2015 年艾青中学高三英语滚动练习 1 考试时间：120 分钟 总分：120 分 命题人：胡海芳 本试卷分选择题和非选择题两部分。 选择题部分（共 80 分） 第一部分：英语知识运用(共两节，满分 30 分) 第一节：单项填空（共 20 小题；每小题 0.5 分，满分 10 分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 1. —T
hank you for giving me a ride to the airport． —_____ A．No problem． B．All right． C．By all means． D．A piece of cake
2. Social practice is _____ opportunity for students to gain _____ better understanding of how society operates. A. the; the B. the; a C. an; a D. an; the
3. —Silly me! I forget what my luggage looks like. —What do you think of _____ over there? A. the one B. this C. it. D .that
4. We all breathed a sigh of relief when the news came _____ no one was injured in the accident. A. why B. that C. whether D. which
5. The one-child policy has been ______ this year, allowing for couples to have two children if one of the parents is an only child. A. relaxed B. strengthened C. conducted D. performed
6. —Lily, you don’t go to that supermarket quite often, do you? —No, I only go there ______ because it’s too far away from my house. A. constantly B. occasionally C. frequently D. eventually
7. We would rather our daughter ________ at home with us, but it is her choice, and she is not a child any longer. A. stayed would stay B. has C.
8. The young man felt so guilty about his drunk driving that not a single word ____ to defend himself in court. A. said he did say 9. We tend to believe that it’s always good to have more skills and certificates to prove those skills．But experts say students should be _____ about certificates． A．optimistic D．reasonable 10. —My dear, you ______ things about. Look, what a mess in the room! —Sorry, Mom. A. have always thrown C. are always throwing B. always throw D. always threw B．sensitive C ． responsible B. he said C. did he say D. he
11. When you are reading, make a note of ______ you think is of great importance. A. which B. that C. where D. what
12. The new technology, if _______ ice growing, will help increase the grain output． A. applying B．applied C．to apply D．having applied
13. The black baby boy is at the stage ______ he can only say a few simple words but not yet full sentences． A．when B．where C．which D．why
14. —Can I get out at noon? —No. Our school rules state that no student ____ be allowed out at noon, unless he has a request form. A. shall B. will C. must D. can
15. —Do you know why Jane was so angry? —Her roommate gave in to _________ and opened the letter addressed to her. A. curiosity B. consideration C. concern D. convenience
16. Some school teachers complained, “Many kids haven’t got any hobbies — ______ you call playing computer games a hobby.”
17.Bears _____ fat stores throughout the summer and fall to have energy enough to last them through their winter sleep. A. pack up B. build up C. bring up D. take up
18. Brown said he was by no means annoyed; _____, he was glad to be able to make himself clearly understood. A. all in all way 19. Five people were killed, and 4 others were missing as Typhoon Fitow hit east China’s Zhejiang Province, ______ more than three million people. A. affected B. affecting C. to affect D. being affected B. for one thing C. on the contrary D. by the
20. —Shall we make an appointment at 9 o’clock this Sunday morning? —______. I will be available the whole morning. A. It counts for nothing C. That suits me fine B. It makes no difference D. Go right ahead
第二节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） Joshua, my son, is fifteen years old. He was born with Down Syndrome (唐氏综合 症). In the last fifteen years. I have experienced many difficult and 21_ stories. However, right now I want to just stick to the topic of 22 . When Joshua was born, the doctor _23 us not to “waste our time, energy or money". They claimed that our son would never accomplish anything. They told us he would never walk, talk or learn to use the toilet. 24 , we were not about to accept the words. However, we weren’t really sure what to expect. Therefore, we expected him to develop at his own pace, with a lot of help and encouragement, but only to develop little. We decided that 25 we saw progress we could never give up. Very early on, we knew in our hearts that we had to have high expectations, but how high? We could not set goals for him that he could not ever possibly reach. 26 , if we did not have high hopes, the chances would be very slim for him to work to his potential.
