天全中学 2015—2016 学年上期高二第 18 周周考 英 语 试 题
一、完形填空（20*2=40) 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从各题所给的四个选 项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项。
eeds water and a diet 11 healthy foods. These foods should 12 some fat, some fiber, a little salt and so on. People need energy to live. They eat all kinds of foods 13 change into energy. Our bodies use different 14 of energy. The energy is measured in calories(卡路里). The more 15 we take, the more calories we burn. Even when you are 16 , you are using energy---about 65 calories an hour. While you are at school, or walking home, your body is 17 up 100 calories an hour. When playing football or basketball, you might be using 400 calories an hour. On 18 Day, during the relay race, you will use most of all, perhaps as 19 as 650 calories an hour. The Chinese diet is considered to be the healthiest in the world. It contains a lot of fruit and green vegetables. It is 20 in fiber and low in sugar and fat. The Chinese eat less sugar than many 21 countries in the world. That is 22 lots of people in China have white teeth. People in the Western world do not eat 23 healthy foods. They eat too much fat and sugar and don’t take 24 exercise. Because of this, they 25 very easily. In order to 26 with the quick pace(步伐) of their life and work, they eat a lot of fast food. They eat a lot of sweets, soft drinks, potato crisps, chocolate, butter and ice cream and so on, 27 are called 28 food by some epicureans（美食家）. The result is that many of them become fat. In order to avoid 29 __ fat and_30__ it is advisable(明智的) to eat a balanced diet and not eat too many foods that have a high calorie rating. 11．A. above B. of C. at D. over 12．A. include B. hold C. contain D. make up 13．A. what B. which C. where D. it 14．A. numbers B. plenty C. amounts D. deal 15．A. exercise s B. exercise C. sport D. game 16．A. sleepy B. running C. working D. asleep 17．A. running B. burning C. adding D. wasting 18．A. Children B. Work C. Sports D. Sport 19．A. much B. many C. little D. few 20．A. poor B. low C. rich D. plenty 21．A. more B. other C. rest D. others 22．A. Why B. because C. because of D. since 23．A. so B. very C. such D. much 24．A. a number of B. too much C. enough D. masses of 25．A. lose weight B. put on weight C. die D. stay healthy 26．A. keep up B. carry on C. keep on D. go on 27．A. as B. these C. which D. they 28．A. bad B. diseased C. healthy D. junk
29．A. to get 30．A. keep thin 评卷人 得分
B. get B. keep fit
C. to become D. becoming C. stay calm D. fall ill
Two men were sitting together in a plane. They were on a long journey. One of the men was a businessman. The other was a farmer. They sat without talking for a while, then the farmer said, “Let’s do something to pass the time.” “What do you want to do?” the businessman asked. “We can ask each other riddles.” The farmer said, “You start.” “Let’s make the rules first,” the businessman said. “That’s not fair. You are a businessman with much knowledge. You know more things than I do. I am just a farmer.” “That’s true.” The businessman said. “What do you want we should do?” “If you don’t know the answer to a riddle, you pay me $100. And if I don’t know the answer, I’ll pay you $50.” The farmer said. The businessman thought about this, then he said, “OK. That’s fair. Who will go first?” “I will,” The farmer said. “Here is my riddle. What has three legs when it walks, but only two legs when it flies?” The business man repeated the riddle, “What has three legs when it walks, but only two legs when it flies? Mm, that’s a good one. I’m afraid I don’t know the answer.” He gave the farmer $100, then said, “Tell me the answer. What has three legs when it walks, but only two legs when it flies?” “I don’t know.” The farmer said and gave him $50. 31．The story happened ____________. A. on a farm B. in a shop C. before a long plane journey D. between two passengers 32．What does the word “riddle” mean in this story? A. A difficult question to find the answer to. B. Something to help to make rules. C. Something to win money. D. a kind of game in doing business. 33．Why did the businessman agree to give more money if he lost? A. He made much more money than the farmer. B. He thought he knew more than the farmer. C. He was interested in making riddles. D. He was better at playing riddle games. 34．The farmer _________. A. enjoyed himself on his long journey. B. didn’t want to pay even one dollar C. spent all his money on the plane ticket. D. won fifty dollars by playing the riddle game 35．Which of the following is NOT true? A. The two men made rules for their riddle. B. The farmer was much cleverer than the businessman. C. The two men made their riddle game more interesting by paying it for money. D. The businessman knew the answer to his riddle.
