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定语从句高考考前复习课件


1. 概念:在复合句中,修饰某一名词或代词的 从句叫定语从句。 The girl who is standing there is Mary. 先行词 关系词 2. 先行词:被定语从句所修饰的词。 关系词: 引导定语从句的词。 3. 关系词作用:① 连接句子 ②在从句中做成分

1.Do you work near the building whose c

olor is yellow. 2. I’m one of the boys who are never late for school. 3. Sep.18,1931 is the day that we’ll never forget. 4. The only language that is easy to learn is the mother tongue. 5. I hope you will find this valley a beautiful place where you may spend your weekend. 6. The film brought the hours back to me when I was taken good care of in that far-away village.

定语从句分类
The Restrictive Attributive Clause

定 语 从 句

限制性定语从句

The Non-Restrictive Attributive Clause

非限制性定语从句

限定性定语从句与非限定性定语从句

限定性定语从句是句中不 可缺少的组成部分,主句 和从句之间不用逗号隔开

非限定性定语从句是对 主句先行词的补充说明, 没有这种从句不影响主 句意思完整.一般用逗号 把主句和从句分开 引导词: who,whom,whose,which, of which,when,where等, 不用that,不能省略

引导词:关系代词和关系 副词,作宾语时一些关系 代词可以省略

限制性定语从句的构成
The man who lives next to us sells vegetables. You must do everything that I do. I have found the book which I lost. I visited the school where I studied. 注意事项: 1.从句的位置: 先行词 之后 2.翻译方法: “….的”

关系代词的用法

指代 that which who whom whose 人;物 物 人 人 人;物

所做成分

是否可省略

主语;宾语 作宾语可省 主语;宾语 作宾语可省 主语;宾语 作宾语可省 宾语 定语 可省 不可省

关系副词的用法
指代 所做成分 是否可省略 状语 状语 状语 否 否 否

when
where why

时间 地点 原因

先行词和关系词的关系
A plane is a machine that can fly. The boy who broke the window is called Tom. The man whom you spoke to is our new teacher.
The boy whose parents are dead was brought up by his grandfather.

关系副词和先行词的关系
I still remember the day when I came here.
on the day =when

This is the house where I lived last year.
in the house= where

There are many reasons why people like traveling.
for the reasons =why

I don’t like the way that you speak.
in the way =that

关系副词实际上是介词+先行词

1:先行词是everything, nothing, anything, 1. 指物,介词后。 something, much, little, none等不定代词时 2. 先行词被any, some, no, much, few, little, 2. 用于非限制定语从句中 every, all等不定代词修饰时 3:先行词被形容词最高级或序数词修饰 3.先行词是that, 时。 4: 先行词中既有人又有事物时 5: 先行词被the very, the only, the last等修饰 6:当先行词前面有who/which等疑问代词时

只使用which应遵循的规则 只使用that应遵循的规则

巩固练习 把 that , which 或 who 填入下列空白处 that 1.He did all / everything ______ he could to help me. 2.This is the very thingthat _______ I am after. 3.We talked about the men and the things that _______ we remembered at school. that 4.This is the first thing _______ I want to say. 5.Who is the man ______ spoke to you at the that gate. that 6.Which is the star _______ is nearest to the earth.

把that , which ,whom or who 填入空格

that 7.Is there anything else _____ you want to say? 8.Any person _______ has the money can join that the group. whom 9.The man to _______ I spoke is a famous scientist.

考点二: whose
The house is mine. The window of the house is broken.

The house whose window is broken is mine. whose=the house’s
The house
the window of which is broken of which the window is broken

is mine.

I met an old woman whose daughter was admitted Into Beijing university. Whose daughter=_________________________

There are in this class 20 students, ______ are different. ? A.whose backgrounds ? B. The backgrounds of whom ? C.of whom the backgrounds ? D.the backgrounds of whose

考点三:一些特殊词之后的where
1. I’ve come to the point where I can’t stand him. 我已经到了无法容忍他的地步了。 2. The country is in the situation where a war will break out at any time.
解析:如果定语从句分别修饰point, where引导的定语从句先行词大多数情况下是表示地点 的名词,但也有特殊情况。

国家正处在随时有可能爆发战争的局势中。

situation, stage和case等表示抽象意义 的词,常用where 引导,意思是“到了某 种地步,在某种境况中” 。

高考题链接: 1.We are trying to reach a point ____ both sides will sit down together and

talk.
A. which B. that C. where D.

when

2.Those successful deaf dancers think
D that dancing is an activity ____sight

matters more than hearing .
A.When B. whose C. which D. where

3. More problems will come up next

D week _______we are having a meeting
because the situation is so urgent.

