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江苏省南京市南化二中2015-2016学年高一上英语期末测试卷


牛津译林版高一上英语期末测试卷
姓名 得分 一、选择题 1. They became partners at work that day. Until then, they ___________ to each other for nearly three years. A. haven?t spoken B. didn?t speak C. hadn?t spoke

n D. haven?t been speaking 2. Many people tend to buy things from big stores, ________ they believe the qualities are good. A. at which B. of which C. where D. which 3. Human rights protection is a universal principle that ____________ all, including criminals. A. belongs to B. refers to C. turns to D. applies to 4. Food supplies in the flood-stricken ______. We must act immediately before there?s none left. A. are running out B. have run out C. are being run out D. have been run out 5. -----Did you see who the driver was? ----- No, so quickly ____________ that I couldn?t get a good look at his face. A. the car speeds by B. the car sped by C. does the car speed by D. did the car speed by 6.Do not the role women are playing in today?s society. In most cases, they hold up half the sky. A. look up to B. look down upon C. look forward to D. look back on 7.Inspired by J.K Rowling, my uncle decides to devote all he could novels. A. to write B. write C. to writing D. writing 8.The reason why I like Sandy is that he can always stay and find ways to handle it in the face of trouble. A. optimistic B. outgoing C. curious D. upset 9.John will refuse to take part in this activity with Kate she says sorry to him. A. because B. unless C. if D. once 10.Li Hua made lots of foreign friends while studying in London, were from Italy. A. many of them B. many of which C. many of whom D. many of whose 11.The reporter says that the CCTV English programs ever since 1977. A. broadcasts B. had broadcast C. has been broadcasting D. had been broadcast 12.—I?m going to Nanjing tomorrow. —What a(n) ! I?m going there too. A. coincidence B. opportunity

C. mystery D. luck 13.—Mum, I can?t see any point in studying hard. —Come on, dear! Years of hard work will surely in your future career. A. pay off B. pay back C. make sure D. bring back 14.The society was set up to endangered animals from dying out. A. deserve B. preserve C. observe D. reserve 15.—My brother can only speak a few words of French. — ? He once worked in Paris for nearly a year, right? A. For what B. How come C. Why not D. So what 16. ________ her faults, she?s Arnold?s mother. Don?t be so rude to her. A. Whatever B. Anything that C. Whichever D. Whenever 17. More highways have been built in China , ______ it much easier for people to travel from one place to another. A. made B. making C. to make D. having made 18. Was it at the school ________ you worked last year______ he spent his childhood? A. which ; where B. where; which C. that; which D. where; that 19. When________ about the possibility ______Justin was taken by aliens , Detective Sam Peterson told journalists that sometimes people made up such amazing stories . A. asked ;which B. being asked ; that C. asked ; that D. asking ; which 20. ---How did you rule out the possibility of the candidate?s application_______? ---From his job interview. It was excellent! A. would be turned down B. was taken down C. put down D. being turned down 二、完形填空 My father carried me up the stairs to my bedroom, followed by my mother, and three-year-old brother. Upon my returning home, our excitement was mixed with a sense of fear, since we all knew I would be staying in bed for a long time. Leaving my room, my father 1 to me and said, "This, too, shall pass." He 2 , and closed the door behind him. Twelve years old, I had scoliosis(脊柱侧弯). By the time my back formed a perfect S-shape, the doctors 3 stopped all the treatment. An operation was the only 4 . Two weeks later, I was sent home with orders to stay flat on my back for seven months. Tidy and clean, my room 5 me with comfort. But when the lights were out and the house grew quiet, I realized that I couldn't leave my bed, much less my bedroom, for seven whole months! "This, too, shall pass" 6 in my ears. 1 didn't understand. But 1 knew that if my father believed it, it must be 7 . His words reduced my fears. If he said everything would work out okay, then it would. Long winter days passed. Sometimes, I would become 8 , but my father always came to my help. Very 9 , he would pick me up and carry me downstairs and place me on the sofa, allowing me to 10 the rest of the family. Some days, he even carried me 11 to enjoy some much-needed sunshine. By summer's end, I was back on my 12 and starting my freshman year in high school. At last, my father's words made sense: "This, too, has passed!" I've lived through a lot of life's 13 since then, of course. My father taught me to hold on to the good memories and let go of the bad. When life is 14 , time flies by and his words