Doing homework not only can help children master the knowledge they have learned, but also can train their abilities of finishing the work alone, planning the time and doing the duties. But some children don’t like to complete the work. Why? There are some reasons. Some children feel it is very difficult to do their homework, because they can’t understand their teacher clearly, and can’t follow their teacher’s teaching process. Maybe there is something wrong with their intelligence. But some children’s intelligence is normal. They are even cleverer, but they don’t listen to the teacher carefully. It is hard for them to sit well and pay attention to anything. It needs to carry on the attention centralized（集中注意力） training to help the children. Some children love their teacher and then they like the subject. Their interest depends on the teacher who teaches them. So every teacher should be helpful and kind. It can make children love you and the subject you teach. So they can do their homework happily. 36． Doing homework can help children ___________. A. master the knowledge B. train their abilities C. lean new lessons D. Both A and B 37．Some children find the homework difficult. Which reason is NOT right? A. They can’t understand their teacher clearly. B. They can’t follow their teacher’s teaching process. C. The intelligence of all the students isn’t normal. D. They don’t listen to the teacher carefully. 38．What’s the Chinese meaning of the underlined word “intelligence”? A. 作业 B. 智商 C. 思想 D. 方式 39．According to the last paragraph, the writer thinks ________ is very important. A. a teacher B. a subject C. attention D. homework 40．What is the best title of the passage? A. Some children don’t like their teacher. B. Children’s homework is very difficult C. Why don’t some children like to do homework? D. Why can’t some children study the subjects well? 评卷人 得分 三、语法填空（10*2=20）
阅读下面材料，在空格处填入适当的内容（1 个单词）或使用括号中单 词的正确形式。
Jane: Hi, Leo. You seem tired and sleepy today. Are you OK? Leo: Oh, my neighborhood is so ___41．___ (noise)—I can’t sleep much. Jane: What’s going on in your neighborhood?
Leo: The road near my home ___42．___ (repair), and that makes a lot of noise. That’s____ 43．___ I can’t sleep well at night these days. Jane: Is it really loud? Leo: Oh, it’s terrible! ___44．___ (hope), the construction won’t last long.____ 45．___ they don’t finish the road soon, I’m afraid I’m going to go deaf. Jane: Oh, that’s awful. How about your neighbors? Are they quiet and friendly? Leo: Yes, most of them are. But one of my neighbors, David, ____46 ．____ holds parties every night, won’t stop making noise. Being exposed____ 47．____ so much noise day after day really drives me mad! Jane: It’s no use just____48．____ (complain). Why not hold a neighborhood meeting? I’m sure you could come up with some good __49．____ (approach). Leo: That’s a good idea. Why didn’t I think of that? ____50．___ seems that I haven’t got a brain in my head these days.
评卷人 得分 四、短文改错（10*1.6=16）
One day I happened to find a chatting room on QQ, where people were chatting at English. I try to chat with some of them. To my surprised, I found the spoken English of some junior students was better mine. I asked them for advice and they told me to practise less on QQ. But every day after that I would spend one hour practise my spoken English on QQ. Gradually I learned many useful word and expressions. As time went by, he found that I could even communicate with some college students free.
