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英语模拟试题二


2015 年普通高等学校招生全国统一考试(山东卷)

英语模拟试题二
【命题报告】 命题依据:笔者根据 2015 年新课标高考英语《考试大纲》及《考试说明》 的要求,认真解读了 2015 年 高考英语《考试说明》样卷的新变化,在此基础上精心命制本套试卷。 命题特点:一、关注新变化。语篇型语法填空要求更具体,设题更严谨、科学,考点全 面,难易适中,考查

考生灵 活运用语言知识的能力。 二、关注新热点,新导向。试卷选材密切关注社会热点,贴近考生生活实际,富有浓厚 的时代气息。 三、注重人文性,科学性。整套试卷命制科学规范,考查重点突出,充分体现了英语学 科的工具性和人文性。 本试卷分第 I 卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。

第I卷
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分 30 分) 第一节 (共 5 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 7.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳 选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题。 阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. What kind of bag does the woman want to buy? A. A red one. B. A blue one. C. A yellow one. 2. What happened to the man last night? A. He had strange dreams. B. He couldn’t fall asleep. C. He didn’t feel well. 3. Where does the man live? A. In the city. B. In a small town. C. In the countryside. 4. What’s the woman’s favorite drink? A. Orange juice. B. Cola. C. Apple juice. 5. What does the woman mean? A. She will go with Betty. B. She will go to the concert. C. Betty may help the man. 第二节 (共 15 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 22.5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选 项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小 题,每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6 至第 8 题。 6. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Sister and brother. B. Student and adviser. C. Mother and son. 7. What’s the man’s problem? 英语模拟试题二第 1 页(共 8 页)

A. He gave up his job. B. He didn’t work hard. C. His study results are poor. 8. What suggestion does the woman give? A. To focus on study. B. To take extra work. C. To work harder. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 9、10 题。 9. What does the man need to do if he gets the job? A. Hand out advertising papers. B. Give gifts to people walking by. C. Help with the opening ceremony. 10. What will the man do on Tuesday afternoon? A. Take a class. B. Have a job interview. C. Watch a movie 听第 8 段材料,回答第 11 至第 13 题。 11. Where is the city library? A. At the first crossing. B. At the end of the street. C. Far away from the street. 12. How will the woman probably get there? A. On foot. B. By taxi. C. By bus. 13. Which bus will take the woman there? A. No. 112. B. No. 120. C. No. 102. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 14 至第 16 题。 14. What is the woman busy with? A. Phone calls. B. A report. C. An interview. 15. When does the woman need the information? A. Before noon. B. In the afternoon. C. In the morning 16. What’s the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Relatives. B. Friends. C. Couple. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至第 20 题。 17. Where does the speaker have breakfast if the weather is fine? A. In the garden. B. In the kitchen. C. In the living room. 18. When does the speaker usually go to work? A. At 2:00 P. m. B. At 6:00 P. m. C. At 6:30 P. m. 19. How does the speaker usually go home from the restaurant? A. By bus. B. By taxi. C. By train. 20. What do we know about the speaker? A. She is a violinist. B. She often eats alone after work. C. She often reads the newspaper at night. 第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项。 A What can you say about a city that I once called home? That she is beautiful and brilliant? Do these lines sound familiar to you? If you have read the book Love Story,you would know that my opening lines are "inspired" from it. And it fits! I fell in love with Hong Kong pretty much at first sight! It’s the city where I set up my first home,raised our son,and studied my MBA. Our first encounter was in October 2010, 英语模拟试题二第 2 页(共 8 页)

