Unit 1 Cultural relics IN SEARCH OF THE AMBER ROOM Frederick William Ⅰ the King of Prussia, could never have imagined that his greatest , gift to the Russian people would have such an amazing
history. This gift was the Amber Room, which was given this name because several tons of amber was used to make it. The amber which was selected had a beautiful yellow-brown color like honey. The design of the room was in the fancy style popular in those days. It was also a treasure decorated with gold and jewels, which took the country's best artists about ten years to make. In fact, the room was not made to be a gift. It was designed for the palace of Frederick Ⅰ However, the next King of Prussia, Frederick William Ⅰ whom the amber room . .to belonged, decided not to keep it. In 1716 he gave it to Peter the Great. In return, the Czar sent him a troop of his best soldiers. So the Amber Room because part of the Czar's winter palace in St Petersburg. About four meters long, the room served as a small reception hall for important visitors. Later, Catherine Ⅱhad the Amber Room moved to a palace outside St Petersburg where she spent her summers. She told her artists to add more details to it .In 1770 the room was completed the way she wanted. Almost six hundred candles lit the room, and its mirrors and pictures shone like gold. Sadly, although the Amber Room was considered one of the wonders of the world, it is now missing. In September 1941, the Nazi army was near St Petersburg. This was a time when the two countries were at war. Before the Nazis could get to the summer palace, the Russians were able to remove some furniture and small art objects from the Amber Room. However, some of the Nazis secretly stole the room itself. In less than two days 100,000 pieces were put inside twenty-seven wooden boxes. There is no doubt that the boxes were then put on a train for Konigsberg, which was at that time a
German city on the Baltic Sea. After that, what happened to the Amber Room remains a mystery. Recently, the Russians and Germans have built a new Amber Room at the summer palace. By studying old photos of the former Amber Room, they have made the new one look like the old one .In 2003 it was ready for the people of St Petersburg when they celebrated the 300th birthday of their city 句型透视 1. There is no doubt that the boxed were then put on a train for Konigsberg, which was at that time a German city on the Baltic Sea. 毫无疑问， 这些箱子后来被装上火车运往哥尼斯堡，当时德国在波罗的海边的一 个城市。
句型公式： There is no doubt that... There is (some) doubt whether...
2. In a trial. a judge must decide which eyewitnesses to believe and which not to believe. 在审判中，法官必须断定哪些目击者的话可以相信，哪些不可以相信。
句型公式： 疑问词 + 不定式
Unit 2 The Olympic Games An interview Pausanias, who was a Greek writer about 2,000 years ago, has come on a magical journey on M arch 18th,2007 to find out about the present－day Olympic Games. He is now interviewing Li Yan, a volunteer for the 2008 Olympic Games. P: My name is Pausanias. I lived in what you call "Ancient Greece" and I used to write about the Olympic Games a long time ago. I've come to your time to find out about the present-day Olympic Games because I know that in 2004 they were held in my homeland. May I ask you some questions about the modern Olympics? L：Good heavens! Have you really come from so long ago? But of course you can ask any questions you like. What would you like to know? P：How often do you hold your Games? L：Every four years. There are two main sets of Games—the Winter and the Summer Olympics, and both are held every four years on a regular basis. The Winter Olympics are usually held two years before the Summer Games. Only athletes who have reached the agreed standard for their event will be admitted as competitors. They may come from anywhere in the world. P：Winter Games? How can the runners enjoy competing in winter? And what about the horses? L：Oh no! There are no running races or horse riding events. Instead there are competitions like skiing and ice skating which need snow and ice. That’s why they’re called the Winter Olympics. It’s in the Summer Olympics that you have the running races, together with swimming, sailing and all the team sports.
