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8-12八年级阅读理解


A. what an earthquake is like B. how to stop an earthquake C. how an earthquake happens D. how to protect yourself in an earthquake

八年级阅读理解 MODULE 12
A Earthquakes are hard to predict, but do you know what to do before, during and after an earthquake? Here’s some advice: *Before an earthquake It’s necessary to prepare yourself and your family. All family members should know how to turn off gas, water and electricity and know useful telephone numbers (doctor, hospital, police, 119, etc.). Never put heavy things over beds. *During an earthquake It’s important for each of you to stay calm. If you are indoors, quickly move to a safe place in the room such as under a strong table. The purpose(目 的) is to protect yourself from objects, stay away from windows, large mirrors, heavy furniture and so on. If you’re cooking, turn off the gas. If you’re outdoors, move to an open area like a playground. Move away from buildings, bridge and trees. If you are driving, stop the car as soon as possible, staying away from bridges and tall building. Stay in your car. *After an earthquake Once the shaking has stopped, DO NOT run out of the building at once. It’s better to wait and leave when it’s safe. Check around you and help the people who are in trouble. If your building is badly broken, leave it. If you smell orhear a gas, get everyone outside and open windows and doors. If you can do it safely, turn off the gas. Report it to the gas company. ( ) 21. Which of the following is mentioned(被提及) in the second paragraph? A. People should know how to turn on gas. B. People should know how to save water. C. People shouldn’t put heavy boxes over beds. D. People shouldn’t forget the phone numbers of others. ( ) 22. When an earthquake happens, __________can help you deal with it. A. standing still B. staying calm C. looking outside D. moving indoors ( ) 23. During an earthquake, if you are driving in an open area, you should ________. A. speed up your car B. stop your car and stay in it. C. slow down your car D. stop your car and run out. ( ) 24. When the earth stops shaking , you should_________. A. check around you first B. run out of the building at once C. break the windows and doors D. telephone your friends at once. ( ) 25. You can learn _______after reading the passage.
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B How dangerous it would be if there was a fire! Winter is the time for us to learn a lot more about fire, especially what to do if we are caught in a fire. 1. Shout out If you smell smoke or see fire, shout out “Fire!” Shout as loudly as you can, because people may be asleep. 2. Call 119 Never try to put out the fire yourself, even if it is a very small one! Get help from your parents or call 119. 3. Keep down close to the floor If there is a lot of smoke in your room, keep down close to the floor. 4. Test the door Test the door before you open it. If the door is cool, open it carefully. If the door is hot, do not open it! Try to find a different way out. 5. Get out If you can, get out of your home as soon as possible. 6. Don’t use the lift Never use the lift during the fire. It may also go wrong. 7. Don’t go back Never go back into a burning building! ( ) 30.The passage is mainly about _____ A. how to look after yourself when you are on fire B. what to do when you are caught in a fire C. when to leave the burning place D. why to call 119 when there is a fire ( ) 31.When people are asleep, what will you do when a fire breaks out in your building?_____ A. Call 120 for help as quickly as you can B. Only wake your parents up fast C. Shout out “Fire!” as loudly as you can D. Run away as fast as you can and don’t call others ( ) 32.Why shouldn’t you use the lift when a fire breaks out? ______ A. Because taking the lift is so slow B. Because the fire can burn you C. Because the lift is too crowded D. Because the lift may not work ( ) 33.If you realize you have left an expensive thing at home in a fire, you should______. A. go back for it B. keep down close to the door