天全中学 2015—2016 学年上期高二第 18 周周考 英语参考答案
一、完形填空（20*2=40) 试题分析: 本文讲述了我们的饮食和我们的健康的关系，呼吁我们要摄入平衡的饮食，保持身 体健康。 11．B 考查介词辨析 A. above 在。 。上； B. of。 。的； C. at 对于；D. over 超过。本句中的介 词 of healthy foods 修饰前面的名称 diet，指食品的饮食,故选 B 项。 12．C 考查动词辨析 A. include 包括；B. hold 拿住；C. contain 包括；D. make up 组成；这些 食物里面包含一些脂肪，纤维素和盐等等，根据句意可知选 C 项。 13． B 考查定语从句； A. what 什么； B. which 哪一个； C. where 哪； D. it 这个； 本句中的 which 指代前面的先行词 all kinds of foods 在句中做主语，故选 B 项。 14．C 考查名词辨析 A. numbers 数字；B. plenty 许多； C. amounts 数量；D. deal 许多；这里 是指我们的身体需要不同数量的能量，故选 C 项。 15．B 考查名词辨析 A. exercises 练习；B. exercise 锻炼；C. sport 运动；D. game 游戏；你锻 炼越多，消耗的能量也就越多，take exercise 锻炼，故选 B 项。 16．D 考查形容词辨析 A. sleepy 睡觉的；B. running 跑；C. working 工作；D. asleep 睡着的； 句意：即使你在睡着的时候，你的身体也在消耗能量。根据语境可知选 D 项。 17．B 考查动词辨析 A. running 跑；B. burning 燃烧；C. adding 加；D. wasting 浪费；句意： 当我们在学校步行回家，都在燃烧能量，故选 B 项。 18．C 考查名词辨析 A. Children 儿童；B. Work 工作；C. Sports 运动会；D. Sport 运动；根据下句的 the relay race 接力赛；可知是指在运动会上，故选 C 项。后面的名词是能量，是一个不可数名词，使 用 much 来修饰，故选 C 项。 19．A 考查形容词辨析 A. much 许多修饰不可数名词 B. many 许多，修饰不可数名词；C. little 几乎没有，修饰不可数名词； D. few 几乎没有，修饰可数名词的复数形式； 20．C 考查形容词辨析 A. poor 穷的；B. low 低的；C. rich 富有的；D. plenty 许多的；Be rich in 富含；这种食物里富含纤维素糖和脂肪的含量较少，故选 C 项。 21．B 考查形容词辨析 A. more 更多的；B. other 其它的；C. rest 其余的；D. others 他人的； 根据句意中国人吃的糖要比很多其它国家要少，故选 B 项。 22． A 考查表语从句； A. Why 为什么； B. because 因为； C. because of 因此 （介词短语） D. since 自从；句意：这就是为什么很多这中国人牙齿很白的原因。Why 后的句子表示结果，故选 A 项。 23．C 考查形容词辨析 A. so 如此；B. very 非常；C. such 如此；D. much 许多；句意：很多西 方人不吃这样健康的食物，Such 修饰名词 healthy food，故选 C 项。 24．C 考查形容词辨析 A. a number of 许多；B. too much 许多，修饰不可数名词；C. enough 足够的 D. masses of 许多；根据句意西方人摄入的脂肪太多，锻炼不够，可知选 C 项。 25．B 考查动词辨析 A. lose weight 减肥；B. put on weight 增重；C. die 死；D. stay healthy 保 持健康；西方人摄入脂肪很多，锻炼不够所以他们很容易就发胖了，put on weight 增重，故选 B 项。 26．A 考查动词短语辨析 A. keep up 保持；B. carry on 继续 ；C. keep on 继续；D. go on 继续； 为了跟上工作和生活的快的节奏，他们吃了很多快餐。根据语境可知选 A 项。 27．C 考查定语从句辨析 句意：他们吃了很多的甜点，软饮料，巧克力，冰激凌等，这些食 物被美食家们叫做垃圾食物。关系代词 which 指代前面的先行词在句中做主语，故选 C 项。 28．D 考查形容词辨析 A. bad 坏的；B. diseased 患病的；C. healthy 健康的；D. junk 垃圾； 句意：他们吃了很多的甜点，软饮料，巧克力，冰激凌等，这些食物被美食家们叫做垃圾食
