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第1次课句子结构和名词考点


初三年级英语 1-2 单元复习——名词考点 一、考点、热点回顾
九年级 UNITS 1-2
I 词组 1) make mistakes 犯错 laugh at sb. 笑话;取笑(某人) 2) make up 组成、构成 deal with 处理 3) regard… as … 把…看作为…. be terrified of sth. 害怕… 4) make

a decision 下决定 下决心 pay attention to sth. 对…注意,留心 5) to one’s surprise 令某人惊讶的是 take pride in sth. 或 be proud of 以…而自豪 6) get into trouble with 遇到麻烦 in trouble 处于困境中 have trouble doing : 做…遇到麻烦 7)give up (doing) sth. 放弃(做)某事 II 句型 1 ---How do you study for a test? 你如何准备考试? --- I study by working with friends. 我通过和朋友一起学习。 by + doing 通过……方式 2 What about reading aloud to practice pronunciation? 大声朗读练习发音怎么样? 提建议的句子: ①What/ how about doing sth.? 造句:________________________________________ ②Why don’t you do sth.? 造句:________________________________________ ③Why not do sth. ? 造句:________________________________________ ④Let’s do sth. 造句:________________________________________ ⑤Shall we/I do sth.? 造句:________________________________________ 3 First of all, it wasn’t easy for me to understand the teacher when she talked to class. 首先,老师讲课时,我不 容易听懂。 划线部分同义句:____________________ wasn’t easy for me. 扩展:同义句:I found ________________________. *重点句型:It’s ….(for sb. ) to do sth. (对某人来说)做某事怎么样 4 Unless we deal with our problem, we can easily become unhappy. 我们很容易不开心,除非我们处理我们的问题。 用 if 改写: 5 I used to be afraid of speaking in front of a group. 我过去害怕在众人面前讲话。 一般疑问句: 易混淆词组: 1)used to be/do … 过去… 2)be used to do… = be used for doing … 被用来…. 3)be/get used to (doing) … 习惯于(做)… 1. used to do 过去常常 1)否定式为: didn't used to 或 used not to 2)一般疑问句: Did … use to… eg.①He didn't use to be a teacher = He used not to be a teacher. 他过去不是老师。
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②Did you use to have long hair? 你过去留长发吗? ③You used to be really quiet, didn't you? 你过去很文静,对吗? 7 She also told me that even though my father was no longer with us, he was watching me and would always take pride in everything good I do. 她也告诉我,即使父亲不再和我们在一起了,他还在重视着我并会为我做的每一件好事而自豪。 改为直接引语并用同义词组替换:注意:人称、时态的变化。 She also said to me, “Even though ___ father ____ with us ____ _____ , he ____ watching ____ and ____ always be ______ ______ everything _____ do.” [动词不定式作定语的用法] ①与所修饰的名词构成主谓关系 eg.1)The next train to arrive was from New York. 要到的下一列火车来自纽约。 He is always the first to come.他总是第一个来的人。 ②与所修饰的名词构成动宾关系(该用法中的动词要求是及物动词或及物动词短语)。 I have nothing to say. 我没有要说的事情。 I need a pen to write with. 我需要一支写字的钢笔。 I need some paper to write on. 我需要一些写字的纸。 I don’t have a room to live in. 我没有居住的房间。 I don’t have a partner to practice English with. 我没有练习英语的伙伴。 3. too?to : 太?而不能 注意与 so?that 和 not enough to 的替换 eg.①He is too young to go to school. = He is so young that he can’t go to school. = He isn’t old enough to go to school. ②He runs so fast that we can’t catch up with him. = He runs too fast for us to catch up. ③The box is too heavy for me to lift. 这个箱子对我而言太重了而不能提起。 注意:在 too?to 结构中,如果不定式(to do)后面的宾语是该句的主语,则应省去 to do 后的宾语。如上面 的例②、③ 4. He finds watching movies frustrating. 他发现看电影令人失望。

find + 宾语 + adj 发现/觉得…怎么样。 find sb doing 发现某人在做… find it +adj +to do 发觉做…怎么样 eg.① I find English very easy. 我觉得英语很简单。 ② I found a boy singing under the tree.我发现有个男孩在树下唱歌。 ③ I find it difficult to learn math. 我觉得学习数学难。

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5. be / get excited about sth 对某事感到兴奋 6. Can I ask you some questions?(提建议的问句中用 some) 7. deal with 处理;应付
How you with ... ? do deal ? 你怎样处理 / 对待 ? ? ? ? do you with ?What do ... ?