C. not get out

D. not go back for it

MODULE 11
A Different countries have different customs in giving presents. IN CHINA you must never give a clock to a Chinese person, because the sound of the word for "clock" is similar to the sound for "death" in Chinese. Also, don't wrap (包裹) a present in white, black, or blue paper, because these are the colors for funerals ( 葬礼 ). Don't give a knife, because something sharp ( 锋的 ) can cut a friendship. IN RUSSIA if we give flowers as a present, we have to give odd numbers of them (one, three, five, etc) because even numbers of flowers (two, four, six, etc) are for funerals. IN GERMANY flowers are a good present to take in your dinner hostess, but don't take her red roses because it means you are in love with her. Don't take thirteen of anything because it's an unlucky number. Don't take an even number of anything, either. Don't wrap your present in white, brown, or black paper. ( )21. Why can't we give a clock as a present to a Chinese? Because in Chinese _______. A. the word "clock" has the same meaning with the word "death" B. the word "clock" has the same sound with the word "death" C. the word "clock" has the same meaning with the word "knife" D. the word "clock" means "dangerous" ( )22. You may take _______ if you go to a birthday party in Russia or in Germany. A. 10 flowers B. 13 flowers C.9 flowers D. 11 red roses ( )23._______ thirteen is an unlucky number. A. In China B. In Russia C. In Japan D. In Germany ( )24. What's the Chinese meanings for "odd number" and "even number"? A. 自然数和偶数 B. 基本数和奇数 C. 奇数和偶数 D. 幸运数字和不幸运数字 ( )25. Which of the following is TRUE? A. Neither Chinese nor Germans wrap presents in black or white paper. B. Both Chinese and Russians wrap presents in black or white paper. C. Both Chinese and Germans wrap presents in black or white paper. D. Neither Chinese nor Russians wrap presents in black or yellow paper. B
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As we know,there are differences between western culture and Chinese culture. Let's look at the words about animals and plants.Most expressions in Chinese about the dog, for example,"a homeless dog", "a mad dog", "a running dog" and "a dog catching a mouse", have negative(消极的) meanings. But in western countries, people think dogs are honest and good friends of humans. In English, people use the dog to describe positive (积极的)actions.For example, "you are a lucky dog" means you are a lucky person. And "every dog has its day" means each person has good luck sometimes. To describe a person's serious illness,they say "sick as a dog". The word "dog-tired" means very tired. However, Chinese love cats very much.But in western culture, "cat" is often used to describe a woman who is cruel. The rose is regarded as (被看作)a symbol of love in both China and some western countries.People think the rose means love, peace, courage and friendship. And the rose is the national flower of England, America and many other countries. The words about plants and animals are used in positive or negative ways in different cultures. We can learn about many differences in cultures by comparing how some words are used. ( ) 26. "You are a lucky dog" means "_______". A. Everybody in the world is lucky B. Each person lives his own way of life C. You are a lucky person D. Everybody has a time in life to be lucky ( ) 27. Western people usually use "cat" to refer to "_______". A. a tired person B. a brave man C. a homeless person D. an unkind woman ( ) 28. In English,people use ________ to describe positive actions. A. the dog B. the cat C. the rose D. the words ( ) 29. What's the best title for the passage? ________ A. Negative or Positive B. Different Countries ,Different Culture C. Rose Means the Same in Chinese and English D. What Dog and Cat Mean in English and Chinese C Singapore is made up of many kinds of people. The largest groups are Chinese, Malays and Indians. Each group has its own special wedding customs. Chinese weddings: Before the wedding, the mothers of the bride and the groom(新郎 新娘) do the hair for them. The bride and the groom make tea for the groom’s parents, aunts and uncles. Then they go to the bride’s family to give gifts. After that they take some pictures. They ride in a car with red, pink and gold ribbon decoration. In the evening there is a big dinner. The women wear pink or gold dresses because those are

lucky colors. The bride usually wears a red or pink dress at the dinner. Malay weddings: Malay’s weddings last two days in the city and many days in the country. The first day is a Saturday evening. On Sunday morning, the bride and the groom meet their friends, and the friends throw yellow rice over them to wish them good luck. In the evening there is a big dinner. The friends usually take some hard-boiled eggs when they leave for home. Indian weddings: The bride and the groom plant a tree, after that they change their clothes. Usually the groom gives the clothes to the bride and the bride puts the clothes on. The friends throw rice at the bride and the groom to wish them good luck. The friends do not wear black or white clothes. Bright colors are the best for weddings. ( ) 30. What can we learn about Singapore? A. It is made up of three kinds of people. B. The largest group of people is Japanese. C. There are different wedding customs. D. The wedding customs are the same. ( ) 31. Which wedding may be the longest? A. A Chinese Wedding. B. A Malay Wedding. C. An Indian Wedding. D. The writer didn’t tell us. ( ) 32. Which is true of all the three wedding customs? A. The friends have a big dinner for the bride and the groom. B. The friends wish the bride and the groom good luck. C. The friends throw rice at the bride and the groom. D. The friends wear black or white clothes. ( ) 33. What is true according to the passage? A. At an Indian wedding, the bride and the groom plant a tree. B. At a Malay wedding, there is a big dinner on the first day. C. At a Chinese wedding, all the people wear green clothes. D. At a Indian wedding, friends change clothes with each other.

