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2010年中山市高二学生英语读写能力竞赛试题


中山市 2010 年高中英语读写能力竞赛

高二竞赛试卷
注意事项: 1、竞赛时间 100 分钟,总分 100 分; 2、答题前,务必用黑色字迹钢笔或签字笔将自己的姓名和竞赛编号填写在答题卡上; 3、阅读题选出答案后,用 2B 铅笔把答题卡上对应题目选项的答案信息点涂黑,如需改 动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案,答案不能答在试卷上; 4、写作题必须用黑色字迹钢笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在答题卡指定区域内相应位 置上,不准使用铅笔和涂改液; 5、必须保持答题卡的整洁。竞赛结束后,将答题卡交回。

第一部分
第一节

阅读 (共两节,满分 70 分)

阅读理解(共 30 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 60 分)

阅读下列六篇短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上 将该项涂黑。

Passage 1
More than 70 million people visited the Shanghai 2010 World Expo, which ended on Oct 31, a new record for the number of visitors to an expo. Yet, rather than this record, the ideas it presented for cities and urban life should be its greatest heritage to both the host city and country. In this sense, the theme of the Shanghai Expo, "Better City, Better Life", should not end with its closing. Never has China witnessed such a high rate of urbanization as in the past three decades. Constructions of skyscrapers and high-rise buildings, wider streets and huge squares have changed the look of almost all its cities. But the ever-larger construction projects testify to the fact that many Chinese urban planners have yet to understand urbanization in a sustainable sense. Making everything bigger, higher and wider seems to have become the defining motivation for our cities. Urbanization will continue at an unprecedented speed and scale. The country has adopted it as the way to further modernize itself and improve the livelihood of its residents. However, in the past three decades more than 200 million rural villagers have moved into urban areas. More villagers are expected to make their homes in cities in the next couple of decades. All cities will face the problem of further expansion. Many problems need to be solved as well. The safety, convenient traffic, and good education and medical care are important aspects of
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daily urban life. At this time, finding the best realization of a better city and better urban life is of utmost importance to the future of this country and to the well-being of its people. This is what the new concepts for cities and city life exhibited at the Shanghai Expo means. The concept sends the message that the urbanization process does not necessarily have to bring about such urban damages. As long as we move in the right direction, urban development can be environmentally friendly in many ways. 1. What is one of the records of the Shanghai 2010 World Expo mentioned in the passage? A. The scientific technology. C. The number of visitors. B. The number of the exhibiters. D. The cost of Expo.

2. Why does the author think that the theme of the Shanghai Expo should not end with its closing? A. Because a large number of people do not know the theme yet. B. Because the theme has become the unique sign of Shanghai City. C. Because more than 200 million rural villagers have moved into urban areas like Shanghai. D. Because the heritage and spirit of the Expo should remain as a source of inspiration. 3. The underlined word “unprecedented” in Paragraph 2 probably means A. having no previous example C. the steady step B. an endless result D. using some convenient methods .

4. In the author’s opinion, what is the real significance of this expo according to the passage? A. It is the opportunity for people from all over the world to communicate with each other. B. It has provided the chance for the visitors to consider what would make for a better city and what should be the standard to improve city life. C. It will create an energy-saving and environmentally friendly society. D. It shows China’s new image to the world and the plan for the country’s sustainable urbanization in the years to come. 5. Which of the following is the best title for the passage? A. Urbanization Concept. B. Environment Protection. C. World Expo Development. D. Construction Process.