A. Whose B. which C. where D. when

when, where, 与that, which 的区分
1)I’ll never forget the day _________ we when first met in the park. 2)I’ll never forget the time ________________ I spent with you. which\that 3) This is the museum _____________ where there are a lot of famous paintings. 4)This is the museum _______________I which\that visited last year .

考点四:why 与that, which 的区分
Why/for which This is the reason _______ I didn’t come here. which/that The reason __________ she gave was not true.

考点5:the way用做先行词
缺状语 填上合适的关系词并分析原因: 1.The way _________________he explained the that/in which/不填 sentence to us was not difficult to understand. that/ which/不填 2.The way _________________he explained to us was quite simple. 缺宾语

高考题链接:

3.What surprised me was not what he said but _____ he said it. A. the way B. in the way that C. in the way D. the way which

考点六:as 引导的限制性定语从句
as This is such an interesting book ____ we all like. This is so interesting a book _____ we all like. as

这是大家都喜欢的如此有趣的一本书。(定语从句)
that This is such an interesting book ____we all like it. that This is so interesting a book ____we all like it. 这本书如此有趣,大家都喜欢。(结果状语从句)

考点6:as 引导的限制性定语从句
? 1.I have the same dictionary as you have. ? 2.It is such a heavy stone as no one can lift. ? 3.In the city, I saw so grand a National Day celebration as I had never dreamed of. ? 4.This is the same house as / that you lived in last year. ? 5.He is as great a painter as ever lived.

as 1.It is such a big stone _____ nobody can lift. that 2. It is such a big stone _____ nobody can lift it. 1.Such signs_____we use in the A experiment______Greek letters. A.as ,are B.as,is C.that,are D.that,is 2.We do the same work_____they do. B A.which B.as C.than D.like

as 引导的非限制性定语从句
The earth is round._____ is known to all. It
which The earth is round,_____ is known to all. / as As _____ is known to all, the earth is round It ______ is known to all that the earth is round. 定语从句在句首时只能用as, as 具有正如之意,与之搭配的动词一般是固定的,如: as you know/ as you see/as we planned/ as we expected

考点七: 介词+关系代词的情况 1

The man

whom you spoke to

was a scientist.

The city

which she lives in is far away.

介词+关系代词的情况 2
Are these two sentences right?

The man

who/whom you spoke to was a scienti

The city

that/which she lives in is far away.

介词+关系代词的情况 3
Are these two sentences right?

to

The man

The city

who/whom you spoke was a scienti in that/which she lives is far away.

介词+关系代词的情况 3
Are these two sentences right?

The man

The city

to who/whom you spoke was a scienti in that/which she lives is far away.

介词+关系代词的情况 3
Are these two sentences right?

The man to who/whom you spoke ×

was a scienti

The city in that/which she lives ×
可见,who、that 不能用与介词之后

is far away.

介词+关系代词的情况 4
下面两句中的介词能提前吗?

Is this the watch that you are looking for? The old man whom I am looking after is better . 在固定短语中介词不能提前

介词+关系词
1. Do you know the boy __ _____ your mother to whom is talking? with which 2. He gave me some novels _____ ______ I am not very familiar. 3. I still remember the day ___ which I first got on _____ to Paris. 4. 译:这是我要照顾的小孩。 This is the child whom/ that I will take care of.

5. I was given three books on cooking, the first ______I really enjoyed. A. of that B. of which C. that D. which

定语从句中的动词的数
He is the only one in his class who _______ (have) got the teacher’s has praise He is one of the students in his class who _______ (have) got the teacher’s have praise

定语从句的辨认与使用 思考步骤: (1)找出先行词 a.确定关系代词的人称、数和性 b.确定从句位置(一般在先行词之后) (2)确定关系代词在从句中所担任的成分 以确定关系代词的格 (3)确定从句时态 Do you know the boy my mother is talking to?

1. This is the town _______ I was born. where
This is the town ______ I visited last week. which

2. I will never forget the day when I came to _____ school.
I will never forget the day ______ I spent which with you. why 3. This is the reason ____ he was late. that This is the reason ____ he told me.

Fill in the blanks with proper preps.
1. This is the book _____ which I spent 5 yuan. on

for 2. This is the book _____ which I paid 5 yuan.
3. This is the book from which we can learn a _____ lot. 4. This is the book about which we often _______ talk.

in 5. This is the book _____ which I wrote down many notes.