when my husband and I were here for a week to see the city we would be calling home for the next few years. Once we entered the city,I was immediately convinced that our decision to make this move was a right one. At the end of that week, I already knew enough to feel comfortable with Hong Kong. A few months later,I loved everything about Hong Kong! Then came the MBA,which took the entire experience to a different level. I was nervous about returning to books after almost a decade. I thought I would struggle a lot with the scholastic(学业 的)requirements. But I made friends who I will treasure forever here. I sharpened my mind here and was thankful for every opportunity I had got thanks to this MBA. Needless to say,my family and their support enriched all of this. One thing that I will always be grateful for has been the opportunity to travel. And Hong Kong gave me plenty of that. We saw and better understood this region of the world because I traveled around,having visited some of the neighboring countries. Now I'm preparing for a new adventure in another city that I love----London. We are moving there in less than a month,and the excitement is so mixed with the loss of the familiar that I really cannot describe how I am feeling. I feel blessed to be able to call this wonderful city my home. 21. The author referred to Love Story because . A. she was deeply inspired by the book B. she quoted some lines from the book C. she hoped to share the book with readers D. she was greatly impressed by the book’s lines 22. As soon as the author arrived in Hong Kong, . A. she got an apartment to settle in B. she got down to her MBA course C. she decided to give birth to a baby D. she fell in love with the wonderful city 23. What can be inferred from the third paragraph about the author? A. She disliked taking up the MBA course. B. It is impossible for her to reach the MBA level. C. Her family didn’t approve of her studying MBA. D. It is nearly ten years since she graduated from college. 24. While the author stayed in Hong Kong, . A. she lived a hard life with her family B. she devoted all her time to her studies C. she greatly broadened her horizons D. she thought highly of its scholastic requirements B A healthy way of leading a life is through keeping your heart clean. The food intake and exercises you perform to keep your heart healthy and clean are very important. It is a fact that many strive(努力)to lead a healthy lifestyle by sticking to strict diets. But,somehow we fail to refuse our favorite “packaged foods”. These foods are not just harmful but can have a severe effect on health in the long run. Heart is one of the most important and sensitive parts of a human body. It plays a major role in supplying fresh blood to the entire body that keeps us healthy and normal. Therefore,it is very important for us to follow certain healthy routines to keep our heart hale(健壮的) and healthy. Here are a few simple tips that will help you keep a healthy heart: Physical health:Exercise regularly One of the most basic tips is to exercise regularly. Obese people are easier to have heart-related diseases than a person of normal weight. Daily exercise cuts extra fat stored in the body, especially around your waistline. This helps prevent heart-related diseases. 英语模拟试题二第 3 页(共 8 页)

Maintain correct weight Many of us try to reduce lots of weight with a wrong assumption that being overweight leads to heart diseases. But the fact is that,even thin people are likely to suffer from heart-related diseases. One should maintain a steady weight and avoid trying to reduce weight unnecessarily. Diet factors:Avoid packaged foods In order to prevent heart diseases, one should avoid "packaged foods". Anything that comes in a packaged or processed form should be completely avoided. These "packaged foods" not only contain stored fat but also are high in oxidants(氧化剂)because of the processing cycle. Cut down on sugar This could be very difficult to be accepted by people with a sweet tooth. Consuming a high level of sugar on everyday basis risks not only the chances of getting affected by diabetes,but also heart diseases. It is better to replace sugar with either crystal sugar or brown sugar. 25. According to the passage,which of the following is not true about the heart? A. It is easy to be infected with virus. B. It provides fresh blood for your body. C. It’s one of the most sensitive organs. D. It has an important effect on your health. 26. If the food is high in oxidants,——. A. it may make you get affected by diabetes B. it will raise your blood pressure gradually C. it may make you put on weight suddenly D. it will probably do harm to your health 27. What does the passage mainly talk about ? A. Harmful effects of heart diseases. B. Healthy ways to prevent heart diseases. C. Great benefits of possessing a healthy heart. D. Important relationships between hearts and routines. C The human population of Sri Lanka is now believed to be over 20 million. As a result,large areas of trees are being turned into farmland,highways are being built over centuries—old elephant migration routes,and elephants are being driven out of their habitats. This change causes turmoil, resulting in an increased number of uncontrollable events between elephants and humans. The good news is that there is one place called the Elephant Transit Home(ETH) In Udawalawe Nation Park, the main purpose of which is to protect and care for baby elephants that are found injured or living without their mothers in the wild. A day at the ETH begins early in the morning when the baby elephants are given their first feeding of milk. During the course of the day,each baby will drink an average of 13 gallons of milk. Older elephants are fed mostly coconut leaves as well as other native plants. Then the elephants are set free to wander in the park,eating growing grass and forming a herd. The ETH spends almost $ 125, 000 each year on powdered milk for these baby animals. To help pay for food and medical supplies,the ETH has a foster(领养)parent program. Anyone,even schoolchildren,can help a lot by giving money to care for a baby elephant. While some foster parents are too faraway to visit the baby elephant being cared for at the ETH,local schoolchildren play an important part in the program. Foster parents can name their elephants,take photographs of them,and even help send them back into the wild. Now visitors are not encouraged to get close to the elephants. The goal of the ETH is for the elephants to return to the wild in the end. It usually takes three years for a baby elephant to be sent 英语模拟试题二第 4 页(共 8 页)

