当前位置:首页 >> 初一语文 >>

高中英语 定语从句教学课件 外研版必修3


勃利县高级中学教学活动月

定语从句之 介词+关系代词用法
外研版 高一(3) Module 5

教学目标
?复习定语从句的基本用法 ?会翻译含定语从句的复合句(阅读目的) ?研究学习“介词+关系代词”的用法(语法) ?会写简单的含定语从句的复合句(写作目标)

?定义: 句子 用来修饰一个词的___ 在语法上叫定语从句。这个被 先行词 后面 修饰的词叫_____。定语从句须放在被修饰词的___。

?分类: 限制性定语从句 非限制性定语从句 定语从句分为_______和_______。明显的区别是 非限制性定语从句 ________的前面有逗号,但在意思上这类定语从句与主 联系不紧密,可以分割 限制性定语从句 句______________;而_______与主句不 可分割。

翻译下列含有定语从句的复合句
(1)The girl who is standing there is Mary. (2) Abraham Lincoln, who led the United States through these years, was murdered on April 14, 1865 (3) She lives in a house whose windows face south. (4)I’ll never forget the day when I joined the army. (5) Tell me the reason why you came late. (6)I won’t forget the factory where my father worked ten years ago. (7) Soon they arrived at a farmhouse, in front of which sat a small boy.

conclusion

? 在限定性定语从句中,将从句放到先行词 前面来翻译成汉语。 ? 非限定性定语从句属于补充说明作用,可 以译成并列句。

引导定语从句的关系词 指代人
指代事物 所属关系 指地点 指时间 指原因

who, whom, that
which, that whose where when why

关 系 代 词 关 系 副 词

正确选择关系词
(1)通过翻译,找出先行词 (2)尝试把先行词还原到定语从句中,确定其所担 当的成分,所属类别。 (3)先行词在从句中做主语、宾语用关系代词, 做状语时用关系副词

小窍门:(表示时间地点原因)先行词 前面需加介词才能还原到定语从句中的话, 一定是状语,应当用关系副词。





1.This is the factory ____ we visited last week.

c

A、where
B、that

C、in which
D、the one

2、This is the school _______ my father
worked 20 years ago. A、that B、when C、which

D

D、where

3、This is the reason ______ he told me.

A

A、that
B、why

C、on which
D、for that

4、His walking stick, ____ he can’t
walk, was lost yesterday. A、that

D

B、with which
C、which D、without which

5、The man _______ you are talking is
in the next room.

B

A、to whom
B、about whom

C、about who
D、whom

介词+关系代词
? ? ? ? ? ? 思考: 什么情况下考虑用介词+关系代词? 如何选择和介词? 介词后可以使用那些关系词? 与whose 又有何关系? 与关系副词是否有关系?

用正确的介词+关系代词填空:

in which 1.This is the house _________ I lived two years ago. without which 2. His walking-stick, ___________ he can’t walk, was lost yesterday. 3. The knife, with which we use to cut the bread, is very ___________ sharp. 4.Do you remember the day on which you joined our club? _________ 5.He is a man from whom __________we should learn.

Conclusion

1.当从句不缺主语或宾语时,可考虑用介词+关系代词。 2.当确定用介词+关系代词时,介词的选用可考虑与从 句中动词、形容词的搭配或与先行名词的搭配。 3.当介词放在关系代词前时,介词宾语只能用which代物, whom代人。且关系代词一律不能省略。

如何选择介词 1) 看定语从句中动词与介词的搭配

This is the book ___ which you asked. for
注意: 动词短语不能拆开即介词不提前 The old man whom I am looking after is better.

2) 看定语从句中形容词与介词的搭配 He referred me to some reference books ____ which I am not very with familiar. 3) 根据先行词判断, 所用的介词与先行 词搭配 This is our classroom, ____________ in the front of which there is a teacher’s desk.

