辽宁省实验中学分校 2015-2016 学年度上学期期中考试 英语学科 高二年级 命题人：甘桂荣 校对人：陈岩
第一部分 听力（ 共两节，满分 30 分）1-20 题---略 第二部分 阅读理解 （共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节 （共 15 小题; 每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D ）中，选出最佳选项
，并 在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A The writer Margaret Mitchell is best known for writing Gone with the Wind, first published in 1936. Her book and the movie based on it, tell a story of love and survival during the American Civil War. Visitors to the Margaret Mitchell House in Atlanta, Georgia, can go where she lived when she started composing the story and learn more about her life. Our first stop at the Margaret Mitchell House is an exhibit area telling about the writer‘s life. She was born in Atlanta in 1900. She started writing stories when she was a child. She started working as a reporter for the Atlanta Journal newspaper in 1922. One photograph of Ms. Mitchell, called Peggy, shows her talking to a group of young college boys. She was only about one and a half meters tall. The young men tower over her, but she seems very happy and sure of herself. The tour guide explains: ―Now in this picture Peggy is interviewing some boys from Georgia Tech, asking them such questions as ?Would you really marry a woman who works?‘ And today it‘d be ?Would you marry one who doesn‘t?‘ ‖ The Margaret Mitchell House is a building that once contained several apartments. Now we enter the first floor apartment where Ms. Mitchell lived with her husband, John Marsh. They made fun of the small apartment by calling it ―The Dump ‖ . Around 1926, Margaret Mitchell had stopped working as a reporter and was at home healing after an injury. Her husband brought her books to read from the library. She read so many books that he bought her a typewriter and said it was time for her to write her own book. Our guide says Gone with the Wind became a huge success. Margaret Mitchell received the Pulitzer Prize for the book. In 1939 the film version was released. It won ten Academy Awards, including Best Picture.
21. The book Gone with the Wind was _________. A. first published on a newspaper B. awarded ten Academy Awards C. written in ―The Dump‖ D. adapted from a movie 22. The underlined phrase ―tower over‖ in Paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to____. A. be very pleased with B. show great respect for C. be much taller than D. show little interest in
23. Why did Ms. Mitchell stop working as a reporter according to the passage? A. Because she was rich enough. B. Because she was injured then. C. Because her husband didn‘t like it. D. Because she wanted to write books. 24. We can know about Margaret Mitchell from the passage that _________. A. her height made her marriage unhappy B. her interest in writing continued as an adult
C. writing stopped her working as a reporter D. her life was full of hardship and sadness B Why do Americans struggle with watching their weight, while the French, who consume rich food, continue to stay thin? Now a research by Cornell University suggests how life style and decisions about eating may affect weight. Researchers concluded that the French tend to stop eating when they feel full. However, Americans tend to stop when their plate is empty or their favorite TV show is over. According to Dr. Joseph Mercola, a health expert, the French see eating as an important part of their life style. They enjoy food and therefore spend a fairly long time at the table, while Americans see eating as something to be squeezed between the other daily activities. Mercola believes Americans lose the ability to sense when they are actually full. So they keep eating long after the French would have stopped. In addition, he points out that Americans drive to huge supermarkets to buy canned and frozen foods for the week. The French, instead, tend to shop daily, walking to small shops and farmers‘ markets where they have a choice of fresh fruits, vegetables, and eggs as well as high-quality meats for each meal. After a visit to the United States, Mireille Guiliano, author of French Women Don’t Get Fat, decided to write about the importance of knowing when to stop rather than suggesting how to avoid food. Today she continues to stay slim and rarely goes to the gym. In spite of all these differences, evidence shows that recent life style changes may be affecting French eating habits. Today the rate of obesity or extreme overweight among adults is only 6%. However, as American fast food gains acceptance and the young reject older traditions, the obesity rate among French children has reached 17% — and is growing. 