【KS5U 首发】云南省 2013-2014 学年高一寒假作业（8）英语 Word 版含答案
br />一、单项填空(共 15 小题:每小题 1 分，满分 15 分) 从 A. B. C. D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选 硕，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
1.—Would you like something to drink, girls? —Yes, _______, please. A. two cup of coffee B. two cup of coffees C. two cups of coffee D. two cups of coffees 2.The war made ________ impossible for the scientist to go on with his research. A. him B. this C. it D. that
3.She _______a Frenchman. She has _______ him for three years. A．married with；married with B．married；married C．married to；been married D．married；been married to 4.Don?t stay _____ to the fire, or you will be burnt A. closely B. close C. closing D. closed 5._______ speaking, I didn?t do it on purpose A. Honesty B. Honest C. Honestly D. Dishonest 6.Yan Chang is famous______apples. A.for B.as C.in D.at
7.Wild animals have been overhunted, and as ____ result, some of them are among the animals in ______danger. A. a; the B. a; / C. the; a D. / ; the 8. catch the first bus, he got up very early this morning. A. In order to B. In order that so nervous. C. am D. had been C. So as to D. So that
9.This is the first time that I A. was B. have been
10.-- It is a long time ___ I saw you last. ---Yes. And it will be a time ______we see each other again. A. since; before B. when; when C. before; since D. when; before 11.I don?t expect the children to be noisy, nor ________ them to be quiet. A. I expect B. do I expect C. I have expected home without D. have I expected us.
12.We were anxious about you．You A．shouldn?t leave; tell C．shouldn?t have left; telling
B．mustn?t leave; tell D．can?t have left; telling
13.Please do me a favor----_______ my friend Mr Smith to Youth Theater at 7:30 tonight. A. invite B. inviting C. to invite D. invited 14.This atlas(地图集) _______ 40 maps, ________that of Great Britain. A. contains; including C. contains; containing B. includes; containing D. includes; including
15.Gun control is a subject ___ Americans have argued for a long time. A. of which B. with which C. about which D. into which
二、完型填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分）
阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A, B, C 和 D)中， 选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑
One day I took my son to the doctor?s for physical examination and being flu (流感) season there were several children there with physical and mental disabilities. Right 16 from us was a man with his son in a wheel chair. The chair secured ( 使安全) the boy who probably (可能) couldn?t sit up on his own. The boy17 very slowly and was seriously mentally and physically challenged. But his eyes 18_ up when I asked his Daddy if I could19 my son to him. Jeremy had been 20 him and told me he couldn?t talk normally, so I asked the dad if I could 21 him. The dad seemed 22 too, so I crossed the room to sit down right by him and asked the boy his 23 . He said, “Tim”. I said, “Hi, Tim, this is Jeremy.” Then I asked, “How old are you, Tim?” He said, ?Ten.” While I talked with him, I rubbed （擦）his leg24 and I could see he was trying to put his25 out for me to catch it. The conversation was short but 26 . The nurse then called them in and the dad 27 me and we said goodbye.
On the way home, I was able to explain to Jeremy that Tim has28 just like any boy who wants to 29 . He wants to have friends and experience life and love his family. He doesn?t want to be laughed at or pointed at just 30 he is different. I don?t know if it made a(an) 31 on Jeremy that day, but I feel that it did. We will 32 to speak with whoever comes along our path no matter how 33 they are from us. Teaching our children not to stare is probably 34 . But teaching them to share a 35 with people who are different is truly remarkable (值得注意的)! 16．A．across 17．A．looked 18．A．lit 19．A．point 20 .A .running after 21．A．teach 22．A．happy 23．A．condition 24．A．joyfully 25．A．foot 26．A．simple 27．A．rewarded 28．A．feelings 29．A．go through 30．A．once 31.A．message 32．A．continue 33．A．ugly 35．A．viewpoint B．above B．walked B．went B．introduce B．laughing at B．check B．interested B．problem B．gently B．hand B．sweet B．invited B．words B．lose heart B．but B．expression B．prefer B．different B．toy C．among C．ate C．came C．take C．looking after C．cheer C．surprised C．name C．heavily C．head C．boring C．thanked C．ideas C．fit in C．so C．mark C．decide C．far C．impossible C．lesson D．out D．spoke D．pulled D．lead D．staring at D．meet D．sorry D．age D．eagerly D．leg D．sad D．moved D．troubles D．set out D．because D．impression D．stop D．beautiful D．useless D．conversation
三、阅读理解(共 15 小题:每小题 2 分，满分 30 分)
阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A. B. C 和 D)中，选出 最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑
American cities are similar to other cities around the world. In every country, cities reflect the values of the culture. American cities are changing, just as American society is changing. After World War II, the population of most large American cities decreased;
however, the population in many Sun Belt cities increased. Los Angeles and Houston are cities where population shifts（转移）to and from the city reflect the changing values of American society. In the late 1940s and early 1950s, city residents（居民） became wealthier. They had more children so they needed more space. They moved out of their apartments in the city to buy their own homes. They bought houses in the suburbs（郊区）。 Now things are changing. The children of the people who left the cities in the 1950s are now adults. Many, unlike their parents, want to live in the cities. They continue to move to Sun Belt cities and older ones of the Northeast and Midwest. Many young professionals are moving back into the city. They prefer the city to the suburbs because their jobs are there; or they just enjoy the excitement and possibilities that the city offers. This population shift is bringing problems as well as benefits. Countless poor people must leave their apartments in the city because the owners want to sell the buildings or make apartments for sale instead of for rent. In the 1950s , many poor people did not have enough money to move to the suburbs; now many of these same people do not have enough money to stay in the cities. Only a few years ago, people thought that the older American cities were dying . Some city residents now see a bright, new future. Others see only problems and conflicts. One thing is sure: many dying cities are alive again. 36.What does the author think of cities all over the world? A.They are alive. C. They are similar. B. They are hopeless. D.They are different.
