江苏省如皋中学 2014-2015 学年度第二学期阶段练习
（命题 宋亚玲 审核 刘德胜）
（ 请注意：本试卷分为卷 I 和卷 II 两部分，请把卷 I 答案填涂在答题卡上，卷 II 答案写 在答题纸上。试卷满分共 120 分。 ）
卷 I (80 分)
0.5 分，满分 10 分） 第一节? 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选项， 并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一 小题。每段对话仅读一遍。? 1. What is the woman going to do? A. Leave early. B. Make a speech. C. Join the discussion. 2. Which color shirt will the man buy? A. Red. B. Green. C. White. 3. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Strangers. B. Neighbors. C. Co-workers. 4. What do you know about the man? A. He’s going to Mexico. B. He’s worried about the food. C. He’s been to the hotel before. 5. What will the woman probably do for the man? A. Clean the house. B. Carry the boxes. C. Cook the dishes. 第二节? 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中 选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题， 每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各个小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听下面一段对话，回答第 6 和第 7 题。 6. What does Harris probably want to do with Olivia? A. Have lunch. B. Watch a movie. C. Go to her office. 7. When will Harris and Olivia meet? A. At 6:50. B. At 7:10. C. At 10:00. 听下面一段对话，回答第 8 至第 10 题。 8. What does the woman like about the armchair? A. Its size. B. Its color. C. Its design. 9. What do we know about the speakers’ armchair at home? A. It is badly broken. B. It is heavy looking. C. It is brown in color. 10. What will the speakers probably do about the armchair? A. Wait for a sale. B. Buy it right away. C. Ask for a cheaper price. 听下面一段对话，回答第 11 和第 12 题。 11. Where does the woman live? A. Edinburgh. B. London. C. York. 12. Where are the speakers? A. At the man’s home. B. In the man’s office. C. At the railway station.
听下面一段对话，回答第 13 至第 16 题。 13. What are the speakers mainly talking about? A. Doing research. B. Looking for a job. C. Choosing a college major. 14. Where will the man probably find information on incomes? A. From the woman. B. On the Internet. C. At the library. 15. Why does the man want to get a well-paid job? A. He wants to learn dancing. B. He wants to travel around. C. He wants to help the poor. 16. What is the woman’s attitude toward the man? A. Supportive. B. Impatient. C. Critical. 听下面一段独白，回答第 17 至第 20 题。 17. What is London’s West End? A. A street full of buses and cars. B. A well-known shopping area. C. A famous department store. 18. When will people light the Christmas tree on Trafalgar Square? A. On 6 December. B. On 10 December. C. On 23 December. 19. How do people in London celebrate the beginning of the New Year? A. By setting off fireworks. B. By singing Christmas songs. C. By watching the parade on TV. 20. What is the purpose of this speech? A. Introduce the best shopping district in London. B. Encourage people to buy the Christmas trees. C. Welcome people to visit London in December. 第二部分：英语知识运用（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节： 单项填空（共 20 题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 请阅读下面各题，从题中所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 21.Even though Mary said she would call on me at her _________, she was too busy to do so. A. absence B. presence C. convenience D. service 22. The fire broke out and spread through the hotel very quickly, but luckily, due to the timely rescue, everyone _________ get out. A. could B. should C. would D. was able to 23. After suffering from a heavy flood and ______ to a mess, the ancient city was not an ideal destination to visit at that time. A. reduced B. reducing C. having reduced D. being reduced 24. You only need to water the plants _______, in other words, Monday, Wednesday and Friday. A. every second days B. every two day C. every other day D. every other two days 25. China is very open ______ cooperation with the world and offers a very friendly environment to those who invest in China. A. in terms of B. in honour of C. in need of D. in place of 26. As a solution to the problem, the government ______ the public to stay calm about the present
situation. A. attached to B. appealed to C. reacted to D. complained to 27. Mr. Li, a group of students are waiting to see you outside. ________ they come in? A. Will B. Must C. Shall D. Need 28. We are in Beijing now, and tomorrow we______ the Tiananmen Square and the Summer Palace. A. are visiting B. visit C. would visit D. visited 29. This is the third time that Jack has failed the driving test. He is not discouraged, _______. A. therefore B. otherwise C. though D. altogether 30. To my disappointment, the unpleasant man with his endless complaints ________ my journey.
