重庆南开中学高 2017 级高一下期末考试 英语试题
本试卷分第 I 卷（选择题）和第 II 卷（非选择题）两部分，共 150 分。考试时间 120 分 钟。 第 I 卷（共 110 分） 一、听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最
佳选项， 并标在席卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一 小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 例：How much is the shirt ? A. ￡19.15 . B. ￡9.15 . C. ￡9.18 . 答案是 B。 1. What does the man like about the play ? A. The story . B. The ending . C. The actor . 2. Which place are the speakers trying to find ? A. A hotel . B. A bank . C. A restaurant . 3. At what time will the two speakers meet ? A. 5:20 B. 5:10 C. 5:40 4. What will the man do ? A. Change the plan . B. Wait for a phone call . C. Sort things out . 5. What does the woman want to do ? A. See a film with the man . B. Offer the man some help . C. Listen to some great music . 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项， 并标在席卷的相应位置。听每段对话前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后， 各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间，每段对话读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6. Where is Ben ? A. In the kitchen . B. At school . C. In the park . 7. What will the children do in the afternoon ? A. Help set the table . B. Have a party . C. Do their homework . 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8、9 题。 8. What are the speakers talking about ? A. A family holiday . B. A business trip . C. A travel plan . 9. Where did Rachael go ? A. Spain B. Italy C. China 听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. How did the woman get to know about third-hand smoke ? A. From young smokers .
B. From a newspaper article . C. From some smoking parents . 11. Why does the man say that he would keep away from babies ? A. He has just become a father . B. He wears dirty clothes . C. He is a smoker . 12. What does the woman suggest smoking parents should do ? A. Stop smoking altogether . B. Smoke only outside their rooms . C. Reduce dangerous matter in cigarettes . 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. Where does Michelle Ray come from ? A. A middle-sized city . B. A small town . C. A big city . 14. Which place would Michelle Ray take her visitors to for shopping ? A. The Zen Garden . B. The Highlands . C. The Red River area . 15. What does Michelle Ray do for complete quiet ? A. Go camping . B. Study in a library . C. Read at home . 16. What are the speakers talking about in general ? A. Late-night shopping . B. Asian food . C. Louisville . 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. Why do some people say they never have dreams according to Dr Garfield ? A. They forget about their dreams . B. They don’t want to tell the truth . C. They have no bad experiences . 18. Why did Davis stop having dreams ? A. He got a serious heart attack . B. He was too sad about his brother ’s death . C. He was frightened by a terrible dream . 19. What is Dr Garfield’s opinion about dreaming ? A. It is very useful . B. It makes things worse . C. It prevents the mind from working . 20. Why do some people turn off their dreams completely ? A. To sleep better . B. To recover from illnesses . C. To stay away from their problem . 二、单项选择（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 请从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题上将该选项 的标号涂黑。 21. Do you work near the building __________ the color is yellow ? A. of whom B. of which C. whose D. which 22. __________ with a family of five kids , the old man worked all day and night . A. Loading B. Having loaded C. Loaded D. Being loaded
23. – Can I call you back at two o’clock this afternoon ? -- I’m sorry , but by then I __________ to Beijing . How about five ? A. fly B. will fly C. will be flying D. am flying 24. – I’m so sorry to have come so late for the meeting . -- It is not your fault . With __________ rush-hour traffic and __________ heavy rain , it is no wonder you were late . A. the ; the B. a ; a C. / ; / D. / ; a 25. In general , it is failure which encourages us to work harder that __________ leads to success . A. accidentally B. ridiculously C. traditionally D. eventually 26. __________ you may have , you should gather your courage to face the challenge . A. How a serious problem B. What a serious problem C. However serious a problem D. Whatever serious a problem 27. – Do you mind if I smoke here ? -- Yes , __________ . A. you could B. go ahead C. I do D. my pleasure 28. Only after Tom had tasted the soup __________ it was actually cooked with mushrooms . A. did he know B. had he known C. he knew D. did know he 29. I’ll spend half of my holiday practicing English and __________ half learning drawing . A. other B. another C. others D. the other 30. They fell in love with Fast and Furious __________ they watched it . A. for the first time B. the first time C. at the next time D. the next time 三、完形填空。 （共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 请阅读下面一篇短文，掌握大意，然后从 31~50 各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D） 中，选出最佳答案，并在答题上将该选项的标号涂黑。 Anita Cooper , a respectable doctor , retired at the age of 62 one year ago . She had been so 31 her whole self to her work that she could not allow herself to do nothing even after retirement . She was recently elected president of a(n) 32 organization that serves for free her local hospital where 33 makes the best patient care possible . One of her 34 is to find and train volunteers who will work as nurse’s assistants to solve the nursing 35 for the hospital . In many hospitals , these volunteers are called “ candy stripers ” because their red and white uniforms resemble（看起来像）candy canes . Several weeks after 36 , Anita discovered that the candy striper program was a 37 . In order to straighten things out , she would have to spend a lot 38 time at the hospital than she originally thought . Anita just returned home from a(n) 39 day at the hospital . She noticed the 40 flashing on her telephone answering machine . When she 41 the button , she heard the following messages from her daughter , Felicia : Felicia : Hi , mom . It’s just me . It’s five o’clock . Call me when you 42 . I need to talk to you about something . Bye . Felicia : Mom , it’s me again . It’s now a little after seven . I guess you’re still at the 43 . I need to talk to you tonight about maybe taking care of Tommy tomorrow if you can 44 it . I just found out today that I have to be out of town 45 business . Talk to you soon . Bye , now . Anita looked at her 46 and saw that she had scheduled 47 courses for the whole
next day . She picked up the phone and dialed her 49 . She knew that Felicia would feel she was 50 31. A. devoting 32. A. political 33. A. surgery 34. A. ways 35. A. disappearance 36. A. leaving school 37. A. success 38. A. more 39. A. long 40. A. eye 41. A. missed 42. A. get away 43. A. church 44. A. like 45. A. into 46. A. calendar 47. A. training 48. A. friend’s 49. A. yes 50. A. counting her in C. holding her back B. connecting B. charitable B. medicine B. hobbies B. crimes B. making peace B. mess B. less B. unforgettable B. light B. fastened B. get up B. nursery B. try B. on B. television B. acting B. daughter ’s B. hello
48 number . She would have to say , but she felt she had no choice . D. comparing D. commercial D. management D. duties D. shortage D. causing trouble D. balance D. happier D. special D. line D. fixed D. get in D. hospital D. appreciate D. out of D. menu D. filming D. neighbor ’s D. much
C. matching C. economic C. nursing C. interests C. mysteries C. taking office C. pleasure C. bigger C. sunny C. number C. pushed C. get across C. school C. manage C. without C. car C. swimming C. husband’s C. no B. cheering her up D. letting her down
四、阅读理解。 （共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） 请阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项，并 在答题上将该选项的标号涂黑。 A Occasionally , life can be impossibly difficult , and it can be hard to keep going . But you always have a choice . In 2012 , I got a call from my family to say that my father’s cancer had fiercely progressed . He died only six months later . My father was a complete inspiration to me . He was always so strong that I honestly thought he would come back to life . I couldn’t believe I would never again hug him . Shortly after that , my oldest sister complained of a backache . The doctors discovered that she had highly advanced cancer in her bones and that there was nothing they could do . She died a month later . She was my favorite person in the whole world . I never thought I would have to live without her . I was overcome by the shock and extreme heartbreak . Then , something was wrong with my knees and I ended up in the hospital myself . I remember lying in the hospital bed , looking up at the ceiling and seeing my sister ’s beautiful face . I realized that night that I had a choice . I could end my life or I could live it . I looked in my sister’s eyes and decided not to go with her just yet . I decided to stay and complete my journey here . I also decided that I would live the life that I absolutely love . I now live in an adorable cottage with an amazing boyfriend . I spend quality time with the rest