When Joshua was four and a half years old, his younger sister, CJ, was three and attended the same preschool in a younger class. The school 27 an art contest and all the children in it presented pictures. The pictures were hung on the wall and the president of the local church, who was not personally was appointed to be the 29 . On the day of the contest, I made my _30 through the crowded parents to see CJ’s 28 with the children,
picture, 31_. it was likely to be hung there, but Joshua's class pictures were not yet up and I didn’t think twice about seeing his picture 32 leaving the building. You see, I had no expectation that Joshua would win; it was 33 for me to know that he was able to draw a picture and have it _34_ with those of the other children. Well, when I returned to 35 the kids, you can image my 36_ when I discovered that Joshua was the winner from his class! Proud and excited, he told everyone, “I won the contest! I _37 it! ” CJ kept insisting that she had won too and it was certainly a _38 feeling to know that Joshua had achieved something that his sister had not. After that I decided to keep my expectations _39_ , it seems that most people work to whatever expectations are set for them. Why should Joshua be any 21. A. inspiring 22. A. expectation instruction 23. A. suggested advised 24. A. Luckily 25. A. due lo case 26. A. However 27. A. charged 28. A. familiar 29. A. host 30. A. effect B. Besides B. prepared B. similar B. teacher B. way C. Thus C. engaged C. friendly C. headmaster C. force D. Therefore D. ran D. close D. judge D. struggle B. Unfortunately B. as long as C. Naturally C. so far as D. Generally D. in B. hoped C. persuaded D. B. frustrating B. love 40 ? C. encouraging C. education D. exciting D.
31. A. where 32. A. after 33. A. excited 34. A. displayed 35. A. take up 36. A. surprise 37. A. got 38. A. special 39. A. on 40. A. difficult different
B. as B. during B. enough B. hanged B. keep up B. expectation B. drew B. extraordinary B. high B. upset
C. when C. before C. amazing C. taken C. get up C. joy C. made C. curious C. great
D. that D. once D. pleased D. replaced D. pick up D. amusement D. defeated D. mixing D. easy D.
第二部分：阅读理解（第一节 20 小题，第二节 5 小题；每小题 2 分, 满分 50 分） A In the fall of 1985, I was a bright-eyed girl heading off to Howard University, aiming at a legal career and dreaming of sitting on a Supreme Court bench somewhere. Twenty-one years later I am still a bright-eyed dreamer and one with quite a different tale to tell. My grandma, an amazing woman, graduated from college at the age of 65. She was the first in our family to reach that goal. But one year after I started college, she developed cancer. I made the choice to withdraw from college to care for her. It meant that school and my personal dream would have to wait. Then I got married with another dream: building my family with a combination of adopted and biological children. In 1999, we adopted our first son. To lay eyes on him was fantastic – and very emotional. A year later came our second adopted boy. Then followed son No. 3. In 2003, I gave birth to another boy. You can imagine how fully occupied I became, raising four boys under the age of 8! Our home was a complete zoo – a joyous zoo. Not surprising, I never did make it back to college full-time. But I never gave up on the dream either. I had only one choice: to find a way. That meant taking as few as one class each semester.