eg.—What have you done with your book? —I have sold it. 8. unless = if…not 如果不,除非 用于引导条件状语从句(注意“主将从现”) eg. Don’t leave the room unless you’re told to do so. 不经允许,不得离开这个房间。 9. be angry with sb (about sth) (因某事)生某人的气 10. go by (指时间)过去;消逝 11. for long = for a long time 长时间 12. complain about … 抱怨… 13. change/ turn … into … 把…变成… 14. try one’s best = do one’s best 尽力 try one’s best to do sth. 尽力做… 15. with the help of = with one’s help 在某人的帮助下 eg. With my teacher’s help, I passed the math exam. 在我老师的帮助下,我通过了这次数学考试。 16. think of (think about) 想起,想到 17. compare… to… :把…比作… compare…with…把…和…作比较 eg.①We compare him to a little tiger.我们把他比作小老虎。 ②We compared the translation with the original. 我们把译文和原文比较了下。 18. regard…as… 把…当作… The boy always regards himself as a man. 这男孩总是把自己当成男子汉。

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spend /money ... ( time ) doing (某人)花(时间 : /钱)做 ... ? ? spend /money (某人)在某物上花 ( time ) sth on : ...( /钱) 时间 19. ? eg. ? 6? . pay ( money sth( ) for : 某人)花 ... 钱在某物上 ? takessome to sth it sb timedo :做某事花某人 ... 时间 ? ? cos money sth t sb :某物花某人 ... 钱 ?

①I spent 10 yuan on the book.我花了 10 元买这本书 ②I spent 2 days finishing the work.我花了两天的时间完成这项工作。 ③I paid ten yuan for the book. 我花了 10 元买这本书。 ④It took her 20 minutes to do the math problem yesterday. 昨天做这道数学题花了她 20 分钟。 ⑤The book cost me ten yuan. 这本书我花了 10 元。

