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Stansted


Stansted Airport
Stansted , UK 1981-1991 Stansted Airport challenged all the rules of airport terminal design. It went back to the roots of modern air travel and literally stood conventional wisdom on its head. The earliest airport buildings were very simple: on one side there was a road and on the other a field where aircraft landed into the wind. The route from landside to airside involved a walk from your car through the terminal and out to your plane, which was always in view. Stansted attempted to recapture the clarity of those early airfields, together with some of the lost romance of air travel. From the traveller's point of view, movement through the building is straightforward and direct - there are none of the level changes and orientation problems that characterise most airports. Passengers progress in a fluid movement from the set-down point through to the check-in area, passport control and departure lounges, where they can see the planes. From there, an automated tracked transit system takes them to satellite buildings to board their aircraft. This degree of clarity was achieved by turning the building 'upside down', banishing the heavy environmental services usually found at roof level to an undercroft that runs beneath the concourse. The undercroft also contains baggage handling and was able to accommodate a mainline railway station, which was integrated into the building late in the design process.

Service distribution systems are contained within the 'trunks' of the structural 'trees' that rise from the undercroft through the concourse floor. These trees support a roof canopy that is freed simply to keep out the rain and let in light. Entirely daylit on all but the most overcast of days, the constantly changing play of light gives the concourse a poetic dimension and also has significant energy and economic advantages, leading to running costs that are half those of any other British terminal. Energy efficient, environmentally discreet within its rural setting, technologically advanced yet simple to use and experience, Stansted has become a model for airport planners and designers worldwide. Awards Finalist - BBC Design Awards - Stansted Airport 'Financial Times' Architecture Award - Commendation - Stansted Airport Benedictus Award, USA (for the innovative use of laminated glass) - Stansted Airport RIBA Architecture Award - Stansted Airport Civic Trust Award - Stansted Airport Terminal 'AJ'/Hilight Lighting Award Commendation 1992 - Stansted Airport Structural Steel Award - Stansted Airport Royal Institiute of Chartered Surveyors Award Energy Efficiency Award - Stansted Airport RIBA Regional Architecture Award 1992 - Stansted Airport Concrete Society Award - Stansted Airport 'Design Review' Minerva Award Commendation - Stansted Airport Brunel Award Madrid, Commendation - Stansted British Rail Station English Tourist Board Car Park Special Award, Rural Category - Stansted Airport Car Park British Association of Landscape Industries for landscaping - Stansted Airport British Gas Energy Management Award - Stansted Airport National Childcare Facilities Award - Stansted Airport Business and Industry Panel for the Environment Award - Stansted Airport Royal Town Planning Institute Silver Jubilee Planning Award for Achievement - Stansted Airport British Construction Industry Supreme Award - Stansted Airport Colourcoat Building Award; First Prize - Car Park and Canopies at Stansted Airport

Location: http://maps.google.com/maps?ll=51.89058,0.26150 Area: 85 700 m2 Height: 15m Capacity: 3689

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