The hardest part was feeling guilty about the time I spent away from the boys. They often wanted me to stay home with them. There certainly were times I wanted to quit, but I knew I should set an example for them to follow through the rest of their lives. In 2007, I graduated from the University of North Carolina. It took me over 21 years to get my college degree! I am not special, just single-minded. It always struck me that when you’re looking at a big challenge from the outside it looks huge, but when you’re in the midst of it, it just seems normal. Everything you want won’t arrive in your life on one day. It’s a process. Remember: little steps add up to big dreams. 41. When the author went to Howard University, her dream was to be _______. A. a writer B. a teacher C. a judge D. a doctor
42. Why did the author quit school in her second year of college? A. She wanted to study by herself. B. She fell in love and got married. C. She suffered from a serious illness. D. She decided to look after her grandma. 43. What can we learn about the author from Paragraphs 4 and 5? A. She was busy yet happy with her family life. B. She ignored her guilty feeling for her sons. C. She wanted to remain a full-time housewife. D. She was too confused to make a correct choice. 44. What does the author mostly want to tell us in the last paragraph? A. Failure is the mother of success. B. Little by litter, one goes far. C. Every coin has two sides. D. Well begun, half done. 45. Which of the following can best describe the author? A. Caring and determined. C. Ambitious and Sensitive B. Honest and responsible D. Innocent and single-minded
46. Zeo is a revolution in the science of sleep mainly because it _____. A. can record one’s sleep process one’s sleep C. is free of medical risks D. provides access to sleep fitness B. is the first product to manage
websites 47. What is the most remarkable feature of Zeo? B. Its individualized
A. Its direct contact with sleep scientists. coaching program. C. Its effectiveness in curing sleep disorders. of sleep data. 48. What customer service does Zeo provide? A. Cheap online tools. C. Personalized bedside display. 49. The passage is primarily written to _____. A. encourage people to try the new product tool C. provide the latest health information of good sleep habit
D. Its immediate analysis
B. A 30-day action plan. D. Free delivery of the product.
B. instruct people how to use a new
D. illustrate the importance
C Pretending to be happy can actually make you more miserable—especially if you’re a woman, according to a new study. Researchers found that walking around with a forced smile and faking(假装的)happiness simply led to people feeling gloomier. So, putting a brave face on your woes could actually be counterproductive. The research found that women suffered more than men when pretending to be happy. Psychologist, Dr. Brent Scott, who led the study, said employers should take note because forcing workers to smile when workers were dealing with clients could backfire ( 产生事的愿违的不良后果 ). He said: “ Smiling for the sake of smiling can lead to emotional exhaustion, and that’s bad for the organization.” Dr. Scott said the research showed customer service workers who wore“faked smiles” throughout a day worsened their moods and then withdrew from work, so their productivity dropped. He added:“Bosses may think that getting their staff to smile is good for the organization, but that’s not necessarily the case. ” Dr. Scott, assistant professor of management at Michigan State University, analyzed a group of
bus drivers during a two –week period. The study is one of the first of its kind to examine emotional displays over a period of time and compare the different effects that they have on men and women. His team examined the effects of“surface acting”—or fake smiling—compared to what was termed“deep acting”, or cultivating positive emotions by recalling pleasant memories. Dr. Scott said: “Women were harmed more by‘surface acting’, meaning their moods worsened even more than men and they withdrew more from work. However , they were helped more by‘deep acting’,which meant their moods improved more.”Dr. Scott suggested women tended to suffer more when pretending to be happy because they were expected to be more emotionally expressive than men. Therefore, faking a smile while they are feeling down is more likely to go against their normal behavior and cause more harmful feelings. Although,“deep acting”seemed to improve moods in the short term, Dr. Scott said it was not a long-term solution to feeling unhappy. He said:“You’re trying to cultivate positive emotions, but at the end of the day you may not feel like yourself any more” 50. What does the underlined sentence in Paragraph 1 mean? A. Forcing one to smile could make one feel better B. Wearing a fake smile could worsen one’s mood C. Always smiling could improve one’s performance D. Wearing a fake smile could help one free from sadness 51. The finding of the research might serve as a warning to ___________. A. men B. employees C. customers D. bosses
52. According to Dr. Brent Scott, ________________. A. most bus drivers have to wear“fake smiles” B. “fake smiles”workers work better than usual C. “fake smiles”might lead to lower productivity D. bosses know the negative effect of forced smiles 53. It can be inferred from Paragraph 4 that _________________. A. pleasant memories are associated with positive feelings
