舟山中学 2015 学年度高三第一学期期中试卷 英 语
本试卷分选择题和非选择两部分，满分 120 分，考试用时 120 分钟。
选择题（共 70 分）
第一部分： 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 30 分） 第一节 单项填空（共 20 小题；每小题 0.5 分，满分 10 分） 从 A.B.C.D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，
并在答题卡上将该项标号涂黑。 1.一 Linda, can you manage it without help? It seems no easy job. 一_________I have done such a task before． A. With pleasure. B. Take care! C. Don't worry. D. Why not? 2. Out of _____ question, it‘s _____ great fun to explore new places—it feels like an adventure, even when you know you're not the first to have been there. A. the, a B. the , / C. /, a D./,/ 3 . The police believe he is the thief, but all the evidence suggests ______ A. otherwise B. somehow C. instead D. indeed 4. A much better way must be found to achieve an equal ________of the resources. A．distribution B．contribution C. catalogue D. separation 5．She‘s the equal of her brother ______intelligence is concerned，but she doesn‘t work hard at all. A．as well as B．as soon as C．as far as D．as long as 6．The film star has asked ________but the journalists just keep following him wherever he goes. A．to leave alone B．left alone C．to be left alone D．being left alone 7 . Henry made a list of all the possible solutions, ______ seemed helpful in handling the present situation, though． A. none of them B. none of which C. most of which D. most of them 8．The director was fully convinced that this moving story, if _________for television, would be a hit. A. having been adapted B. being adapted C. to be adapted D. adapted 9. ______money isn't necessarily tied to happiness, poverty often goes with unhappiness. A. While B. When C. As D. Since 10． Like some of my classmates， I cannot live up to my teachers‘ expectations； ________ I let them down. A．in other words B．after all C．what‘s more D．more or less 11.Women's Day is around the corner, and I'm considering buying a gift for Mum, ________that is to her taste. A. / B. which C. the one D. one 12.The teacher allowed us 5 minutes to _______the text through to get a general idea of the whole passage. A．discuss B．adapt C．pile D．scan 13.These dangerous chemicals must not be kept where they are ______ to children. A. available B. accessible C. convenient D. comfortable 14．It is often recommended that children ________chances to get close to nature.
A．could be offered B．be offered C．might be offered D．must be offered 15．Whatever difficulties may lie ahead，we are supposed to ________good spirits to face them. A．hold up B．go up C．keep up D．pick up 16．When I met him the other day，it was the first time we ________each other since we were at school. A．saw B．had seen C．were seeing D．have seen 17. All her time _______ experiments, she has no time for films. A. devoted to do B. devoted to doing C. devoting to doing D. is devoted to doing 18.It is widely acknowledged that teaching is ____________as it is a science. A. an art much B. much an art C. as an art much D. as much an art 19.It was not until dark ___________ it was too late to return to the camp. A. did he realize B. he realized C. that he realized D. then he realized 20.As John Lennon once said, life is ___________ happens to you while you are busy making other plans. A. which B. that C. what D. where 第二节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 21-40 各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中， 选出最佳选项，并在答题纸上将该选项标号涂黑。 It's no secret that many children would be healthier and happier with adoptive parents than with the parents that nature dealt them. That's especially 21 of children who remain in homes where they‘re badly treated 22 the law blindly favors biological parents. It's also true of children who 23 for years in foster (寄养) homes because of parents who can't or won't care for them but 24 to give up custody (监护) rights. Fourteen-year-old Kimberly Mays 25 neither description, but her recent court victory could 26 help children who do. Kimberly has been the 27 of an angry custody battle between the man who raised her and her biological parents, with whom she has never lived. A Florida judge 28 that the teenager can remain with the only father she's ever known and that her biological parents have "no legal 29 " on her. Shortly after 30 in December 1978, Kimberly Mays and another baby were mistakenly switched and sent home with the 31 parents. Kimberly's biological parents, Ernest and Regina Twigg, received a child who died of a heart disease in 1988. Medical tests __32 that the child wasn't the Twiggs' own daughter, but Kim only was, thus leading to a custody 33 with Robert Mays. In 1989, the two families 34 that Mr. Mays would maintain custody with the Twiggs getting 35 rights. Those rights were ended when Mr. Mays decided that Kimberly was being 36 . The decision to 37 Kimberly with Mr. Mays caused heated discussion. But the judge made clear that Kimberly did have the right to sue (起诉) 38 her own behalf. Thus he made it clear that she was 39 just a personal possession of her parents. Biological parentage does not mean an absolute ownership that cancels(取消) all the 40 of children. 21.A. terrible B. sad C. true D. natural
22.A. but 23.A. settle 24.A. have 25.A. likes 26.A. actually 27.A. victim 28.A. ruled 29.A. expectation 30.A. birth 31.A. biological 32.A. examined 33.A. battle 34.A. thought 35.A. equal 36.A. harmed 37.A. make 38.A. by 39.A. more than 40.A. freedom