of my precious family and cherish every moment I have with them . I connect with my heart often to ensure that I am following my joy . I love myself more deeply every day . Not a day goes by when I don’t miss my father ’s huge character or my beloved sister ’s gentle eyes , but I know that I will be with them one day . What I have now is so precious that I must grasp the joy in every moment I can . You choose life every day . But do you choose the life that you love every day ? 51. From the passage we can learn that the author once suffered from __________ . A. a heart attack B. a backache C. a knee problem D. a bone cancer 52. The author finally realizes that the joy in your life is determined by your __________ . A. career B. attitude C. health D. family 53. The author can be best described as __________ . A. lonely but ambitious B. miserable but easy-going C. hopeless but humorous D. unlucky but positive 54. Which of the following can be the best title for the passage ? A. Escape the Fate B. Love Your Life C. Make a Living D. Remember Every Moment B When visiting Maui , one of the most beautiful islands in the world , there are so many attractions for you . HALEAKALA Mt. Haleakala towers 10,023 feet high and is one of the two volcanoes that created this incredible Hawaiian isle . Haleakala National Park offers a variety of activities , making it one of the most revisited attractions in all the Hawaiian Islands . The most popular activities include enjoying sunrise and sunset , hiking , and backcountry camping on Maui . ROAD TO HANA There are many ways to experience the Road to Hana , and the sleepy coastal Town of Hana , Maui . Visitors can go by group and private tours , or explore on their own by renting a vehicle . Beginning at the historic Town of Paia , visitors can enjoy decorated coastlines all the way to Hana , world famous beaches in Hawaii , tropical landscapes , waterfalls , scenic lookout points , and cultural attractions that mark significant points in Maui’s unique Hawaiian history . HO’OKIPA BEACH PARK Ho’okipa Beach Park is one of the most famous beaches in the world for professional surfing and windsurfing . In the ancient Hawaiian language , “ ho’okipa ” means hospitality , which is exactly what this Beach Park offers ! At Ho’okipa , visitors can see the powerful coastline from the top parking lot for amazing photo opportunities . Or you can go to the sand for afternoon BBQ’s and the glorious Maui shunshine . OHE’O GULCH POOLS The Ohe’o Gulch Pools , more commonly referred to as the Seven Sacred Pools , is a wonderful place to explore Maui on vacation . The lower pools are more easily accessed , and perhaps the best
choice for visitors who want to jump in . Due to the popularity of the Seven Sacred Pools , it is highly suggested to arrive early for a chance to enjoy privacy in this beautiful location . 55. If you are afraid of water and want to have fun at dawn , you can possibly go to __________ . A. Ho’okipa Beach Park B. Ohe’o Gulch Pools C. Town of Hana D. Haleakala National Park 56. In Ho’okipa Beach Park , you can enjoy all of the following activities EXCEPT __________ . A. surfing B. camping C. sunbathing D. photographing 57. From the passage , we can learn that __________ . A. Ho’okipa Beach Park wins world popularity for its hospitability B. Seven Sacred Pools is crowded at any time in any season C. you will hardly regret visiting Haleakala National Park again D. only with your own car can you explore the Road to Hana 58. Where can you possibly find this passage ? A. In a history study . B. In a tourist guide . C. In a geography textbook . D. In an employment advertisement . C What do you usually do to comfort your friends when they are feeling sad or depressed ? You probably pat them on the back or shoulder , or maybe you give them a big , warm hug . We used to think that knowing when and how to comfort others was an ability that only humans have . But scientists have discovered that apes（猩猩）have this ability , too , according to a study published in the Journal of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences . Two researchers from Emory University in Atlanta , US , went to an Ape Protection Centre in Congo to study bonobos（倭黑猩猩）, which are closely related to humans . The researchers analyzed the bonobos’ reactions after more than 370 cases of stressful situations , such as fights and losing temper , and found that some bonobos rushed to hug those that were screaming after being attacked , just like humans would have done . However , researchers noted hat not all bonobos were capable of comforting others . In the protection centre , many bonobos are orphans whose mothers were killed by hunters . They were found to be more anxious in times of tension and to have greater difficulty controlling their own emotions , making them worse at reaching out to help friends in need . “ Orphans , who have not had the benefit of a mother helping them handling their emotions , are much worse at comforting others , ” Professor Frans de Waal , one of the researchers , told The Telegraph . “ Bonobos with moms were able to curb their negative emotional reactions more quickly . Therefore , they pay more attention to others . ” This pattern mirrors the way that human children have been found to react . Those who seem more capable of handling their own emotions – for example , the ones who can calm themselves down more quickly after upsetting experiences – are usually better at expressing their concerns for others .