B. men suffer more from fake smiling, compared to women C. women should smile a lot when faced with new challenges D. few employers know how to increase the productivity of their staff 54.“Deep acting”is helpful to women in that ______________. A. they forget their trouble C. they become more talkative D In 1974, after filling out fifty applications, going through four interviews, and winning one offer, I took what I could get ---- a teaching job at what I considered a distant wild area : western New Jersey. My characteristic optimism was alive only when I reminded myself that I would be doing what I had wanted to do since I was fourteen---- teaching English. School started, but I felt more and more lonely as if I were in a foreign country. Was this rural area really New Jersey? My studies took a week off when hunting season began. I was told they were also frequently absent in late October to help their fathers make hay on the farms. I was a young woman from New York City, who thought that” Make hay while the sun shines. ”just meant to have a good time. But, still, I was teaching English. I worked hard, taking time off only to eat and sleep. And then there was my sixth-grade class ------seventeen boys and five girls who were only six years younger than me. I had a problem long before I know it. I was struggling in my work as a young idealistic teacher . I wanted to make literature come alive and to promote a love of the written word. The students wanted to throw spitballs and whisper dirty words in the back of the room. In college I had been taught that a successful educator should ignore bad behavior . So I did, confident that, as the textbook had said, the bad behavior would disappear as I gave my students positive attention. It sounds reasonable, but the text evidently ignored the fact that humans, particularly teenagers, rarely seem reasonable. By the time my boss, who was also my taskmaster ,known to be the strictest, most demanding, most quick to fire inexperienced teachers, came into the classroom to observe me, the students exhibited very little good behavior to praise. B. they will behave normally D. their moods are getting better
My boss sat in the back of the room. The boys in the class were making animal noises, hitting each other while the girls filed their nails or read magazines. I just pretended it all wasn’t happening, and went on lecturing and tried to ask some inspiring questions. My boss, sitting in the back of the room, seemed to be growing bigger and bigger. After twenty minutes he left, silently. Visions of unemployment marches before my eyes. I felt mildly victorious that I got through the rest of class without crying, but at my next free period I had to face him. I wondered if he would let me finish out the day. I walked to his office, took a deep breath, and opened the door. He was sitting in his chair, and he looked at me long and hard. I said nothing. All I could think of was that I was not an English teacher; I had been lying to myself, pretending that everything was fine. When he spoke, he said simply, without accusation,” You had nothing to say to them.” “You had nothing to say to them. ” he repeated ,”No wonder they’re bored. Why not get to the meat of the literature and stop talking about symbolism. ”Talk with them, not at them. And more important, why do you ignore their bad behavior?’ ”We talked. He named my problems and offered solutions. We role played. He was the bad student, and I was the forceful, yet ,warm teacher。 As the year progressed, we spent many hours discussing literature and ideas about human being and their motivation. He helped me identify my weakness and my strengths. In short, he made a teacher of me by teaching me the reality of Emerson’s words;” The secret to education lies in respecting the pupil.” Fifteen years later I still drive that same winding road to the same school. Thanks to the help I received that difficult first year, the school is my home now. 55. It can be inferred from the story that in 1974_______. A．the writer became an optimistic person B．The writer was very happy about her new job C．It was rather difficult to get a job in the USA D．It was easy to get a teaching job in New Jersey
56. According to the passage, which of the following is most probably the writer’s problem as a new teacher? A．She had blind trust in what she learnt at college. B．She didn’t ask experienced teachers for advice. C．She took too much time off to eat and sleep. D．She didn’t like teaching English literature
57. What is the writer’s biggest worry after her taskmaster’s observation of her class? A．She might lose her teaching job. B．She might lose her students’ respect C．She couldn’t teach the same class any more . D．She couldn’t ignore her students’ bad behavior any more 58. Which of the following gives the writher a sense of mild victory? A．Her talk about symbolism sounded convincing B．Her students behaved a little better than usual. C．She managed to finish the class without crying. D．She was invited for a talk by her boss after class. 59. The students behaved badly in the writer’s class because_____. A．they were eager to embarrass her B．she didn’t really understand them C．hey didn’t regard her as a good teacher D．she didn’t have a good command of English 60.The taskmaster’s attitude towards the writer after his observation of her class can be best described as________. A cruel but encouraging B. fierce but forgiving D. angry and aggressive