B. if B. live B. refuse B. gives B. eventually B. object B. believed B. action B. judgment B. own B. explained B. right B. quarreled B. same B. forbidden B. leave B. through B. no more than B. happiness
C. when C. suffer C. stick C. fits C. successfully C. sacrifice C. ordered C. effect C. operation C. kind C. decided C. agreement C. agreed C. visiting C. wounded C. give C. on C. not more than C. rights
D. because D. gather D. fail D. knows D. abruptly D. teenager D. indicated D. claim D. school D. wrong D. showed D. decision D. prepared D. speaking D. hidden D. keep D. in D. less than D. ideas
第二部分 阅读理解（每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C、 D）中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。 A Many of us have heard stories about teachers who can ―see‖ into a student‘s future. Even if a student is not performing well, they can predict success. We are convinced that this ability, this gift, is evidence that they were ―called to teach.‖ If the gift of sight is evidence, how greater must be the gift of touch. I have a story. I grew up in the fifties in a poor African American neighborhood in Stockton, California, that had neither sidewalks nor an elementary school. Each day, always in groups at our parents‘ insistence, my friends and I would leave home early enough to walk eight blocks to school and be in our seats when the bell rang. For four blocks, we walked on dusty roads. By the fifth block, we walked on sidewalks that led to lovely homes and to Fair Oaks Elementary School. It was at Fair Oaks, in a sixth grade English class, that I met Ms. Victoria Hunter, a teacher who had a huge influence on my life. During reading periods, she would walk around the room, stop at our desks, stand over us for a second or two, and then touch us. Without saying anything to us (nothing could break the silence of reading periods), she would place two fingers lightly on our throats and hold them there for seconds. I learned many years later when I was a student at Stanford University that teachers touch the throat of students to check for sub-vocalization (默读), which slows down the reading speed. I did not know at the time why Ms. Hunter was touching our throats, but I was a serious and respectful student and so, during silent reading period, I did what Ms. Hunter told us to do. I kept my eyes on the material I was reading and waited for her to place her fingers lightly on my throat. One day, out of curiosity, I raised my head from my book — though not high — so that I could see Ms. Hunter, a white woman from Canada, moving up and down the rows, stopping at the desks of my classmates. I wanted to see how they reacted when she touched their throats. She walked past them. I was confused. Did she pass them by because they were model students? What did we, the students who were touched, not do right? I sat up straighter in my chair, thinking that my way of sitting might be the problem. I was confused. Several days later, I watched again, this time raising my head a little higher. Nothing changed. Ms. Hunter touched the same students. Always, she
touched me. She touched me with her hands. She also touched me with her belief in my ability to achieve. She motivated me by demanding the best from me and by letting teachers I would meet in junior high school know that I should be challenged, that I would be serious about my work. I am convinced that she touched me because she could ―see‖me in the future. That was true of all of us at Fair Oaks who sat still and silent as Ms. Hunter placed her fingers lightly on our throats. We left Fair Oaks as ―best students‖, entered John Marshall Junior High School, finished at the top of our high school class, and went on to earn graduate degrees in various subjects. Ms. Hunter saw us achieving and she touched us to make certain that we would. I was not surprised that she came to my graduation ceremony at Edison High School in Stockton or that she talked to me about finishing college and earning a Ph. D. She expected that of me. She gave me a beautifully wrapped box. Inside was a gift, the beauty of which multiplies even as it touches me: a necklace to which I can add charms for each stage of my life. 41. According to the writer, what is a special ability many good teachers possess? A. The ability to make all students behave well. B. The ability to treat different students in the same way. C. The ability to discover a student‘s potential to succeed. D. The ability to predict the near future of a poor student. 42. When she saw Ms. Hunter walk past some students without touching their throats, the writer felt ______. A. disturbed B. puzzled C. ashamed D. annoyed 43. What does the writer mean by ―a necklace to which I can add charms for each stage of my life‖ (paragraph 6)? A. A gift which encourages me to do well on the journey of my life. B. A gift which becomes more and more valuable as time goes by. C. A necklace which I wear on all important occasions in my life. D. A necklace which suits me and adds to my charm. 