back into its natural habitat. The elephants are often set free together with other animals with whom they have close relationships. This program helps them return to the wild as members of a herd that will communicate with each other and take care of each other. 28. What does the underlined word "turmoil" in Paragraph 1 most probably mean? A. A state of disorder. B. A phenomenon of pollution. C. A condition of harmony. D. A feeling of confusion. 29. According to the passage,the elephants at the ETH . A. don’t get along well with other animals B. are taken care of by different means C. mainly live on coconut leaves D. are fed separately all the time 30. As a foster parent at the ETH,you can . A. take photographs with the elephant B. take the elephant home for better care C. give the elephant you care for a name D. visit Udawalawe National Park free of charge 31. The last paragraph mainly deals with . A. the future of the elephants at the ETH B. the life of the baby elephants at the ETH C. the process of raising a young elephant at the ETH D. the requirements for being a foster parent at the ETH D According to a new study, a zebra’s stripes(条纹)most likely help to keep annoying, biting flies off them. Scientists have thought that might be the reason why zebras have stripes. However,they also had other theories:that the stripes provide camouflage(伪装)to help them hide from enemies; to confuse their enemies;to help them stay cool;or for a social reason such as to attract a mate. About two years ago,scientists tested the "biting flies" theory using horse models covered in a sticky substance. Horseflies tended not to land on the fake horses that had stripes painted on them. The researchers felt that the stripes confused the flies’ "navigational system"—the flies’ ability to steer and land. In order to be more certain,and to answer the question of why all horse-type animals don’t have stripes. a team of researchers at the University of California looked at a lot of information on zebras from many sources. They also studied information about similar types of animals including horses,to see where the stripes were and what the stripes looked like. They mapped where zebras live. Then they looked at information about where biting flies and zebra-enemies (like hyenas) live. They discovered that zebras tend to live in the same areas where biting flies are present,which supported their theory. Now that the researchers are pretty certain the stripes help zebras discourage flies,they want to do more research with that theory in mind. They will observe how biting flies act around striped and non-striped animals. The research will be published in the April edition of the journal Nature Communications. 32. The purpose of this passage is . A. to discuss with people why zebras have stripes B. to inform people of the result of new research C. to call on more people to protect zebras D. to provide us with some information about zebras 33. According to the latest study,the main function of zebras’ stripes is_______. 英语模拟试题二第 5 页(共 8 页)

A. to attract a mate B. to confuse their enemies C. to help them stay cool D. to help turn biting flies off 34. How did the researchers get their new discovery? A. By doing experiments in areas where zebras appear. B. By collecting all information about horse-type animals. C. By observing how zebras react to biting flies’ attacks. D. By comparing the distribution zones of zebras and biting flies. 35. We know from the passage that scientists still have debates about_______. A. the classification of zebras B. the distribution of zebras C. the function of zebras’ stripes D. the navigational system of zebras 第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 根据短文内容, 从短文后的选项中选出能填人空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余选项。 The Wonderful World of Makeup(化妆品) As a busy mom,my makeup routine has changed significantly. Unless it's a special occasion,I won’t spend much time on it. However,despite my speedy routine,makeup is fun. 36 I also enjoy freebies(赠品)very much. You too? Thought so. Let’s get started. Be realistic. Are you a person who likes simplicity? 37 Besides time,how much money are you willing to invest in products? Do you know your skin type? Knowing how your skin reacts is important. Once you have a realistic idea of what you want to do,your skin type,and how much money you are willing to spend,you’re on your way. Research. Think about your budget and check out different brands online. One of the very best websites and beauty retailers online is Sephora. The Sephora website gives you detailed information on each brand. Want to go green? Sephora has a great deal of information on green and natural products suited for every budget. 38 Once you’ve got an idea about brands,try it out. Sephora’s in-store product samples are enough and you are allowed and encouraged to give makeup a test. Don’t be afraid to ask questions. 39 When you make a purchase from Sephora,you always get to choose three free samples. If you join its Beauty Insider program,you will earn reward points that can be redeemed(兑现)for more samples,other products,and a free beautiful gift on your birthday. A word on expensive brands. Some of the expensive brands really do have superior staying power and last a long time. 40 Personally,I like to mix things up(higher end with drugstore brands). A. Don’t shy away from drugstore brands. B. Take advantage of freebies. C. Try before you buy. D. They are investments after all. E. When time allows, I love playing with different colors and trying new products. F. There’s no pressure to buy—just come and learn. G. Do you prefer the 5-minute or less routine? 第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填人空白处的 英语模拟试题二第 6 页(共 8 页)

