艾青中学 2015 学年第一学期高一英语检测试卷
命题教师：刘满凤 蔡丽珍 审核教师：贾国通 本卷满分：150 分 考试时间：120 分钟 第一部分:听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 第一节（共 5 小题； 每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分） 1. Where is the man going ? A. To the hospital. B. To the drug
store. C. To the police station. 2. What’s the man’s job most probably? A. A programmer. B. An engineer. C. A reporter. 3. How many students are there in the woman’s class? A. 31. B.64. C.33. 4. When will they go to a movie? A. On Tuesday evening. B. On Friday evening. C. On Wednesday evening. 5. What does the man usually do to practice his English? A. Go to the English corner. B. Search English websites C. Talk to English speakers. 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分） 听下面一段对话， 回答第 6 和第 7 题。 6.What are not talked about？ A. Presents. B. Clothes. C. Meals. 7. What should the woman do? A. Change her consumption habit. B. Save some money. C. Solve her financial trouble. 听下面一段对话， 回答第 8 至第 10 题。 8. Who is the man speaking to? A. A doctor. B. A manager. C. An assistant. 9. What is the man’s problem? A. Something is in his ears. B. His ears are ringing. C. He’s in serious pain. 10. When will the man see the doctor? A. Tomorrow morning. B. Tomorrow afternoon. C. Tomorrow evening. 听下面一段对话， 回答第 11 至第 13 题。 11. Where does the conversation take place most probably? A. In a fashion store. B. In an old clothes store. C. In a clothes workshop. 12. How much is the jacket? A. A million dollars. B. Only one dollar. C. Five dollars. 13. What will the woman buy? A. A jacket. B. A coat. C. A skirt. 听下面一段对话， 回答第 14 至第 17 题。 14. How long will the man stay in China from now on? A. For one month. B. For two months. C. For three months. 15. What doesn’t the man often eat? A. Sweet and Sour Pork. B. Kung Pao Chicken. C. Chinese dumplings. 16. How can the man give his friends a surprise? A. By using chopsticks well. B. By making dumplings. C. By eating with his friends.
17. What would the man like to have? A. Beijing duck. B. Hot pot. C. Hamburgers. 听下面一段独白， 回答第 18 至第 20 题。 18.What does the Speaker mainly talk about？ A. The office improvement. B. The moving information. C. The valued employees. 19. Which of the following is true about the new office building? A. It’s near Center Square. B. It’s next to a theater. C. It has a swimming pool. 20. What’s the goal of the company? A. To be among the top five providers of Internet service. B. To have a total area of 5000 square feet. C. To become the biggest Internet service provider. 二、单项填空 (共 10 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分) 21. — How are you ______ your study recently, Jack? — Quite well. I got an “A” in a history exam. A. getting along with B. catching up with C. coming up with D. ending up with 22. — Have you been here before? —Yes. This is the third time that I ______ to Shanghai. A. come B. came C. have come D. had come 23. She made such a good meal that we all ate ______. A. far too many B. far too much C. too many far D. too much far 24 1. I have got ______ of the work, because it is too ______. A. tired; tiring B. tiring; tiring C. tired; tired D. tiring; tired 25. She asked her brother ______ for Canada and said she wanted to see him off. A. when would he leave B. when he would leave C. when did he leave D. when he left 26. Every chance should be made use of ______ English. A. speak B. to speaking C. to speak D. speaking 27. He planned to ______ in the country after he was retired. A. set down B. put down C. settle down D. calm down 28. I hadn’t seen her for 10 years, but I ______ her at once. A. realized B. recognized C. knew D. found 29. The boss commanded that the task ______ before 5 o’clock this afternoon. A. was finished B. finished C. be finished D. should finish 30. Though we are in the same class, we ______ talk and know little about each other. A. gradually B. hardly C. frequently D. always 三、完形填空 (共20小题; 每小题1 分, 满分20分) One day Reuben saw something in a shop window that set his heart racing. But he couldn’t 31 it at that moment. However, he opened the shop’s door and went inside. Standing the shopkeeper what he wanted and asked him to 34 . 33 32 and straight, he told it for some time. The shopkeeper
Reuben walked out into the sunlight and thought he would own homes using nails (钉子) and 37
the five dollars and not 36 38 . 39 as . People built their
tell anybody. Hearing the sound of hammering (敲打), he had a (n) factory for five cents a piece. That day he sold two bags and hid the Reuben sat at the table. He looked at his Every day after school, Reuben time for his 46 . Racing home, Reuben small box in her big hand. She her son in her arms. 31. A. touch 32. A. shy 33. A. get 34. A. agreed 35. A. spend 36. A. idea 37. A. sold 38. A. nails 39. A. lunch 40. A. sister 41. A. left 42. A. or 43. A. plan 44. A. dropped 45. A. quietly 46. A. job 47. A. shouted 48. A. found 49. A. packed 50. A. gift B. send B. proud B. hide B. ignored B. raise B. wish B. needed B. shoes B. dinner B. friend B. visited B. but B. duty B. counted B. worriedly B. reply B. clapped B. placed B. checked B. letter C. use C. upset C. keep C. refused C. borrow C. decision C. left C. bags C. customers C. mother C. cleaned C. because C. travel C. showed C. cleverly C. treasure C. asked C. threw C. picked C. word D. afford D. calm D. share D. received D. steal D. secret D. made D. coins D. tea D. neighbor D. searched D. though D. result D. collected D. happily D. present D. fell D. took D. opened D. prize 47 43 41 40 and smiled.
