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厦门市2014-2015学年第一学期高三质量检测 英语试题


厦门市 2013-2014 学年第一学期高三质量检测 英语试题
第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1. 5 分,满分 7. 5 分)
听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选 项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下 一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

1. Who saw Big Ben last week? A. The man. B. The woman. 2. When will the man arrive? A. 7:30. B. 9:20. 3. Why is the woman complaining? A. She is bored with her work. B. She finds people hard to get along with. C. She doesn’t like Wednesday at all. 4. What are the speakers talking about? A. A dead car. B. A funny accident. 5. What does the man give the woman? A. Sweets. B. Chocolates.

C. Jessica. C. 9:30.

C. A poor battery. C. Strawberries.

第二节(共 15 小题;每小题 1. 5 分,满分 22. 5 分) 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项 中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题, 每小题 5 秒钟;听完后,各小题给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话读两遍。 听第 6 段材料,回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. Where does the conversation most probably take place? A. Over the phone. B. In the office. C. In the wild. 7. What does the woman think of her present life? A. Rough. B. Fine. C. So-so. 听第 7 段材料,回答第 8 至 10 题。 8. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Mother and son. B. Teacher and student. C. Employer and employee . 9. What are the speakers talking about? A. Playing the violin. B. Running a restaurant. C. Choosing a career. 10. What will the man probably be in the future? A. A waiter. B. A violinist. C. A cheerleader. 听第 8 段材料,回答第 11 至 13 题。 11. How is everything going with the man? A. Rising to success. B. Making progress. 12. What will the woman do in the new year?

C. Looking for work.

A. Exercise more often. B. Spend more money. 13. When will the speakers meet again? A. On Christmas Eve. B. This Saturday. 听第 9 段材料,回答第 14 至 16 题。 14. Who is the woman? A. A student. B. A designer. 15. Why does the man want to join the woman’s company? A. He likes the way the staff are treated. B. He has work experience as a professor. C. He has given up his former job and gone abroad. 16. What is the man going to do? A. Design a product. B. Seek another chance. C. Wait for further notice. 听第 10 段材料,回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. What is the news mainly about? A. A big musical concert. B. A new kind of performance. C. A huge sports center. 18. Where is the concert to be held tonight? A. In a house. B. In a bar. 19. What is the weak point of the concerts? A. The audience is too small. B. The money earned should be donated. C. The income from the concerts isn’t fixed. 20. What do we know about Emerick? A. She makes friends with house owners. B. Her concerts are always successful. C. She doesn’t care about money.

C. Attend fewer lectures. C. Next Friday.

C. A boss.

C. In a restaurant.

第一节 单项填空(共 15 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 15 分) 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21. He brought me a few magazines but, to my disappointment, ______ was to my taste. A. nothing B. no one C. neither D. none 22. A selfie stick is ______ enables users to position their smartphone to get better photo angles. A. that B. how C. what D. who 23.The Ministry of Public Security has recently started a nationwide ______ to stop speeding, overloading and running red lights. A. celebration B. conference C. campaign D. ceremony 24. His brother, who ______ in the army for five years, is now running a farm in our village. A. serves B. served C. had served D. has served