P：I see. Earlier you said that athletes are invited from all over the world. Do you mean the Greek world? Our Greek cities used to compete against each other just for the honor of winning. No other countries could join in, nor could slaves or women! L：Nowadays any country can take part if their athletes are good enough. There are over 250 sports and each one has its own standard. Women are not only allowed, but play a very important role in gymnastics, athletics, team sports and ?? P：Please wait a minute! All those events, all those countries and even women taking part! Where are all the athletes housed? L：For each Olympics, a special village is built for them to live in, a main reception building, several stadiums for competitions, and a gymnasium as well. P：That sounds very expensive. Does anyone want to host the Olympic Games? L：As a matter of fact, every country wants the opportunity. It's a great responsibility but also a great honor to be chosen. There's as much competition among countries to host the Olympics as to win Olympic medals. The 2008 Olympics will be held in Beijing, China. Did you know that? P：Oh yes! You must be very proud. L：Certainly. And after that the 2012 Olympics will be held in London. They have already started planning for it. A new village for the athletes and all the stadiums will be built to the east of London. New medals will be designed of course and?? P： you say medals? So even the olive wreath has been replaced! Oh dear! Do you Did compete for prize money too? L：No, we don't. It's still all about being able to run faster, jump higher and throw further. That's the motto of the Olympics, you know—"Swifter, Higher and Stronger. "
P：Well, that’s good news. How interesting! Thank you so much for your time.
句型透视 1. Women are not only allowed，but play a very important role in gymnastics， athletics， team sports and... 妇女不仅允许参加， 而且她们孩子体操、竞技和团体等比赛项目中起着非常重要 的作用......
句型公式： not only...but(also)... “不仅......而且......”
2. This is important because the more you speak English, the better your English will become. 这是重要的，因为你讲英语越多，你的英语将越好。
句型公式： ① ② ③ the + 比较级， the + 比较级 “越......,就越......” The more..., the less... “越......,越不......” The less, the more... “越不......,越......”
Unit 3 computers Who Am I? Over time I have been changed quite a lot. I began as a calculating machine in France in 1642. Although I was young I could simplify difficult sums. I developed very slowly and it took nearly two hundred years before I was built as an analytical machine by Charles Babbage. After I was programmed by an operator who used cards with holes, I could "think" logically and produce an answer quicker than any person. At that time it was considered a technological revolution and the start of my "artificial intelligence". In 1936 my real father, Alan Turing, wrote a book about how I could be made to work as a "universal machine" to solve any difficult mathematical problem. From then on, I grew rapidly both in size and in brainpower. By the 1940s I had grown as large as a room, and I wondered if I would grow any larger. However, this reality also worried my designers. As time went by, I was made smaller. First as a PC (personal computer) and then as a laptop, I have been used in offices and homes since the 1970s. These changes only became possible as my memory improved. First it was stored in tubes, then on transistors and later on very small chips. As a result I totally changed my shape. As I have grown older I have also grown smaller. Over time my memory has developed so much that, like an elephant, I never forget anything I have been told! And my memory became so large that even I couldn't believe it! But I was always so lonely standing there by myself, until in the early 1960s they gave me a family connected by a network. I was able to share my knowledge with others through the World Wide Web. Since the 1970s many new applications have been found for me. I have become very important in communication, finance and trade. I have also been put into robots and used to make mobile phones as well as help with medical operations. I have even been put into space rockets and sent to explore the Moon and Mars. Anyhow, my
goal is to provide humans with a life of high quality. I am now truly filled with happiness that I am a devoted friend and helper of the human race!
句型透视 1. Over time my memory has developed so much that, like an elephant, I never forget anything I have been told！ 随着时间的推移，我的记忆能力发展的如此之快，就像一头大象一样，我从来不 会忘记告诉我的任何事情！
句型公式： so + 形容词/副词 + that 从句
2. As time went by, I was made smaller. 随着时间的流逝，我被做的更小了。
句型公式： as time went by = with time going by 随着时间的流逝
HOW DAISY LEARNED TO HELP WLDLIFE Daisy had always longed to help endangered species of wildlife. One day she woke up and found a flying carpet by her bed. "Where do you want to go?" it asked. Daisy responded immediately. "I'd like to see some endangered wildlife," she said. "Please take me to a distant land where I can find the animal that gave fur to make this sweater." At once the carpet flew away and took her to Tibet. There Daisy saw an antelope looking sad. It said, "We're being killed for the wool beneath our stomachs. Our fur is being used to make sweaters for people like you. As a result, we are now an endangered species." At that Daisy cried, "I'm sorry I didn't know that. I wonder what is being done to help you. Flying carpet, please show me a place where there's some wildlife protection."