nail bags outside. He could sell them back to the nail
It was evening when Reuben got home. Dora was at the kitchen, ready to serve
the town, collecting nail bags. On the day the school 42 he would have more 44 45 the coins. It was five dollars in told the owner. And he got his 48 a
closed for the summer holiday, Reuben was happier than anyone . Finally, the time had come! He all. Then he headed for the shop. “I have the money,” he
as he ran to his mother, “Here, Mum! Here!” He 49 50
it carefully and saw the golden word “Mother” inside the . She smiled happily and held
box. It was Mother’s Day. Dora had never received such a
四、 阅读理解 (共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分)
A When I was fifteen, I announced to my English class that I was going to write and illustrate my own books. Half the students sneered. The rest nearly fell out of their chairs laughing. “Don’t be silly, only geniuses can become writers,” the English teacher said, “And you are getting a D this semester.” I was so humiliated(羞辱) that I burst into tears. That night I wrote a short sad poem about broken dreams and mailed it to the Capri’s Weekly newspaper. To my astonishment, they published it and sent me two dollars. I was a published and paid writer. I showed it to my teacher and fellow students. They laughed. “Just plain dumb luck,” the teacher said. I tasted success. I’d sold the first thing I’d ever written. That was more than any of them had done and if it was just dumb luck, that was fine with me. During the next two years I sold dozens of poems, letters, jokes and recipes. By the time I graduated from high school, with a C minus average, I had scrapbooks filled with my published work. I never mentioned my writing to my teachers, friends or my family again. They were dream killers and if people must choose between their friends and their dreams, they must always choose their dreams. I had four children at the time, and the oldest was only four. While the children slept, I typed on my ancient typewriter. I wrote what I felt. It took nine months, just like a baby. A month later Crying Wind, the title of my book, became a best seller, was translated into fifteen languages and Braille and sold worldwide. I appeared on TV talk shows. I traveled from New York to California and Canada on promotional tours. My first book also became required reading in native American schools in Canada. People ask what college I attended, what degrees I had and what qualifications I have to be a writer. The answer is: “None.” I just write. I’m not a genius. I’m not gifted and I don’t write right. To all those who dream of writing, I’m shouting at you: “Yes, you can. Yes, you can. Don’t listen to them.” I don’t write right but I’ve beaten the odds. Writing is easy, it’s fun and anyone can do it. Of course, a little dumb luck doesn’t hurt. 51. Why did many students laugh after hearing what the writer said? A. Because they didn’t like him B. Because they wished he could be successful as a writer C. Because their teacher laughed, too D. Because they felt it impossible for him to succeed 52. When the writer graduated from high school, ___________. A. he had become a famous writer B. he had made progress in his studies. C. his classmates and teachers changed their attitudes towards him D. he decided he wouldn’t become a writer 53. What prevented him telling others about his writing? A. The characters in his story. B. His teacher. C. His early experience. D. His parents. 54. What can we infer（推断）from the passage? A. It is difficult for a person, who cares about what others say, to succeed. B. It is important for a person to tell others what he wants to do. C. It is necessary for a person, who wants to succeed, to take others’ advice. D. It is impossible for an ordinary person to be a writer in the future.