25. In what way are the French different from Americans according to Dr. Joseph Mercola? A. They go shopping at supermarkets more frequently. B. They squeeze eating between the other daily activities. C. They regard eating as a key part of their lifestyles. D. They usually eat too much canned and frozen food. 26. This text is mainly the relationship between _________. A. Americans and the French B. life style and obesity C. children and adults D. fast food and overweight 27. The text is mainly developed __________. A. by comparison B. by space C. by process D. by classification(分类) 28. Where does this text probably come from? A. A TV interview B. A food advertisement C. A health report D. A book review C How to improve our life? Many people think that they have to accept whatever life throws at them. They‘ll say, ―This is my destiny (命运). I cannot change it.‖ Of course not! You don‘t have to suffer needlessly. Your life depends on you, not on any other external (外部的) factor. I know a woman who says she just accepts what life gives her because she has done everything she can to improve it. Guess what her lifestyle is? She wakes up in the morning, goes to work, comes
back home, relaxes, chats with people, watches TV, and then goes to sleep. Next day, the same routine cycle follows. Huh! Is this what she calls ―doing her best‖? She believes she has tried her best and just accepts it in her heart that this is the life that has been intended for her, and that her luck can only change if God wills it. She hasn‘t realized that we have to do our share of making the effort to live the life of our dreams. Remember that you harvest what you sow. You have to get off the sofa, get your eyes off the TV screen, get our hands off the phone (unless it contributes to your success), and get your mind and body to work! Don‘t expect your luck to change, unless you do something about it. If something goes wrong, don‘t just regard it as a temporary setback; instead, learn your lesson, make the most of the situation, and do something to solve the problem. It‘s not enough to think positively; you also have to act positively. If someone‘s life is in trouble, do you just hope and pray that things will turn out fine? Of course not! You get to do anything you can to save the person. So it is with your own life. It is not enough to hope for the best, but you have to do your best. In other words, don‘t just stand (or sit) there, do something to improve your life. 29. According to the woman mentioned in Para. 3, her life __________. A. doesn‘t need improving C. couldn‘t be improved B. will be better someday D. will be worse in the future
30. Which of the following statements is the author ‘s opinion? A. Your temporary problem is not discouraging. B. Your luck can be changed by your efforts. C. You can only achieve success when God wills it. D. You should treat yourself in the way you treat your friends. 31. In Para. 5, the author emphasized the importance of __________. A. positive thinking C. hope for the best A. understand yourself C. believe in yourself What to do if a fire starts? Imagine it‘s late at night. You hear the smoke detectors go off. You smell smoke when you wake up. Do you know what to do? If a fire starts in your home, remember your escape plan and leave as quickly as possible. Keep the following things in mind to make a safe escape. ●Call―Fire!‖to warn everyone in your family. ●If you know where the fire is, close as many doors as possible between you and the fire. ●If you‘re in bed, roll out of bed and onto the floor. Crawl on the floor next to a wall. Being near B. positive action D. intention to succeed B. change your normal way D. improve your life D
32. The text is mainly written to advise you to __________.
the ground makes it easier to breathe. If possible, cover your mouth and nose with a wet cloth. ●Feel the entire surface of a door before you open it. If the door is warm or hot, do not open it. The fire is probably right outside your room. Find another way to leave the room. If the door is cool, open it a little. ●Look out and try to see the fire. If it is safe, leave the room. Remember to stay on the floor. ●If your clothes catch fire, stop immediately. Drop to the ground and roll. Remember ：Stop, drop and roll. ●Call the fire department from outside and wait for help to arrive. 33．What is the first thing you should do if a fire starts in your home? A．Call the fire department B．Call―Fire‖to warn your family members. C．Collect your favorite belongings to save from the burning house. D．Have a white sheet from a window to let the fire department know where to go. 34．What should you do if a fire starts and you are in bed? A．Jump out of bed and run away. B．Roll out of bed and stand on the floor. C．Stay in bed and then jump out of the window. D．Roll out of bed and onto the floor. 35．What is not true according to the passage? A．Never go back into a burning building. B．If your clothes catch fire, stop immediately. C．You should call the fire department before you leave the burning building. D．Cover your mouth and nose with a wet cloth if possible. 第二节(共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分) 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。 Tips for cooking on a Tight Schedule From my experience, there are three main reasons why people don‘t cook more often: ability, money and time, ____36__Money is a topic I‘ll save for another day. So today I want to give you some wisdom about how to make the most of the time you spend in the kitchen. Here are three tips for great cooking on a tight schedule: Think ahead. The moments when I think cooking is a pain are when I‘m already hungry and there is nothing ready to eat. So think about of the coming week. When will you have time to cook? Do you have the right materials ready?____37____ Make your time worth it. When you do find time to cook a meal, make the most of it and save yourself time later on. Are you making one loaf of bread? ___38___ it takes around the