37. Why did American city residents want to live in the suburbs after World War II? A. Because older American cities were dying. B. Because they were richer and needed more space. C.Because cities contained the worst parts of society. D. Because they could hardly afford to live in the city. 38.According to the 4th paragraph, a great many poor people in American cities A.are faced with housing problems. C.want to sell their buildings. 39. We can conclude from the text that . B. are forced to move to the suburbs. D. need more money for daily expenses. .
A.American cities are changing for the worse.
B.people have different views on American cities. C.many people are now moving from American cities. D.the population is decreasing in older B Paragraph 1 Scientists have learned a lot about the kinds of food people need. They say that there are several kinds of food that people should eat every day. They are: (1) green and yellow vegetables of all kinds. (2) citrus(柑桔) fruits and tomatoes; (3) potatoes and other fruits and vegetables; (4) meat of all kinds, fish and eggs; (5) milk and foods made from milk; (6) bread or cereal(谷类), rice is also in this kind of food; (7) butter, or something like butter. Paragraph 2 People in different countries and different places of the world eat different kinds of things. Foods are cooked and eaten in many different kinds of ways. People in different countries eat at different times of the day. In some places people eat once or twice a day; in other countries people eat three or four times a day. Scientists say that none of the differences is really important. It doesn?t matter whether foods are eaten raw(生的) or cooked, canned or frozen. It doesn?t matter if a person eats dinner at 4 o?clock in the afternoon or at eleven o?clock at night. The important thing is what you eat every day. Paragraph 3 There are two problems, then, in feeding the large number of people on earth. The first is to find some ways to feed the world?s population so that no one is hungry. The second is to make sure that people everywhere have the right kinds of food to make them grow to be strong and healthy. 40． According to the scientists, which of the following groups of food is the healthiest for your lunch? A. chicken, apples, cereal, cabbages C. oranges, bananas, fish, tomatoes B. potatoes, carrots, rice, bread D. beef, pork, fish, milk American cities.
41．It is important for people to eat _______. A. three times a day B. dinner at the right time
C. cooked food all the day D. something from each of the seven kinds of food every day 42．Which of the following is NOT true? A. People in some places don?t have enough to eat. B. There are too many people in the world. C. One of the problems is that no one is hungry. D. The scientists are trying to make people grow to be strong and healthy. 43．If there is Paragraph 4, what do you think is going to be talked about? A. When people should eat. B. What to do with the two problems. C. How to cook food in different ways. D. Why people eat different kinds of food. C If you are thinking of putting your child in a private high school instead of a public one, you should do some research. You will find that most private schools offer some advantages. One of the most important details of a good high school is small class size. Many public schools might have 30 or even 35 students in each class. However, many private schools limit the size to about 15 to 20 kids per class. This is a good thing because it allows each teacher to offer every student more attention. Another thing to mention is the interesting classes. For example, while the typical ( 典型的 ) high school might only offer Spanish and French as foreign languages, private schools often have several other languages to choose from. This is especially important if your child is actually interested in studying a particular language that is not usually offered. Of course, many colleges also consider the various ( 各种各样的) classes as a good thing, since they can teach students more different subjects than usual. Some colleges actually work closely with schools to make sure students are prepared well to get an advanced education. This means that teachers are careful to teach skills that can be used in college. Also, college teachers may be on-hand to talk to students and give them advice. If you think your child could use some help of this kind, which would likely help prepare him or her for college, you should look into
schools offering these things. A simple visit to the website or campus (校园) of a local private high school could give you the answers you are looking for. If you think your child would benefit from and appreciate these advantages, you should start researching. You are sure to find at least one that offers these benefits. 44. By writing this text, the author is probably encouraging parents to A. pay attention to their children?s study B. appreciate the advantages of public schools C. help their children choose right colleges D. send their children to private high schools 45. In the third paragraph the author stresses the importance of A. teacher?s role C. learning foreign languages A. live close to colleges C. have wide knowledge schools D Do you know Australia? Australia is the largest island in the world. It is a little smaller than China. It is in the south of the earth. Australia is big, but its population is not large. The population of Australia is nearly as large as that of Shanghai. The government has made enough laws to fight pollution. The cities in Australia have got little air or water pollution. The sky is blue and the water is clean. You can clearly see fish swimming in the rivers. Plants grow very well. Last month we visited Perth, the biggest city in Western Australia, and went to a wild flowers? exhibition. There we saw a large number of wild flowers we had never seen before. We had a wonderful time. Perth is famous for its beautiful wild flowers. In spring every year Perth has the wild flowers? exhibition. After visiti ng Perth, we spent the day in the countryside. We sat down and had a rest near a path at the foot of a hill. It was quiet and we enjoyed ourselves. Suddenly we heard bells ringing at the top of the hill. What we saw made us pick up all our things and run back to the car as quickly as we could. There were about three hundred sheep coming towards us down the path. D. . B. different kinds of classes D. proper study methods . public high B. have interest in sports come from .