55. Which of the following is the best title? A. A famous writer C. I Never Write Right
B. I Hate My Classmates and Teachers D. A Genius Can Be a Writer B With more and more cars on the road, traffic jams are inevitable. Traffic jams can lead to increased accidents as there are more cars, with more people trying to get to their destination, all the while getting worse. Although it’s impossible to avoid traffic jams altogether, there are some tips you can follow to reduce the amount of time on the road. Check for traffic jams before you leave. You can listen to the radio for traffic news, or check on the Internet to get up-to-minute information on traffic. If the route you want to take is heavy with traffic, you can choose another. Look for a different route all the time. Most traffic jams happen on busy roads. Using country roads could see you avoiding a lot of traffic. Although the distance you may have to travel is further, it can work out quicker. Set your car radio to receive traffic bulletins. Many new car stereo systems (汽车音响系 统) are equipped with a radio system by which you can hear the traffic channel. This way you can get the latest traffic information and change your journey if necessary. __________ Most traffic jams usually occur during rush hour, so try to avoid this time period if possible. Some jobs offer flexible working hours so that you can travel to work outside of rush hour. Some jobs even allow you to work at home so as to avoid moving altogether. Ask your manager to see what you can do if traffic is a problem for you. Use public transport alternatives where available. The easiest way to avoid traffic jams is to take buses or the underground instead of driving your own car. Not only will you avoid traffic jams but you will most likely be saving money as the cost of motoring rises. 56. The underlined word “inevitable” in Paragraph 1 probably means _____. A. hard to accept B. impossible to avoid C. getting less serious D. seen everywhere 57. The author wrote the text in order to ______. A. explain why there are traffic jams B. tell us how to save time on the road C. tell us what we can do on the road D. tell us the negative effects of traffic jams 58. To get the latest traffic information, you could do the following EXCEPT ______. A. surfing the Internet B. listening to the radio for traffic news C. listening to the traffic channel D. turning to other drivers for information 59. Which of the following can be put in the blank in the text? A. Choose a job that has flexible working hours B. Make friends with your manager C. Try traveling at different time D. Work from home 60. According to the author, we should use public transport because __________. A. it is cheaper and can avoid traffic jams
B. it is useful to us C. it is environmentally-friendly D. it is completely free from traffic jams C What will man be like in the future — in 5,000 or even 50,000 years from now? We can only make guesses, of course, but we can be sure that he will be different from what he is today, for man is slowly changing all the time. Let us take an obvious example. Man, even five hundred years ago, was shorter than he is today. Now, on average, men are about three inches taller. Five hundred years is relatively a short period of time, so we may suppose that man will continue to grow taller. Again, in the modern world we use our brains a great deal. Even so, we still make use of only about 20% of the brain’s capacity(容量). As time goes on, however, we shall have to use our brains more and more, and finally we shall need our brains more and more, and finally we shall need larger ones! This is likely to bring a physical change too: the head, in particular the forehead, will grow larger. Nowadays our eyes are in constant use. In fact, we use them so much that very often they become weaker and we have to wear glasses. But over long period of time it is likely that man’s eyes will grow stronger. On the other hand, we tend to make less use of our arms and legs. These, as a result, are likely to grow weaker. At the same time, however, our fingers will grow more sensitive because they are used a great deal in modern life. But what about hair? This will probably disappear from the body altogether in course of time because it does not serve a useful purpose any longer. In the future, then, both sexes are likely to be bald. Perhaps all this gives the impression that future man will not be a very attractive creature to look at! This may well be true. All the same, in spite of all these changes, future man will still have a lot in common with us. He will still be a human being, with thoughts and emotions similar to our own. 61. The passage mainly tells us that __________. A. Man’s life will be different in the future B. Future man will look quite different from us C. Man is growing taller and uglier as time passes D. Man’s organs’ functions will change 62. What serves as the evidence that man is changing? A. Man has got stronger eyes now than he ever had. B. Man’s hair is getting thinner and thinner. C. Man’s arms and legs have become lighter and weaker. D. Man has been growing taller over the past 500 years. 63. The change in man’s size of the forehead is probably because __________. A. he makes use of only 20% of the brain’s capacity B. his brain has grown larger over the past centuries C. he will use his brain more and more as time goes on D. the other 80% of his brain will grow in due time 64. Which of the following is TRUE about a human being in the future? A. He is hairless because hair is no longer useful. B. He has smaller eyes and wears better glasses. C. His fingers grow weaker because he doesn’t have to make use of them.