A. destroyed B. ruined C. harmed D. damaged 31. --- The drunk driving which resulted in five deaths could have been avoided. --- Exactly. I wonder why nobody ______ him from driving. A. stopped B. had stopped C. was stopping D. would stop 32. ________ that the government can lead them out of the financial crisis, people are optimistic about the future of the country. A. Convincing B. Convinced C. To convince D. Having convinced 33. The Internet makes possible for us to get in contact with __ we want to contact. A. that; whom B. this; whoever C. it; whom 34. ---Where did you pick up the bag, Alice? ---- Oh, it was on the beach _____ we were taking a walk. A. that B. where C. when D. it; whoever
35. With more forests _________ , huge quantities of good soil ______ been washed away. A. destroyed; has B. destroyed; have C. to be destroyed; have D. being destroyed; has 36. Was it the hard training ______ he received as a young man _______ made him such a good basketball player? A. what; that B. that; what C. which; that D. that; which 37. “_______ us ten years” said the minister in his speech, “and just see what our country will be like.” A. Give B. Giving C. Given D. To give 38. When I called at his home the other day, I found him sitting by his desk, ______ in his book. A. buried his head B. his head buried C. his head burying D. having buried his head 39. He said that his car ______ stolen and that he ______ have to telephone the police. A. was; would B. has been; will C. had been; would D. had been; will 40. ----What’s the noise? It sounds as if it comes from upstairs. ---- __________. It must be the window-cleaner working next door. A. I’m not sure B. I hope not C. I’d rather not D. I don’t think so. 第二节：完型填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） 请阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项， 并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 “Enjoy your own life without comparing it with that of another.” —Marquis de Condorcet
If you took the strengths of others, and compared them to your weaknesses, do you think this would make you feel good? The funny thing is, this is 41 another—and some of us do pretty 42 . It’s surely a practice for a 43 come in self-confidence and for unhappiness. Let’s say I take a look at someone who creates 44 artwork on their website and I look at my art, and realize I don’t 45 to being matched with him. In fact, I look pretty pitiful. But it’s not a fair 46 . If I looked at my strengths—writing useful and honest posts—I can see that I have a lot to offer, a lot to be happy about. That’s so important—being able to look at your own strengths, and see your true actually one of the 48 to success and happiness. 47 . It’s most of us do at one time or
I want to talk about this issue 49 an email from a reader recently: I have some teammates from very rich families. I can’t stop myself comparing my lifestyle with 50_ . I must say that my 51 planning is sound enough to take care of my existing family; and I can take care of new family 52 even if I lose my current job. But 53 I see or hear them 54 . How can I stop this habit, member also, at least for without changing jobs? This is an excellent but tough 55 . I think it’s 56 often makes us unhappy even if we have enough and 57 to compare ourselves to others, but it be happy with what we have. My quick 59 thinking about all the things
spending so much money after possessions, I start comparing
advice: try to be aware of when you start comparing yourself to others … once you’ve developed this 58 , stop yourself and tell yourself, “Stop that!” And then you do have, the things you love, the people you have and the blessings that 60_ has given you. Make this a regular practice, and you’ll start to be happier with your life. 41. A. why 42. A. often 43. A. rise 44. A. astonished 45. A. up 46. A. comparison 47. A. strengths 48. A. reasons 49. A. because of 50. A. them 51. A. financial 52. A. sometime 53. A. however 54. A. then 55. A. question 56. A. strange 57. A. must 58. A. awareness 59. A. stop 60. A. happiness B. what B. seldom B. increase B. disappointing B. close B. communication B. shortcomings B. keys B. regardless of B. their B. annual B. some time B. whatever B. later B. person B. natural B. can B. hobby B. help B. life C. that C. usually C. drop C. shocked C. down C. competition C. values C. causes C. in spite of C. themselves C. special C. some times C. wherever C. again C. phenomenon C. difficult C. may C. tradition C. come C. success D. how D. always D. failure D. amazing D. closely D. connection D. weaknesses D. means D. in case of D. theirs D. beneficial D. sometimes D. whenever D. thus D. reader D. important D. should D. custom D. start D. confidence
第三部分：阅读理解（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分）