never enter my mind. When it's not so good, I 15 , "This ,too, shall pass." And, it does. 1. A. turned B. announced C. lied D. got 2. A. ached B. nodded C. smiled D. chatted 3. A. incorrectly B. suddenly C. recently D. finally 4. A. management B. experiment C. choice D action 5. A. offered B. welcomed C. supported D. checked 6. A. failed B. rang C. came D. entered 7. A. wrong B. clear C. true D. unbelievable 8. A. impatient B. careless C. frightened D. surprised 9. A. calmly B. gently C. fortunately D. rudely 10. A. stay B. leave C. join D. visit 11. A. through B. across C. off D. outside 12. A. training B feet C. trips D. word 13. A. troubles B. happiness C. spirit D. danger 14. A. busy B. private C. short D. good 15. A. wait B. remember C. forget D. wonder 三、阅读理解 A One of the best student cities: Boston Boston, Massachusetts is the unofficial student capital of the United States. The Boston area contains some of the most famous universities in the world, including Harvard and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). With their reputation(名声) attracting some of the brightest students from around the globe, the heart of New England is young, energetic and active. Best spots The Fenway area (—home Of the Boston Red Sox baseball team—) attracts students from nearby schools. On game days, the neighborhood's many sports bars are filled with college students. Student activities Boston's most popular college events are the universities' yearly music festivals, during which big-name stars perform free concerts before the spring term ends. The Berklee College of Music, which attracts top international talents, often organizes free student performances in such picture-perfect locations as the Boston Harbor National Park. The free-to-watch boating races on the Charles River are also well-attended on fair-weather race days when students cheer on their classmates. Student discounts The Museum of Fine Arts is free for students carrying ID from one of the many schools in the city. The historic Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum and the New England Aquarium offer discounts for all university students, while admission to Harvard's museums is free for Harvard students and discounted for all other college kids. Even movie theaters like Regal Cinemas Fenway and AMC Loews Boston Common cut students a discount. 1. What does the underlined part" the heart of New England" in Paragraph 1 refers to? A. Boston. B. Massachusetts. C. Harvard. D. the MIT. 2. Which of the following is free for students carrying ID from one of the schools in Boston? A. The Isabella Stewart Gardener Museum. B. The New England Aquarium. C. The Museum of Fine Arts. D. Regal Cinemas Fenway.

3. What do we learn from the passage? A. People have chance to enjoy student performances for free. B. The Boston Harbor National Park often invites big stars to perform. C. The Fenway area attracts only talented teachers. D. Boston's most popular college events are boating race along the Charles River. B After mom died, I began visiting my father every morning before I went to work. He was weak and moved slowly, but he always had a glass of freshly squeezed orange juice on the kitchen table for me, along with an unsigned note, reading, ?Drink your juice.” Such a gesture, I knew, was as far as my father had ever been able to do in expressing his love. In fact, I remember, as a kid I had questioned mom, “Why doesn?t father love me?” Mom frowned, “Who said he doesn?t love you?” “Well , he never tells me,” I complained. “He never tells me either.” She said, smiling. “But look how hard he works to take care of us, to buy us food and clothes, and to pay for this house. That?s how your father tells us he loves us.” I nodded slowly. I understood in my head, but not in my heart. I still wanted my father to put his arms around me and tell me he loved me. He owned and operated a small scrap metal (废旧金属) business, and after school I often hung around while he worked. He fed scrap steel into a device that chopped it as cleanly as a butcher chops a rack of ribs. The machine looked like a giant pair of scissors, with blades thicker than my father ?s body. If he didn?t feed those terrifying blades just right, he risked serious injury. “Why don?t you hire someone to do that for you?” mom asked him one night as she bent over him and rubbed his aching shoulders with a strong smelling liniment. “Why don?t you hire a cook?” my father asked, giving her one of his rare smiles. Many years later, during my first daily visit, after drinking the juice my father had squeezed for me, I walked over, hugged him and said, “I love you, father.” From then on I did this every morning. My father never told me how he felt about my hugs, and there was never any expression on his face when I gave them. 4. The author?s father always prepared a glass of freshly squeezed orange juice for him because . A. that was the author?s favorite B. he was sure the author would be thirsty C. the author was always complaining D. that was a gesture of love 5. The author?s father didn?t hire a helper because . A. his job was too dangerous B. his job required high skills C. he wanted to save money D. he was not good at working with others 6. We can infer from the passage that . A. the author?s father lacked a sense of humor B. the author quite understood his father as time went on C. the author?s father didn?t love him very much D. the author?s father was too strict with him 7. What?s the passage about? A. The proper attitude towards life. B. The importance of education. C. Silent fatherly love. D. Ways to live happily. C