D. He thinks and feels in a different way. 65. It is implied(暗示) that __________. A. human beings will become less attractive in the future B. body organs will become poorer if they are not used often C. human beings hope for a change in the future life D. future life is always predictable 第二节 下面文章中有 5 个段落需要添加首句，请从以下选项中选出适合各段落的首句。选项 中有一项是多余选项。 A. Goods for auction sales B. Definition of bidding C. Way to sell more goods by auction D. Auction sales in history E. Brief introduction to auctions F. Making a larger profit as an auctioneer 66. ______ Auctions are public sales of goods, conducted by an officially approved auctioneer. He asks the crowd assembled in the auction-room to make offers, or “bids”, for the various items on sale. he encourages buyers to bid higher figures, and finally names the highest bidder as the buyer of the goods. This is called “knocking down” the goods, for the bidding ends when the auctioneer strikes a small hammer on a table at which he stands. 67. ______ The ancient Roman probably invented sales by auction, and the English word comes from the Latin auction, meaning “increasing”. The Romans usually sold in this way the goods taken in war. in England in the eighteenth centuries, goods were often sold “by the candle”: a short candle was lit by the auctioneer, and bids could be made while it stayed alight. 68. ______ Practically all goods whose qualities vary are sold by auction. Among these are coffee, skins, wool, tea, furs, silk and wines. Auction sales are also usual for land and property. furniture, pictures, rare books, old china and similar works of art. 69. ______ An auction is usually advertised beforehand with full particulars of the articles to be sold and where and when they can be viewed by potential buyers. if the advertisement cannot give full details, catalogues are printed, and each group of goods to be sold together, called a “lot”, is usually given a number. the auctioneer need not begin with lot 1 and continue in the order of numbers: he may wait until he notices the fact that certain buyers are in the room and then produce the lots they are likely to be interested in. 70. ______ The auctioneer’s services are paid for in the form of a percentage of the price the goods are sold for. The auctioneer therefore has a direct interest in pushing up the bidding as high as possible. he will not waste time by starting the bidding too low. He will also play on the opponents among his buyers and succeed in getting a high price by encouraging two business competitors to bid against each other. 五、单词拼写（10 分） 71.Parents are always c_______ much about their children.
72. I'm terribly sorry. I didn't do it on p__________. 73. The old man went t_______ many wars. 74. Air pollution is one of the problems that we can't afford to ________( 忽视). 75. I'd be most _______(感激 ) for your help. 76. He thought I had known the fact. But a_______, I knew nothing about it. 77. I r______ that he go at once. 78. He can speak English very f_____ 79. Go ____ ( 直接) ahead and you will find the hospital on your left. 80. The area is flooded _______(频繁 ) during the typhoon. 六、写作 (共两节, 满分 40 分) 第一节 短文改错 (共 10 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分) 短文中共有 10 处错误，错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧)，并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线( \ )划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词的下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 It was September 10th, Teachers’ Day. Xiao Ming had a wonderful idea but told his father that he is going to give Mother, an English teacher, big surprise. He asked for his father to help him. First they decided to do some housework, which was always do by his mother. Xiao Ming cleaned the house while his father did any washing. Then they made a good meal—fish, soup and some other delicious dish. Xiao Ming laid the table for a vase full of flowers in the center. After that they hid them behind the door and waited for Mother. Xiao Ming couldn’t wait to see how happily his mother would be! 第二节、书面表达（30 分） 假如你是李明，你跟你的朋友 Paul 聊天，他表示学习压力（stress）很大， 请你给他写 封信， 给他提一些建议。 提示：1.将自己的问题告诉老师和同学，请求得到他们的帮助； 2. 不要总想着考试成绩，要多想想自己在哪些方面进步了，这样就会给自己自信 （confidence）; 3.多做运动，运动可以帮助自己缓解压力，并且有助于睡眠； 4.你对他的祝福。 要求：1.词数 120 左右； 信的开头和结尾已给出， 不计入总数词； 2.要求句子结构准确，信息内容完整，篇章结构连贯。 Dear Paul， I feel sorry for you and understand the great trouble you are suffering from.____________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________. Yours sincerely, Li Ming
艾青中学 2015 学年第一学期高一英语检测试卷 答题卷
71.______________72______________73.______________74.____________75._____________ 76.______________77.______________78.______________79.____________80.____________ 六、写作 (共两节, 满分40分) 第一节 短文改错 (共10小题; 每小题1分, 满分10分) 第一节 短文改错 (共 10 小题; 每小题 1 分, 满分 10 分) 短文中共有 10 处错误，错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏词符号(∧)，并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线( \ )划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词的下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。 It was September 10th, Teachers’ Day. Xiao Ming had a wonderful idea but told his father that he is going to give Mother, an English teacher, big surprise. He asked for his father to help him. First they decided to do some housework, which was always do by his mother. Xiao Ming cleaned the house while his father did any washing. Then they made a good meal—fish, soup and some other delicious dish. Xiao Ming laid the table for a vase full of flowers in the center. After that they hid them behind the door and waited for Mother. Xiao Ming couldn’t wait to see how happily his mother would be!
第二节 书面表达 (满分30分) Dear Paul，
I feel sorry for you and understand the great trouble you are suffering from._______________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________
Yours sincerely, Li Ming