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选修7-unit1-using language


Reading, speaking and writing

1. Answer the following questions. 1). What is the purpose of the first paragraph of the letter? To tell the reader the purpose of the letter.

2). Why do you think the writer has numbered her suggestions and used italics? To organize the ideas and to make it easier for the reader to understand and remember the five suggestions.

3). What is the purpose of the last paragraph of the letter? To finish the letter in a polite way and to put forward some reasons why

the architect should consider the
writer’s suggestions.

2. Read the text and fill in the blanks.

Item Adequate ______ to access the cinema

Suggestions ▲ It would be ______ handy to have lifts to all parts of the cinema. ▲ The buttons in the lifts should be easy for a person in wheelchair to reach, and the __________ doors be wide enough to enter.

Earphones It would help to fit sets of
earphones to all seats, not

just to some of them.
Seating The seats at the back be

placed ______ higher than those at
the front so that everyone can see the screen easily..

Toilets

There should be toilets for

the disabled near the
________ entrance to the cinema.

Car
parking

There have to be car parking
spaces especially for the disabled and ______. elderly

Task 3

Read the text and choose the best answer

1. From the text we know that Alice Major advised the architect to consider ___ D things. A.Two B. three C. four D. five
2. If the lifts are at the back of the cinema in cold, unattractive areas, this will make disabled D other customers. people feel they are ___ A.More important than B.As important as C.Twice as important as D.Less important than

3. What does “ hearing– impaired” mean ? D A.耳聋的 B. 耳鸣的 C. 耳聪的 D. 耳障的 4. Which of the following is not true ? B A.The buttons in the lift should be easy for people in wheelchairs to reach. B. There should be earphones beside some seats in a special area. C. There should be toilets for the disabled near the entrance to the cinema. D. There should be car parking spaces for the the disabled and elderly.

5. The writer wrote the letter to _____ D A.Remind the architect of the disabled B.Protect the rights of the disabled C.Show the attitude of being treated equally to the able-bodied people D.All of above

1. …the seats at the back of the cinema should be placed higher than the ones at the front so that everyone, whether they are short or tall, can see the screen easily. 影院后排的座位应该比前排的高, 这样每个人——无论高矮,都能很容 易地看到银幕。

[点拨] 该句包含一个so that引导的目 的状语从句, 且在该从句中含有一个 whether引导的让步状语从句。该句 中的at the front为后置定语修饰the ones。

2. Disabled people should have the same opportunities as able-bodied people to enjoy the cinema and to do so with dignity. 残疾人应当与健全人一样有同样的机会 欣赏电影, 同时能保持自己的尊严。 able-bodied是由 “形容词+名词+ed”构 成的复合形容词。类似的例子还有: one-eyed 独眼的 kind-hearted 好心的 round-faced 圆脸的 long-armed 长臂的

3.resign (from…) v 辞职,辞去(工作,职位等)
翻译:他不会从政界隐退. He will not resign from politics. 三年后他辞去了校长的职务. He resigned as headmaster three years later . 4.assistance 协助,援助 n. assistant 助手,助理 v. assist 帮助,援助 assist sb. with/in sth. 或assist sb. in doing sth.

5. congratulate vt.祝贺,庆贺 congratulate sb. on sth. n. congratulation 祝贺(常用复数) congratulations to sb on sth 比较: celebrate vt. 庆祝,祝贺 n. celebration 庆贺 用congratulate和celebrate填空 1)James congratulated ______Jane on her success.
celebrate my mother’s birthday tomorrow. 2) I’ll _____

celebrate sth.

6. graduation n. 毕业,毕业典礼
vt. graduate (from) (从…)毕业 e.g. Next year you will graduate from No.2 Middle school. 明年你将从二中毕业. 7. certificate n. 证书 e.g. a birth certificate a teacher’s certificate

8. Access to the cinema for people in wheelchairs and those who have difficulty walking.
1) access n. 接近; 进入; 使用;通道 accessible adj. 可接近的; 可进入的; 可使用的 常用be accessible to 可接近…的; 可进入/使用….的 access to ① (接近/进入某地的)通路/方法 e.g. The only access to the farmhouse is crossing the fields. ②(使用某物/ 接近某人的) 机会/权利 e.g. Only the high officials have access to the building.

have / gain /get access to 获得/拥有接近/ 进入的权利(机会)…… have no access to 学生必须有机会使用好的学习资源. Students must have access to good resources.

2)have little/ some/ great difficulty (in) doing sth. 做…有一点/一些/很大的困难 = have little/ some/ great difficulty with sth.
译:我在说英语方面有些困难.

I have some difficulty in speaking English.

一封好的建议信: 1. 正确的写信格式。 2. 清楚“你是谁,你写给谁看的” 。因 为面对不同的读者你会选用不同的表 达 方式。 3. 写信的语气礼貌、委婉,令读者乐于 接受。例如: I hope you will not mind… It would be handy to have lifts…

Tips

4. 信的结构清晰。 例如: paragraph 1: why to write the letter? Paragraph 2: suggestions Paragraph 3: your suggestions expect to be taken 5. 整封信的流畅性,段落之间的合理过 渡,例如:一些好的过渡句的使用。I wonder if you have considered the following things.

6. 这样的信的重点段落应该是第二段, 给出你的建议。使用礼貌多种不同的 提建议的句型,例如: Sth. should be… It would help to… I’d like to suggest that… Perhaps there could be… If…, they / it…

7. 用清楚明了的方法列出你想到的建议。 例如:用first, second…等方式。这样 的排列便于读者阅读或容易引起读者 的注意。 8. 每条建议先把关键词或词组写出,然 后再给出具体的做法。所提的建议合 理,有建设性。

A letter of suggestion
A letter of suggestion normally has
five parts. 1. The Heading This includes the address, line by line, with the last line being the date. Skip a line after the heading.

2. The Greeting. The greeting always ends with a comma. The greeting should be formal, beginning with the word "dear". 3. The body. It is also known as the main text. Generally speaking, the body includes

three parts. The first part (usually the first paragraph) tells the receiver that you are writing this letter to make suggestions on something, and the main part tells clearly what your suggestions are. The last part (usually the last paragraph) asks the

receiver to consider your suggestions.

Don’t forget to encourage the
receiver to take your suggestions.

Skip a line between paragraphs,
especially in typed or printed copy,

and also help the reader.

4. The complimentary close. This short expression is always a few words on a single line. It ends with a comma. The complimentary

close begins with a capital letter and
ends with a comma.

5. The signature line. Type or print your name. The handwritten signature goes above this line and below the close. The signature line and the handwritten signature are indented to the same column as the close. The signature should be written in blue or black ink.

Skip from one to three spaces (two on a typewriter), and type in the signature line the printed name of the person signing the letter. Sign the name in the space between the close and the signature line, starting at the left edge of the signature line.

The Heading The Greeting The body

The complimentary close
The signature line

A sample of a letter of suggestion
Mr.Xue Chief architect Supermarket design 211 Kangwei Road Yuquan County Sun Lei 18 Hongyang Yuquan County

18 March,200_ Dear Mr Xue, I learn from the local news that

you are the architect who is to design the supermarket. I am writing to ask you to consider the right of the disabled for easy access. In particular, I would like you to consider the following things:

1. Access to the supermarket for people in wheelchairs and those who have difficulty walking. The lifts should be
wide enough for the wheelchairs to move around. The entrance should be suitable for wheelchairs on the ground floor. There should be special entry for people for the blind.

2. Toilets. There should be special toilets for the disabled. The bathrooms and toilets should have doorways wide enough for a wheelchair, doors that are easy to open and close, and hand-holds that the disabled can easily use.

person in a wheelchair to reach.

3. Telephones should be easy for a

Generally speaking, a supermarket is so big that it is difficult for one, especially one in a wheelchair to find what one needs. So telephones should be easy to reach for a person in a wheelchair so that he can call the staff for help.

4. Shelves. When people design
the shelves, the disabled should be

taken into consideration. Safety
should come first.

Thank you for reading my letter. I hope you will consider my suggestions. Disabled people should have the same opportunity as able-bodied people to enjoy the supermarket and they should be able to do so with dignity. It is very important to use various forms of

technology which can assist individuals with various types of disabilities to increase their mobility and independence. I am sure if you design it with good access for the disabled, the supermarket will attract more customers and people will speak highly of your design. Yours sincerely, Sunlei

Wishes & congratulations
Expressions Congratulations. All the best. I’m proud of you. I wish you success. Good luck.

Well done. I’m very impressed by your performance. You have my best wishes. I’m very pleased for you. I hope it goes well for you. That’s wonderful/amazing. I want to express my sincere congratulations on…

A sample of offering wishes and
congratulations B: I hear you’ve just passed your final

exams at university with a very good
result. I want to express my sincere

congratulations. I know how much
hard work you must have done.

A: Thank you but…

B: I was so impressed with your performance that I rang my uncle up straight away, and he is prepared to offer you a job tomorrow. A: That’s wonderful but…… B: I was so proud of you that I’ve ordered a special dinner for you and your family at a very expensive hotel here in town.

A: I’m not sure that…… B: Of course you deserve it! You have all my best wishes and I hope everything goes well for you in the future. A: That’s very kind of you, but I think you must be muddling me up with my cousin. He’s the one who’s done so well. I’m still in my first year at university!

Give the following two situations
for students to practice offering congratulations and best wishes. Situation 1 Your friend is going to take part in the 2008 “CCTV Cup” English Speaking

Contest.

Situation 2

Your friend has won the first prize
in the 2008 “CCTV Cup” English Speaking Contest.

Homework

Thank you for listening.


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