MODULE 10
A Everyone talks about the weather,but no one does anything about it.It is true people usually begin their talks with “Isn’t it a nice day?” “Do you think it will rain?” “What a fine day! Many people think they can tell what the weather is going to be like.But they hardly agree with each other. One man may say,“Do you see how cloudy it is in the east? It’s going to rain tomorrow,” Another man will say,“No,it’s going to be fine tomorrow.’’
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People often look for the weather they want.When a farmer needs water,he looks for something to tell him it’s going to rain. He won’t believe anything else.When friends have a travel,they are sure the weather is going to clear up very quickly. Almost everyone listens to what the weatherman says,but he doesn’t always tell us what we want,and sometimes he makes a mistake.Still,he probably comes closer to being correct than anyone else. ( ) 21.English people usually begin their talks with “ _______” A.How are you? B.How do you do? C.Hi! D.What fine weather ! ( ) 22.“No one does anything about the weather” means _______. A.No one can make weather B.No one can talk about weather C.No one can change weather D. No one likes weather ( ) 23. _______is a common(普通)way to start a talk. A.Talking about weather B.Keeping silent C.Asking each other’s name D.Smile ( ) 24.Many people hope the weather will be________. A.fine B.rainy C.cloudy D.1ike what they like it to be ( ) 25.A weatherman probably is a man who__________. A. reports weather B. can see weather C. can change weather D. can make weather B The seasons in Australia are not like ours. When it is winter in China, it is summer there. Australia is in the south of the world. June, July and August are the winter months; September, October and November are spring; the summer is in December, January and February; and March, April and May are the autumn months. The north of the country is hotter than the south. A very large part of the country has no rain at all. The east coast has rain all the year. There are no dry months there. The southeast winds blow all the year. They bring rain from the sea. There is not much rain on the west side. The southeast part of Australia has summer rain from the southeast winds. They only blow here in summer. The southwest part of Australia also has winter rain. The west winds blow over the southwest in winter only. In summer the southwest of the country has no rain. In

the north of Australia there is no rain in winter. The rain comes in summer. The northwest winds bring it. ( )26. It is____in Australia in November.。 A. spring B. summer C. autumn D. winter ( ) 27. In Australia, it is _______in the south than in the north. A. hotter B. warmer C. colder D. cooler ( )28. The ____of Australia has the most rain. A. eastern part B. southeastern part C. southern part D. northern part ( )29. The southwest of the country has no rain in summer because_______ A. it is dry there B. the west winds never blow C. the northwest winds blow D. the west winds blow only in winter ( )30. There is no rain in winter_________. A. in the west of Australia B. in the north of Australia C. in the southwest of Australia D. in the east of Australia C There are only two seasons in countries---the dry seasons and the rainy season .They are India , Vietnam and some countries in Afaica .It’s never cold there and it doesn’t snow .In the dry seasons it is as warm as in the rainy season . When it is the dry season , it doesn’t rain ay all. It’s very very hot .All grass and leaves in the trees are yellow .Animals and people are very thirsty .It is a very difficult time for them !When it is the rainy season, the rain doesn’t stop ; it rains day and night . There is a lot of water around ! Some animals likes it ,but some don’t. There is a place where there are no seasons at all .It is the Antarctic (南极). It is very cold all the year round . There are no countries and no cities there. There are some village in the Antarctic .Who lives there? The people from all countries come there to learn about the coldest place ,its animals and birds . But there are no trees , no flowers no fruit there ,no people can live there long. ( )31. What’s the weather like in Vietnam ? A. It’s very cold all the year round . B .It’s never cold and it doesn’t snow. C .It’s very cold and it snows all the year. D It is never cold and it snows all the year . ( )32.When is a difficult time for people and animals in India ?
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(

A. The rainy seasons . B. Spring . C. The dry season. D. Winter. )33.Which of the following sentences is NOT true according to the passage . A. The leaves on the trees are yellow in the dry season. B. All countries in Africa have two seasons . C. Some animals like the rainy season. D. There are some animals and birds in the Antarctic .

MODULE 9
A There are about 56 million people in the United Kingdom. This is a big population for such a small country. But large parts of the country have few people. Most of the population is crowded into the big cities and industrial (工业的)areas. About 90% of the people live in cities and towns. Only about 10% live in the countryside. Today very few people----less than 2% of the population are farmers and farm workers. England has the most people. About 46 million live in England. Of these, about 14 million people live in London and the southeast. London is now a city of about 7 million people. Most of Scotland’s population of 5 million live in the middle part. The mountains in the north and the south have a very small population. Less than 3 million people live in Wales. There are only about one and a half million people in Northern Ireland and one third live in and around the big industrial city of Belfast. ( ) 21. The United Kingdom _________. A. is a large country B. has many people C. has a small population D. is a small country without many people ( ) 22. Most of the people live _________. A. in cities and towns B. in the countryside C. in every part of the country D. near rivers ( ) 23. London is a _________city . A. quite B. small C. crowded D. new ( ) 24. Most people live in the _________in Scotland . A. northwest B. middle part C. southeast D. northeast ( ) 25. Northern Ireland is _________. A. the name of a country B. a small city of the United Kingdom

