,希望对各位迎战雅思写作有所帮助!

在雅思写作中,考生如果想得到高分,除了需要依靠较出彩的思想、高分单 词以及常见关联词外,还需要运用雅思写作高分句型。在这些句型中,除了常见 的从句(定语从句、状语从句以及名词性从句)之外,强调形式和倒装形式更是拿 分的关键点。

雅思写作高分句型一、强调形式

强调形式总共分成五大类:

1. 对动词进行强调(do\does\did + V)

Sitting infront of the screen does damage the eye and physical postureofchildren.

Some people dobelieve that the overuse of chemicals (e.g. Fertilizers andpesticides) dopose a threat to the well-being of local people.

2. 双重否定可表强调

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We cannot denythat receiving the distance education is never withoutdrawbacks.

It is notunrealistic for the government to reduce the amount of waste.

3. 比较状语可表强调

Nothing is more important than to develop the children’s ability oflearning on theirown.

Students wouldhave greater capability to deal with their academic life thanthosewho do not have the gap year spent in working or travelling.

Nothing is moreimperative than to learn from the past.

4. what 引导的主从可表强调

What is relatedto the economic collapse is the failure of thegovernment’spolicies.

What really matters iscooperation.

5. 强调句型可表强调

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It is/was + 被强调的成分 + that/who,所强调的可以是单词、短语,也可 以是从句,但必须保证其结构完整。被强调的成分可以是主语、表语、宾语、同 位语、状语等,但不能是定语或谓语。

It is thegovernment that should shoulder the responsibility toprotect theendangered species.(对主语强调)

It is teacherswho are competent to instruct their students to be agoodsocial member.(对主语强调)

It is throughjob training that the young unemployed would havetheopportunity to get jobs again.(对状语强调)

It is the largecompany which the public think polluting thewatersupply.(对宾语进行强调)

注:强调句中的时态要根据原句的时态而定。即原句为过去某种时态,则强 调句中的 be 就用过去时;原句为现在的某种时态, 强调句中就用 be 的现在时态。 有时还可以用 Itmightbe/must have been/can’t be…that 等句式。

例句:

It is becausepeople are stuck in the traffic that they spendlonger time intravelling.

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It might be thelack of guidance of parents that leads to the going astrayof youngpeople.

强调句的判断:强调句型可以通过“还原法”来进行判断,若删除强调句型 结构后,句子能还原为一个完整的句子,就是强调句。强调句可以看作是用固定 的表达-Itis/was…that(which, who, whom, where, when)…,将句子的某个成 分(除了谓语)进行重点强调。但是,去掉这个固定的句型部分,句子本身并无任 何变化。

雅思写作高分句型二、倒装形式

倒装共分两类:全部倒装和部分倒装。全部倒装是指将全部谓语动词都放在 主语之前。部分倒装是指将谓语的一部分如助动词,系动词或情态动词放在主语 之前。 如果句中的谓语没有助动词或情态动词, 则需添加助动词 do,does 或 did, 并将其放在主语之前。

A. 全部倒装:把全部谓语放在主语前。

1. there be 句型(特殊的全部倒装句型)

There be…是一种较为常见的句子结构,通常用于表达“某地有某人或某 物”,在使用此句型结构时,应注意下列问题:

1) 主谓一致

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例句:

There is littleopportunity for children to stay at home until the age of 7because theirparents are both working.

There are manyreasons why we should not slaughter animals for their fur orleather.

2) be 动词可以是任何时间状态

例句:

There have beenmany government which invest a large sum of money inresearching the space.

There has beena discussion over whether children should be sent to schoolat a young age.

3) 在 There be 结构中除了运用动词 be 之外,还可以用 seem, appear, happen,exist 等。在这种句型中,谓语的单复数形式根据靠近谓语的主语而定。

例句:

There seemed tobe no permanent solution to the disappearance of minoritylanguages andcultures.

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2. there \ here\ now \ then 放在句首时,句子进行全部倒装。

Now is the time to realize the seriousness of this problem and takeactionsimmediately.

3. 方位状语开头时,句子进行全部倒装。

On the internetare provided all kinds of entertainment activities.

In books areembalmed the greatest thoughts of all ages.

4. 主语与表语互换位置(当主语过长而表语过短时,可以把主语与表语互换 位置从而构成全部倒装)

Well-known isthat energy crisis poses a threat to the society.

Important isthat the government raises people’s awareness of theenvironmental protection.

5. 伴随状语开头(With 或 Along with 放在句首时,句子应该全部倒装)

Along with thepopulation expansion comes the housing shortage in bigcities.

Withglobalization have come many problems.

B. 部分倒装:只将情态动词、助动词或系动词放在主语前

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1. only +单词、词组、状语从句位于句首,句子进行部分倒装。

Only in thisway can we deal with the unemployment of young people.

Only througheducation can we rise in the world.

2. 以否定意义状语开头,句子进行部分倒装。

Never hasthis topic failed to fascinate people.

3. neither nor 开头,句子进行部分倒装。

The financialincentive is not the only factor in encouraging employees,neither is ahigher position.

Economicsuccess is not the only factor in achieving happiness, neither issocialstatus.

4. so 开头,句子进行部分倒装。

The averagepeople need privacy. So does the sports player.

Success teachesus something about ourselves. So does failure.

5. 让步状语从句由 though 或 as 引导时可用倒装, 将表语放在句子最前面。

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Convenient as thetele-education is, it cannot replace the traditionaleducation as themainstream form of education.

6. so that 引导的结果状语从句可用倒装。

So common isthe phenomenon that we should adopt harsh measures toresolveit.

总之,如果考生能将这些原则运用到位,那么在雅思考试中写作成绩出高分 是指日可待的。但是雅思写作高分句型的熟悉还是在于勤奋的练习,所以还是建 议众多的考生们勤加练习,在考试的时候才可以信手拈来。

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