44. Which of the following serves as the best title for the story? A. Ms. Hunter‘s Surprise B. Ms. Hunter‘s Challenge C. A Teacher‘s Touch D. A Teacher‘s Memory B. New crime prediction software should reduce not only the murder rate, but the rate of other crimes. Developed by Richard Berk, a professor at the University of Pennsylvania, the software has already used in Baltimore and Philadelphia to predict which individuals on probation(缓刑) or parole(假释) are most likely to murder and to be murdered. ―When a person goes on probation or parole he is supervised(监督) by an officer. The question is ?what level of supervision is appropriate?‘‖ said Berk. It used to be that parole officers used the person‘s criminal record, and their judgment to make decisions. ―This research replaces those seat-of-the –pants calculations,‖ he said. Technology helps determine level of supervision. On average there is one murder for every 100,000 people. Even among high-risk groups the murder rate is one in 100. Predicting such a rare event is very difficult, but advances in computer technology works. Years ago, the researchers made a dataset of more than 60,000 various crimes. Using the software they developed, they found some much more likely to commit murder when paroled or probated. They could identify eight future murderers out of 100. Berk‘s software examines roughly two dozen variables(可变因素), from criminal record to geographic location. The type of crimes, and more importantly, the age at which that crime was committed, were two of the most predictive variables. ―People assume that if someone murdered then they will murder in the future,‖ said Berk.
― What really matters is what that person did as a young individual. Predicting future crimes sounds well. But we aren‘t anywhere near being able to do that.‖ ―Berk‘s scientific answer leaves policymakers with difficult questions. By labeling one group of people as high risk, and supervise them closely, there should be fewer murders, which the potential victims should be happy about. It also means that those high-risk individuals will be supervised more aggressively. For human rights advocates, that means punishing people who, most likely, will not commit a crime in the future,‖ said Bushway. ―It comes down to a question of whether you would rather make these errors or those errors.‖ 45. The underlined words(in Para.3) probably mean___. A. calculations based on subjective opinions B. calculations based on widespread voting C. calculations made by advanced technology D. calculations based on serious considering 46. For 650 people with crime records, how many potential murderers would the software find? A. 6.5 B. 13 C. 52 D. 65 47. From Para 7, we can infer that______. A. the technology developed by Richard Berk will soon be widely used in the US B. the technology would not be widely accepted in the short term C. whether a person murders or not largely decided by his upbringing while young D. if a person murdered when he was fifty, he is sure to murder again while on probation 48. Bushway‘s attitude to the technology put forward by Richard Berk is ____. A. positive B. negative C. objective D. indifferent 49. Which would be the best title for the passage? A. Closely Supervise Potential Murders B. Measures Taken to Prevent Criminal Behavior C. Technology Revolutionizes Judges‘ Way of Working D. Software is Developed to Predict Criminal Behavior C Greenspace facilities (设施) are contributing to an important degree to the quality of the city environment. Fortunately it is no longer necessary that every lecture or every book about this subject has to start with the proof of this idea. At present it is generally accepted, although more as a self-proved statement than on the base of a closely reasoned scientific proof. Recognizing the importance of greenspaces in the city environment is a first step on the right way, this does not mean, however, that enough details are known about the functions of greenspace in towns and about the way in which people are using these spaces. As to this subject I shall within the scope (范围) of this lecture, enter into one aspect only, namely the recreative function of greenspace facilities. The theoretical separation of living, working, traffic and recreation which for many years has been used in town and country planning, has in my opinion resulted in more attention for forms of recreation far from home, while there was relatively little attention for improvement of recreative possibilities in the direct neighborhood of the home. We have come to the conclusion that this is not right, because an important part of the time which we do not pass in sleeping or working, is used for activities at and around home. So it is obvious that recreation in the open air has to begin at the street door of the house. The city environment has to offer as many recreation activities as possible, and