C 1.① I still remember the days _______ I worked with the farmers. ② I still remember the days _______ I A spent with the farmers A.which B. on which C. when D. what
2. ① This is the only way ______ I can B find to solve this problem. ② I don’t like the way _____ you speak B to your parents. A. when B. that C. how D. which

3. ① The teacher didn’t know the reason _______ she was absent yesterday. B ②The teacher couldn’t accept the reason ______ she explained yesterday. C A. how B. why C. that D. who 4. D ① Is this school ___ you ever visited? ② Is this the school ___ you ever studied? A ③ Is this the school in __ you ever studied? B A. where B. which C. that D. the one

定语从句与易 混句型巧区分

定语从句从句型上讲,它与下面句式相似,十分容 易混淆。为了帮助同学们分清定语从句与这些句型 的差异,现将其分类例析如下。 一. 定语从句与并列句 用一个恰当的词完成下列句子,使之完整与正确。

1.Mr Li has three daughters, none of whomis an engineer. ------------2.Mr Li has three daughters, but none of

them

is a dancer.

-----3.Mr Li has three daughters; none are doctors.

they

二. 定语从句与地点状语从句
用一个恰当的词完成下列句子,使之完整与正确。

1.Rice doesn’t grow well wherethere is not enough water. _____

where 2.I still remember the farm_____ my parents worked ten years ago. on which
对比下面两个句子: He left the key where he had been an hour ago. He left the place where he lived for many years. 练习:The visitor asked the guide to take his B picture _____ stands the famous tower.

A. that

B. where

C. which

D. there

三.

定语从句与强调句

用一个恰当的词完成下列句子,使之完整与正确。

1.It is on the morning of May 1st _____ I met John that at the airport.
2.It is the factory _______John works. where 练习:It was 5 o ’clock in the morning _____ he when arrived home.

四. 定语从句与结果状语从句

用一个恰当的词完成下列句子,使之完整与正确。

1. I have the same computer _____you as have.

2. She is such a kind girl _____all of us that like to make friends with her.
as that

对比下面两个句子:

He is such a good teacher as we all love and respect. He is such a good teacher that we all love and respect him.
as 练习:It is such a good place _____ everybody wants to visit _____ it is wellthat known all over the world.

A. which; that B. as ; as C. as ;that D. that; as

五. 定语从句与习惯句型
用一个恰当的词完成下列句子,使之完整与正确。

1.It is the first time ______ she has that been in Shanghai.
when 2.It was the time _______ Chinese people had a hard life.

六. 定语从句与单句
用一个恰当的词完成下列句子,使之完整与正确。

which 1.The mother told the lazy boy to work,_____didn’t help.
2.The mother told the lazy boy to work._____didn’t help. It

练习:There are 56 students in our class, most of ____are girls. B

A. which B. whom C. them D. that

七. 定语从句与名词从句

用一个恰当的词完成下列句子,使之完整与正确。 1.The news ______came from the front was true. that
2.The news ______ he won the game was true. that
what 3.She was not ______ she used to be. that 4.The city is no longer a place _____ it used to be. As 5._____ is known to us all, paper was first made in China. It 6._____ is known to us all that paper was first made in China. that 练习:She was not the woman ______she used to be. what The city is no longer _____it used to be.

C 1. ① This is ______ he said at the meeting yesterday. A ② This is all____ he said at the meeting yesterday. A. that B. which C. what D. how B 2.① _____ is reported in the newspapers, they have beaten all the other teams. ② ____ is reported in the newspaper A that they have beaten all the other teams.
A. It B. As C. Which D. What

3. ① That is the house, ______ windows C hasn’t been cleaned for months.

D ② That is the house, ______ the windows hasn’t been cleaned for months.
B ③ That is the house, but ______ windows hasn’t been cleaned for months.
A. it’s B. its C. whose D. of which

4. ① John said he’d been working in the office for hours, ______ true. C ② John said he’d been working in the office for hours, and ______ B true. A. he was B. it was C. which was D. who was

5. D ① Do you know the girl ______ calling herself Miss Forgetful?

A ② Do you know the girl ______
calls herself Miss Forgetful? A. who D. / B. whom C. she

6. ① He wrote the best composition, ____ surprised all of B us.
② He wrote the best composition ____ we all read just A now. A. that B. which C. it

D. in which

7. ① He wrote the best composition, ____ surprised all of B us.
② He wrote the best composition ____ we all read just A now. A. that B. which C. it

D. in which


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