25. The students in our school are encouraged to involve themselves in group activities, whether in or after class, ______ they can develop their team spirit. A. when B. which C. that D. where 26. The twins ______ closely in appearance, but are totally different in character. A. resemble B. distinguish C. look D. like 27.-How long do you suppose it will be ______ Xiamen Railway Station comes into operation? -Twenty days or so. A. after B. before C. since D. that 28.-Morning, Madame, can I help you? -Yes, I am looking for a plain handbag — nothing ______. Do you have any suggestions? A. ordinary B. fancy C. fragile D. valuable 29. China marked its first Constitution Day on December 4, 2014 ______ making the Constitution part of Chinese people’s daily life. A. in the hope of B. in the form of C. in honour of D. in terms of 29. China marked its first Constitution Day on December 4, 2014 ______ making the Constitution part of Chinese people’s daily life. A. in the hope of B. in the form of C. in honour of D. in terms of 30. ______ around the clock for two days, he managed to finish the report for the manager on schedule. A. Working B. Worked C. Having worked D. To work 31. Making a speech in front of a crowd of people is not his strength but he ______ it with his passion and efforts. A. takes advantage of B. makes up for C. gets hold of D. lives up to 31. Making a speech in front of a crowd of people is not his strength but he ______ it with his passion and efforts. A. takes advantage of B. makes up for C. gets hold of D. lives up to 32. So touching ______ that I couldn’t hold my tears back when I heard it for the first time. A. the song sounds B. had the song sounded C. the song sounded D. did the song sound 33.-How did you find the trip to the Butterfly Valley last weekend? -It ______ more pleasant but for the heavy rain on our way home. A. would have been B. was C. had been D. would be 34. We will gather for the community service at the school gate at 8 tomorrow morning unless ______. A. otherwise informing B. otherwise being informed C. otherwise informed D. having otherwise informed 35.-Wow, you won first in the story-telling competition. Fantastic! -______! A. Give me five B. Congratulations C. Go ahead D. Forget it

第二节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1. 5 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

In 2012 I had the worst year of my life. I worked in a finance 36 that I hated and I lived in a concrete jungle city with little greenery. I occupied my time with 37 relationships. I was searching for happiness and had no 38 where to find it. Then I fell ill with Chronic Fatigue Syndrome (慢性疲劳综合征). I had to 39 my job and was left with no income. 40 I eventually regained my physical health, not long after that I got a(n) 41 from my family at home saying that my father’s cancer had 42 progressed. I left the city and went home to be with him, yet he died soon afterwards. My 43 oldest sister at that time complained of a bad back. It got so bad that she was 44 to hospital. They discovered that she 45 highly advanced cancer in her bones and that there was nothing 46 could do. One month later she died. I could never put into words the 47 of my sister in my life. She was my soul-mate and I never thought I would journey this lifetime 48 her. The shock and extreme heart break brought me to my knees and I 49 in hospital. I remember lying in the hospital bed, looking up at the 50 and seeing my sister’s beautiful face. She 51 with me all night long. I 52 during that night that I had to make a choice. I made the decision that, I 53 just live any life. I would live the life that I 54 LOVE and nothing less. Since then I have begun to 55 the most beautiful life for myself. I spend quality time with the rest of my precious family and cherish every moment I have with them. I’m making new friends with beautiful souls around the world. I love myself more deeply every day. 36. A. family B. city C. hospital D. job 37. A. meaningless B. innocent C. unjust D. illegal 38. A. guidance B. intention C. idea D. doubt 39. A. reserve B. quit C. switch D. continue 40. A. Because B. Until C. Unless D. Though 41. A. reply B. call C. opinion D. prayer 42. A. slightly B. punctually C. fiercely D. regularly 43. A. awful B. favorite C. stupid D. generous 44. A. attached B. appointed C. accompanied D. admitted 45. A. developed B. spread C. grew D. contained 46. A. they B. I C. she D. we 47. A. progress B. recovery C. change D. loss 48. A. with B. beside C. without D. beyond 49. A. ended up B. caught on C. hung about D. took off 50. A. floor B. ceiling C. door D. roof 51. A. lived B. laughed C. stayed D. mourned 52. A. announced B. realized C. shouted D. concluded 53. A. wouldn’t B. needn’t C. mightn’t D. daren’t 54. A. equally B. urgently C. silently D. absolutely 55. A. respect B. adjust C. shape D. defend

第三部分 阅读理解(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答 题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Stanley Yelnats was given a choice. The judge said, “You may go to prison, or you may go to Camp Green Lake.” Stanley was from a poor family. He had never been to camp before. So, Stanley Yelnats seems set to serve an easy sentence, which is only fair because he is as innocent as you or me. But Stanley is not going where he thinks he is. Camp Green Lake is like no other camp anywhere. It is a place that has no lake and nothing green. Nor is it a camp, at least not the kind of camp kids look forward to in the summertime. It is only a desert wasteland, dotted with countless holes dug by the boys who live at the camp. The trouble started when Stanley was accused of stealing a pair of shoes donated by basketball great Clyde “Sweetfeet” Livingston to a celebrity auction (名流拍卖会). In court, the judge doesn’t believe Stanley’s explanation that the shoes fell from the sky onto his head. And yet, that’s exactly what happened. Strangely, though, Stanley doesn’t blame the judge for falsely convicting (宣告有罪) him. Instead, he blames the whole thing on his “no-good-dirty-rotten-pigstealing-great-great-grandfather.” Thanks to this distant relative, the Yelnats family had been cursed (诅咒) for generations. For Stanley, his current troubles are just a natural part of being a Yelnats. At Camp Green Lake, the warden (看守) makes the boys “build character” by spending all day, every day, digging holes: five feet wide and five feet deep. It doesn’t take long for Stanley to realize there’s more than character improvement going on at Camp Green Lake. The boys are digging holes because the warden is searching for something, and before long Stanley begins his own search — for the truth. Fate is to find a solution to it all — the family curse, the mystery of the holes. The great wheel of justice has ground slowly for generations, but now it is about to reveal its verdict (裁决). 56. Stanley Yelnats went to Camp Green Lake to _______. A. enjoy the summertime B. show his innocence C. serve his sentence D. make a choice 57. We can learn from the passage that Stanley_______. A. stole the shoes for his relative B. got the shoes by accident C. donated the shoes to an auction D. blamed the judge for the sentence 58. In fact, the warden made the boys dig holes to _______. A. kill the time B. build character C. break the family curse D. look for something 59. In which section of a newspaper does this passage probably appear? A. Law. B. Geography. C. News. D. Literature. B Herbie Ricketts, 52, lives in Thornton Heath, south London, and works as an electrician. He has been a listening volunteer with the Samaritans for 16 years.

Each caller is as individual as their circumstances and I didn’t realize so many people take their own lives until I became a Samaritan. And only then did the true nature of the work I was doing hit home. I’ll always remember my first day on duty. The caller, stressed and depressed, told me he was suicidal (想自杀的). He’d been too frightened to talk to the people around him, which is common. People are told they’ve got nothing to be upset about. Or, if they are already classified as having mental health issues, so they tell no one. How do you make sense of your feelings if you can’t tell someone? Just allowing people to say what they honestly feel helps them find a different perspective. I couldn’t offer him practical advice but I could support him emotionally. I helped him come to terms with his situation and make sense of some of the terrible emotions he was experiencing. Offering anonymity (匿名) and being nonjudgmental (无偏见的) allows people easily hurt to explore their thoughts without fear or worry. I left him in an emotionally safe place, ensuring he knew I wasn’t rejecting or abandoning him. I let him know we were still there if he needed us, explaining that it might not be me on the other end of the phone but another Samaritan who could also support. Suicidal people will ring with issues like drug use or loneliness. If you look at it from the perspective of, “How can I solve this?” you can become, like them, at a loss. Every cell in your body wants to offer solutions, but as a Samaritan I’m not there to sort their problems out. I listen and will support them when they can’t see any further than tomorrow. When the phone goes silent, we stay with that caller as long as we possibly can, which could be two or three hours. The shifts are up to four hours long. When it doesn’t go so well, I offload to my colleague, so I don’t carry home a heavy heart. Being a Samaritan has greatly improved my life. I’m calmer and become a supportive listener, which has also improved my relationships. But being a wonderful Samaritan doesn’t make you a wonderful parent or wonderful partner — I wish it did. 60. What does the underlined sentence in the passage probably mean? A. Those who called in had their unique nature. B. I got to realize the value of being a Samaritan. C. It was common that many people committed suicide. D. I was determined to be a Samaritan at home. 61. Some people choose not to tell others about their feelings mainly because they _______. A. actually have nothing to worry about B. are too shy to expose themselves to others C. suffer from serious mental health problems D. find no supportive listeners around them 62. Samaritans usually help callers by _______. A. sorting out their problems B. providing practical advice for them C. offering them emotional support D. asking questions such as “How can I solve this?” 63. We may infer from the passage that _______. A. being a good Samaritan takes patience B. Samaritans are easily affected by callers C. callers are always successfully comforted D. people kill themselves for lack of listening volunteers