the design of these has to be such that more required activities can also have recreative aspect. The very best standard of living is nothing if it is not possible to take a pleasant walk in the district, if the children cannot be allowed to play in the streets because the risks of traffic are too great, if during shopping you can nowhere find a spot for enjoying for a moment the nice weather, in short, if you only feel yourself at home after the street door of your house is closed after you. 50. The importance of greenspaces in the city environment _____. A. is still unknown B. is paid little attention to C. is accepted on the base of scientific proof D. has been recognized 51. For many years town and country planning has _____. A. brought living areas and places of entertainment close together B. separated recreation facilities far from home C. improved recreative possibilities in the neighborhood D. enabled people to reach the best standard of living 52. What does the writer recommend to create a better environment? A. Providing a recreation place. B. Creating more separated greenspace C. Owning greenspace facilities. D. Delivering a free service. 53. The word ―recreation‖ in the passage probably means _____. A. activities done for pleasure or enjoyment B. doing something again in a creative way C. doing something important after work D. required activities done after work 54. According to the author, greenspaces should be designed _____. A. to reduce the number of recreative activities B. to attract more and more people C. for people to use more conveniently D. for people to do recreative activities at the street door of the house 55. The main idea of this passage is that _____. A. attention must be paid to the improvement of recreation B. greenspace facilities should be used better to improve the quality of life C. the city environment is providing more recreative activities D.we should try our best to raise our living standard D These young men (1)were a different kind of prisoner from those we had seen before. They were brave, hostile （怀敌意的） and ＿ 1__ they would not take orders, and shouted "Amandla！ ”at every opportunity. Their instinct was to confront（对抗）rather than cooperate. The authorities② did not know how to handle them, and they turned the island upside down. During the Rivonia Trial, I remarked to a security policeman that if the government did not reform itself, the freedom fighters who would take our place ③would some-day make the authorities miss us. That day had indeed come on Robben Island. In these young men we saw the angry revolutionary spirit of the times. I had had some warning. On a visit with Winnie a few months before, she had managed to tell me through our coded conversation that there was a rising class of discontented youths④ who were violent and Africanist in beliefs. She said they were changing the nature of the struggle and that I should be aware of them. The new prisoners were shocked by what they considered the inhuman conditions of the
island, and said that they could not understand how we could live in such a way. We told them that they should have seen the island in 1964. But hey were almost as sceptical of us as they were of the authorities. They chose to ignore our calls for discipline and thought our advice weak and unassertive （不果断） . It was obvious that they regarded us, the Rivonia Trialists⑤， as moderates ⑥（温和派） ． After so many years of being branded a radical（激进的）revolutionary, to be seen as a moderate was a novel and not altogether pleasant feeling. I knew that I could react in one of two ways：I could scold them for their disrespect or I could listen to what they were saying. I chose the latter. Then some of these men, such as Strini Moodley of the South African Students' Organization and Saths Cooper of the Black People's Convention, came into our section, I __2___. Shortly after their arrival on the island, the commanding officer came and asked me as a favour to address the young men. He wanted me to tell them to behave themselves, to recognize the fact that they were in prison and to accept the discipline of prison life．I told him that I was not prepared to do that. Under the circumstances, they would have regarded me as a follower of the authorities. (-adapted from "Long walk to freedom: The autobiography of Nelson Mande la') 56. Which of the following words fits best in Blank 1？ A. mild B．aggressive C. friendly D. optimistic 57.We may infer from the passage all of the following EXCEPT that＿ A. an angry massive revolution was probably on its way B .the author's activities were strictly monitored C .many were concerned about the influence these young men could make D. these young men were willing to cooperate in face of difficulties 58. Sentences are missing in Blank 2 regarding the author's following reactions. Which of the following reactions do you think he would have? A. "I" asked them to tell us about their movement and beliefs. B."I" reported to the officers about their dissatisfaction. C. "I" tried to calm them down and talked them into behaving. D. "I" just turned a deaf ear to the young men. 59. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. Conditions of the prison were far more unsatisfactory in 1964. B .Officers of the prison turned the island upside down to discipline the young men. C. The Rivonia Trialists felt honored to be regarded as moderates. D. The young men regarded the author as a follower of the authorities. 60. Several phrases have been underlined and numbered in the passage; which two of them actually refer to the same people? A.①② B.③④ C.⑤③ D.⑥①
非选择题部分（共 50 分）
第三部分：写作（共三节，满分 50 分） 第一节：单词拼写（首字母填空，每空一词，共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 1 . As is known to us, taking exercise regularly is b_______________ to our health. 2. You didn‘t attend class yesterday. Do you have valid reasons for your a_________? 3. The headmaster, a__________ by our English teacher, led the official up to the house.