Passage 2
BEIJING — China on Monday showed photos taken by its second lunar probe of the moon’s surface, marking the success of the mission. One of the pictures, taken on Oct 28 from 18.7 kilometers above the lunar surface, shows an 8-km-wide, 15.9-km-long area of the Bay of Rainbows, one of the spots proposed for China’s first unmanned soft-landing around 2013. It shows the surface is “quite flat” with craters and rocks of different sizes and a large hole with a 2-km diameter, a statement by the administration said. The bay was formed by a massive impact billions of years ago, and is considered one of the moon’s most beautiful landmarks. The Chang’e-2 probe was launched on Oct 1 and went into orbit eight days later. In the next

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five months, Chang’e-2 will continue taking pictures of the moon and conduct scientific experiments to refine the findings recorded by Chang’e-1, according to the center’s director, Zhang. “Thanks to accurate maneuver efforts, which allowed the Chang’e-2 probe to enter orbit without using too much fuel, the circumlunar satellite will be able to work longer than its designed lifespan of six months,” Zhang said. But it is still unknown how Chang’e-2 will end its mission. Possible plans include crashing into the moon like its predecessor, flying into deep space or flying back to Earth. China’s first lunar probe, launched in October 2007, ended its mission by crashing into the moon after orbiting for 16 months. Among other achievements, it acquired a three-dimensional map of the moon’s surface. China has a three-stage lunar exploration program, with both Chang’e-2 and Chang’e-3 part of the second stage leading to an unmanned moon landing. The third stage aims to bring a moon rock sample back to Earth in 2017. There is no official plan for a manned landing yet, but earlier reports quoted top scientists as saying that China will be able to send men to the moon around 2025. 6. What did the photos taken by Chang’e-2 show? A. The bay was formed gradually billions of years ago. B. The bay covers an 8-km-wide, 15.9-km-long area. C. The bay is considered the most beautiful landmarks on the moon. D. The surface of the bay is covered with craters and rocks of various sizes. 7. When did Chang’e-2 probe go into orbit? A. Nov 16. B. Oct 8. C. Oct 9. D. Nov 28. 8. Which of the following will be one of the achievements of Chang’e-2 probe? A. Acquiring a three-dimensional map of the moon’s surface. B. Taking pictures and conducting scientific experiments. C. Bringing a moon rock sample to Earth. D. Sending men to the moon. 9. We can know from the text that _________. A. how Chang’e-2 probe will end its mission is still unknown B. the Bay of Rainbows is the proposed spot for China’s first unmanned soft-landing C. Chang’e-1 probe crashed into the moon in Oct 2009 D. Chang’e-3 is a part of the third stage of China’s lunar exploration program 10. The text is most probably a _________. A. science news report B. book review C. newspaper ad D. science fiction story

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Passage 3
According to psychologists, an emotion happens when a man or animal views something as either bad or good. When a person feels like running away from something he thinks will hurt him, we call this emotion fear. If the person wants to remove the danger by attacking it, we call the emotion anger. The emotions of joy and love happen when we think something can help us. An emotion does not have to be created by something in the outside world. It can be created by a person’s thoughts. Everyone has emotions. Many psychologists believe that babies are born without emotions. They believe children learn emotions just as they learn to read and write. A growing child not only learns his emotions but learns how to act in certain situations because of an emotion. Psychologists think that there are two types of emotion: positive and negative. Positive emotions include love, liking, joy, delight, and hope. They are aroused by something that interests a person. Negative emotions make a person unhappy or dissatisfied. They include anger, fear, and sadness. In growing up, a person learns to deal successfully with the negative emotions in order to be happy. Emotions may be weak or strong. Some strong emotions are so unpleasant that a person will try any means to escape from them. In order to feel happy, the person may choose unusual ways to get away from the emotion. Strong emotions can make it hard to think and to solve problems. They may prevent a person from learning or paying attention to what he is doing. For example, a student taking an examination may be so worried about failing that he cannot think properly. The worry drains valuable mental energy he needs for the examination. 11. We learn from the passage that an emotion is created by something . A. one thinks bad or good B. one feels in danger C. one faces in the outside world D. one tries to escape from real life 12. Which of the following is NOT true? A. Children learn emotions as they grow up. B. Babies are born with emotions. C. Emotions fall into two types in general. D. People can deal successfully with the negative emotions in life. 13. The author’s purpose of writing this passage is to . A. explain why people have emotions B. show how people avoid the negative emotions C. explain what people should do before emotions D. define and classify people’s emotions 14. We can safely conclude that a student may fail in an exam if . A. he can not think properly B. he can’t pay attention to it C. he could pay attention to it D. he is not full of energy 15. As used in the last paragraph, the underlined word “drains” means . A. stops B. ties C. weakens D. flows