C Along with global warming and the Ebola virus, this year, something far less life-and society-threatening also spiraled out of control: email. It was long ago invented as something to make us more productive. But what productivity expert would ever say that it’s a good thing that instead of working, we now “answer email?” Or that on some days, I am unwilling to leave my desk to head into a meeting because it means taking my finger off the keyboard and knowing I will return to a flood of new messages waiting patiently for my total attention? Some people struggle for “inbox zero”. But like many people, I now get so much junk mail that if I were to adopt such a goal, I would spend every workday doing nothing but deleting emails. To make sure nothing important gets buried, I have developed an embarrassingly old system of keeping a pen-and-paper list of emails that need responses on a series of Post-It notes. As far back as 2007, Fred Wilson famously declared “email bankruptcy”. I’m close to doing the same. But I may not need to. I predict that 2015 will mark the beginning of the end of emails. Already, some tools have emerged (出现) over the years, like software Freedom which disables access to the Internet for chosen periods of time. Corporations have gradually been adopting stricter email policies: A few years ago, Volkswagen said it would stop sending emails from its servers to company-owned BlackBerrys after the end of its workday. But this great hope is largely the optimist in me speaking, and I give this prediction small chances compared to some of our others. As Tony Hsieh once told me, the problem with email is that it is a “good-enough” solution. Some technologies stay around just because there isn’t anything better. It’s probably right. But my wish is that 2015 is the year when truly effective email management solutions go from good to great — and that email volume goes from crazy to reasonable. We’ll all be better for it. 64. The underlined word “spiraled” in Paragraph1 probably means “_______”. A. increased rapidly B. moved in circle C. changed unexpectedly D. appeared suddenly 65. The writer is unwilling to attend a meeting because _______. A. he has to return with quantities of emails B. answering emails calls for great attention C. more emails will flood in waiting for him to check D. he doesn’t want to take his fingers off the keyboard 66. From Paragraph 3, we may infer that _______. A. the goal “inbox zero” is hard to obtain B. the writer is devoted to deleting emails C. pens and paper are highly favored at work

D. Fred Wilson famously declared “email bankruptcy” 67. The writer may agree that _______. A. emails will come to an end B. emails will still hold a place C. existing email management is perfect D. emails will never be sent to BlackBerrys D The passages below discuss the retirement age. Passage 1: In the United States, the financial crisis has left the country with 11 million fewer jobs than Americans need now. No matter how tough the policy, we are not going to find 11 million new jobs soon. So common sense suggests we should make some decisions about who should come first: older people, who have already worked three or four decades at hard jobs? Or younger people, many just out of school, with fresh skills and ambitions? The answer is obvious. Older people who would like to retire and would do so if they could afford it should get some help. The right step is to reduce, not increase, the retirement age. As a rough cut, why not make it a law to set a three-year window during which the age for receiving full Social Security benefits would drop to 62 — providing a voluntary, one-time, grab-it-now bonus for leaving work? Let them go home! With a secure pension (退休金) and medical care, they will be happier. Young people who need work will be happier. And there will also be more jobs. With pension security, older people will consume services until the end of their lives. They will become, each and every one, an employer. Passage 2: Too many people see longer working lives as a worry rather than an opportunity — and not just because they are going to be chained to their desks. Some worry that there will not be enough jobs to go around. This misunderstanding, known to economists as the “lump of labour fallacy (劳动总量固定的谬论)”, was once used to argue that women should stay at home and leave all the jobs for breadwinning males. Now lump-of-labourites say that keeping the old at work would deprive (剥夺) the young of employment. The idea that society can become better-off by paying more of its citizens to be idle (无所事事的) is clearly ridiculous. On that reasoning, if the retirement age came down to 25 we would all be as rich as Bill Gates.