The flying carpet travelled so fast that next minute they were in Zimbabwe. Daisy turned around and found that she was being watched by an elephant. "Have you come to take my photo?" it asked. In relief Daisy burst into laughter. "Don't laugh," said the elephant, "We used to be an endangered species. Farmers hunted us without mercy. They said we destroyed their farms, and money from tourists only went to the large tour companies. So the government decided to help. They allowed tourists to hunt only a certain number of animals if they paid the farmers. Now the farmers are happy and our numbers are increasing. So good things are being done here to save local wildlife."
Daisy smiled. "That's good news. It shows the importance of wildlife protection, but I'd like to help as the WWF suggests." The carpet rose again and almost at once they were in a thick rainforest. A monkey watched them as it rubbed itself. "What are you doing?" asked Daisy. ” I’m protecting myself from mosquitoes," it replied. "When I find a millipede insect, I rub it over my body. It contains a powerful drug which
affects mosquitoes. You should pay more attention to the rainforest where I live and appreciate how the animals live together. No rainforest, no animals, no drugs."
Daisy was amazed. "Flying carpet, please take me home so I can tell WWF and we can begin producing this new drug. Monkey, please come and help." The monkey agreed. The carpet flew home. As they landed, things began to disappear. Two minutes later everything had gone - the monkey, too. So Daisy was not able to make her new drug. But what an experience! She had learned so much! And there was always WWF...
句型透视 1. That’s good news. It shows the importance of wildlife protection, but I’d like to help as the WWF suggests. 那是个好消息。这表明了野生动植物保护的重要性，不过，我还想按照世界野生 生物基金会的建议来帮助你们。
句型公式： ① ② as 引导的方式状语从句 suggest 的两种语气
Unit 5 Music THE BAND THAT WASN'T
Have you ever wanted to be part of a band as a famous singer or musician? Have you ever dreamed of playing in front of thousands of people at a concert, at which everyone is clapping and appreciating your music? Do you sing karaoke and pretend you are a famous singer like Song Zuying or Liu Huan? To be honest, a lot of people attach great importance to becoming rich and famous. But just how do people form a band? Many musicians meet and form a band because they like to write and play their own music. They may start as a group of high-school students, for whom practicing their music in someone's house is the first step to fame. Sometimes they may play to passers-by in the street or subway so that they can earn some extra money for themselves or to pay for their instruments. Later they may give performances in pubs or clubs, for which they are paid in cash. Of course they hope to make records in a studio and sell millions of copies to become millionaires! However, there was one band that started in a different way. It was called the Monkees and began as a TV show. The musicians were to play jokes on each other as well as play music, most of which was based loosely on the Beatles. The TV organizers had planned to find four musicians who could act as well as sing. They put an advertisement in a newspaper looking for rock musicians, but they could only find one who was good enough. They had to use actors for the other three members of the band.
As some of these actors could not sing well enough, they had to rely on other musicians to help them. So during the broadcasts they just pretended to sing. Anyhow their performances were humorous enough to be copied by other groups.
They were so popular that their fans formed clubs in order to get more familiar with them. Each week on TV, the Monkees would play and sing songs written by other musicians. However, after a year or so in which they became more serious about their work, the Monkees started to play and sing their own songs like a real band. Then they produced their own records and started touring and playing their own music. In the USA they became even more popular than the Beatles and sold even more records. The band broke up about 1970, but happily they reunited in the mid-1980s. They produced a new record in 1996, with which they celebrated their former time as a real band.
句型透析 1. The musicians were to play jokes on each other as well as play music, most of which was based loosely on the Beatles. 组成乐队的音乐人演奏音乐，还彼此打趣逗笑。大多数音乐都在模仿“甲壳虫” 乐队。
句型公式： 主语+谓语+..., many/most of which (whom) ...+主语 + 谓语 +...
2. Freddy and his band could not go out anywhere without being followed. 弗雷德和他的乐队走到哪里都会有人跟随。
句型公式: not/never...without... (双重否定句）没有......不......; 除......不......