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unit 3


Unit 3 Money and Happiness

Text A
The Real Truth About Money

Main idea
Money can't buy happiness

Condition v. To train; to accustom
So

ciety has conditioned each one of us. The scientist conditioned the dog to jump each time it heard a bell. We have all been conditioned by our upbringing.

Para. 1-2
History material wealth up happiness no change depression growing epidemic More money ≠ more happiness More money depression

graph chart table

Double Triple Quadruple

Para. 3-4
We know that money can't buy happiness. However on our way to pursue happiness we pursue money first instead of spiritual fulfillment.

Para 5-6
Income below average: more money happier Income exceeding average: money ≠ happiness

Para 7-9
Widening gap of income distribution Reference anxiety or Keeping up with the Joneses

none too
Not very; not at all The service in this restaurant is none

too fast. He gave a none-too-believable excuse for his absence.

ever larger
Ever: at any time The wealthier minority is occupying ever lager homes… Have you ever been to Beijing? Nothing ever makes him angry. If you are ever in Spain, come and see me. Faster than ever

feed
His success feeds his vanity. For such greedy persons, the need to feed their greediness takes priority over everything else.

Never mind
a. Don't worry "I forgot to bring your book." " Never mind (about) that. I'll get it myself tomorrow." b. Don't pay any attention to what has just been said "Where's my book? Never mind; I've found it."

Para 10-11
Money never satisfies: More money more desires thus: More money dissatisfaction

paradox
More haste, less speed. It is a paradox that in such a rich

country there should be so many poor people. Paradoxically (enough), the faster he tried to finish, the longer it seemed to take him.

Para 12-13
Expectations about the future happiness

Para 14
More money an impediment to happiness

Para. 15
Another reason for being unhappy: Chasing money rather than meaning is a formula for discontent.

thrifty
Spending money carefully and cleverly so that nothing is wasted and you can manage the money you have. Mrs. Jones was a very thrifty woman who

never wasted anything. By being thrifty and shopping wisely you can feed a family on as little as $80 a week.
Spendthrift n.

economical
Spending money carefully and sensibly, esp. on things for your home, so that you do not spend more than necessary. I'm trying to be more economical when I go

shopping, and only buy what I really need. He was a very economical person and always shopped around before buying anything.

frugal
Spending very little money, even on things that are necessary such as food and drink, usually because you have very little money. As a student he was very frugal, living

mainly on bread and cheese. These monks lead a frugal life, allowing themselves only the bare necessities.

sparing
Using or giving little Sparing of praise Sparing in giving praise

paraphrase
1. The study, which has been replicated in the US, shows that Grandma had a point.

The same study has been carried out / conducted again in the US, the result of which shows that what Grandma said was right.

The research, which has been done again in America, proves that the view of Grandma is right. (Susan)

Done exactly the same in the US, the study suggests that grandma, who had the viewpoint that money can't buy happiness, was right.

2. That seems true because of a phenomenon that sociologists call reference anxiety --- or, more popularly, keeping up with the Joneses.

Sociologists said that people always try to have all the possessions and attain the social achievements which the wealthier have achieved. Besides, they always compare themselves with other wealthier people; therefore they can't feel happy.

It is sure that people have the feeling which sociologists call reference anxiety and this feeling makes them want to have all the possession that their friends have.

A phenomenon, which is called reference anxiety by sociologists, that is, trying to have all the possessions and social achievements that your friends and neighbours have, makes it seem true.

Since people always try to have all the possessions and social achievements that their friends and neighbours have, it seems true that the wealthier are also not content.

3. The second person is much better off in financial terms, but the first is more likely to feel good about life.

The second person has much more money than the first. However, the first is a lot happier / lives a happier life.

The second person is in a far better financial situation than the first one. However, the first is more inclined to be satisfied with life. (Stephanie)

The first person, who lives modestly but anticipates a salary increase is likely to feel better about life than the second, who is in better financial terms currently but not looking forward to any improvements in his living standards. (Kitty)

The latter is in a better economical condition but the former is more likely to feel content with life. In terms of money and material things the second person is much wealthier. However, it seems that the first is happier.

4.

But because we are all conditioned to think there's something wrong if we don't make more money each year, high standards of living in the US may, paradoxically, have become an impediment to happiness.

People have been accustomed to the thinking that they should make more money than the previous year in order to better their lives. However, quite contrary to what people expect, the high standards of living they have thus achieved may fail to make them feel happy.

5. Paradoxically, it is the very increase in money --- which creates the wealth so visible in today's society --- that triggers dissatisfaction.

It is paradoxical that the increase of material comfort with the increase of money you earn in turn makes you feel unsatisfied.

Quite contradictorily / Contrary to our expectations, we are making more money to make our lives more abundant and comfortable, but our efforts have brought about dissatisfaction rather than happiness.

The fact is quite contradictory that we are becoming richer and yet we are more and more unhappy.

On the contrary their dissatisfaction just results from the increase in money that creates the property so visibly in the world.

It is paradoxical that while the increase in money creates more wealth for people it also makes them less satisfied.

6. Our soaring reference anxiety is a product of the widening gap in income distribution.

With the gap in income distribution widening, the reference anxiety in America is also soaring.

Our reference anxiety has become stronger and stronger because of the fact that the rich is becoming richer and the poor poorer.

The enlarging difference in income distribution leads to /results in our increasing reference anxiety. (Susan)

It is the enlarging gap in income distribution that results in our rising reference anxiety.

7. We seem conditioned to think we do not have enough, even if objectively our lives are comfortable.

Even if we have a comfortable life, we have accustomed to thinking that what we have is not enough.

Although we are now living a comfortable life, we are accustomed to getting more.

We are used to thinking that we still don't have enough, even though our lives are affluent. (Frank)

A Superb Bilingualist
1. 据描述这个女孩身材苗条,深色皮肤, 年龄在15岁左右.(describe……as)
– Suggested translation:

The girl was described as slim and dark, and aged about 15.

2.这个地区的犯罪率,发病率,失业率都 很高.(the incidence of)
– Suggested translation:

This area has a high incidence of crime, disease, unemployment, etc.

3.该艺术家把她那温柔的笑容表现得惟妙 惟肖..(render)
– Suggested translation:

The artist has rendered her gentle smile perfectly.

4.帽子的帽沿完全遮住了她的脸.(the brim of)
– Suggested translation:

Her face is shadowed by the brim of the hat completely.

5.国王授予几位杰出人士爵士头衔. (confer……on)
– Suggested translation:

The King conferred knighthood on several distinguished men.

6. 这些动物已经训练过了,想出笼子时就 会按铃.(condition)
– Suggested translation:

These animals are conditioned to ring the bell when they want to come out from the cage.

7.懒惰是影响他学习进步的障碍之一. (impediment)
– Suggested translation:

Laziness is one of the impediments to improving his study.

8.他特意设法同同学建立良好的关系. (cultivate)
– Suggested translation:

He tried to cultivate good relations with his classmates on purpose.

9. 当代,每个行业都大量的引进先进技术. (line)
– Suggested translation:

Nowadays, every line takes in a great amount of advanced technology.

10.他是活着离开战俘集中营的很少几个人 中的一个.(live through)
– Suggested translation:

He was among the few who managed to live through the enemy prison camp.

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