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高一升高二衔接第五讲学生版


戴氏教育

高二英语(VIP)

英语教研组王老师

DSE 金牌英语专题系列

专题系列第五讲

开心一刻
1、 “跳高”对“跳水”说:东风吹,战鼓擂,要是比跳谁怕谁。我寻高,你觅水, 咱们两个项目都靠腿,向上向下都无悔! 2、 “跳水”对“蹦床”说:在你那里玩可要小心,一疏忽摔了,脸容易变成彩屏的, 脑袋变成震动的,耳朵变成和弦的,舌头变成直板的,门牙变成移动的,鼻子变成翻 盖的。 3、 “游泳”对“花样游泳”说:妈呀!这个世界太疯狂,游泳都能玩花样了!呀, 这什么姿势啊?挺别致啊,非常6+7啊!

知识回顾
初中必背词组 1.do one's homework 做作业 2.go to bed 上床睡觉 3.watch TV 看电视 4.get to 到达 5.at home 在家 6.prepare for 准备 7.wake up 叫醒 8.come in 进来 9.go into 进入 10.take a shower 洗澡 11.comb one's hair 梳头 12.brush one's teeth 刷牙 13.say goodbye to 和……说再见 14.at night 在夜里 15.put on 穿上,戴上 16.take off 脱下,摘下 17.good night 晚安 18.wash hands 洗手 19.take a trip 旅游 20.in front of 在前面 21.in the east(south, west, north) 在东边 22.by boat 乘船 23.in the middle 在中部 24.a map of China 一张中国地图 25.how about 怎么样 26.walk through 走过 27.go down the street 沿着这条街走 28.excuse me 请原谅 29.at the end 在终点 30.turn left (right) 向左(右)转 31.want to do sth.想要做某事 32.next to 旁边,隔壁

知识扫描
例1 初中英语重要句型

句型 21:be going to This afternoon I'm going to buy an English book.今天下午我要去买本英语书。 句型 22:be different from I think this is different from Chinese names.我认为这与汉语名字不同。 句型 23:Welcome(back)to... Welcome to Shenyang!欢迎到沈阳来!
1 ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— Where the God closes a door, somewhere he opens a window.在上帝关上一扇门,他会打开一扇窗。戴氏教育集团

戴氏教育

高二英语(VIP)

英语教研组王老师

Welcome back to school!欢迎回到学校! 句型 24:have fun doing We're going to have fun learning and speaking English this term. 这学期我们将兴味盎然地学习和讲英语。 句型 25:...because.../...,so... I don't know all your names because this is our first lesson. 因为这是我们的第一节课,所以我并不知道你们所有人的名字。 he was ill,so she didn't go to school.她生病了,因此没有上学。 句型 26:Why don't you...?/Why not...? Why don't you come to school a little earlier?为什么不早点到校呢? Why not join us?为什么不加入我们? 句型 27:make it Let's make it half past nine.让我们定在九点半吧! 句型 28:have nothing to do They have nothing to do every day.他们每天无所事事。 句型 29:be sure/be sure of/about sth./be sure to do sb. I think so,but I'm not sure.我想是这样,但不敢确定。 I was not sure of/about the way,so I asked someone. 我对于怎么走没有把握,所以我问别人了。 It's sure to rain.必定会下雨。 句型 30:between...and... There is a shop between the hospital and the school.在那家医院和那所学校之间有一家商店。

变式拓展 1
( )1.I was very tired after ten housework.I went to bed as soon as 1 went home. A.exhausted B.excited C.bored ( )2.Don't worry.I'm returning in a minute. A.one minute later B.after a minute C.right away ( )3.John's back and head were hurt in an accident. A.hit B.injured C.cut ( )4.Sorry,I forget her name,for I have met her only once. A.a moment B.in the past C.one time
2 ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— Where the God closes a door, somewhere he opens a window.在上帝关上一扇门,他会打开一扇窗。戴氏教育集团

戴氏教育

高二英语(VIP)