same amount of time to make more of something. So save yourself the effort for a future meal. ____39____ This may surprise you, but one of the best tools for making cooking worth your time is experimentation. It gives you the chance to hit upon new ideas and recipes that can work well with your appetite and schedule. The more you learn and the more you try, the more ability you have to take control of your food and your schedule. Hopefully that gives you a good start. ____40___ and don‘t let a busy schedule discourage you from making some great changes in the way you eat and live! A. Try new things. B. Ability is easily improved. C. Make three or four instead. D. Understand your food better. E. Cooking is a burden for many people. F. Let cooking and living simply be a joy rather than a burden. G. A little time planning ahead can save a lot of work later on. 第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 45 分） 第一节 完形填空（共 20 小题；每题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、 B 、C 、D）中，选出可以填入空 白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A boy was walking home from school when he saw a large, tempting apple on one of the branches of an apple tree hanging out over a tall fence. The boy wasn‘t much of a fruit-eater, __41__ a bar of chocolate if given the choice, __42__ , as they say, the forbidden fruit can be tempting. Seeing the apple, the boy wanted it. The more he looked at it, the __43__ he felt and the more he wanted that apple. He stood on tiptoe, __44__ as high as he could, but even at his tallest __45__ he was unable to touch it. He began to __46__ up and down, as high as he could, at the __47__ of each jump stretching his arms to get the apple. Still it remained out of __48__. Not giving up, he thought , if only he had something to __49__ on . His school bag wouldn‘t give enough height and he didn‘t want to __50__the things inside, like his lunch box, pencil case, and Game boy. Looking __51__ he hoped he might find an old box, a rock, or, __52__ luck, even a ladder, but it was a tidy neighborhood and there was nothing he could use.
He had tried everything he could think to do. __53__ seeing any other choices, he gave up and started to walk __54__ . At first he felt angry and disappointed thinking about how hungry he had become from his __55__, and how he really wanted that apple. The more he __56__ like this, the more unhappy he became. __57__, the boy of our story was a pretty smart guy, even if he couldn‘t always get what he wanted .He started to say to himself. This isn‘t __58__, I don‘t have the apple and I‘m feeling miserable as well. There‘s __59__ more I can do to get the apple. That is unchangeable, but we are supposed to be able to __60__ our feelings. If that‘s the case, what can I do to feel better? 41. A. preferring 42. A. so 43. A. sadder 44. A. expanding 45. A. strength 46. A. jump 47. A. tip 48. A. hope 49. A. put 50. A. break 51. A. up 52. A. for 53. A. After 54. A. back 55. A. wishes 56. A. thought 57. A. Therefore 58. A. skillful 59. A. something 60. A. change B. offering B. then B. angrier C. receiving C. but C . hungrier D. allowing D. or D. tastier D. pulling D. height D. glance D. level D. reach D. hold D. strike D. around D. of D. Upon D. down D. goals D. claimed D. Otherwise D. helpful D. nothing D. remember
B. stretching C. swinging B. length B. look B. stage B. hand B. stand B. shake B. forward B. with B. Through B. away B. beliefs B. imagined B. However B. cheerful B. anything B. express C. range C. walk C. top C. sight C. get C. take C. down C. .on C. Without C. up C. efforts C. tried C. Moreover C. harmful C. everything C. forget
第二节（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 容（不多于 3 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。 A motto is a sentence or a phrase 61
can inspire us especially when we are
(face) with difficulties. Many of us have our mottoes, such as ―Where there is a will, there is a way.‖ or ―Nothing is difficult if you put your heart into it.‖, and so on. My motto is ―God helps those who help 65 63 .‖ Sometimes I am lazy and don‘t want to make efforts 67 64 (work) hard, 66 the moment I think of my motto I will get energetic again and devote myself 68
what I am doing. I write my motto also makes me become 69
I can see it easily. Every time I fail in my exam and (confident). My motto 70
begin to lose heart, the sight of my motto inspires me with much
independent person. That is to say, I won‘t rely on others easily.