68. In Passage 1, one reason for suggesting earlier retirement in the US is the _______. A. tough policy B. stable pension C. high unemployment D. free medical care 69. In Passage 1, the writer suggests encouraging older people to retire earlier by _______. A. cutting their pension if they remain at work B. giving them an extra sum of money on retiring C. convincing them that young people need work D. offering them a bonus each year for three years 70. Lump-of-laborites believe that _______. A. young citizens should be better paid B. the old should leave jobs for the young

C. males should earn bread for the family D. earlier retirement will lead to a poorer society 71. What is the author’s attitude towards earlier retirement in Passage 2? A. Negative. B. Positive. C. Unconcerned.

D. Tolerant.

第四部分 写作(共两节,满分 35 分) 第一节 短文填词(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下面短文,根据以下提示:1)汉语提示,2)首字母提示,3)语境提示,在每个 空格内填入一个适当的英语单词。所填单词要求意义准确,拼写正确。 Will money make kids pass exams? A new report says (76) (承诺) children money does not help exam grades. It could be a (77) w of money using cash to get kids to study more. (78) , taking kids on a trip somewhere nice could encourage them to try (79) (努 力)and do better at school. Of 10,000 pupils (80) (调查)in the research, there has been an improvement in class work and homework, but this does not result in better test scores. Lead researcher Dr. Burgess suggests the research doesn’t look at the things (81) really get kids to increase their effort. He adds that clearly some kids believe that education is a way to (82) a their dreams, but there are other kids who think one’s efforts make little (83) d . These kids might think exam success is because (84) genes and their family background. Education expert Dr. Collins holds the view that what really (85) m is how students are taught. Good teachers are better than rewards, especially for children from low-income families. 第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分)
阅读使人充实,阅读对于每个人的成长至关重要。请认真阅读下面的引言 (quotation), 按要求用英语写一篇短文。

Reading makes a full man. — Francis Bacon 内容要求: 1.你对该引言的理解; 2.举例说明; 3.恰当的结尾。 注意: 1.短文开头已给出,不计入总词数; 2.文中不能出现考生的具体信息; 3.词数:120 左右。 As Francis Bacon puts it, reading makes a full man. _____________________________

参考答案
1-5ABACB 6-10ABBAB 11-15BACCA 16-20CBACA 21-25DCCBD 26-30ABBAC 31-35BDACA 36-40DACBD 41-45BCBDA 46-50ADCAB 51-55CBADC

56-59CBDD 60-63BDCA 64-67ACAB 68-71CBBA 72-75DCAD 76. promising 81. that/which 77. waste 78. However 79. harder 84. of 80. surveyed 85. matters

82. achieve 83. difference

86. One possible version: As Francis Bacon puts it, reading makes a full man. It is reading that guides us into a world of wonders and gives us a glimpse of what life is like. It is no exaggeration to say that reading enriches the mind and shapes what we are today. My story of reading started when I was just a little girl and fairy tales like Snow White were the best lullabies that sent me to sweet dreams. As I grew up, what touched me most was the beauty of language, whether it was Secret Garden or My Friend Lu Xixi. The more I read, the more curious and eager I become to explore the unknown. To put it simply, reading to me is more of a friend, a teacher and a soul-mate. Not only does reading bring me much joy but it also helps me get access to a broader world and greater minds. That is exactly what reading is all about.


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