最佳选项。 More than half a million South Korean students in their final year of high school took the university entrance examination in Nov. Many people consider success on this test the first 41 toward a good life. But South Korean students say they feel 42 from the pressure. Seventeen-year-old student Lee Jee-woo is not ready yet to 43 the test. But he has a strong opinion about it. He says,"This test can 44 the rest of your life. " South Korean high school students 45 years studying for the university entrance examination. People say good scores 46 entrance to a top university and the possibility of a high-paying job. Some say good test 47 even improve chances of a good marriage in the future. Some observers say this 48 does not help the students learn to think 49 themselves. Professor Kim says this system of learning by memorization 50 a lot of stressed students. A recent government study found that South Korean children are the least 51 compared to children in 29 other developed countries. Many South Koreans 52 educational pressure for this unhappiness. South Korean President Park Geun-hye has promised to 53 her country’s educational system. She urges the system to increase creative thinking and relieve students’ 54 . But Jasper Kim does not feel 55 that reforms by the top goveknment alone will settle the 56 . Still,getting South Korean parents to 57 the pressure on their children might not be so easy. Shin Jeong-yeon says she would like not to put so much pressure on her daughter. 58 ,she says there is a lot of 59 ,so it is impossible for parents not to do so. For now,all Ms. Shin and other 60 can do is hope that the pressure brings good results. 41. A. step B. task C. necessity D. effort 42. A. disappointed B. discouraged C. stressed D. motivated 43. A. attend B. take C. join D. enter 44. A. ruin B. reflect C. impress D. determine 45. A. spare B. spend C. use D. cost 46. A. guarantee B. influence C. obtain D. improve 47. A. effects B. consequences C. results D. standards 48. A. plan B. project C. programme D. system 49. A. for B. by C. to D. of 50. A. trains B. produces C. educates D. develops 51. A. creative B. enthusiastic C. happy D. active 52. A. scold B. blame C. charge D. accuse 53. A. abandon B. adopt C. update D. reform 54. A. tension B. panic C. anxiety D. confusion 55. A. satisfied B. sure C. worried D. doubtful 56. A. pressure B. concern C. argument D. problem 57. A. reduce B. ignore C. understand D. recognize 58. A. Instead B. Therefore C. However D. Rather 59. A. chance B. competition C. trouble D. argument 60. A. parents B. students C. reformers D. teachers 英语模拟试题二第 7 页(共 8 页)

第Ⅱ卷
第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分 45 分) 第二节 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分) 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 For many years, volunteers, both young and old, have been helping the poor and elderly people of this area. They work long hours building wheelchair paths,fixing leaky roofs and repairing the homes of those 61 need help. Their only payment is the happy smiles and grateful tears of the people whom 62 have helped. I will always remember one man in particular 63 he has a real enthusiasm for voluntary work. He seemed to have inspired all the people in his group with his 64 (cheer)spirit. Every day when I asked him 65 he was doing,he would reply,"I'm doing good!" 66 the end of the month as he was preparing to leave,I looked at all the homes he 67 (fix)and had to agree that he was indeed doing 68 good job! A nice house,a successful career,and a lot of money might be nice to have,but 69 (compare)with fixing others’ homes and helping those in need,their 70 (significant)is not so great. 第四部分 写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。 文中共有 10 处语言错误,每 句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(/\),并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。 修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 It was 2: 05 in the afternoon. When I entered into the classroom, our class teacher was operating the camera,and my classmates were all talking about it. Most of us have never been in front of a video camera ago,so we were quite nervous. As for me,I once faced it at home. And this was different. We had to separately talk about our article as if we were reading news on TV. The funny thing were that every time I tried to face the camera and talk about my article, I forgot it and couldn’t resist look down at it. It was a complete different experience for me. 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分) 假设你是李华,你们班有一位来自加拿大的名字叫 Johnson 的朋 友,最近他发生了意外。请你根据右面的图画,给他的父母写一 封信,告诉他们这些情况。 注意:1. 词数 100 左右; 2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯; 3. 开头和结尾已经给出,不计入总词数。

英语模拟试题二第 8 页(共 8 页)


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