英语教研组王老师

( )5.--What's this in English? ----It's_____ ruler. A.a B.the C.不填 ( )6.Rick,this is my notebook.Where is_______? A.his B.yours C.mine ( )7.We have _______ rain this spring.The trees and grass don't grow well. A.1ittle B.a little C.a few ( )8.This sweater doesn't suit me. It's a bit small. Could you give me_______ one? A. a large B. a larger C. the largest ( )9.--Scott has already returned to our town. --Really? Where _____ you ______ him? A. do; see B. have; seen C. did; see ( )10.--Could I have a look at the photo of your family, Sam? --Of course you _______. A. may B. can C. could ( )11.--Do you mind opening the window? -- _____ . Go ahead please. A. Certainly B. Yes, I do C. No, not at all. ( )12.Kelly cooked dinner ________ her parents while they were cleaning the yard. A. with B. for C. to ( )13. --I haven't been to the aquarium before. How about you, Tom? -- Me A. too B. either C. neither ( )14.All the clerks went home _______ Mr. Wang, for he had to finish his work. A. except B. besides C. without ( )15.--Well, let's go to visit the amusement park this Saturday. --That _______ great. A. feels B. looks C. sounds ( )16.After the discussion, the students asked their teacher ________next. A. which to do B. what to do C. how to do ( )17.It's time for us to listen to the news. Would you please _______ the radio? A. turn on B. turn off C. turn down ( )18.Peter was _______ tired that he couldn't continue running. A. very B. too C. so ( )19.Will you please tell us _______ before you came to our City? A. where do you work B. where did you work C. where you worked ( )20.I hope you will have fun during your visit to Paris. A.get bored B.be funny C.have a good time

例2
定语从句: 一、定语从句的概念

语法大闯关

?定语从句: 定语从句是由关系代词或关系副词引导的从句, 其作用是作定语修饰主句的某个名词性成分, 其作用相当于形容词,所以又称为形容词性从句,一般紧跟在它所修饰的先行词后面。
3 ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— Where the God closes a door, somewhere he opens a window.在上帝关上一扇门,他会打开一扇窗。戴氏教育集团

戴氏教育

高二英语(VIP)

英语教研组王老师

先行词:定语从句所修饰的词称为先行词 关系词:引导定语从句的关联词称为关系词 Mary likes music that is quiet and gentle. 玛丽喜欢轻柔的音乐。 先行词 关系词 二,定语从句总结表 关系词 关系代词 词形 who whom which that whose 关系词 关系副词 词形 when where why 三、关系代词的用法 1、who, whom 二者都用于指人,who 用作主语,whom 用作宾语(可省略) 。在口语中,有时可用 who 代替 whom, 也 可省略。例如: eg:The girl who often helps me with my English is from England. 经常在英语方面帮助我的那个女孩是英国人。 (作________) eg: Who is the teacher(whom)Li Ming is talking to? 正在与李明谈话的老师是谁? (作_______) eg:Yesterday I came across a few friends with whom I went to the supermarket. (直接跟在介词后面,不能用 who,只能用 whom,且不能省略) 昨天,我碰到了一些一起逛过超市的朋友。 2、whose 的用法 whose 一般指人,但有时也指物。在从句中作________。 eg:Do you know the girl whose French is excellent? Please pass me the book whose cover is green. 3、which which 用于指物,在句中作主语或宾语,作主语不可省略,作宾语可省略。 eg:The building which stands near the train station is a supermarket. 位于火车站附近的那座大楼是一家超市。 (作主语) The film (which) we saw last night was wonderful. 我们昨天晚上看的那部电影很好看。 (作________) 4、that
4 ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— Where the God closes a door, somewhere he opens a window.在上帝关上一扇门,他会打开一扇窗。戴氏教育集团

所修饰的先行词 ________ ________ ________ 人或物 ________ 所修饰的先行词 时间名词 地点名词 原因名词

在从句中所充当的成分 主语、宾语、表语 宾语 主语、宾语、表语 主语、宾语、表语 定语 在从句中所充当的成分 时间状语 地点状语 原因状语

你认识那个法语非常好的姑娘吗? 请递给我那本绿皮的书。

(= Please pass me the book the cover of which is green.)

戴氏教育

高二英语(VIP)