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Passage 4
BETTER late than never: In 20 years, China could have its own world-class universities. This prediction was made by John Hennessy, president of Stanford University during the Fourth Chinese-Foreign University Presidents Forum, held in Nanjing from May 2 to 4. The forum brought together representatives from 20 of the world’s top universities, as well as those from the top 121 schools in China. Experts addressed current problems facing Chinese university education. Topics ranged from the interests of today’s students, to their selection of a major, to their critical thinking capacity. Hennessy said he believed world-class universities may appear in China as soon as 20 years from now—50 at most. But in order to reach that goal, he said the government will need to focus more on improving the quality of graduates—not the quantity. He used Stanford as an example: During the 1950s, Stanford was an ordinary institution. But with government funding, and by developing research in key domains, in less than 20 years, the university became one of the country’s best. During a group discussion session on cultivating innovation, He Bingsheng, president of China agricultural University, argued that students should be able to study what they want. “How can we expect students to be innovative and creative if they are not interested in their subject?” He asked. Richard Levin, president of Yale University, contributed to the discussion by explaining how many US universities require students to take a broad range of classes during their first two years of study. By learning different subjects, Levin said students familiarize themselves with different perspectives. Since 2001, several Chinese universities have begun to incorporate this learning model, including Peking University and Fudan University. Andrew Hamilton, vice chancellor of Oxford University, said the cultivation of critical thinking is another vital ingredient to innovation. While Chinese students have begun asking tougher questions in his China lectures, he said they still have a lot of room for improvement. 16. What are the topics of the forum? a. capacity of the students’ critical thinking b. students’ major selection c. improvement of the graduates’ quantity d. students’ interests A.abc B.bcd C.abd D.acd 17. Stanford University is a success because of __________. A. the government’s support and research in key fields B. the university’s best reputation C. the quality of its graduates D. the government’s financial support and the university’s research work 18. We can infer that __________ from what John Hennessy said. A. there is no world-class university in China at present B. world-class universities will not appear in China until the quantity of graduates is improved C. there will be at least 20 world-class universities in China in two decades D. world-class universtities may appear as soon as 20 years from now.
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19. The underlined word “innovative” in Paragraph 5 probably means “ A. active B. revolutionary C. energetic D. cooperative 20. The best title for this passage would be ________. A. Cultivation of innovation in Chinese universities B. The Fourth Chinese-Foreign University Presidents Forum C. Presidents’ opinions on Chinese universities D. Chinese universities still need time to improve

”.