?whose

用正确的形式填空:

1. This is the girl _______ wallet was stolen yesterday. whose 2. This is the girl of whom the wallet was stolen yesterday. _______ whose 3. I like the book _______ cover is red. 4. I like the book of which the cover is red. _______
Conclusion: 1. whose既可指人又可指物,在从句中作定语,其后紧跟名词。

2. whose +表人的名词=of whom + the + 表人的名词
whose +表物的名词=of which + the + 表物的名词

关系副词与介词+关系代词
This is the house. I was born in the house. =This is the house where I was born. 先行词 关系副词 =This is the house which I was born in. =This is the house in which I was born.
注:关系副词可等于“介词+关系代词”

We will never forget the day when I joined the party. on which (on the day) The reason why I called is to invite you to a party. for which (for the reason)

writing

Connect these sentences using the given phrases.
of which of whom at which in which to whom

1. We’re in the region. Printing was first
invented in this region. We’re in the region in which printing was first invented.

2. It is an invention. He is very proud of this invention. It is an invention of which he is very proud. 3. He is a man. I am afraid of this man because he has invented something dangerous. He is a man of whom I'm afraid because he has invented something dangerous.

4. The machine is very old. You are looking at that machine. The machine at which you're looking is very old. 5. Is that the inventor? You were talking to him. Is that the inventor to whom you were talking?

翻译 1.他指给我看他丢钱包的地方。 He showed me the place where he lost his wallet. 2.我不认识那个和你说话的女孩。 I don’t know the girl whom/that you speak to. 3.她是一个叫玛丽的女孩。 She is a girl who is called Mary.

4.那些正在打网球的男孩是我的朋友。 Those boys who are playing tennis are my friends. 5.你记不记得我们到这儿的那一天? Do you remember the day when we arrived here?

—定语从句

概念

定义 分类 连接词 that与which who、that与whom Whose 介词+关系代词 when、where与why

各种连接词的具体用法


赞助商链接
相关文章:
...Module6 Old and New 第4课时学案 外研版必修3
中学高中英语 Module6 Old and New 第4课时学案 外研版必修3_英语_高中教育_...观察下列从 Reading and Vocabulary 中选取的句子,体会非限制性定语从句的用法。...
外研版必修3 module 6语法
外研版必修3 module 6语法_教学反思/汇报_教学研究_教育专区。非限制性定语从句...高中英语外研版复习课件... 65页 5下载券 ©2018 Baidu |由 百度云 提供计...
外研版必修3 module5语法
外研版必修3 module5语法_教学反思/汇报_教学研究_...限制性定语从句和“介词+关系代词”引导的定语从句Ⅰ...外研版高一英语必修三mo... 3页 免费 喜欢...
新外研版 英语 初三定语从句
外研版 英语 初三定语从句_英语_初中教育_教育专区...1. 定义讲解 课次 7 教学目标 教学策略 2. 讲...(3) b___ too much fast food is bad for ...
外研版高三英语一轮复习语法-定语从句
外研版高三英语一轮复习语法-定语从句_英语考试_外语学习_教育专区。高中英语课程教学资料 定语从句 Module 1 Unit 1 Grammar and Usage Attributive clause (定语...
外研版九上英语定语从句讲解及习题
外研版九上英语定语从句讲解及习题_英语_初中教育_...这是他居住的房 (3)引导非限制性定语从句,用 ...
2015-2016学年高中英语(外研版必修五)课时作业:Module6...
2015-2016学年高中英语(外研版必修五)课时作业:Module6 Period Five_英语_高中...分析句子成分可知 all 为主语, ___canbeeaten 为定语从句,在此定语从句中关系...
外研版英语九年级上定语从句
搜试试 3 悬赏文档 全部 DOC PPT TXT PDF XLS 广告 百度文库 教育专区 ...外研版英语九年级上定语从句_英语_初中教育_教育专区。定语从句一.概念 在复合...
...第三部分 句法篇 专题1 定语从句素材 外研版
【步步高】2017版高考英语一轮复习 语法专题 第三部分 句法篇 专题1 定语从句素材 外研版_英语_高中教育_教育专区。专题 1 定语从句 1.功能:相当于形容词,修饰...
2018届外研版高中英语高考英语第二轮语法专题复习学案:...
2018届外研版高中英语高考英语第二轮语法专题复习学案:第四讲 定语从句 Word版含解析 - 第四讲 定语从句 PartⅠ 真题变式体验 1.[2015· 湖南高考]It is a ...
更多相关标签: