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高一升高二衔接第二讲教师版


戴氏教育

高二英语(VIP)

英语教研组王老师

DSE 金牌英语专题系列

专题系列第二讲

开心一刻
大森林里一天,狐狸在吸大麻,这时小兔子从远处跑来,看到这一切,走过来说:狐狸狐狸,你怎么 能吸大麻呢,对身体不好的,看,空气多么新鲜啊,快来和我一起跑步吧。狐狸想想也对,于是就和小 兔子一起跑步,跑着跑着,他们看到大象正在吸海洛因,小兔子跑过去对大象说:大象啊大象,你干嘛 吸毒呢,看空气多么的新鲜,和我一起跑步吧。大象想来也对,就个他们两一起跑步。 跑着跑着,看到 了狮子卷起袖子,正要注射海洛因,小兔子远远的对着狮子喊:狮子啊狮子,吸毒对身体不好啊,看空 气多么新鲜,和我一起跑步吧... 只见狮子放下注射器冲了过来,把小兔子狂扁了一顿,大象战战兢兢 对狮子说:你为什么打小兔子啊,他不想我们伤害身体多好啊!狮子说:自从兔子吃了摇头丸之后,他 妈的就天天让老子跟他一起跑步!

知识回顾
初中必背词组 1.in English 用英语 2.how many 多少 3.a piece of bread 一片而包 4.four cups of tea 四杯茶 5.a pair of shoes 一双鞋 6.play chess 下棋 7.run after 追逐 8.play football 踢足球 9.be good at 擅长 10.on the basketball team 在篮球队 11.scoot at the basket 投篮 12.the first us 第一班车 13.at eight 在八点 14.hurry up 快点 15.a quarter past ten 十点一刻 16.five to eleven 差五分十一点 17.the next train 下一趟火车 18.on Monday 在周一 19.a ticket for Shanghai 一张飞往上海的机票 20.at home 在家 21.a good idea 好主意 22.go skating 去滑冰 23.in the afternoon 在下午 24.in winter 在冬季 25.make a snowman 堆雪人 26. put on 穿上,戴上

知识扫描
句子成分
现代汉语里一般的句子成分有六种,即主语、谓语、宾语、定语、状语和补语。英语的基本成分有七种: 主语(subject)、谓语(predicate)、表语(predicative)、宾语(object)、定语(attribute)、 状语(adverbial) 和补语(complement)。

【主语(subject)】主语是一个句子所叙述的主体,一般位于句首。主语可由名词、代词、表示。例如:
The girl is pretty.(名词) We often speak English in class.(代词)
1 ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— Where the God closes a door, somewhere he opens a window.在上帝关上一扇门,他会打开一扇窗。戴氏教育集团

戴氏教育

高二英语(VIP)

英语教研组王老师

变式拓展 1

指出下列句中主语的中心词

① The teacher with two of his students is walking into the classroom. ② There is an old man coming here. ③ The useful dictionary was given by my mother last year.

【谓语(predicate)】谓语说明主语所做的动作或具有的特征和状态。动词在句中作谓语,一般放在主
语之后。例如: They are teachers. He studies hard. He can speak English. She looks well. He laughed at his classmates.

变式拓展 2
A. don't A. get A. Do A. will be A.Did A. Tom A. want A. We A. is A. give B. like B. longer B. usually B. meeting B. twins B. didn't B. to tell B. had

选出句中谓语的中心词
C. picture C. days C.go D. wall D. summer D. bus

① I don't like the picture on the wall. ② The days get longer and longer when summer comes. ③ Do you usually go to school by bus? ④ There will be a meeting at the library this afternoon. C. the library D. afternoon C. have C. do C. you C. send C. in C. whom D. breakfast D. his homework D. is D. doctor D. music D. book ⑤ Did the twins have porridge for their breakfast? ⑥ Tom didn't do his homework yesterday. ⑦ What I want to tell you is this. ⑧ We had better send for a doctor. ⑨ He is interested in music. B. interested B.did ⑩ Whom did you give my book to?

【宾语(object)】宾语表示动作的对象或承爱者,一般位于及物动词和介词后面。例如:
She plays the piano.(名词) He often helps me.(代词)
2 ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— Where the God closes a door, somewhere he opens a window.在上帝关上一扇门,他会打开一扇窗。戴氏教育集团

戴氏教育

高二英语(VIP)

英语教研组王老师

I like watching TV.(动名词短语) She likes to go to shop this afternoon.(不定式短语)

变式拓展 3

挑出下列句中的宾语

① My brother hasn't done his homework. ② People all over the world speak English. ③ You must pay good attention to your pronunciation. ④ How many new words did you learn last class? ⑤ Some of the students in the school want to go swimming, how about you? ⑥ They made him monitor of the class. ⑦ Go across the bridge and you will find the museum on the left.

【宾语补足语(object complement)】在英语中,有些句子只有宾语并不能表达完整的意思,还必须
在宾语后面家上宾语补足语才能表达完整的意思.它起补充说明宾语干什么,怎么样的作用. 它可以由名词,形容词,副词,介词短语,不定式,现在分词和过去分词充当.例如: If you let me go, I?ll make you king.(名词) Leave the door open.(形容词) We found John out when we arrived.(副词) Make yourself at home.(介词短语) I saw him enter the hall.(不定式短语) The boss keeps them working all day.(现在分词)

变式拓展 4

挑出下列句中的宾语补足语

① She likes the children to read newspapers and books in the reading-room. ② He asked her to take the boy out of school. ③ She found it difficult to do the work. ④ They call me Lily sometimes. ⑤ I saw Mr Wang get on the bus. ⑥ Did you see Li Ming playing football on the playground just now?

【表语(predicative)】表语用以说明主语的身份、 : 特征和状态, 它一般位于系动词 (如 be, become, get,
look, grow, turn, seem 等)之后。表语一般由名词、形容词表示。例如: Our teacher of English is an American.(名词) The weather has turned cold.(形容词)

变式拓展 5

挑出下列句中的表语

3 ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— Where the God closes a door, somewhere he opens a window.在上帝关上一扇门,他会打开一扇窗。戴氏教育集团

戴氏教育

高二英语(VIP)

英语教研组王老师

① The old man was feeling very tired. ② Why is he worried about Jim? ③ The leaves have turned yellow. ④ Soon They all became interested in the subject.

【定语(attribute)】 :修饰名词或代词的词、短语或从句称为定语。定语可由以下等成分表示:
The black bike is mine.(形容词) Guilin is a beautiful city.(形容词) They made paper flowers.(名词)

变式拓展 6 挑出下列句中的定语
① They use Mr, Mrs with the family name. ② What is your given name? ③ On the third lap are Class 1 and Class 3. ④ I am afraid some people forgot to sweep the floor. ⑤ The man downstairs was trying to sleep. ⑥ I am waiting for the sound of the other shoe!

【状语(adverbial)】 :修饰动词、形容词、副词或整个句子,说明动作或状态特征的句子成分,叫做状
语。可由以下形式表示: He did it carefully.(副词及副词性词组)

Without his help, we couldn't work it out.(介词短语) In order to catch up with my classmates, I must study hard.(不定式短语) )
He is writing with a pen.(介词短语)

状语种类如下:
How about meeting again at six?(时间状语) Last night she didn't go to the dance party because of the rain.(原因状语) I shall go there if it doesn't rain.(条件状语) Mr Smith lives on the third floor.(地点状语)

In order to catch up with the others, I must work harder.(目的状语)

变式拓展 7

挑出下列句中的状语

① There was a big smile on her face. ② Every night he heard the noise upstairs. ③ The students followed Uncle Wang to see the other machine. ④ The man on the motorbike was traveling too fast. ⑤She loves the library because she loves books.
4 ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— Where the God closes a door, somewhere he opens a window.在上帝关上一扇门,他会打开一扇窗。戴氏教育集团

戴氏教育

高二英语(VIP)

英语教研组王老师

巩固练习

指出下列句子划线部分是什么句子成分:

1. The students got on the school bus. 2. He handed me the newspaper. 3. I shall answer your question after class. 4. What a beautiful Chinese painting! 5. They went hunting together early in the morning. 6. His job is to train swimmers. 7. He took many photos of the palaces in Beijing. 8. There is going to be an American film tonight.

句型结构
种类 第1 种 第2种 第3种 第4种 第5种 S 类型 S+V S+V+O S+V+p S+V+IO+DO S+V+O+OC │V(是系动词) 主语S We He We she He │ P 午餐的气味很好。 他堕入了情网。 一切看来都不同了。 他的脸红了。 谓语动词V work plays are gave made violin. students me me a pen. laugh 表语/宾语p 宾语 O 宾补OC

基本句型 一: S V P (主+系+表)
1. This │is │an English-Chinese dictionary. 这是本英汉辞典。 2. The dinner │smells │good. 3. He │fell │in love. 4. Everything │looks │different. 5. His face │turned │red. 合成谓语。 常见的系动词有be,look,seem,feel,smell,taste,sound,become,get,turn,keep等。 You?ll be all right soon. You don?t look very well. I feel rather cold. The roses smell sweet. The mixture tasted horrible. 系动词后的表语可以是名词、形容词,系动词be可用于上述所有情况。 Our future will be beautiful. She looks unhappy today. You seem ill.

系动词词义不完整,在句中不能单独使用(除省略句外),后面必须接有表语,系动词和表语一起构成

5 ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— Where the God closes a door, somewhere he opens a window.在上帝关上一扇门,他会打开一扇窗。戴氏教育集团

戴氏教育

高二英语(VIP)

英语教研组王老师

The food tastes delicious. be是特别活跃的系动词,其后可接很多介词短语作表语。 He is at home/ in the library/ on the way home/ on holiday.

变式拓展 1
① Sarah, hurry up. I'm afraid you won't have time to _____ before the party. A. get changed B. get change C. get changing D. get to change ② As we joined the big crowd I got _____ from my friends. A. separated B. spared C. lost D. missed ③The plan ____________on paper, but will it work? 这个计划从表面上看来不错,但能行得通吗? ④---You don't look very ___. Are you ill? -- No,I'm just a bit tired. A. good B. well C. strong D. healthy ⑤ What he said sounds ________ . A. nicely B. pleasantly C. friendly D. wonderfully ⑥These oranges taste _____ . A.good B. well C. to be good D. to be well ⑦We don?t care if a hunting dog smells ______, but we really don?t want him to smell _______ . A. well; well B. bad; bad C. well; badly D. badly; bad

基本句型 二:S V (主+谓)
主语:可以作主语的成分有名词(如 boy) ,主格代词(如 you) ,动词不定式,动名词等。主语一般在 句首。注意名词单数形式常和冠词不分家! 谓语:谓语由动词构成,是英语时态、语态变化的主角,一般在主语之后。不及物动词(vi.)没有宾语, 形成主谓结构,如:We come. 此句型的句子有一个共同特点,即句子的谓语动词都能表达完整的意思。这类动词叫做不及物动词,后 面可以跟副词、介词短语、状语从句等。 S │ V (不及物动词) 1. The sun │was shining. 太阳在照耀着。 2. The universe │remains. 宇宙长存。 3. We all │breathe, eat, and drink. 我们大家都呼吸、吃和喝。 4. Who │cares? 管它呢? 5. The pen │writes smoothly 这支笔书写流利。 主语可有修饰语-定语,谓语可有修饰语-状语。 如: 1. The red sun rises in the east. 2. So they had to travel by air or boat. 3.We got up early so as to catch the first bus. 4. She sat there alone, reading a novel. 5. He came back when we were eating.