4.Much to our s_____________, the result of the experiment was much better than we had expected. . 5. Some school children feel bored and frustrated in class, thus a____________ themselves to playing computer games after school. 6. Luckily for him, he n_____________ escaped being killed in the accident. 7. Students in our school are encouraged to p___________ in more activities after class in order to broaden their knowledge. 8. A government official was murdered last Friday and the police are collecting information that is r____________ to the case. 9.The country finally gained independence after being g________ by the British for so many years. 10. They have sold their house and car in p__________ for leaving the country to work abroad. 第二节：短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 下面短文中有 10 处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加：在缺词处加上一个漏字符号（∧），并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写上修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从 11 处起）不计分。 例如：It was very nice to get your invitation to spend/\ weekend with you. Luckily I was the am completely free then, so I‘ll to say ―yes‖. I‘ll arrive in Bristol at around 8pm in Friday evening. I have a good friend who‘s name is Liu Mei. She is our monitor and one of the excellent students in our class. Clever as she is, but she works very hard. We have a lot on common and have a lot to talk about. One evening she told me that something happened when her parents was out. She was doing her homework one Sunday morning while she smelt something burning. She stopped look out of the window and find a cloud of smoke coming out of her neighbor‘s house. She called 119 immediate. Ten minutes late, the firemen came and put out fire. Her neighbor was very thankful for her help. 第三节：书面表达（满分 30 分） 假定你校将举行一个成人仪式，你将作为代表在仪式上发言。请你按以下内容要点准备一篇 英文发言稿。 1.过去对成年的向往； 2.现在的感受和认识； 3.将来的目标和措施。 注意： 1. 词数 100-120；
2. 可以适当增加细节，使行文连贯； 3. 发言稿的开头与结束语已为你写好（不计入总词数） Good morning, everyone! The topic of my speech today is “thoughts on becoming a grown-up”._______________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ Thank you for listening.
拼写：1.beneficial , 2 absence ,3 accompanied 4 satisfaction 5 abandoning 6 narrowly 7 participate 8 relevant 9 governed 10 preparation 短文改错：
I have a good friend who‘s name is Liu Mei. She is our monitor and one of the excellent students in our class. Clever as she is, but she works very hard. We have a lot on common and have a lot to talk about. One evening she told me that something happened when her parents was out. She was doing her homework one Sunday morning while she smelt something burning. She stopped when to ∧look out of the window and find a cloud of smoke coming out of her neighbor‘s house. She called found immediately 119 immediate. Ten minutes late, the firemen came and put out ∧ fire. Her neighbor was very later thankful for her help. the
写作： Good morning, everyone! The topic of my speech today is “thoughts on becoming a grown-up”. As a child, I always hoped that I could grow up as soon as possible so that I could have whatever I wanted and do whatever I liked. Now I’m a grown-up, but I find things do not go as I expected. Although I can enjoy more freedom, at the same time I realize that being a grown-up not only means this, but also more responsibilities. I hope to do for my parents and society in the future to make my life more meaningful. To reach the goal, I must first try my best to pass the college entrance examination and enter a good university. Thank you for listening.