英语教研组王老师

that 既可以用于指人,也可以用于指物。指人时可与 who、whom 互换,指物时可与 which 互换。在从句 中作主语、宾语或表语,作主语时不可省略,作宾语可省略,不可直接跟在介词后面作宾语。 eg:Mary likes music that is quiet and gentle. 5、关系词只能用 that 的情况: a. 先行词被________或形________________所修饰,或本身是序数词、基数词、形容词最高级 时,只能用 that,而不用 which. eg:He was the first person that passed the exam. that,而不用 which. eg:Is there anything that you want to buy in the shop? that,而不用 which. eg:This is the same bike that I lost.这就是我丢的那辆自行车。 d. 先行词里同时含有________时,只能用 that, 而不用 which. I can remember well the persons and some pictures that I saw in the room.我能清楚记得我在那 个房间所见到的人和一些照片。 e.以 who 或 which 引导的特殊疑问句,为避免重复,只能用________. eg:Who is the girl that is crying? 正在哭泣的那个女孩是谁? f.主句是 there be 结构,修饰主语的定语从句用________,而不用 which. eg:There is a book on the desk that belongs to Tom. 6、关系词只能用 which,而不用 that 的情况: a.先行词为________________时,用 which, 而不用 that.例如: eg:What's that which is under the desk? 在桌子底下的那些东西是什么? b.关系代词前有________时,一般用 which,而不用 that.例如: eg:This is the room in which he lives. 这是他居住的房间。 c.引导非限制性定语从句,用 which, 而不用 that.例如: eg:Tom came back, which made us happy. 四、关系副词的用法 (1)when when 指时间,其先行词表示时间,when 在句中作________。 eg:This was the time when he arrived.这是他到达的时间。 (2)where where 指地点,其先行词表示地点,where 在句中作________。 eg:This is place where he works.这是他工作的地点。 (3)why why 指原因,其先行词是原因,why 起________作用。例如:
5 ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— Where the God closes a door, somewhere he opens a window.在上帝关上一扇门,他会打开一扇窗。戴氏教育集团

玛丽喜欢轻柔的音乐。 (that 作________)

The coat (that) I put on the desk is blue. 我放在桌子上的那件外套是蓝色的。 (that 作宾语)

他是第一个通过考试的人。

b.被修饰的先行词为 all,any,much,many,________,________,none,the one 等不定代词时, 只能用 你在商店里有什么东西要买吗?

c.先行词被 the only,the very,________,the last,little,few,all,any,________等词修饰时, 只能用

桌子上那本书是汤姆的。

? 主句是 there be 结构,关系代词在从句中指人时,宜用________

汤姆回来了,这使我们很高兴。

戴氏教育

高二英语(VIP)

英语教研组王老师

eg:Nobody knows the reason why he is often late for school. 没人知道他为什么上学总迟到。

变式拓展 2
定语从句练习题 1. The bridge ____ a big ship can go has been built. A. under which B. under that C. in which D. on which C. which the cover D. whose cover of 2. The book ____ is torn is mine. A. the cover of which A. who A. whom A. / B. that B. the cover of that C. which D. about which C. whose D. C. on which C. which have D. to which D. have D. of which 3. He talked about the classmates and the school ____ he had visited. 4. You have seen the girl ____ sister is a Chinese teacher. B. of whom C. it 5. We should do all ____ is useful to people. B. that 6. We came to a place ____ they had never paid a visit before. A. which A. who have B. in which B. who has 7. Those ____ finished doing it put up your hands. 8. I shall never forget those years ________ I lived in the country with the farmers, _________has a great effect on my life. A. that; which B. when; which C. which; that D. when; who 解析:前一空考查 9. The man ____ was a friend of mine. A. that you just talked to C. who you just talked to him B. whom you just talked to him D. which you just talked to

10. I went to the school ____ my father once worked. A. that B. which C. where D. on which 11. ---Who is the man _______ was talking to our English teacher? ---Oh! It's Mr Baker, our maths teacher. A. he B. that C. whom D. which 12. I hate the people ________ don't help others when they are in trouble. A. who B. which C. they D. where 13. The foreigner _________ visited our school is from Canada. A. which B. when C. who D. whom 14. George Mallory was an English school teacher _______ loved climbing. A. who B. whom C. he D. which 15. This is the place _____I have ever visited. A. there B. when C. where D. which 16. Nobody knows the reason ______ she didn't come to the meeting. A. that B. which C. why D. when
6 ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— Where the God closes a door, somewhere he opens a window.在上帝关上一扇门,他会打开一扇窗。戴氏教育集团

戴氏教育

高二英语(VIP)

英语教研组王老师

17. The moon is a world ______ there is no life. A. that B. which C. where D. why 18. He has forgotten the day _______ he arrived. A. when B. where C. that D. which 19. He still remembers the days ______ he spent with your family. A. when B. where C. that D. on which 20. Mr. White, ______ car had been stolen, came to the policeman. A. who B. that C. whose D. which 21. He got to the village _______ his family once lived before liberation. A. that B. which C. when D. where 22. This is the house _______ I want to buy. A. in which B. that C. whose D. where 23. This is the house _______ our beloved Premier Zhou once lived and worked. A. which B. that C. when D. where 24. He didn't tell me the place _______ he was born. A. that B. which C. when D. where 25. He lived in a small village, ______ was a long way from the railway station. A. that B. which C. where D. when

巩固练习
一 完形填空 Li Ming 41 often late for school. The teacher is very angry with him. “ 43 45 . But it 42 are you often 44 clock late for school?” asks the teacher. “Because I often get up can wake you up, ” says the teacher. “Yes, you are don't you will be ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( 50 “If all of us are late for school, ) 41. A. is )42. A. Why )43. A. quickly )44. A. You )45. A. right )46. A. don't )47. A. take )48. A. good )49. A. what )50. A. no B. be B. When B. early B. Your B. wrong B. doesn't B. bring B. nice B. why B. not , ” answers Li Ming. “

46 work , ” says Li Ming. “Why 48 , ” answers Li Ming.