59. The 4th paragraph is mainly developed by __________ . A. giving examples B. following time order C. making comparisons D. presenting causes and effects 60. The underlined word “ curb ” in the 5th paragraph probably means “__________ ” . A. express B. observe C. control D. hide 61. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage ? A. Orphan bonobos never give a hand to friend . B. There were 370 bonobos involved in the research . C. The ability to comfort others is unique to human beings . D. Moms play a significant role in handling kids’ emotions . 62. What’s the main purpose of this passage ? A. To inform readers of a new study . B. To uncover the mystery of Apes . C. To provide better protection for Apes . D. To compare human behaviors with Apes’ . D This year marks 46 years since Neil Armstrong became the first person to walk on the moon . In all , 12 American astronauts have walked on the moon , the last – Eugene Cernan and Harrison Schmitt – doing so in 1972 . Enthusiasm for space travel has always decreased and increased . In 2010 , President Barack Obama cut funds for a NASA mission that would have put humans back on the moon by 2020 . “ I understand that some believe that we should attempt a return to the surface of the moon first , as previously planned . But I just have to say here : We’ve been there before , ” Obama said . NASA Administrator Charles Bolden has also thrown cold water on the idea of a return mission to the moon . But others believe there are benefits to going back to the moon . “ It’s the closest body to us , making it the least challenging to explore of all the planets , moons and asteroids in our solar system , ” wrote Gene R. Grush , from NASA Johnson Space Center . “ It’s an opportunity to establish a permanent presence off Earth – a moon base for scientists or a colony for all of humanity . ” “ There is a lot of good science on the moon that we’ve only scratched the surface on , ” said former astronaut Tom Jones . Richard Vondrak , from NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center , agrees , saying , “ Astronauts can accomplish scientific exploration that is beyond the capability of robotic explorers . ” And then there’s the private business . In the last few years , several private companies – including Elon Musk’s SpaceX – have launched rockets of their own , ending the national control over space flight . NASA is even considering a partnership with SpaceX , and Musk has said that if demand to go to the moon exists , his company will help fill it . Meanwhile , Buzz Aldrin , the second person to walk on the moon , believes that there’s a much better target for exploration : Mars . “ We’ve done the moon – we understand it better than anything else , ” Aldrin said . “ We’ve got to start thinking of long-term investments . ”
63. Richard Vondrak may support that __________ . A. we have had a full understanding of the moon B. going back to the moon is a short-term investment C. we cannot merely rely on robots to explore the moon D. it is a waste of money to put humans back on the moon 64. How many people mentioned in the passage are against going back to the moon ? A. 2 B. 3 C. 4 D. 5 65. According to the passage , we can learn that __________ . A. President Barack Obama thought people should attempt to return to the moon B. all the astronauts who have been to the moon don’t agree to go back there C. people are always obsessed with space travel D. Elon Musk’s SpaceX belongs to NASA 66. Which of the following could be the best title for this passage ? A. Why Say No ? B. Voices From Experts C. Should We Go Back to the Moon ? D. Business Development in Space Flights E Warren Buffett , probably the world’s most successful investor , has said that anything good that happened to him could be traced back to the fact that he was born in the right country , the United States , at the right time (1930) . In 1988 , when The World light-heartedly ranked 50 countries according to where would be the best place to be born in 1988 , America indeed came top . But which country will be the best for a baby born in 2015 ? To answer this , the Economist Intelligence Unit ( EIU ) , has this time turned deadly serious . It attempts to measure which country will provide the best opportunities for a healthy , safe and prosperous life in the years ahead . Its quality-of-life index links the results of subjective life-satisfaction surveys – how happy people say they are – to objective determinants of the quality of life . Being rich helps more than anything else , but it is not all that counts ; things like crime , trust in public institutions and the health of family life matter too . In all , the index takes 11 significant factors into account . Despite the global economic crisis , times have in certain respects never been so good . Output growth rates have been decreasing across the world , but income levels are at or near historic highs , Life expectancy continues to increase steadily and political freedoms have become better known across the globe . What does all this mean for where a baby might be luckiest to be born in 2015 ? After calculation , the EIU has Switzerland comfortably in the top spot , with Australia second . Small economies occupy the top ten . Half of these are European , but only one , the Netherlands , is from the euro zone . The largest European economies ( Germany , France and Britain ) do not do particularly well . America , where babies will inherit the large debts of the boomer generation , stays in 16th place . Among the 80 countries covered , Nigeria comes last . Some people will , of course , find more holes in all this than there are in a big Swiss cheese . For example , in the film “ The Third Man ” , Harry Lime famously says that Italy for 30 years had