物。根据语境可知选 D 项。 29．D 考查动词辨析句意：为了避免变胖，保持健康，少吃高热量的垃圾食品多吃平衡的包含 是非常明智的。代词 avoid 后面要接动名词的形式,avoid doing sth 避免做某事，故选 D 项。 30．B 考查动词短语辨析 A. keep thin 变瘦；B. keep fit 保持健康；C. stay calm 保持平静；D. fall ill 生 病；句意：为了避免变胖，保持健康，少吃高热量的垃圾食品多吃平衡的包含是非常明智的。根据语 境可知选 B 项。 二、阅读理解（8*3=24） A 篇阅读【解析】试题分析：本文讲述了一个发生在飞机上的小故事，农民用自己的机智赚取 了这位老师很多钱。告诉了我们受过教育与的人也不是什么都知道的道理 31．D 考查细节理解题。根据第一段提到 Two men were sitting together in a plane. They were on a long journey. One of the men was a businessman. The other was a farmer.两个人坐在飞机上，进 行一次长时间的旅行，一个是商人，一个是农民，故选 D 项。 32．A 考查推理判断题。根据第二段提到 “What do you want to do?” the businessman asked. “We can ask each other riddles.” The farmer said, “You start.”商人问，你想做什么，我们问彼此一 个问题，农民说，开始吧，故选 A 项。 33．B 考查细节理解题。根据第二段提到 That’s not fair. You are a businessman with much knowledge. You know more things than I do. I am just a farmer 这不公正， 你是个知识丰富的商人， 你知道的事情比我多，我只是个农民，故选 B 项。 34．D 考查细节理解题。根据最后一段提到 He gave the farmer $100, then said, “Tell me the answer. What has three legs when it walks, but only two legs when it flies?” “I don’t know.” The farmer said and gave him $50.可知给了农民 100 美元后来农民不知道又给了商人 50 美元，故可 知选 D 项。 35．D 考查推理判断题。根据最后一段提到 Mm, that’s a good one. I’m afraid I don’t know the answer.” He gave the farmer $100 我恐怕不知道答案，给了农民 50 美元，可知 D 项错误 ； B 篇故事类阅读【解析】试题分析：这篇短文主要介绍了学生不喜欢写作业的原因，一方面是 学生听不懂老师讲的内容，另一方面是学生注意力不集中，再就是是否学生喜欢这个老师。 36．D 考查细节理解题。根据短文第一段 Doing homework not only can help children master the knowledge they have learned, but also can train their abilities of finishing the work alone, planning the time and doing the duties.，可知做作业不仅可以掌握知识而且可以训练他们独立完成作业， 计划时间，尽责任的能力，故选 D 37．C 考查细节理解题。根据第三段 But some children’s intelligence is normal.可知许多孩子的 智力是正常的，故 C 错误。 38．B 考查推理判断题。根据上文可知句意：也许他们的智商有问题，故选 B 39．A 考查归纳理解题。根据最后一段可知作者认为老师在学生乐于学习方面很重要，故选 A 40．C 考查标题归纳题。短文主要围绕学生为什么不写作业展开来写，故选 C。 考点：教育类短文阅读。 三、语法填空（10*2=20） 41．noisy 根据前面的 is（系动词）提示，所以后面应该使用形容词，所以将 noise 变成 noisy。 42．being repaired 根据上文的 What’s going on...提示，所以时态上使用的是一般进行时，且 home 与 repair 之间是被动关系，所以用现在进行时的被动语态。 43．why 考查固定句型：That is why....那就是我为什么.... 44．Hopefully 该空后面因为有逗号隔开，所以应该是副词的形式，所以填写 hopefully。
45．If 考查条件状语从句，if...如果...句意：如果他们不能修完路的话，我担心就要快聋了。 46．who 考查 who 引导的同位语从句，从句当中缺少主语，所以用 who 引导。 47．to 考查固定搭配的用法，be exposed to...(被暴露在....） 48．complaining 考查固定句型用法，It is no use doing sth(做...没有用，无济于事） 49．approaches 此处应填写一个名词，但因为前面有 some 修饰，所以将其变为复数形式。 50．It 考查句型：It seems that....看起来.... 四、短文改错（10*1.6=16） 第一句：at----in 第二句：try---tried 后加 than ; 第四句：less---more 第五句 But----So; word---words； 第七句：he---I; free---freely
第三句：surprised----surprise ; practise---practsing