变式拓展 2
1.她昨天回家很晚。
6 ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— Where the God closes a door, somewhere he opens a window.在上帝关上一扇门,他会打开一扇窗。戴氏教育集团

戴氏教育

高二英语(VIP)

英语教研组王老师

2.会议将持续两个小时。 3.每天八时开始上课。 4.1919 年,在北京爆发了“五.四”运动。

基本句型 三: S V O (主+谓+宾)
构成宾语的代词必须是?代词宾格?,如:me,him,them 等 S │V(及物动词)│ O 1. Who │knows │the answer? 谁知道答案? 2. She │smiled │her thanks. 她微笑表示感谢。 3. He │said │"Good morning." 他说:"早上好!" 4. He │enjoys │reading. 他喜欢看书。

变式拓展 3
1.昨晚我写了一封信。 2.今天下午我想同你谈谈。 3.这本书他读过多次了。 4.他们成功地完成了计划。

5.那位先生能流利地说三种语言。

基本句型 四: S V o O (主+谓+间宾+直宾)
S │V(及物)│ o(多指人) │ O(多指物)
1. She │ordered │herself │a new dress. 她给自己定了一套新衣裳。 2. She │cooked │her husband │a delicious meal. 她给丈夫煮了一顿美餐。 3. He │brought │you │a dictionary. 他给你带来了一本字典。 但若要先说出直接宾语(事物) ,后说间接宾语(人) ,则要借助于介词 to 或 for。如: He brings cookies to me every day. She made a beautiful dress for me. 用 to 侧重指动作的方向,表示朝着,向着,对着某人。 用 for 侧重指动作的受益者,表示为了某人,替某人。 常跟双宾语的动词有: (需借助 to 的)bring, give,offer, pass, return, send, teach, tell, ask 等; (需借助 for 的) buy, cook, get, make, 等。
7 ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— Where the God closes a door, somewhere he opens a window.在上帝关上一扇门,他会打开一扇窗。戴氏教育集团

戴氏教育

高二英语(VIP)

英语教研组王老师

变式拓展 4
1.Johnson 先生去年教我们德语。 2.奶奶昨晚给我们讲了一个有趣的故事。 3.请把那本字典递给我好吗?

基本句型 五: S V O C (主+谓+宾+宾补)
说明: 此结构由“主语+及物的谓语动词+宾语+宾语补足语”构成。 宾语与宾语补足语之间有逻辑上的主谓 关系或主表关系,若无宾语补足语,则句意不够完整。 The sun keeps us warm. I heard him singing. You must get your hair cut. S │V(及物)│ O(宾语) │ C(宾补) 名词/代词宾格 + 名词 The war| made| him |a soldier./战争使他成为一名战士. 名词/代词宾格 + 形容词 New methods |make |the job| easy./新方法使这项工作变得轻松. 名词/代词宾格 + 介词短语 I |often find| him |at work./我经常发现他在工作. 名词/代词宾格 + 动词不定式 The teacher| ask |the students |to close the windows./老师让学生们关上窗户. 名词/代词宾格 + 分词 I |saw |a cat |running across the road./我看见一只猫跑过了马路. 用 it 做形式宾语,而将真正的宾语放到宾语补足语的后面,以使句子结构平衡,是英语常用的句型结构 方式。即:主语+谓语+it+宾补+真正宾语。如: I found it very pleasant to be with your family.

变式拓展 5
1.我们叫她 Alice. 2.我们大家都认为他是诚实的。 3.他们把小偷释放了。 3.我要你把真相告诉我。 4 . 卫兵命令我们立即离开。 5. 他每个月理一次发
8 ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— Where the God closes a door, somewhere he opens a window.在上帝关上一扇门,他会打开一扇窗。戴氏教育集团

戴氏教育

高二英语(VIP)