47 it?” asks the teacher again. “Oh, I don't want it to work schools in the world, ” says Li Ming with a smile. C. does C. What C. late C. Yours C. fine C. isn't C. make C. well C. how C. little A D. do D. Where D. slowly D. Yourself D. OK D. not D. mend D. fine D. where D. without

49 do you like it?” says the teacher. “Oh, that's great! There

二、阅读理解(30 分)
7 ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— Where the God closes a door, somewhere he opens a window.在上帝关上一扇门,他会打开一扇窗。戴氏教育集团

戴氏教育

高二英语(VIP)

英语教研组王老师

When I was 16 years ago a boy gave me an important gift. It was a smile. It was the early autumn of my first year at a junior high school, and my old school was far away. As a result, no one knew who I was. I was very lonely, and afraid to make friends with anyone. Every time I heard the other students talking and laughing, I felt my heart break. I couldn't talk about anyone with my problems. And I didn't my parents to worry about me. Then one day, my classmates talked happily with their friends, but I sat at my desk unhappily as usual. At that moment, a boy entered the classroom. I didn't know who he was. He passed me and then turned back. He looked at me, without a word, a smile. Suddenly, I felt the touch of something bright and friendly. It made me feel happy, lively and warm. That smile changed my life. I started to talk with other students and made friends. Day by day, I became closer to everyone in my class. The boy with the lucky smile has become my best friend now. One day I asked him why he smiled, but he couldn't remember smiling at me! It doesn't matter because all the dark days have gone. I believe that the world is what you think it is. If you think it lonely, you might always be alone. So smile at world and it will smile back. 11. Why was the smile an important gift? A. Because the writer's old school was far away. B. Because the writer didn't know who the boy was. C. Because the smile didn't mean anything to the boy. D. Because it made the writer feel happy, lively and warm. 12. The writer didn't talk to anyone in her new school about her problem because _________. A. she was always unhappy B. she didn't have any friends there C. she was in the first year at the junior high school D. she didn't want her parents to worry about her 13. How did the smile change her life? A. She started to make friends. B. She became the best friend with the boy. C. Her parents didn't worry about her any more. D. She realized that she was lonely. 14. Where does she now think her feeling of unhappiness came from? A. From her old school. C. From herself B. From her parents. D. From her classmate at the new school

B
At school many things happen to us. We may feel excited when we have success in a school play. We may feel sorry if we lose an important game. We want to keep the memory for the rest of our lives. How to keep the memory? Our English teacher, Miss Wang, has taught us a good way of remembering things to make our own yearbook. What is a yearbook? A yearbook is a kind of book
8 ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— Where the God closes a door, somewhere he opens a window.在上帝关上一扇门,他会打开一扇窗。戴氏教育集团

戴氏教育

高二英语(VIP)

英语教研组王老师

which is used to keep the memory of exciting moments. It's usually made at the end of the year. Last December, we began to make our yearbook. First we chose the persons who had done something special, then some students interviewed (采访) them, some wrote down their stories, others took photos of them. Everyone in our class had something to do. Finally our teacher helped us to put the things together. We had our first yearbook. All of us put a lot of love into making the yearbook. It is so wonderful that not only the students but also our parents and teachers will remember the special time for ever. 15. When we have success in a school play, we may feel _________ A. sorry B. angry C. excited D. interested C. take a lot of photos D. make a yearbook 16. Miss Wang's good way of remembering things is to _________ A. buy a new book A. take notes B. write down stories B. keep the memory 17. A yearbook is made to _________ C. do our homework D. remember English words 18. Usually a yearbook is made in _________ A. January B. February C. May D. December 19. We made our first yearbook _________ A. without any help C. with the help of our teacher B. without putting our love into it D. with the help of our parents

9 ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— Where the God closes a door, somewhere he opens a window.在上帝关上一扇门,他会打开一扇窗。戴氏教育集团


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