中考考点 一、名词
一、名词的复数: 1.名词变复数的规则形式 1).一般情况下直接加 s book------books cup-----cups 2).以辅音字母+y 结尾的,先变 y 为 i 再加 es . city-------cities family-----families 3).以 s、x、sh、ch 结尾的加 es . bus-----buses wish------wishes watch------wathes 4).以 o 结尾的多数加 S 初中阶段只有三个单词加 es . tomato-----tomatoes potato------potatoes hero-----heroes 5).以 f、fe 结尾的,先把 f、fe 变 v 再加 es . leaf----leaves self---selves shelf----shelves life----lives thief---thieves 2.少数名词的复数形式是不规则的。 man----men woman---women child----children foot-----feet tooth----teeth mouse---mice 3.单数和复数形式相同。 deer---deer fish----fish sheep----sheep Chinese ----Chinese Japanese---Japanese 4.某国人的复数。 1). 中、日不变。Chinese----Chinese Japanese---Japanese 2). 英、法变。 Englishman----Englishmen Frenchman----Frenchmen 3). 其余 s 加后面。 American -----Americans German----Germans Australian---Australians 二、不可数名词: 1.不可数名词: 1).不能直接用数字表数量 2).不能直接加 a 或 an 3).没有复数形式 4).可用 some、any 、lots of、plenty of 、much 修饰 5).可用“量词短语”表示 2.不可数名词的数量的表示方法: a / 数字+ 量词 + of + 不可数名词 a piece of paper a cup of tea a glass of milk 三、名词的所有格: 1. ’s 所有格。 1).用 and 连接两个并列的单数名词表示共有关系时,这时只在最后一个名词后加“’s.” This is ____________________(Mary and Lily) bedroom . 2). 1).用 and 连接两个并列的单数名词表示各有关系时,这时分别在每个名词后加“’s.”
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These are ________________(Tom and Jack ) school bags . A. 在表示时间、 距离、 长度、 重量、 价格、 世界、 国家等名词的所有格要用 's, 例如: twenty minutes' a walk,ten miles' journey,two pounds' weight, ten dollars' worth。 B. 无生命名词的所有格则必须用 of 结构,例如:a map of China,the end of this term,the capital of our country, the color of the flowers。 C. 双重所有格,例如:a friend of my father's。 【注意】 如果两个名词并列,并且分别有 's,则表示“分别有” ,例如:John's and Mary's rooms(约翰和玛 丽各有一间,共两间) ;Tom's and Mary's bikes(两人各自的自行车) 。 两个名词并列,只有一个's,则表示“共有” ,例如:John and Mary's room(约翰和玛丽共有一间) ;Tom and Mary's mother(即 Tom 与 Mary 是兄妹) 。 3).以 s 结尾的名词,变所有格时在 s 后加“’ ”,不以 s 结尾的复数名词,仍加“’s” Teachers’ Day Children’s Day 4).表示店铺、医院、诊所、住宅等名称时,常在名词后加 ’s 代表全称。 at the doctor’s at the Bob’s 5).由 some、any、no、every 与 one、body 结合的复合不定代词 something 、anything 等和 else 连用 时,所有格应加在 else 的后面。 This is _________________(somebody else ) pencil . 6).表示时间、距离、国家、城市等无生命的名词,也可在词尾加’s 来构成所有格。 an hour’s ride two weeks’ time China’s capital 2.of 所有格: 1).of 用来表示无生命的名词所有格。 the map of China the door of the room 2).双重所有格: of + 名词所有格 of + 名词性的物主代词 He is a friend of my _________(brother ) . Is she a daughter of __________(you)? 四、名词作句子成分: 1.名词作主语 1).表示时间、金钱、距离作主语时,谓语动词用单数。 Two hours ________(be) enough for us to get there . 2).量词短语“数字+量词+ of +…”作主语时,谓语动词应与量词保持一致。 A pair of shoes _______(be) under the bed . Two pieces of paper _______(be) on the desk . 3).名词+介词(with、except 、along with …….)+名词作主语时,谓语动词应与前面的名词保持一致。 The teacher with the students _________(be) planting trees on the hill . 4).短语“neither…nor…、either…or…、not only…but also …”连接主语时,谓语动词实行就近原则。 Neither he nor I ______ (be) a Frenchman . 2.名词作定语: 1).名词作定语时,一般用单数形式。 There is a shoe factory near the school . 2).名词作定语时,个别情况用复数形式。(sport ) The sports meeting will be held next week . 3).man、woman 作定语表示性别时,man、woman 随后面的名词单复数而变。 one man teacher two women teachers
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二、典型例题
I 基础知识 1 根据句意填入适当的词。 1) He is very ________, because he likes talking and laughing. 2) My father ______ to be a teacher, but now he is a writer. 3) He has _______ a lot. Because he is different from the past. 4) I am not afraid of the _____. I dare to go out. 5) I often send and receive ________ on the Internet. 2 词形填空 1) Most of us learn English by _________(study) our textbooks. 2) Reading aloud can improve our ___________(speak) skills. 3) I am free now. What about __________(go) out for a walk? 4) A good dictionary is ________ (help) to your English-studying. 5) Hearing they will see a moving, the students all got ________ (excite). 6) Don’t speak too ________ (quick), we can’t catch you. 3 完成句子: 1)该睡觉了。It’s time to . 2)我对画画感兴趣。I drawing. 3)我非常喜欢咖啡,但我一点也不喜欢茶。 I like coffee , but I like tea . 4)我过去常常和奶奶聊天。I my grandmother. II 中考链接 1)---______do you improve your listening? ---I improve my listening ______watching English movies. A. What, by B. How, by C. Where, on D. When, on 2)Usually we get _____about something and end up ____ in Chinese. A. exciting, speaking B. exciting, speak C. excited, speaking D. excited, speak 3)He’s been learning English _____five years. A. in B. ago C. for D. since 4)--I’m worried, Jim. I don’t know how__ writing. ---Don’t worry! Why not _____ a pen pal? A. learn, to find B. learn, find C. to learn, find D. to learn, to find 5)If you ___ him tomorrow, ask him if he ___ to our party next week. A. see, comes B. will see, comes C. will see, will come D. see, will come 6) He ________ up early. But now he doesn’t get up early. A. is used get B. used to get C. was used to get D. used getting 7) He usually spends much time ______ his lessons. A. doing B. to do C. does D. Did 名词考点练习

( ) 1. All the _____teachers and______students are having a meeting there.
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A. women …girls A. Jack's aunt's A. ten-year-old A. sheeps A. her grandmother

B. women… girl B. Jack's aunt B. ten-years-old B. deers

C. woman…girls C. Jack aunt's C. ten-year-older C. horse

D. woman…girl D. aunt's of Jack D.ten-years-older D. cows

( ) 2. Mr Black is a friend of _________. ( ) 3. This toy was made by a ____ boy. ( ) 4. The farmer raised ten _________. ( ) 5. She looked at us sadly with her eyes as large as_________.
B. her grandmother's C. her grandmothers' D. that of her grandmother

( ) 6. We have moved into a ________.
A. two- storey house B. house of two storey C. two-storeys house D. two storeys house

( ) 7. The ______ was too much for the child to carry.
A. box's steel A. the Teacher's Day A. he B. box of a steel B. Teacher's Day B. him C. steel box C. a Teacher's Day C. his D. box of the steel D. Teachers' Day D. her