英语教研组王老师

巩固练习
完形填空 A Salads are very popular in western countries.They?re made from uncooked vegetables or fruits,and this makes them 46 .They are tasty too.Salads are great to eat in 47 ,when the weather is hot.They are light and c001.Here?s a way to make a 48 salad.First,buy some lettuces,tomatoes and 49 .Buy a salad dressing too.Next,wash the vegetables carefully. Then, 50 the vegetables and put them in a bowl. After that, add the dressing.Finally,mix the vegetables and the dressing up.And there you have your salad! 46. A.delicious B.colorful C.healthy 47. A.spring B.summer C.winter 48. A.vegetable B.fruit C.flower 49. A.pears B.carrots C.hamburgers 50. A.clean up B.mix up C.cut up B A door was locked.A big stone came and hit the door.But he couldn?t 51 it.Later a key came. He 52 the lock and the door opened. The stone was very 53 that the key could open it so easily.He asked the key:“ 54 did you do that?”The key 55 him and said: “Because I understand its 56 .” Life is just like this. 57 we want to solve a problem, must understand it we 58 . If we want to make friends with people we must understand 59 .If we want our parents to 60 us,we must first know their hearts.We must know what they hope for. 51. A.touch B.open C.reach 52. A.got out B.got to C.got in 53. A.worried B.thankful C.surprised 54. A.Why B.How C.When 55. A.smiled to B.talked about C.agreed with 56. A.problem B.work C.heart 57. A.If B.Because C.Although 58. A.first B.1ater C.finally 59. A.us B.others C.them 60. A.love B.understand C.Remember 四、阅读理解 A An index(索引) is usually at the end of a hook.It tells us most of the topics the writer talks about in the book.The topics are usually listed from letter A to letter Z.Under each topic,there are some small topics,and we can find the page number after each small topic.Here is part of an index from a cookbook(烹调手册): Potatoes Salads Sandwiches Soups dry 63 cabbage 125 apple and beef 161 bean 189 French fries 67 chicken egg 137 cheese 170 beef 192 new 82 fruits 139 chicken 172 carrot 196
9 ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— Where the God closes a door, somewhere he opens a window.在上帝关上一扇门,他会打开一扇窗。戴氏教育集团

戴氏教育

高二英语(VIP)

英语教研组王老师

sour 100 green 151 cold meat 182 chicken 220 1.The whole passage tells us about ________. A.how to become a very good chef . B.what kind of food is very p6pular C.how to use the index in a cookbook 2.How many small topics are listed in the index of the cookbook the writer shows us? A.4. B.16. C.220. 3.If we are learning to make dry potatoes,we may turn to page ________. A.63 B.220 C.137 4.From this passage,we know that apple and beef is a kind of ________. A.salad B.fruit C.sandwich 5.In this passage,the word“green”means a kind of ________. A.color B.salad C.cookbook B Mrs Smith is the owner of a house.She keeps one room for herself and rents the other rooms.Since her house is near a college,many students want to rent her rooms. Now Mrs Smith has to be careful about the use of the phone,water,and everything else, because she worries that the renters(租房人) will keep the bill(账) high.Last month?s phone bill was very high.She wants to know if someone in the house makes long distance(长途) calls and doesn?t tell her.So she decided to find out who it was. She has waited behind the door for several nights.Just now she was glad to hear someone coming near the telephone desk.She couldn?t hear what the person was saying,but she was sure it was a man?s voice.“Why does this person speak in such a low voice?”thought Mrs Smith.She decided that he was trying to hide something.She went to the room quickly so that she could catch the man right then. But when she suddenly opened the door,she saw only the back of a man with his hand on the telephone desk.He was saying something in a low voice to a girl beside him.So Mrs Smith still doesn?t know who made the phone bill very high. 6.Mrs Smith ________.a house of ________ rooms. A.has;two B.rents;several C.has;several 7.Mrs Smith can ________ rent the rooms to others,for her house is near a college. A.easily B.hardly C.only 8.Mrs Smith pays attention to the use of the phone,water and other things,because ________. A.she worries someone often makes long distance calls B.she is afraid to pay more for the phone,water and other things C.she has paid more for the phone,water and other things 9.Mrs Smith waited behind the door to find out ________. A.who made long distance calls B.who used more electricity C.who took the expensive things away 10.The man in the room ________ with a girl in a low voice. A.was phoning B.was talking C.was singing

10 ——————————————————————————————————————————————————— Where the God closes a door, somewhere he opens a window.在上帝关上一扇门,他会打开一扇窗。戴氏教育集团


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