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江苏省射阳县第二中学2015—2016学年高一上学期英语综合练习(四)


2015 秋高一英语作业(4)
一. 用关系代词 who, whom, that, which, whose 填空: 1. The earthquake shook the city in 1906 was the biggest in American history.

2. We don't know the number of peo

ple___________ lost their homes in the 1906 earthquake. 3. The house 4. The house they built in 1987 is still very new. is built on sand may fall down in an earthquake. I know were killed.

5. Luckily none of the people 6. The boy 7. A clock is a machine 8. A fridge is a machine 9. April 1 is the day 10. The house 11. This is the factory

father is a teacher is very clever. tells people the time. is used for keeping food fresh. is called April Fool's Day in the west. he is looking for is very expensive. we visited the day before yesterday. taught him English at Bell School.

12. My friends Enoch will never forget the teacher 13. Do you know the reason 14. Will you show me the girl 15. She is a nurse , 16. The doctor 17. This computer 18. The next question 19. He is the man 20. The book 二、单项选择 1. He is the only one of the people here who A. knows B. know

he gave for being late for school. name is Yu Ting. work is to take care of the children. you want to see is not here. we have had for two years is a good one. I found difficult to answer was put to me by Mary. I must talk to. he bought yesterday is popular at present.

how to operate this computer. C. had known D. known

2. He is one of the people here who A. knows B. know

how to operate this computer. C. had known she used to be. C. who she used to be. C. who D. what D. what D. known

3. My hometown is no longer A. whom B. that

4. My hometown is no longer the one A. whom B. that

5. She decided to buy the house, A. whose B. which

windows faced the blue sea. C. of which D. that faced the blue sea. C. of which I spent on the farm. D. that

6. She decided to buy the house, the windows A. whose 7. I’ll never forget the days A. when 8. I’ll never forget the days A. when 9. Is that exhibition A. where 10. Is that the exhibition A. where 11. Have you seen the girl A. that I told 12. Those A. learn 13. Anyone A. that is against B. that ? B. I told you of B. that B. that B. that B. which

C. in which I worked on the farm. C. in which

D. in that

D. in that

they visited last Sunday? C. in which they visited last Sunday? C. in which D. the one D. the one

C. whom I told you

D. I told you of her

not only from books but also through practice will succeed. B. who learn C. that learns D. who learns

this opinion may speak out. B. that against C. who are against D. who against

14. They talked for about an hour of things and persons A. which 15. It’s the third time B. that C. who late this month.

they remembered in the school. D. whom

A. that you arrived B. when you arrived C. that you’ve arrived D. when you’ve arrived 16. All the apples A. that fell down were eaten by the pigs. B. which C. those cover is brown. C. which of D. whose D. what

17. Please pass me the dictionary A. which 18. Is this the museum A. that B. of which

you visited the other day? B. the one C. where D. to which I read last month. D. the one which

19. ---How do you like the book?---It’s quite different from A. that 20. This is Mr. Smith B. which C. the one

I think has something interesting to tell us.

A. who 21. He was one of the boys who A. are

B. whom

C. that late for class.

D. /

B. is

C. were late for class. C. were

D. was

22. He was the only one of the boys who A. are 23. That A. that 24. Who’s the man A. that 25. This is the best place A. which 三、单句改错 B. is

D. was

you borrowed from me wasn’t a real diamond necklace. B. which is talking with Tom? B. which C. who D. whom C. when D. what

I have ever visited all my life . B. that C. where D. when

1. I,who is your friend, will share everything with you. 2. All things can be done have been done. 3. I’ll never forget the days when I spend with you 4. We visited a village where has a long history 5. The book you borrow it from me is Tom’s 6. I like the people and places which I visited in England 7. The house is built on soft land is easy to fall down 8. You are one of the students who knows the answer 9. We’ll remember all what she said at the meeting 10. Is this school one you used to stay in? 四、翻译下列句子(要求每句含有定语从句) 1. 昨天我看的那部电影非常令人感动。 ___________________________________________________________________ 2. 他丢失了他父亲给他的那块手表。 __________________________________________________________________ 3. 刚才跟你讲话的那个人是我们的校长。 __________________________________________________________________ 4. 你认识哪个头发长长的男生吗? _________________________________________________________________

5. 我捡到的那本书是小王丢失的。 __________________________________________________________________ 6. 我们最需要的东西是时间。 _________________________________________________________________ 7. 我最喜欢的学科是英语。 _________________________________________________________________ 8. 站在学校门口的那个人是我们的老师。 ________________________________________________________________ 9. 你知道哪个马尾辫长长的女孩吗? ________________________________________________________________ 10. 永远忘不了那位教授上星期给我们作的讲座。 ________________________________________________________________