My friends, what is your motto? If you still haven‘t got a motto, please choose because a motto can have a great effect on you. 第四部分 写作 ( 共两节，满分 35 分)
短文改错（每小题 1 分,共计 10 分）(请按要求改错，否则不得分!) 英语课上，老师要求同桌同学相互修改作文。假设以下书信为你同桌所写，请你对其进行 修改。文中共有 10 处错误，每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏词符号（∧） ，并在此符号下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1、每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2、只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 A discussion about hiking had been held in our class. Some students think that hiking during vacations can make people feel healthier, fresher or more harmonious with the nature. They find themselves deep attracted by the beauty of nature. They can also be relaxing by walking in deep mountains. But nowadays some hikers even begin to explore the places people have ever been to, and accidents have happened now and then because poor knowledge of hiking. Some hikers even lost their life. The other students in our class think not safe to organize such dangerous activities. They make suggestions which laws should be passed and hikers should be trained before they attend the activities.
第二节 书面表达（满分 25 分）
假如你是李华，你的网友 John 想在近期外出旅行，请你根据以下提示，用英 语给他写封电子邮件，向他介绍你对旅游的看法并提醒他旅行注意事项。 【写作内容】 1、旅游是一种非常好的活动：当你累了或有空的时候，到外地走走；欣赏美景， 呼吸新鲜空气，交朋友，放松身心，有益健康。
2、旅行前的准备：了解天气，带好衣服、相机、常用药品等。 3、旅行时注意事项：饮食和安全。 【写作要求】 1、用恰当的句子表达全部内容； 2、开头和结尾已给出，不计入总句数。 【评分标准】句子结构准确，信息内容完整，篇章结构连贯。 Dear John, I am glad to hear that you are going to travel.
Do you agree with me? Wish you a good journey. Yours, Li hua
阅读 21-24 CCBB 七选五 36-40 BGCAF 25-28 CBAC 29-32CBBD 33-35BDC
完 41.考查非谓语动词及上下文的呼应。 preferring 喜欢； offering 提供； receiving 收到 ； allowing
允许。根据前面的句子可知，男孩并不是很喜欢吃水果，因此如果要他选择的话，他更喜欢 吃一块巧克力。故选 A。 42.考查副词及上下文的呼应。so 表示前是因后是果； then 那么，然后； but 表示前后是转折 关系； or 表示前后是选择关系。根据下面的句子―禁果诱人‖可判断，上下文之间是转折关系， 所以选择 but。故选 C。 43.考查形容词及上下文的呼应。sadder 更加伤心； angrier 更加生气； hungrier 更加饿； tastier 更加美味的。 根据下文第 50 个空所在的句子中出现的 hungry 一词可判断， 此处选择 hungrier， 表示―他越看那只苹果就越觉得肚子饿‖。故选 C。 44.考查动词及上下文的呼应。为了够到那只苹果，小男孩踮起脚尖，尽可能把身体伸展到最 高的程度。expand 扩大，扩充，扩展；stretch 伸展，舒展；swing 摆动，摇动；pull 拉，扯， 拔。故选 B。 45.考查名词及上下文的呼应。strength 力气； length 长度； range 范围； height 高度。根据语 境可知，小男孩是站着伸手去够苹果，因此此处指的是身体的高度，不是力量、长度或范围。 故选 D。 46.考查动词及上下文的呼应。jump 跳； look 看； walk 步行； glance 瞥见。根据生活常识可 判断，既然小男孩站着够不到苹果，他只能开始上下跳跃。故选 A。 47.考查名词及上下文的呼应。tip 小费； stage 舞台； top 顶部； level 水平。每次跳到最高的 时候，小男孩就伸长了胳膊去够苹果。at the top of 在……顶部或顶端。故选 C。 48.考查固定短语及上下文的呼应。hope 希望； hand 手 ； sight 视力； reach 延伸。根据下文 可知，小男孩最终没有摘到苹果。out of reach 是固定短语，意为―手够不着, 达不到‖。故选 D。 49.考查动词及上下文的呼应。put 放； stand 站； get 到达； hold 持有。根据下文内容可知， 小男孩没有放弃，他想如果自己踩在某些东西上面就能够到苹果了。故选 B。 50.考查动词及上下文的呼应。break 弄坏，折断； shake 摇动； take 拿走； strike 打击。小男 孩身上背着书包，可他不想弄坏里面装的东西。故选 A。 51.考查短语及上下文的呼应。 look up 向上看； lookforward 期望； lookdown 向下看； look around