请阅读下列短文，从短文后各题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项， 并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Do you know of anyone who uses the truth to deceive(欺骗)? When someone tells you something that is true, but leaves out important information that should be included, he can give you a false picture． For example, someone might say, “I just won a hundred dollars on the lottery(彩票). It was great. I took that dollar ticket back to the store and turned it in for one hundred dollars!” This guy is a winner, right? Maybe, maybe not. We then discover that he bought $ 200 worth of tickets, and only one was a winner. He’s really a big loser! He didn’t say anything that was false, but he left out important information on purpose. That’s called a half-truth. Half truths are not technically lies, but they are just as dishonest. Some politicians often use this trick. Let’s say that during Governor Smith’s last term, her state lost one million jobs and gained three million jobs. Then she seeks another term. One of her opponents says, “During Governor Smith’s term, the state lost one million jobs!” That’s true. However, an honest statement would have been, “During Governor Smith’s term, the state had a net（净）gain of two million jobs.’’ Advertisers will sometimes use half—truths. It’s against the law to make false statements so they try to mislead you with the truth. An advertisement might say, “Nine out of ten doctors advised their patients to take Yucky Pills to cure toothache. ”It fails to mention that they only asked ten doctors and nine of them work for the Yucky Company. This kind of deception happens too often. It’s a sad fact of life: Lies are lies, and sometimes the truth can lie as well. 61. We may infer that the author believes people should ________. A. buy lottery tickets if possible B. make use of half-truths C. be careful about what they are told D. not trust the Yucky Company 62. How many examples does the writer give to show how the truth is used to deceive? A. One B. Two C. Three D. Four 63. Which of the following is true according to the passage? A. Using half truths is against the law. B. Technically, half truths are in fact lies. C. Yucky Pills is a very good medicine for toothache. D. Governor Smith did a good job during her last term. 64. Which of the following best expresses the main idea of the passage? A. He’s really a big loser! B. Sometimes the truth can lie as well． C. Advertisers will sometimes use half truths．
D. It’s against the law to make false statements． B Teenagers at one German school are learning how to achieve happiness alongside other traditional subjects such as math and languages. The class sit in a circle with their eyes shut and they count from one to ten: someone starts,
the next voice comes from the far right, a third from the other side. The aim of the game is to listen for an opportunity to shout out the number without clashing (冲突) with another voice or leaving a pause. On the first try, most of the young Germans try to be first, while a few are too shy to join in, but by the fifth time round, they develop a rhythm ( 节奏). The message: give other people space but also confidently claim your own. This is a requirement for social well-being. The Willy Hellpach School in Heidelberg is the first in the nation to develop a happiness course. It is intended for students preparing for university entrance exams. “The course isn’t there to make you happy,” Ernst Fritz-Schubert, the school principal, warned pupils, “but rather to help you discover the ways to become happy.” Cooking a meal together is one of the class exercises. Improving body language under the guidance of two professional actresses is another. The course is taught for three periods a week. Despite the happy subject, the pupils themselves insist it is no laughing matter. “In the first period, we had to each say something positive about another member of the class and about ourselves. No laughing at people,” said Fanny, 17. Research by the school shows it is not the first to start happiness classes: they also exist at some US universities, mainly based on positive thinking, using findings from studies of depression. 65. What’s the purpose of this passage? A．To introduce the happiness course. B．To describe all the traditional courses. C．To arouse the readers’ interest in happiness. D．To help students struggle against being sad. 66. The game intended for the students in the 2nd paragraph mainly to A．try their best to get opportunities for themselves B．practice how to speak in front of people C．confidently speak out one’s opinions D．equip them with required social skills 67. It can be inferred from the passage that . A．the students’ self – respect can also improve happiness B．the students just took the course as a laughing matter C．the students can certainly become happy after the course D．the students waste time learning something without value C American LaMar Baylor spends most of his time in New York City; he worked as a performer in the Broadway musical — The Lion King. But since 2011, he has also spent weeks in Kigali, the capital of Rwanda. There, he teaches dance to boys who live on the street. His teaching is part of an effort by the Rebecca Davis Dance Company. The project named Learning to Dance helps young people learn more about dance and learn how to behave in a classroom environment. LaMar Baylor describes his students as homeless guys who have lost all of their families. “They have gone through things that no one could ever have to go through,” said Baylor. “Dance classes provide the children with systematic learning and self-expression that they’ve never had before.” .