Passage 5
Guangzhou — Nurses, fishermen, housewives and soldiers are all getting stuck into the Guangzhou Games' colorful dragon boat racing competition, which made its Asiad debut(首次亮 相) on Tuesday and has attracted teams from all walks of life. Japan's male nurses perhaps win in terms of their novelty value, but it is the fighting spirit of a team of firemen from Macao that has captured the people's imagination. "Firefighting demands teamwork, and dragon boat racing is just the same," said Chang Wa Ieng, captain of Macao's men's team. "We can only train after work, but we enjoy doing it together." Japan's team of nurses said its passion for the sport, not its profession, is all that matters. "We just love dragon boat racing very much and we work very hard. It has little to do with our jobs," said captain Takamasa Matsuno, 34, whose team has only been able to train on a real lake twice a month, on borrowed boats, for the past decade. "This is the first time that we have competed internationally, and we hope we can have more chances in the future. We want to continue," he said. The competition has seen athletes of all ages test their mettle(气概) on Zengcheng Dragon Boat Lake. Thirteen-year-old Xia Shiyu of China is the youngest athlete at the Asiad, while the oldest person in the dragon boat contest is 50. Xia, a drummer for the women's team, led the 22-person contingent(队伍) to the championship in the 1,000m straight race on Sunday after Indonesia claimed its first Asiad gold medal in the sport with a victory in the men's 1,000m, also Indonesia's first title in Guangzhou. "It was really a great surprise for us. I'm so happy," said Djamal Uddin Young Mardinal of the Indonesian team. "I hope dragon boat stays in the Asian Games and is included in the Olympic Games in the future." The dragon boat competition is divided into six divisions, made up of men's and women's races in the 1,000m, 500m and 250m. 21. What does the underlined word “Asiad” in Paragraph 1 mean? A. The Asian Games. B. The Guangzhou Games. C. The Chinese Games. D. Asian or “of Asia”.
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22. Who can take part in the Asiad dragon boat racing competition? A. Nurses, fishermen, housewives and soldiers are the only competitors. B. People from all walks of life, whether professional or amateur athletes. C. Only those sportspersons not older than fifty. D. Participants must be trained professional ones. 23. What is most important in dragon boat racing according to captain Takamasa Matsuno? A. The team’s cooperation. B. The team’s profession. C. The team’s value. D. The team’s passion. 24. Indonesia's first title in Guangzhou is _________. A. an Asiad silver medal in the men's 1,000m of the dragon boat competition B. an Asiad bronze medal in the women's 1,000m of the dragon boat competition C. an Asiad gold medal in the men's 1,000m of the dragon boat competition D. an Asiad gold medal in the women's 1,000m of the dragon boat competition 25. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. The dragon boat racing competition is a conventional programme in Asiad. B. The dragon boat racing competition has been included in the Olympic Games. C. Some divisions of the dragon boat racing competition will stay in Asiad. D. As a Chinese traditional sport, the dragon boat racing competition is still new to the world.

Passage 6
If you're feeling stressed, rather than addict yourself in front of the television try looking out of the window, with a US study finding scenes of nature can ease minor stress levels. Researchers at the Human Interaction with Nature and Technological Systems Lab at the University of Washington set out to look at whether nature, either the real thing or pictured technologically, can impact on minor stress levels. The study involved measuring people's heart recovery rate from minor stress when they were exposed to a natural scene through a window and when exposed to the same scene shown on a high-definition plasma(等离子) screen, or a blank wall. "The heart rate of people who looked at the scene through the window dropped more quickly than the others. In fact, the high-definition plasma screen had no more effect than the blank wall," the researchers said in a statement. They also found that when people spent more time looking at the natural scene their heart rates tended to decrease more. That was not the case with the plasma screen. The study, involving 90 college students, is published in the Journal of Environmental Psychology.
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"Technology is good and it can help our lives, but let's not be fooled into thinking we can live without nature," Peter Kahn, who led the research team, said in a statement. He said people were losing direct experiences with nature and instead experiencing nature represented technologically through television and other media with children growing up watching Discovery Channel and Animal Planet. "But as a species we need interaction with actual nature for our physical and psychological well-being," he said.

26. What is the main idea of the passage? A. Interaction with actual nature. B. We can’t live without nature. C. The plasma screen brings stress. D. Nature helps relieve stress. 27. Why do researchers measure people's heart recovery rate from minor stress? A. To look at the place that they were exposed to. B. To make certain whether nature can impact on their stress levels. C. To help people ease their minor stress levels. D. To compare effects of high technology in different situations. 28. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. The blank wall as well as the plasma screen has far less effect. B. More time spent looking at the plasma screen also helps heart rates decrease more. C. Technology fools people into thinking they can live without nature. D. Other media are better at representing nature technologically. 29. What is “Animal Planet” mentioned in the last paragraph but one? A. A magazine. B. An organization. C. A TV programme. D. A talk show. 30. How should people keep fit mentally as well as physically according to the research? A. Spend time interacting with real nature. B. Experience nature indirectly as much as possible. C. Develop artificial nature to help ease stress. D. Look out of the window all the time.