war , terror and murder under the Borgias but in that time produced Michelangelo , Leonardo da Vinci and the Renaissance ; Switzerland had 500 yeas of peace and democracy（民主）-- and produced clocks and watches . However , there is surely a lot to be said for birth stability in today’s uncertain times . 67. The author uses the example of Warren Buffett to __________ . A. make a contrast between past and present B. introduce the topic of the passage C. prove the birthplace’s importance D. present a light-hearted picture for readers 68. We can infer from the passage that __________ . A. Nigeria is the most unfortunate birthplace in the world B. The World took the survey seriously in 1988 and so did the EIU this time C. a good birthplace may not be the decisive factor for a person’s success D. 11 significant factors have been taken into consideration in the index 69. The author ’s attitude towards the birthplace is __________ . A. supportive B. critical C. doubtful D. objective 70. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the passage ? A. The world’s present economic environment is perfect . B. In the index , being rich plays as important a part as trust in public institutions . C. If a baby is born in the euro zone in 2015 , he will be definitely the luckiest one . D. In Harry Lime’s opinion , Switzerland produced no masters despite its peace and democracy . 第 II 卷（共 40 分） 第一节 单词填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 根据所给的首字母或汉语注释写出所缺单词的完整形式。 71. Many foreign tourists cancelled their trip to South Korea , for the virus MERS had s__________ quickly in that country and caused many infections . 72. They had a fierce a__________ about the advantages and disadvantages of ads . 73. In the subway , we have seats reserved for the d__________ and elderly . 74. The English spoken in the United States is only s__________ different from that spoken in England . 75. The clock s__________ midnight and the game still hadn’t started . 76. His research has c__________ enormously to our understanding of the disease . 77. Public transport is generally poor so many Americans have no a__________ but to drive . 78. There is also “ learned ” body language , which v__________ from culture to culture . 79. In my opinion , much importance should be a__________ to the protection of endangered animals . 80. Weather p__________ , minibuses will be provided to send the tourists to the Forbidden City . 81. The patient remained __________（清醒的，有意识的）throughout the operation . 82. On April 12th , Hilary Clinton __________ （正式地） announced that she would participate in the 2016 US presidential election . 83. He looked at the design with the eye of an __________（工程师）? 84. The island is very much in favor as a holiday __________（目的地）.
该题由重庆名 校资源 库 刘 薇莉编 辑
85. The scientists have been __________（探索）Antarctica to study its resources . 86. The police successfully arrested Richard Matt , who was one of the country’s most wanted __________（罪犯）. 87. The architect is very __________（乐观的）about the effect of the house on the environment . 88. She __________（威胁）to take the magazine to court if they didn’t publish an immediate apology . 89. TV violence may cause __________（攻击的，挑衅的）behaviors , which raises parents’ concern . 90. He believes European __________（文明）was the high point of human achievement . 第二节 单句改错（共 5 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 5 分） 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（^） ，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下面画一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：每句只改一处错误，每处错误及修改仅限一词。 91. There is a note on the front door , said , “ Come in , please . ” 92. Beijing doesn’t have as many freeways Sydney does . 93. The environmental friendly products are well-received among the customers . 94. Daniel Mendoza was one of the most colorful figures in the boxing history . 95. The power of the Yangtze River , that is the world’s third longest river , has been harnessed by the Three Gorges Dam . 第三节 句子翻译（共 5 小题；每小题 3 分，满分 15 分） 96. 我们每个人都梦想着被理想的大学录取。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 97.如果你方便的话，请为我们把电视打开。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 98. 他昨天上学以致的原因是他被困在电梯里面了。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 99.他们认为秘密已经被他们的一个朋友所泄露。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 100.如果你坐在双层公共汽车的上层，你会对这个飞速发展的城市一览无余。 _______________________________________________________________________________