Rebecca Davis is the founder and director of the dance company. She says she got the idea for the project after she visited Rwanda in 2008. She remembers meeting a large number of street children who were dancing, and she thinks that dance could be used to get them off the street and into a safer place. Rebecca Davis believes that learning to dance is a step toward education. “When you start to play music in Rwanda, these kids come out of nowhere and they enter the center. And it’s because of dance that they have a way of changing their physicality（肉体性）, their survival skills that they learn on the street, and their strength, into something that’s actually artistic and aesthetic （美学的） ,” said Rebecca. She says children can take classes in information and technology after they have learned to attend classes and follow directions. Boys who have done the best in the classes win scholarships ( 奖学金), and are sent to the Sunrise Boarding School and about 30 boys have won this kind of financial aid. She says all the students are male, because few girls in Rwanda live freely on the street. The Rwanda program is the largest one set up by the Rebecca Davis Dance Company, and Ms Davis has also set up dance programs in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Guinea. About 2,000 children in the three countries have taken part in the project since it was launched in 2010. As for LaMar Baylor, he knows from his own experience how dance can lead to a better life. He is from Camden, New Jersey. Camden has sometimes been called America’s poorest and most dangerous city. Mr. Baylor says that growing up in Camden means it takes a long time for him to find out what he wants to do. He now thanks dancing for saving his life. 68. What do we know about LaMar Baylor? A. His role in The Lion King has made him famous. B. He teaches street boys to dance in Kigali. C. He tries his best to save the homeless boys in Rwanda. D. He manages the Rebecca Davis Dance Company. 69. The project Learning to Dance is designed to_____. A. raise money for street children who have lost their families B. encourage all the street children to return to school C. teach street children to behave in a classroom environment D. attract public attention to what street children are going through 70. Which of the following could be the best title of the passage? A. Dance offers street children a path to education B. An introduction to the Rebecca Davis Dance Company C. Education is important to street children D. Dance has changed LaMar Baylor’s life 71. From which part of a website could the passage be taken? A. Entertainment. B. Health. C. Education. D. Sports. D Exercise seems to be good for the human brain, with many recent studies suggesting that regular exercise improves memory and thinking skills. But an interesting new study asks whether the apparent（明显的）cognitive（认知的）benefits from exercise are real or just a placebo（安慰的） effect—that is, if we think we will be “smarter” after exercise, do our brains respond accordingly? The answer has significant implications（含义）for any of us hoping to use exercise to keep our minds sharp throughout our lives. While many studies suggest that exercise may have cognitive benefits, recently some scientists
have begun to question whether the apparently beneficial effects of exercise on thinking might be a placebo effect. So researchers at Florida State University in Tallahassee and the University of Illinois at Urbana－Champaign decided to focus on expectations, on what people anticipate(预期) that exercise will do for thinking. If people's expectations jibe(吻合) closely with the actual benefits, then at least some of those improvements are probably a result of the placebo effect and not of exercise. For the new study, which was published last month in PLOS One, the researchers recruited(聘 用) 171 people through an online survey system, they asked half of these volunteers to estimate by how much a stretching and toning regimens(拉伸运动) performed three times a week might improve various measures of thinking. The other volunteers were asked the same questions, but about a regular walking program. In actual experiments, stretching and toning program generally have little if any effect on people's cognitive skills. Walking, on the other hand, seems to substantially( 实质上) improve thinking ability. But the survey respondents believed the opposite, estimating that the stretching and toning program would be more beneficial for the mind than walking. The estimates of benefits from walking were lower. These data, while they do not involve any actual exercise, are good news for people who do exercise. “The results from our study suggest that the benefits of aerobic（有氧运动的） exercise are not a placebo effect， ” said Cary Stothart, a graduate student in cognitive psychology at Florida State University, who led the study. If expectations had been driving the improvements in cognition seen in studies after exercise, Mr. Stothart said, then people should have expected walking to be more beneficial for thinking than stretching. They didn't, implying that the changes in the brain and thinking after exercise are physiologically genuine(真实的). The findings are strong enough to suggest that exercise really does change the brain and may, in the process, improve thinking, Mr. Stothart said. That conclusion should encourage scientists to look even more closely into how, at a molecular(分子) level, exercise remodels(改变) the human brain, he said. It also should encourage the rest of us to move, since the benefits are, it seems, not imaginary, even if they are in our head. 72 Which of the following about the placebo effect is TRUE according to the passage? A. It occurs during exercise. B. It has cognitive benefits. C. It is just a mental reaction. D. It is a physiological response. 73. Why did the researchers at the two universities conduct the research? A. To discover the placebo effect in the exercise. B. To prove the previous studies have a big drawback（缺点）. C. To test whether exercise can really improve cognition. D. To encourage more scientists to get involved in the research. 74. What can we know about the research Cary Stothart and his team carried out? A. They employed 171 people to take part in the actual exercise. B. The result of the research removed the recent doubt of some scientists. C. The participants thought walking had a greater impact on thinking ability. D. Their conclusion drives scientists to do research on the placebo effect. 75. What might be the best title for the passage?
A. Is it necessary for us to take exercise? B. How should people exercise properly? C. What makes us smarter during exercise? D. Does exercise really make us smarter?