( ) 8. We'll give our English teacher a card for _________. ( ) 9. Li Ping met an old friend of _______on a train yesterday. ( ) 10. Excuse me, where is the___? A. men's room B. mens' room C. men's rooms D. men room ( ) 11. Can you give me ____? A. a tea B. some cup of tea C. a cup tea D. a cup of tea | ( ) 12. Please give me ___ paper. A. one B. a piece C. a D. a piece of ( ) 13. Do you ________English? A. tell B. say C. talk D. speak ( ) 14. A: _______do you go to see your grandparents? B: Once a month A. How often B. How long C. how much D. how many ( ) 15. A: Would you like another cup of orange? B: ______I'm full. A. No, thanks B. Yes, please. C. Here it is. D. I don't like. ( ) 16.She was very happy. She ________in the maths test. A. makes a few mistake B. made a few mistakes C. made few mistakes D. makes few mistake ( ) 17. In a few____ time, those mountains will be covered with trees. A. year B. years' C. year's D. years ( ) 18. It's about ___ walk from my house. A. ten minute B. ten minutes' C. ten minute's D. ten minutes ( ) 19 Joan is____. A. Mary's and Jack sister B. Mary and Jack's sister C. Mary and Jack sister D. Mary's and Jack's sister

三、课后练习
单元练习 ( )1. “Can you tell me how to study math?” “____ more exercises.” A. To do B. Do C. By doing D. doing
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( )2.My daughter gets ______travelling to Beijing during the week-long holiday in October. A. exciting at B. excited C. excited about D. excited to ( )3.This book is ____ hard _____ understand. A. too; to B. to ; to C. too ; too D. so ; that ( )4.Can you learn English ____ chatting(聊天) on the Internet? A. in B. with C. by D. for ( )5.I found him _____ under the tree. A. read B. reads C. to read D. reading ( )6.You should _____ the new words that you don’t know how to pronounce. A. look for B. look after C. look up D. look down ( )7.They are trying to find a way _____ English well. A. learning B. learned C. to learn D. for learning ( )8.When the Chinese team won, we got excited __ it. A. with B. at C. for D. about ( )9.I find this book very ________. A. interested B. interesting C. interest D. interests ( )10.My friends always ask me ______ my family. A. at B. of C. about D. on 三、按要求完成各题。 1. I learn English by watching TV (提问) ______ _____ you learn English? 2. Grammar is so boring that I can’t study it (同义句) Grammar is _____ boring for me ______ study. 3.Why don’t you join an English club.(同义句) ______ ______ join an English club? 4. I don’t know how I can use commas. (同义句) I don’t know how _____ _______ commas. 5. To swim here is too dangerous. (同义句) ____ _____ too dangerous to swim here. 翻译句子 1) 我用电子邮件收发信件。 I use e-mails ________ _______ ________ ________ letters. 2) 这声音听起来像铁轨发出的歌唱。 It ________ _________ the singing of rails. 3) 步行回家得花我好长时间。 It ________ me a long time ________ ________ home. 4) 当他听到这消息时,任不住笑了起来。 When he heard the news, he _______ ________ _______. 3 同义句转换 1)He was a teacher in the past, but now he isn’t. He ________ _________ ________ a teacher. 2)It seemed that she has changed a lot She _______ to ________ ________ a lot. 名词考点练习:

( ) 1. Suan has made quite ______friends since she came to China.
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A. few B. a few C. little D. a little ( ) 2 We need some more____. Can you go and get some, please? A. potato B. potatos C. potatoes D. potatoe ( ) 3 _____are____for cutting things. A. Knife/used B. Knives/used C. Knife/using D. Knives/using ( ) 4 What big____ the tiger has! A. tooth B. teeth C. tooths D. toothes ( ) 5 Please remember to give the horse some tree___. A. leafs B. leaves C. leaf D. leave ( ) 6 -Can we have some ___? -Yes, please. A. banana B. oranges C.apple D. pear ( ) 7 On the table there are five____. A. tomatos B. piece of tomatoes C. tomatoes D. tomato ( ) 8 They got much ___ from those new books.. A. ideas B. photos C. information D. stories ( ) 9 He gave us____ on how to keep fit. A. some advices B. some advice C. an advice D. a advice ( ) 10. When we saw his face, we knew___ was bad. A. some news B. a news C. the news P. news ( ) 11. What___ lovely weather it is! A. / B. the C. an D. a ( ) 12 -Would you like___tea? -No, thanks. I have drunk two____. A- any, bottles of orange B. some, bottles of orange C. many, bottles of oranges D. few, bottle of oranges ( ) 13. He is hungry. Give him ___ to eat. A. two breads B. two piece of bread C. two pieces of bread D. two pieces of breads ( ) 14.It really took him___ to draw the nice horse. A. sometimes B. hour C. long time D. some time ( ) 15. I would like to have___. A. two glasses of milk B. two glass of milk I C. two glasses of milks D. two glass of milk

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