参考答案与提示
A. 略 B. 1. The man who is working in the factory is rich. 2. The man who is working in the factory is rich. 3. The school that/which stands near the river is a big one. 4. Have you answered the letter that you got two weeks ago? 5. The boy student who won the game is very young. 6. He'll meet his daughter who/whom he hasn't seen for years. 7. The bike that my uncle bought last week has been stolen. 8. How is the man that/who/whom you saw yesterday afternoon? 9. Don't buy the vegetables that they sell in the market. 10. The bike that/which I lent to you this morning is very old. 11. The house whose windows face south is very old. 12. The girl whose father is a doctor works very hard. C. 1. that/which 2. who/that 3. that/ which 4. that/which 5. who/whom/that 6. whose 7. that 8. that 9. that 10. that/which 一、用适当的关系词填空 1. 填 that/which。Factory 虽为地点,但在定语从句中作 visit 的宾语,所以要 that 或 which, 也可以省略关系代词。 2. 填 who。先行词为人,在定语从句中作主语,要用 who。 3. 填 that/which。先行词 reason 在定语从句中作动词 give 的宾语,所以要用关系代词 that 或 which。 4. 填 whose。先行词在定语从句中作定语,所以用关系代词 whose。 5. 填 whose。同上。 6. 填 whom/who/that。先行词为人,在定语从句中作宾语,所以此三个关系代词均可使用。 7. 填 that/which。先行词为物,在定语从句中作宾语,用关系代词 that 或 which。 8. 填 that/which。同上。 9. 填 whom/who/that。先行词 the man 作 talk to 的宾语,所以此三个关系代词均可使用。 10. 填 that/which。先行词为物,在定语从句中作宾语,用关系代词 that 或 which。 二、单项选择 1. 选 A。当先行词前有 only 修饰时,定语从句中的谓语形式要与 only 修饰的那个名词在 数上保持一致。 2. 选 B。当先行词是 one of +名词复数时,定语从句中的谓语形式与 of 后的名词在数上保 持一致。 3. 选 D。what 在此作 used to be 的表语。 4. 选 B。the one 在句中作 used to be 的表语,that 引导一个定语从句。 5. 选 A。 根据句意, 后一空应该是房子的窗户, 是作定语, 所以要用 whose 引导定语从句。 6. 选 C。介词后要用 which 而不能用 that 引导定语从句。 7. 选 B。先行词 days 在定语从句中作 spend 的宾语,所以不能用 when 来引导定语从句。 8. 选 A。根据句意,先行词 days 在定语从句中作状语,所以要用 when 来引导定语从句。 9. 选 D。that exhibition 在句中作主语,the one 作表语,they visited…作定语。

10. 选 B。 本句中的先行词为 the exhibition, 并在定语从句中作 visit 的宾语, 所以要用 that 关系代词,不能用 where。 11. 选 C。先行词 the girl 在定语从句中作 told 的宾语,所以用 whom 引导定语从句。 12. 选 B。根据句意,those 表示人,在句中作主语,所以要用关系代词 who 来引导定语 从句。 13. 选 A。当先行词为不定代词时,关系代词一般用 that,be against 意为“反对” 。 14. 选 B。当先行词有人和物时,关系代词要用 that。 15. 选 C。当先行词有序数词修饰时,一般关系代词 that 引导定语从句。 16. 选 A。当先行词有 all 修饰时,一般用 that 引导定语从句。 17. 选 D。根据句意,此处要用 whose,作定语。 18. 选 A。先行词在定语 从句中作宾语,不能用 where。 19. 选 C。the one 代替 the book,作 read 的宾语,此句中省略了关系代词 that。 20. 选 A。先行词为人,要用 who 或 whom 引导定语从句,但因在定语从句中作主语,所 以要用 who,句中的 I think 为插入语。 21. 选 A。同 2。 22. 选 B。同 1。 23. 选 A。 24. 选 C。先行词在定语中作主语,要用 who。 25. 选 B。当先行词被最高级修饰时,要用关系代词 that。 三、单句改错 1. is 改成 am。根据先行词 I,who 就是指 I,故定语从句中动词应用 am。 2. can 改成 that can。can 所在的定语从句中缺主语,又因为有 all 修饰先行词,故关系代词 用 that。 3. when 改成 that/which。days 作 spent 的宾语,所以要用 that/which。 4. where 改成 which/that。where 是副词不能作定语从句中的主语。 5. 去掉 it。定语从句中不能用代词来重复先行词所表达的名词。 6. which 改成 that。因先行词有人和物,故用 that 来表示。 7. house 改成 house that/which。定语从句中缺主语。 8. knows 改成 know。who 指 the students。 9. 去掉 what 或 all, 或将 what 改成 that, remember what…中 what 从句为宾语从句, remember all(that)…中 all 后是定语从句。 10. one 前加 the。the one 等于 the school 受定语从句修饰。 四、翻译下列句子 1. The film that I saw yesterday is very moving. 2. He lost the watch that/which his father gave him. 3. The man who talked with you just now is our principal. 4. Do you know the boy student whose hair is long. 5. The book which/that I picked up is the one that Xiao Wang lost. 6. The thing that we need badly is time. 7. The subject that/which I like best is English . 8. The man who is standing at the school gate is our teacher. 9. Do you know the girl whose ponytail is long. 10. I will never forget the lecture that the professor gave us last week.

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