卷 II (满分 40 分)
第四部分. 词汇及句型（共 10 小题，每小题 0.5 分，满分 5 分， ） A． 单词拼写 1. U____________, the people in Pompeii failed to flee the city when the volcano erupted. 2.The government held a series of activities to raise our a________ of water conservation ahead of Sunday, World Water Day. 3.As is known to all, the c____________ Olympics were first held in 1896, in Athen, Greece. 4. The company is p________ their new product by advertising it on TV and in newspapers. 5. With so many people out of work, there exists a strong c________ in searching for a new job. B 句型转换 6. In fact, my wife and I ignored the possibility that he might lose heart if he failed again. In fact, I ignored the possibility that he might lose heart if he failed again, and _______ _______ my wife. 7. The press interviewed the basketball coach and his team members shortly after the match for their outstanding performance. The basketball coach along with his team members ______ ______shortly after the match for their outstanding performance. 8. People usually regard Philosophy as a way of looking at the world around us. Philosophy can be _______ _______ as a way of looking at the world around us. 9. Loulan was once a green land with huge trees, but they were cut down, as a result of which , the city was buried by sand. Loulan was once a green land with huge trees, but they were cut down, _______ ______ the city ______ _______ by sand. 10. “When did you come here? “ she asked. She asked _______when _______ ________ ______. 第五部分：任务型阅读（共 10 小题; 每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 请阅读下面短文，并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。 注意：请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。每个空格只填一个单词。 Environmental protection specialists are persons who watch over and control efforts to protect natural resources and make sure that the environment can remain suitable for future generations. They take part in activities such as making sure that drinking water is safe and responding to spills (泄漏) of dangerous materials, for example. An environmental protection specialist typically has to complete at least a four-year first university degree in the area of environmental science or physical science. Getting a two-year second university degree or a four- or five-year higher university degree in this field further increases his or her chances of being employed. An environmental protection specialist is responsible for supporting programs that aim to handle problems in this industry. For example, he or she uses his or her technical skills or knowledge to help with business projects on air pollution control, waste water treatment, and the removal of dangerous wastes. This type of professional has to develop protocols (协议) for the correct ways to carry out these environmental measures when planning, designing, and putting them into effect. Understanding budgeting rules is also necessary to succeed in this job role. Reliable written and verbal (口头上的)communication skills are extremely valuable in this field.
Specialists who try to preserve the environment often have to write letters and reports concerning topics related to following environmental laws. An environmental protection specialist also gives presentations at conferences in the industry or gives instructions on these subject matters. In addition, he or she must train employees on organizational standards and schedule appointments during which he or she orally evaluates ( 评价) staff members’ performances. Getting the community ( 社区) involved in business efforts is a chief focus of professionals in this career. An environmental protection specialist spreads information to the public on how to take part in activities that aim to preserve both people’s health and the environment. Some of this data is also shared with city developers so that builders produce buildings in ways that are not harmful to the ecosystem — the interaction（交互）between living things and the environment. A person in the environmental industry also tries to make sure that his or her company’s programs remain effective and up-to-date. An environmental protection specialist studies his or her organization’s present measures to evaluate their levels of effectiveness and determines whether any of them need to be changed to better achieve results. These types of professionals additionally attend conferences on industry laws so that their projects meet these rules.
[学优高考网 gkstk] [学优高考网 gkstk]
Environmental protection specialists The (1)_______ Educational requirements To make natural resources suitable for future generation by (2)________ them * (3)________ a four-year first university degree. * Study environmental science or physical science as a main subject. * Have a(n) (4) _____ over others if getting a second or even higher university degree. Supporting environmentally-friendly programs * Help with business projects (5)________ technical skills or knowledge. * Develop correct protocols to take action. * (6)________ the rules in budgeting. * Be skilled at writing letters and reports about the (7)________ related to environmental laws. * (8) ______ opinions or give instructions verbally on subject matters. * Inform employees of organization standards and schedule appointments. * Involve the community in environmental protection activities. * (9) _____ some information with city developers. * Study the measures to make them (10) _____ and up-to-date. * Attend conferences to make projects meet the rules
Producing reports Other requirements
Reaching out to the public Keeping projects up-to-date
第六部分：书面表达（满分 25 分） 随着人们生活水平的提高，假期出游成为了越来越多家庭 的选择。然而，在很多旅游场所，一些不文明的行为也时有发 生。作为一名中学生，你就“如何文明旅游”这一话题，谈谈自己 的看法 提示： 1、旅游中不文明的陋习,如图所示…(可适当拓展）; 2、文明意识和行为，如……; 3、词数 150 左右(首句已给出，不计算在总词数 之内)。
Nowadays, traveling is becoming a more and more important part of our life.___________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________请在答题纸相应区域内答题_________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________