四处环顾。根据上下文内容可知，为了找到能踩在脚下的东西，小男孩四处环顾。故选 D。 52.考查短语及上下文的呼应。小男孩希望自己能够找到一个旧箱子，一块大石头，或者，如 果顺利的话，能找到一架梯子。for luck 为了吉利，为了祈求好运；with luck 如果一切顺利的 话；其他两个介词不能与 luck 搭配。故选 B。 53.考查介词及上下文的呼应。after 在……之后； through 通过； without 没有； upon 根据。
小男孩尝试了所有的方法，在眼看没有任何其他选择的情况下，小男孩只好放弃了。故选 C。 54.考查动词短语及上下文的呼应。walk back 向后走； walk away 走开； walk up 沿着…… 走； walk down 沿着……走。没有办法摘到苹果，小男孩只好失望地走开。故选 B。 55.考查动词及上下文的呼应。wish 希望； beliefs 信念； efforts 努力； goals 目标。根据上文 可知，小男孩做了很多努力，因此耗尽了力气，觉得又累又饿。故选 C。 56.考查动词及上下文的呼应。think 认为，想； imagine 想像； try 尝试； claime 声称。此处 表示他越是这样想，就越觉得不开心。故选 A。 57.考查副词及上下文的呼应。therefore 因此； however 可是； moreover 而且； otherwise 否
则。根据上下文内容可知，此处存在的是转折关系，所以选择 however―然而，可是‖。故选 B。 58.考查形容词及上下文的呼应。Skilful 灵巧的； cheerful 愉快的； harmful 有害的； helpful 有帮助的。根据下文内容可知，小男孩开始理智地看待自己遇到的问题，觉得生气、失望、 难过等都没有帮助，不能从根本上解决问题。故选 D。 59.考查代词及上下文的呼应。结合上文内容可知，小男孩清醒地认识到自己已经没有其他法 子可用了，苹果也不会得到了。故选 D。 60.考查动词及上下文的呼应。Change 改变； express 表达； forget 忘记； describe 描述。小男 孩的反省也是文章主题的升华：面对无法解决的问题，我们可以做到的就是改变自己的情感 态度。故选 A
61.that/which 62faced 63. themselves 64.to work 66. to 67.where 68.confidence 69.an 70. one
1. had –has 成时。 2.or more ---and
3. the nature 去掉 the 考查冠词。Nature 是抽象名词，故不用冠词。 4.deep---deeply atract. 5. relaxing---relaxed 考查形容词。Relaxed 用来修饰人，意思是放松的。Relaxing,用来修饰 考查副词。句意：他们发现自己被大自然深深地吸引。Deeply 用来修饰
物，表示 令人放松的。 6.ever—never 7. because 后面加 of 考查副词。句意：但是现在远足者开始去探索些人们没有去过的地方。 考查短语。 句意： 事故时不是会发生因为对于远足知识的缺乏， because
是连词用来连接两个句子。 8.life—lives 化而变化。 9. think 后面加 it 的宾语是后面的不定式。 10. which—that 考查同位语从句。句意：他们建议，必须有一定的立法和在参加活动 考查动词的用法。Think it adj to do 这个句型中 it 做形式宾语，真正 考查固定短语。Lose one‘s life 失去生命，life 的形式随着 one‘s 的变
之前必须经过专业的训练。Suggestion 后面跟着同位语从句，由 that 来引导。 书面表达：
写作 Dear John, I am glad to hear that you are going to travel. Now I‘d like to share my view on traveling with you. In my opinion, traveling is a very good activity. When you get tired with your work or study and you have free time, you can go out to enjoy the beauty of nature, where you can breathe fresh air and make new friends. As a result, traveling will help you to relax yourself as well as build up your body. In order to have a pleasant journey, you‘d better have clear information about the weather, bring proper clothes, a camera, some medicine for common injuries or diseases and so on. Besides on your journey, you must pay attention to what you eat and your safety. Do you agree with me? Wish you a good journey. Yours,