46. According to the text, colleges might like to choose students who
Australia is famous for its sheep and kangaroos(袋鼠). After a short drive from any town, you will find yourself in the middle of white sheep. Sheep, sheep, everywhere are sheep. 47. Australia is _______. A. the largest island in the north of the earth B. as large as Shanghai C. not as large as China D. the largest country in the world 48. The government had made _______. A. too enough laws to fight pollution B. enough laws because the pollution is very serious C. enough laws that it can hardly fight pollution D. so many laws that it can fight pollution 49. Which of the following is NOT true？ A. No other city is larger than Perth in Australia. B. Perth is bigger than any other city in Western Australia. C. Perth lies in the west of Australia. D. Perth is famous for its beautiful wild flowers. 50. In Perth you may visit a wild flowers? show in _______. A. October B. January C. May D. July 四、七选五(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分，满分 10 分)
Raising children is not an easy job, but fortunately, there are a number of things that you can do to help your child grow into a happy and good adult. Below are some parenting tips that will help you out a lot: Show your child that you love him/her. Children need and want to feel loved by their parents. That is why you should take time to show them that you love them every day. When a child is always shown love by his/her parents, he/she will grow up with a sense of security and confidence. 51 Your child will value the time that you spend with him/her more than the things that you buy for him/her. 52 There are a lot of bad influence on the television and the Internet. Children are also exposed to bad influence when they go to school. 53 However, if your child sees you living a morally respectable life, then he/she will naturally want to follow you. Encourage your children. 54 That is why they need encouragement. If your child fails, then you should encourage him/her to try again. This teaches your child to become strong.
55 For example, if your child likes athletics, then you should encourage him/her to try out for a sport. You should encourage your child to take dance lessons if he/she likes music. A. Find out what your child loves. B. Growing up gets difficult sometimes and children may get disappointed. C. You also need to encourage your child to develop his/her interests. D. You do not have to spend a lot of money on your child to show him/her your love. E. Make sure you spend that time listening to and supporting your child. F. It is impossible to protect your child from all of the bad influence. G. Set a good example.
五、短文改错(共 10 小题；每小题 I 分，满分 10 分)
文中共有 10 处语言错误，每句中最多有两处。没处错误仅涉及一个单词 的增加，删除或修改。增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号∧，并在其下面写 出该加的词。删除：把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。修改：在错的词下划一横 线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。注意：1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一 词; 2.只允许修改 10 处，多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。
In recent years, dust storms take place more and more often in the north of Chinese. Here are some good way to have a good talk with your parents. During the weekend I traveled by air the first time in my life. I was really exciting when I was offered the opportunity to go to Guangzhou for my work. The experience has shown that traveling by air is actually the safest way of make journeys. I wish to know anything more about the Chinese way of living. The boy thought of a wonderfully idea. Please give me some advices. I wonder at if you can tell me about it in your letter . Life in the twenty-first century will be very different with life today. 评卷人 得分 六、书面表达(满分 25 分)
面对中学生的出国热，人们有不同的看法。请你以 Studying Abroad 为题，根 据下面的信息，谈谈自己的看法。 Advantages 1.与不同文化背景的人交友。 2. 学 习 国 外 的 先 进 科 学 技 术 （ advanced knowledge of science and technology）。 Disadvantages 1. 年纪小，缺乏生活经验，自理能力 差。 2.情感孤独，思乡(homesick)。 3.生活和学习费用高。
注意：1.词数100词左右。 2.可以适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。 _____
二．完形填空 16—35 ADABD DACBB BCACD 三．阅读理解
36—50 . CBAB ADCB DBC
四．七选五 DGFBC 五．短文改错
1. Chinese-China 2. way-ways3. air 后加 for 4. exciting-excited 5. of-to/ makemaking 6. anything-something 7. wonderfully-wonderful 8. advices-advice 9. 去掉
at 10. with-from 六．书面表达