C. a country with a smaller population D. one part of the United Kingdom B Americans with small families own a small car or a large one. If both parents are working, they usually have two cars. When the family is large, one of the cars is sold and they will buy a van(住房汽车). A small car can hold(容纳)four persons and a large car can hold six persons but it is very crowded. A van holds seven persons easily, so a family with three children can ask their grandparents to travel together. Mr. King and his wife had a third child last year. This made them sell a second car and buy a van. There are seven seats in the van, and two of them are used to put things on, for a family of five must carry many suitcases(手提箱)when they travel. When they arrive at their grandparents’ home, the suitcases are put into the two seats. And then they can carry their grandparents. Americans call vans motor homes. A motor homes is always used for holidays. When a family are travelling to the mountains or to the seaside, they can live in their motor home for a few days or weeks. All the members of a big family can enjoy a happier life when they are travelling together. That is why motor homes have become very popular. In America there are many parks for motor homes. ( ) 26. From the passage we can learn that a big American family usually _______. A. travel together by van B. live together C. live in a van D. has three cars ( ) 27. After Mr. King and his wife had a third child, first they ______. A. bought a van B. sold one of their old cars C. moved to their grandparents house D. got many suitcases ( ) 28. A motor home is usually owned by a big family with ______. A. much money B. interest in traveling C. two cars D. a big house ( ) 29. The last sentence “In America there are many parks for motor homes. ”in this passage means _____”. A. American families like to visit parks B. There are many beautiful parks in America C. Vans can be parked in many places in America
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D. Motor homes can be bought in many places in America ( ) 30. Americans usually drive motor homes to ________. A. visit their grandparents at weekends B. take their children to school every day C. travel with their family members for a holiday D. do some shopping with their family members

MODULE8
A A taxi hit a truck. A policeman spoke to the taxi driver and to the truck driver. He also spoke to Tom. He was a witness(目击者). This is what they said. TRUCK DRIVER: I was driving from the airport to Newton. A car crossed the road, so I slowed down. I did not stop. A taxi hit the back of my truck. Nobody was badly hurt but both cars were damaged. TAXI DRIVER: I was driving behind a truck a few kilometers from Newton. The truck stopped suddenly. The driver did not give me a warning. I was driving very slowly. I could not pass the truck because there were two cars coming near from Newton. My taxi hit the truck, and some glass cut my left hand. TOM: I was watching the traffic about a kilometer from the airport. A truck was going to Newton. It was not going very quickly. There was a taxi about two hundred meters behind the truck. It was going fast. When the truck slowed down, the taxi hit it. The taxi driver was not looking at the truck. He was looking out of the window at something. My friend saw the accident, too. Tom's friend spoke to the policeman and agreed with Tom. ( ) 21.How many people are mentioned(提及) in the story? A.Three. B.Four. C.Five. D.Six. ( ) 22.The truck was going______. A.to Newton B.to the police station C.to the airport D.home ( ) 23.From the story, we know______didn’t tell the truth.

A.the truck driver B.Tom C.the taxi driver D.Tom's friend ( ) 24.In fact, Tom's friend was also a ______ . A.witness B.driver C.policeman D.cleaner ( ) 25.What's the best title for this passage? A.A Taxi Driver B.A Traffic Accident C.A Story of Tom D.A Truck Driver B Last week Bill went to New York. It was his first time there, and he didn’t know his way around the city. He had a meeting at 10:00, and he wanted to be on time. The meeting was in the Peterson Building on 34th Street, but Bill didn’t know there. Two men stood on the corner. He asked them the way to the Peterson Building. “Pardon me,” he said, “but can you tell me how to get to the Peterson Building on 34th Street?” “Sure,” answered one of the two men. “You can get there in five minutes. Go to the next corner and turn left. Walk three blocks and there you are.” But the other man said: “There’s a better way. Get on the bus here at this corner. It stops right near the Peters Building.” “Not Peters,” Bill told them, “Peterson.” Then the first man said, “Oh, that’s on East 34th , not West 34th. It’s quite a long way from here. You have to take a bus. ” But the second man told Bill, “No, don’t go there by bus. It’ll take you to the Peterkin Building.” “Peterson. Not Perterkin. “Bill looked at his watch. It was almost ten o’clock.” “Thanks a lot.” Bill said, “I think I’ll take a taxi.” As he got into the taxi he saw two men arguing and pointing the different ways. Next time when he wanted to know how to get to a place, he’d ask a policeman! ( ) 26. Bill went to New York in order to________. A. go to the cinema B. have a meeting C. visit the city D. go home ( ) 27. Two men were arguing to each other about________. A. the way to the Peterson Building B. the meeting C. how to get to the meeting D. taking a bus or train ( ) 28. Bill finally________.
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(

A. walk to the place B. didn’t go to the Peterson Building C. took a taxi D. took the subway ) 29. Next time Bill would ask a ________to show him the way to a place. A. man B. woman C. taxi D. policeman


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