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【学练考】2015-2016学年高二人教版英语必修5练习册:Unit 1 Period One Warming Up & Reading

Unit 1

Great scientists

Period One Warming Up & Reading Ⅰ.用所给单词的适当形式填空 1.Being ________(expose) to sunlight for too much time will do harm to your skin. 2. We must r

each out to the earthquake ________(victim) right away; they are badly in need of our help and support. 3.I am told to take the medicine according to the ________(instruct). 4.They devised proposals to deal with air ________(pollute). 5.From the evidence that they have collected, the police draw a ________(conclude) that Paul must have been the murderer. 6.Bill suffered from ________(severely) depression after losing his job and his friends did all they could to cheer him up. 7.It's the careless housewife who is to________(blame) for the big fire. 8.The old manager made an ________(announce) that he would retire next month. 9.He was ________ (defeat) at chess last night. 10.I was ________(absorb) in the book and didn't notice you come in. Ⅱ.根据句意使用恰当的介词填空 1.The young man decided to expose the secret ________the newspapers. 2.I can't say ________any certainty about the company's future. 3.The police suspect him ________having taken the money. 4.Who will attend ________the baby when you are away? 5.Only when the parents work together with the teachers can they cure the child ________his bad habits. Ⅲ. 短语填空 错误! 1.At present, all of us should ________________with courage. 2.The small village________________the town by the newly built road. 3.I regret to say the plan you have ________________was turned down at yesterday's meeting. 4.He ________________reading and didn't even look up when I came in. 5.The bus driver is willing to ________________the accident. 6.The debate did not________________ until midnight. 7.They are ill. Please ________________them for me. 8.The student________________English for six years. 9.They ________________ on the bulletin board yesterday. 10.A black car cut in ahead of me,forcing me to ________________. Ⅳ. 根据汉语意思完成句子 1.We don't know who____________________. 我们不知道该怪谁。 2.I ____________________ just now. 我刚才请人把机器修好了。 3.Experts suggest that teenagers ____________________ at least 30 minutes exercising, five times a week. 专家建议,青少年一周锻炼 5 次,每次至少 30 分钟。 4.____________________ you move your mouth, your memory will deepen. 每次动你的嘴,你的记忆就会加深。 5.____________________ agree with him. 他的老师和他的同班同学们都不同意他的意见。 6.It was____________________ that I had realized she wasn't a British.


Ⅴ.阅读理解 In 1896, Einstein went to Zurich to study physics. There he met a girl from Hungary. They studied in the same class and the same interest in physics brought them together and they became good friends. Before long they fell in love. In 1903 when Einstein was 24, he married Mileva

Maric , who was 4 years older than him. After their marriage, Einstein devoted himself to the research of the great theory. To give her

husband more help, Maric gave up her own work, and became a good wife and assistant. She tried her best to encourage him whenever possible. She was sure that her husband would succeed. They often discussed the theory while walking outside or sitting together in the room. They even did that in their letters when one of them was away from their home. In 1914, Einstein moved to Berlin and settled_down there. At that time his theory proved to be correct and he had become famous all over the world. But it was not long before the First World

War broke out. Maric as well as her two sons, who were on holiday in Switzerland, couldn't come back to Berlin any more. The war not only stopped Einstein's work but also broke up the warm,

happy family. In 1919, Einstein and Maric had to get divorced.

1.We can learn from the passage that Maric ________. A. greatly helped Einstein with his research work B. supported Einstein but helped him little C. was also a great scientist D. was the real discoverer of the theory 2.The underlined phrase “settled down” in the last paragraph means “________”. A. became restless B. solved problems C. decided to leave D. began living a stable and orderly life

3.Why did Einstein and Maric get divorced?

A. Because Maric didn't love Einstein after the war broke out. B. Because Einstein was famous all over the world. C. Because Einstein only cared about his research.