American researchers found females are the more talkative sex because of a special “language protein(蛋白质)” in the brain. The study, conducted by neuroscientists ( 神经学家 ) and psychologist from the University of Maryland, concluded that women talked more because they had more of the Foxp2 protein. The research, published in the Journal of Neuroscience, found that higher levels were found among humans that were women but in rats that were males. Their findings came after it was previously claimed that ladies speak about 20,000 words a day – over 13,000 more than men. "This study is one of the first to report a sex difference in the expression of a language-associated protein in humans or animals,” said Prof Margaret McCarthy, who led the study. In their study, the researchers attempted to determine what might make male rats more vocal than their female friends. They separated four-day-old rats from their mothers and then counted the number of times they cried out in the “ultrasonic range”, the frequencies higher than humans can hear, over five minutes. While both sexes called out hundreds of cries, the males called out twice as often, they found. But when the pups were returned to their mother?s cage, she fussed over her sons first. Tests conducted on the parts of the brain known to be associated with vocalcalls showed the male pups have up to twice as much Foxp2 protein as the females. The researchers then increased the production in the brains of female pups and reduced it in males. This led to the female rats crying out more often and their mothers showing more interest to them. In contrast, males became less “talkative”. The researchers then tested samples from ten children, aged between three and five, which showed that females had up to 30 per cent more of the Foxp2 protein than males, in a brain area key to language in humans. “Based on our observations, we assume higher levels of Foxp2 in girls and higher levels of Foxp2 in male rats is an indication that Foxp2 protein levels are associated with the more communicative sex,” said Prof McCarthy. "Our results imply Foxp2 as a component of the neurobiological basis of sex differences in vocal communication in mammals." 8. From the second paragraph, we can learn that ________. A. women always speak more words than men B. men and male rats have low levels of language protein C. women and male rats have similar levels of Foxp2 D. McCarthy isn?t the first to find females more talkative 9. The underlined phrase “fussed over” in the third paragraph probably means______. A. paid attention to B. related to C. put pressure on D. counted on 10. The researchers carried out the experiments on rats in order to _______. A. test which part of the brain is key to language in rats and humans B. prove the levels of Foxp2 protein in humans and rats are different C. determine the reason why female rats are more talkative than male rats D. discover the association between Foxp2protein and vocal communication 11. Which of the following can be the best title for the passage ? A. Tests on humans and rats B. Why women are the talkative sex C. Sex differences in Foxp2 protein D. Foxp2 protein determines oral ability D

Baby girls make their way to dolls as son as they can crawl(爬), and boys will head for the toy cars, a study has shown. The findings-the first t o show consistent differences in very young babies-suggest there is a biological basis for their preferences. Psychologists Dr Brenda Todd carried out an experiment involving 90 babies aged 9 months to 36 months. They were allowed to choose from 7 toys. Some were boys? toys-a car, a digger, a ball and a blue teddy. The rest were girls? toys; a pink teddy, a doll and a cooking set. They were placed a meter away from the toys, and could pick whichever toy they liked. Their choice and amount of time they spent playing with each toy were recorded. Of the youngest children (9 to 14 months), girls spent much longer time playing with the doll than boys, and boys spent much more time with the car and the ball than the girls did. Among the two and three-year-olds, girls spent 50 percent of the time playing with the doll while only two boys briefly touched it. The boys spent almost 90 percent of their time playing with cars, which the girls barely touched. There was no link between the parents? views on which toys were more appropriate for boys or girls, and the children?s choices. Dr Brenda Todd said, “Children of this age are already exposed to much socialization. Boys may be given ?toys that go? while girls get toys they can care for, which may help shape their preferences. But these findings are consistent with the former idea that children show intrinsic(内在的) interest in particular kinds of toys. There could be a biological basis for their choices. Males through evolution have been adapted to moving objects, probably through hunting instincts (本能), while girls prefer warmer colors such as pink, the color of a newborn baby.” 12. Baby boys and girls have different toy preferences probably because . A. baby boys are much more active B. baby girls like bright colors better C. their parents treat them differently D. there is a biological difference between them 13. What can we infer from Paragraph 3? A. Nine-month-old baby boys don?t play with dolls at all. B. Two-year-old baby girls sometimes play with cars and balls C. The older the babies are, the more obvious their preference is. D. Parents should teach baby boys and girls to share each other?s toys. 14. What conclusion did Dr Brenda Todd draw from the results of the study? A. Adults purposely influence the preference of babies. B. Babies? preference isn?t affected by social surroundings.(环境) C. Baby boys preferring moving toys will be good at hunting. D. Baby girls preferring warmer colors will be warmhearted. 45. Which column of a newspaper does the passage probably appear in? A. Science. B. Health. C. Education. D. Entertainment. 四、任务型阅读 You have probably heard it before, most likely from your English teacher. If you want to become a good writer, read good writing. Unfortunately, you may not have understood what did good to you and even what you were supposed to get from that experience.
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As you start reading a book, poem, or story, do so with no thought at all and the experience will improve your writing. Just read for pleasure to begin with, or to learn. As you progress through the work, think about whether or not it is "easy" reading. Do you become so interested in the subject and flow of the writing that you completely forget the person who wrote it, or does the composition sometimes call too much attention to itself through words and phrases that seem out of place or unexpected? These latter situations are a chance to learn from the writer's mistakes. In fact, the reader should not have to worry about how an author does "his thing". he should be able to just enjoy and learn. Every time a word strikes you as poorly chosen, stop to consider why it has this effect. Also, do not spend a lot of time analyzing the passage but put more efforts in enjoying it from the whole. Another thing I do, particularly with nonfiction (非小说) books, is to select a part to read as if it is a completely separate work. Once again, read as a common consumer rather than a critic (批 评家). For learning how words and phrases work together on the most basic level, however, nothing is more suitable than your devotion to reading poems. A poet is often trying to put a book's worth of meaning and feelings into lines, and every side of the work shows a very close attention to craft(工艺). As you can see, there is no one simple way of reading to improve your writing. The key is not to make it boring. Select authors you admire or like most, and enjoy their works as anyone else would. As long as you are reading, you are improving yourself as a writer. Title: Improve Your Writing by Reading Facts ▲ Reading good writing helps you become a good writer. ▲ You don?t understand the (1)___________of reading and what to get from reading. ▲ Read not to learn but for (2)___________. 1) Develop a great (3)___________in the subject and flow of the writing. 2) Learn from the writer?s (4)___________if possible. 3) (5)___________shouldn?t be spent in analyzing the passage but in enjoying the passage from the whole. ▲ Read as a common consumer rather than a critic. ▲ Be (6)___________ to reading poems and enjoy the lines. (7)_____ ____ ▲ Don?t make yourself (8)___________with reading. ▲ Select your (9)___________authors and enjoy their works. ▲ You are sure to make (10)___________during reading.

Ways

五、单词拼写 1. I think we can safely (不予考虑) this kind of strange idea for it is of little help. 2. They are thinking of (应用,运用) this new technology to production, which they are sure will bring about a great change to their factory. 3. Now more and more people care about air q________ with the frequent use of the word PM2.5 on TV and the Internet. 4. ----- How terrible! He didn?t recognize me when I visited him in the hospital last week. ---- Don?t worry. He is just suffering a l______ of memory and I am sure he will recover soon.

5. Nelson Mandela?s d________ to freedom and equality has made him truly an important figure in South Africa. 6. Is there any scientific evidence that a person?s character is r________ in their handwriting? 7. T_______ in Thailand has been developing very fast and millions of people visit it every year. 8. ----- Mum, what if my mind goes b_________ and forgets all the lines before the audience? ----- Practice more and I am sure you will think of them. 9. ----- The travel agency has offered us three routes to choose from. ----- I am sure w_________ route you choose, you will not be satisfied. 10. This undersea adventure gave us a surprise, which made us realize that much of the world remains to be e ____. 六、完成句子 1.The school doesn?t_____ ________ students _________ long hair and short skirts. (不同意-----留) 2. ___ ____ ____(回顾)my childhood, I still think of it as the happiest time in my life. 3. Now that he admitted that he was wrong, you _______ _________ _________ (本应该原 谅)him. 4. It was several days before the floodwater sank and life_________ _________ _________ (恢 复正常). 5. _________ _________ (配备有) good furniture, this kind of house sells well. 6. When she was lying in hospital, she _______ _________ _________her mother?s advice. (她后悔没有听从母亲的建议)。 7. The boss ordered me to _____ ____ _____ _____the company?s operation. 老板命令我随时告知他公司的营运情况 8. We hurriedly ended our meeting, ________ some problems_______ _______ ________. (留下……有待解决). 七、 书面表达 读者王彬写信给某杂志“开心”栏目记者 Mary,询问怎么才会感到幸福,请根据提示 给他写一封回信,主题为 How to Be Happy。 提示:1. 幸福是人生最宝贵的东西; 2. 凭良心做事,善待他人; 3. 注重健康; 4. 遇到挫折时要保持乐观。 注意:1. 词数:150 左右; 2. 根据提示适当发挥,开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。 Dear Wang Bin, I?m glad to receive your letter, in which you asked me about how to be happy.

参考答案
一、选择题 1-5 CBDAD 6-10 BCABC 11-15 CAABB 16-20 ABDCD 二、完形填空 1-5 ACDCB 6-10 BCABC 11-15 DBADB 三、阅读理解 1-3 ACA 4-7 DCBC 8-11 DADB 12-15 DCBA 四.任务型阅读 1. advantages 2. pleasure 3. interest 4. mistakes 5. Time 6. devoted 7. Conclusions 8.bored/tired 9. favorite 10. progress 五.填单词 1. dismiss 2. applying 3. quality 4. loss 5. devotion 6. reflected 7. Tourism 8. blank 9.whichever 10. explored/experienced 六.完成句子 1. approve of, wearing 2. Looking back on 3. should have forgiven 4. returned to normal 5. Equipped with 6. regretted not following/taking 7. keep himself informed of 8. leaving ; to be settled/solved 七、 书面表达 Dear Wang Bin, I?m glad to receive your letter, in which you asked me about how to be happy. I?m writing to tell you what I think about it. In my opinion, happiness is the most precious thing in life. Without it, a man will feel discouraged and life will be dark and terrible. How to be happy then? Firstly, do everything out of conscience, and try to do it best, which will make yourself feel happy and satisfied. Secondly, treat others as you would have others do to you, that is to say, treat others sincerely. In addition, pay attention to your health, which is the root of success and happiness. Remember it?s no use being worried and sad. When you meet with some hard situation, you must try to overcome it without any hesitation. Last but not least, live every day in an optimistic way. If you share the ideas above with me, you?ll find your life is full of happiness all the time. Best wishes. Mary


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