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V-ing的用法


V-ing的用法 的用法
做主语。 ? 一、做主语。 ? 1、直接放句首做主语。 ? 1)Seeing is believing . 2) Going to Nanning by car takes us more than two hours . ? 2、用于以下句型结构; ? It’s no use /on good /useless/ hopeless/ a waste of …+V-ing . ? 1)It’s no use telling you about it. . ? 2)It’s hopeless working here for such a mean boss.

? 二、做表语,说明主语的内容 做表语,说明主语的内容。 )His 1)H great happiness is serving the people. 2) My duty is looking after the children. 3)The comedy is amusing ? 三 、做宾语 做宾语。 ? 1)放在某些 vt 后做宾语: ? Admit(承认) , advise , avoid(避免) ,appreciate, consider, delay(推 迟), deny(否 认) ,dislike ,enjoy ,escape (逃脱),finish , forgive , imagine ,keep,mind ,miss , practise, permit,(允许)require need want(主 语是sth) ,risk(冒险) ,suggest等。

? 2)放在某些短语动词后:give up , aim at , put off , insist on , persist in , be good at , do well in , can’t help(禁不住),keep on, feel like , set about等。 ? 3)放在有介词to的短语动词后:be/get use to, object to, stick to, devote …to, respond to, look forward to, see to, submit to, adapt to, apply to, access to, adjust to, owe to, prefer …to…等。

四、做定语。 做定语。 1、单个的v-ing 做定语放被修饰词前: A washing machine, a sleeping baby. ? 2、 v-ing短语放在被修饰语后。 ? 1)The girl standing there is my sister . ? 2)Do you know the man (talking to your deskmate just now )? ? 3)Whose is the wallet (lying on the ground )?

翻译 The teacher teaching us English is Miss Huang Women looking after small children in this city usually get paid by the month The children practising playing the violin over there will give a performance next week.

放在宾语后做宾语补足语。 五、 放在宾语后做宾语补足语 1、放在感官动词的宾语后:see, watch, notice, observe, hear, feel, find, catch, smell等。 2、放在使役动词的宾语后:, have, keep, leave, set 等。

I saw the chicken cross the road and caught by a cat.

1 I can smell something burning in the kitchen. 2. He appeared calm, but he could feel his heart beating fast. 3.I was doing my homework at home when I heard someone knocking at the door. 4.They broke into the bedroom and found the old man lying on the groung. 5.It is quite interesting to watch other people playing chess. 1.(2010湖南)Listen! Do you hear someone _______ for help?A calling B call C to call D called

? 六、做状语。 做状语。 ? 1、放在句首,表示时间、原因、条件、 放在句首,表示时间、原因、条件、 时间 让步等 让步等: ? 1) Hearing the news , we all felt execited. ? 2) Having finished his homework, he went out to play football. ? 3) Not knowing what to do, he had to turn to his parents. ? 4) Having worked hard for a whole term, he easily succeeded in the exam.

? 5) Turning to the right, you’ll find a path to the post office. ? 6) Working hard at your lessons, you’ll be good at them. ? 7) Believing what he said, we didn’t believe in him. ? 8) Working hard at his lessons, he can’t do well in them.

? 2、放在主句后,表示伴随、方式或结果 伴随、 、放在主句后,表示伴随 方式或结果。 ? 1)Marry sat by the window, reading a book. ? 2) The teacher came in the classroom, holding a book in his hand. ? 3) An accident happened last night, killing seven people. ? 4) American football is played in many countries , making it one of the most popular games in the world.


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