D. Because the war stopped Maric from coming back to Berlin. 4.The writer wanted to tell us that ________.

A. Maric should be respected as greatly as her husband

B. we should remember Maric when talking about Einstein's theory C. the bitter (苦难的) suffering was the mother of success D. Einstein suffered a great deal in his life Ⅵ.语法填空 阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。 A group of frogs were travelling through the woods, and two of them fell into a deep pit. When the other frogs saw 1.________ deep the pit was, they told the two frogs that they were as good as 2.________ (die). The two frogs ignored the comments and tried to jump up out of the pit with all their might. The other frogs kept telling them to stop. Finally, one of the frogs heard what the other frogs were 3.________ (say) and gave up, so he died. The other frog went on 4.________ (jump) as hard as he could to get out. Once again, the other frogs cried at him and told him to stop and just allow 5.________ to die, but he jumped even 6.________ (hard) and finally made himself out. When he was out, the other frog explained to them that something was wrong with his hearing. He thought they were encouraging him 7.________ whole time.

There is power of life and death in the tongue. An 8.________ (encourage) word to someone 9.________ is down can lift him or her up and help them make it 10.________ the day, while bad words can rob another of the spirit to go on in difficult times. Be careful of what you say.

Period One Warming Up & Reading Ⅰ.1. exposed 2. victims 3.instructions 4. pollution 5. conclusion 6. severe 7.blame 8.announcement 9. defeated 10. absorbed Ⅱ.1. to 2. with 3. of 4. to 5. of Ⅲ.1. face the challenge 2.is linked to 3. put forward 4.was absorbed in 5. take the blame for 6. come to a conclusion 7. attend to 8.has been exposed to 9. made an announcement 10. slow down Ⅳ.1. is to blame 2. had the machine mended 3.should spend 4. Every time his teacher nor his classmates 6. not until she spoke

5. Neither

Ⅴ.【文章大意】 文章主要介绍了爱因斯坦的前妻 Maric 的故事。

1. A 细节理解题。 根据文章第二段中的“To give her husband more help, Maric gave up her own work, and became a good wife and assistant. She tried her best to encourage him

whenever possible.”可知在研究上,Maric 给予爱因斯坦很大的帮助,故选 A。 2.D 词义猜测题。根据最后一段可知画线词组的意思为“定居”,故选 D。 3.D 细节理解题。根据最后一段“The war not only stopped Einstein's work but also

broke up the warm, happy family. In 1919, Einstein and Maric had to get divorced.”可知,战争

阻止 Maric 回到柏林。故选 D。

4.B 推理判断题。文章主要介绍了爱因斯坦的前妻 Maric 的故事。作者想要告诉我

们当我们谈到爱因斯坦的理论的时候,不要忘记 Maric ,故选 B。 Ⅵ.【文章大意】 本文是一则寓言,讲述了两只青蛙掉到深坑里,边上围观的青蛙都说, 这样的深坑掉下去和死没什么两样。其中,一只青蛙放弃了努力死掉了,而另一只不断地尝 试,最后终于跳了出来。 1.how 考查关系词。修饰形容词 deep,从句的引导词用关系副词 how。 2.dead 考查形容词。as good as dead“和死没什么区别”,是固定用法。 3.saying 考查动词的时态。用动词的进行时表示动作正在发生,故填 saying。 4.jumping 考查动名词。go on doing sth“继续做某事”,是固定搭配,故填 jumping。 5.himself 考查反身代词。根据前文 told him to stop 可知这里指让他自己死去,故填 himself。 6. harder 考查副词的比较级。 根据语境知, 这只青蛙跳得比以前更加努力, 故填 harder。 7.the 考查冠词。the whole time “整个时间”,作状语。故填 the。 8.encouraging 考查非谓语动词。修饰名词 word,所以用形容词作定语。encouraging 令人鼓舞的;encouraged 受到鼓舞的。填 encouraging。 9.who 考查关系词。当先行词是 those, one, ones, anyone, someone 等并且指人时,用 who。 10.through 考查介词。through the day 一整天。故填 through。

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