C. sincere and supportive
第二节：下面文章中有 5 个段落需要添加首句（第 61～65 题） 。请从以下选项（A、B、C、D、 E 和 F）中选出适合各段落的首句，并在答题纸上将该选项标号涂黑。选项中有一项是多余选 项。
A. How inner beliefs can help B. How to develop positive habits C. Improve your life D. You can do it E. Action plan F. Why are habits so important The single most important factor that contributes to success is what you do every single day. It is as simple as that. Your habits will determine whether you are successful or not. If you have strong and healthy positive habits, it does not matter whether or not you fail today because you are guaranteed to succeed in the long run. 61. ________ Because you repeat the same actions and the same behaviors every single day, a single positive action will not change your life, but the same action repeated 1,000 times will have a significant impact on your life. For example, if you go to the gym one time, you won't see a big difference in your life. However, if you go to the gym 1,000 times over a five year period, you will see a big difference in your body. The same principle applies to finance, health, relationships, work, career, and school. Simple positive actions repeated every single daywill have a great impact on your life in the long run. 62. ________ There's nothing easier than developing positive habits. You simply have to do every single day the action you want to make a habit. If you want to develop the habit of running, run almost every day. If you want to develop the habit of eating healthy, eat healthy every day. If you want to develop the habit of reading, read every day. Habits are created by repetition. The more you do an action, the easier it becomes in the long run. 63. ________ If you want to be successful in changing your habits, you should think about changing your inner beliefs about your habits. For example, your old belief was: "I
love cigarette because it makes me feel good and relaxed. I need cigarette to be happy and relaxed." If you keep this belief, you won't be able to keep your resolution to stop smoking for very long. Instead, you should adopt this new belief: "I love yoga because it makes me feel good and relaxed. Cigarette is poisonous and destroys my body. Yoga makes me happy." You should analyze your beliefs and make sure they won't stop you from changing your habits. The same is true when you try to form positive habits. If you want to start eating healthy food, here are some positive beliefs you should start thinking about: "Healthy food is very good for my health. It gives me a lot of energy and I feel very good." 64. ________ It's now time for you to develop positive habits in your life and avoid your negative habits. Write down 3 positive habits that you would like to develop and 3 negative habits that you would like to get rid of. For each positive habit, write down exactly what actions you're going to take every single day in order to develop the new habit. For each negative habit, write down exactly what actions you're not going to take in the next weeks. Here are some positive habits that will lead to success: exercise, healthy food, reading, saving, studying, healthy relationships, hard work, etc... Here are some negative habits to get rid of: gambling, drug and alcohol abuse, overeating, shyness, etc. 65. ________ Everybody can change. All it takes is courage and commitment. Decide right now to improve your life by changing your habits. Take action right now! Don't be afraid. Yes, you will probably make mistakes along the way. But never forget that success is guaranteed for you if you have positive habits in your life. If you refuse to quit, success will be yours.
非选择题部分 （共 40 分） 第三部分：写作（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节：短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 下面文中共有 10 处语言错误，要求你在错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。
增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（^） ，并在该句下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1．每处错误及其修改均仅限一词; 2．只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。
Once I had to read a text-book which was so expensive for me to buy it. I couldn’t obtain it from the library and an only copy I could find was in a certain bookshop. So I will go along to the shop every afternoon and read a little of the book in a time. One day, therefore, I was disappointed to find the book missing from its usually place. He was about to leave when the owner of the shop waved at me. Expecting to be told off, I went towards him. To my surprise, the owner pointed to the book which placed in a corner. “I put it there in case anyone should buy it.” He said kindly, left me to continue my reading. 第二节：书面表达（满分 30 分） 目前，大多数高中生选择住校。在寝室里同学之间难免会发生一些小摩擦。上周三晚上 十点半，某同学在寝室点灯学习，另一同学认为影响睡觉。当时你在场，帮他们解决了矛盾。 请用英语写一篇 100-120 个词的短文。 内容包括: 1.某同学和另一同学发生争吵； 2.帮助他们解决矛盾； 3.你的看法。 注意：文章的开头已给出（不计词数） 。 Now in our school___________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________