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第二节

信息匹配(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)

下面是一篇应用文及其应用场合的信息, 请阅读下列应用文和相关信息, 并按照要求匹 配信息。 首先请阅读以下一些星座的性格特点: A. Aquarius Your friends love to get your approval. When you notice qualities in them that they don’t realize, what you are really doing is loving them! And here’s the bonus: the positive light you shine on your friends bounces right back to you. B. Pisces Most Pisces intuitively create close relationships without knowing how they did it. It’s so easy for you to be compassionate and empathetic that your friendships are intimate right from the start. But sometimes your friends are not so happy because your relationship is too close. C.Gemini You twins are social butterflies who like to do things in groups. You enjoy being surrounded by lots of friends together. While a boisterous gathering is usually a blast, the intimacy that keeps friendship alive can get lost in the crowd. D. Cancer You have lovely manners and an air of decorum that keeps your friendly unions supportive and positive. If you always try to hide emotions like sadness or anger, you’ll miss an opportunity for healthy bonding. E. Capricorn Typically a Capricorn’s busy life includes work, extra work and plenty of preparation for more work. You are always too busy with your work to get together with your friends. However, Friends help you break up that relentless routine. F. Libra It’s probably hard for you to believe this, but it is possible for a person to be too selfless. So, you’re more comfortable giving than taking. However, it makes other people feel uncomfortable about the lopsided energy flow in the relationship. 针对以上各个星座的性格特点,给他们提建议: 31. So be sure to fortify your friendships with time devoted exclusively to each person. 32. Just remember that it’s okay to be honest with the people who love you, even when your true feelings are not pretty. 33. You still have to take when it’s your turn. 34. Put your friends on the schedule just like they were one of your other important appointments and keep those meetings sacred. 35. So it’s crucial that you’re also mindful to give your friends space.
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第二部分

写作(共一节,满分 30 分)

阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 It has been thought that positive thinking always does one good and it is suggested that you should turn negative thoughts like "I never do anything right" into positive ones like "I can succeed." But is there power in positive thinking? Researchers in Canada just published a study in the journal Psychological Science that says trying to get people to think more positively can actually have the opposite effect: it can simply remind them how unhappy they are. The study's authors, Joanne Wood and John Lee of the University of Waterloo and Elaine Perunovic of the University of New Brunswick, begin with older research showing that when people get feedback(反馈意见)which they believe is too positive, they actually feel worse, not better. If you tell your friend, who is not so wise, that he has the potential(潜能)of an Einstein, you're just underlining his faults. In one 1990s experiment, a team including psychologist Joel Cooper of Princeton asked participants to write articles opposing funding for the disabled. When the writers were later praised for their sympathy, they felt even worse about what they had written. In this experiment, Wood, Lee and Perunovic measured 68 students' self-esteem (自尊) The . participants were then asked to write down their thoughts and feelings for four minutes. Every 15 seconds, one group of students heard a bell. When it rang, they were supposed to tell themselves, "I am lovable." Those with low self-esteem didn't feel better after the forced self-affirmation (自我肯定) In . fact, their moods turned significantly darker than those of members of the control group, who weren't urged to think positive thoughts. [写作内容] 1. 以约 30 词概括上文的主要内容; 2. 然后以约 120 个词表达你对“positive thinking”的个人观点,内容包括: ⑴ 你对 positive thinking 的看法; ⑵ 你(或其他人)遇到困难时,positive thinking 起到了什么作用; ⑶ 你认为怎样才能解决困难。 [写作要求] 1. 作文中可以使用亲身经历或虚构的故事,也可以参照阅读材料的内容,但不得直接 引用原文中的句子; 2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称。 [评分标准] 概括准确,语言规范,内容合适,语篇连贯。
m

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阅读部分参考答案
1-5 CDABA 16-20 CDABD 31-35 CDFEB 6-10 DCBAA 21-25 ABDCD 11-15 ABDBC 26-30 DBACA

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