【英语卷（解析） ·2015 届浙江省绍兴一中高三上学期回头考试（201409） 】 第二节：完形填空（共 15 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从第 41-55 各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出最 佳选项，并在答题卷上将该项涂黑。 I was fat kid w
ho grew into an overweight adult. I was 41 the other kids, 42 me feeling shy. I tried several diets, but 45 laughed at for being heavier than 43 worked, and I 44
gaining weight. Another factor
my weight gain was my love for cooking, especially rich,
high-fat desserts, which I enjoyed preparing and, of course, eating. When I finished high school at the age of 18, I weighed 215 pounds. 46 the self-confidence
to go to a new, faraway school, I decided to stay close to home instead of going away to college. I continued with my unhealthful eating habits and felt more miserable as the weight came on, but I did nothing about it except buy larger plus-size clothes. My turning point came 10 years later at a friend's New Year's Eve party when I was at my all-time highest weight of 330 pounds. I caught my 47 in a mirror and the truth hit me: I was
overweight and unhealthy, and unless I did something about it now, I would only get bigger and 48 . After leaving the party, I thought about my past weight-loss 49 and realized they didn't work because they required me to abandon foods I loved. Then I would constantly think about food and binge, My biggest 50 51 the diet satisfy my hunger and not feel deprived. was finding a way to fit my passion for cooking into my healthier lifestyle. At
first, I tried to stay away from the kitchen to prevent myself thinking about food. The result: Food was all I thought about. 52 had to be some way to combine cooking with healthful eating. I
found the 53 after reading several low-fat cookbooks. With some trial and error, I could modify my favorite foods and make them low in fat, yet delicious. The pounds started coming off, and when I started exercising (usually cardio and weight training five times a week), they seemed to melt away. I didn't feel deprived, and I felt free to give my body the care and attention it 54 .
I lost 165 pounds over the next two years. I had many ups and downs. I was determined to go
on. Another challenge to me was not to beat myself up if I ate something that was unhealthy and to take it as a sign to abandon my healthful habits. Instead I vowed to start again and always keep my goal in mind. Thanks to losing weight and becoming fit I am myself. 41．A．hardly 42．A．left 43．A．nothing 44．A．ended up 45．A．contributing to 46．A．lacking of 47．A．reflection 48．A．unfamiliar 49．A．efforts 50．A．giving out 51．A．challenge 52．A．It 53．A．solution 54．A．deserved 55．A．keep up with B．frequently B．to leave B．no one B．ended over B．resulted in B．lack of B．infection B．unhappier B．affords B．giving in B．success B．They B．secret B．focused B．in line with C．immediately C．leaving C．none C．ended up with C．resulting from C．lacking C．imagination C．unfriendly C．effects C．giving up C．energy C．There C．answer C．caught C．put up with D．instantly D．having left D．anything D．was ended up D．led to D．lacked in D．attention D．unfit D．infects D．giving away D．work D．I D．road D．paid D．catch up with 55 my body and myself. I have finally found
【答案】【知识点】B1 记叙文 【文章综述】文章介绍作者体重超标，为此经常被人嘲笑，他试图减肥，但是因为自己喜欢 烹饪，喜欢吃，所以努力都失败了。有一天作者真正认识到自己的问题，下定决心要健康饮 食，加上锻炼，效果很好。 【答案解析】 41.B A．hardly几乎不；B．frequently频繁地；C．immediately立刻；D．instantly立刻。我经常 因为比别的孩子重而被嘲笑，使我觉得很害羞，选B。 42.C 现在分词作结果状语。 43.C A．nothing没有什么；B．no one没有人；C．none三者以上没有；D．anything任何事。 我尝试了几种节食方法，但是没有一种奏效的，这里none指节食方法中没有一个。
44.A A．ended up +doing结束，最后，后面可以接动名词；无B项搭配；C．ended up with sth. 以…结束；D．was ended up这个词组不能用被动。我最后又增加体重了。选A。 45.A A．contributing to贡献，导致；B．resulted in导致；C．resulting from源于；D．led to 导 致。另外一个导致我增加体重的因素是我对烹饪的喜爱，这里是定语，修饰factor， factor和 contribute to是主动关系，所以用现在分词做定语。 46.C lack和主句的主语I是主谓关系，要用现在分词作状语，排除B和D。lack of是名词短语，排 除。因为缺乏自信去遥远的新学校，所以我决定呆在家附近，而不是去遥远的大学。 47.A A．reflection反应，反射，映像；B．infection感染；C．imagination想象；D．attention注 意。我在镜子里面看见我的映像 48.B A．unfamiliar不熟悉的；B．unhappier不快乐的；C．unfriendly不友好的；D．unfit不适 合的，不健康的。如果我不采取措施，我会越来越胖，越来越不快乐。 49.A A．efforts努力；B．affords负担；C．effects影响；D．infects感染。我想到过去减肥的努 力失败是因为它们要我放弃喜爱的食物。 50.C A．giving out分发，用尽；B．giving in屈服，让步；C．giving up放弃；D．giving away赠 送，泄露。从前面的：abandon可知是放弃节食。 51.A A．challenge挑战；B．success成功；C．energy能量；D．work工作。我最大的挑战是找 个方法让我对食物的热情和健康的生活方式相适应。 52.C there be 句型得有一个办法将烹饪和健康饮食结合起来。e.g. I love you, if there had to be a limit of the time, I pray it would be ten thousand years. 我爱你,如果需要有个限制的时间,我祈 祷它会是一万年. 53.A A．solution解决方法；B．secret秘密；C．answer回答；D．road公路。在读了几篇低脂 肪烹饪书后我找到了解决方法。 54.A A．deserved应得；B．focused专注；C．caught抓；D．paid付钱。给我的身体它应得到 的关心和注意让我觉得自在。 55.B A．keep up with跟上；B．in line with和…一致；C．put up with容忍；D．catch up with赶 上。多亏了减肥让我健康，我的心灵和身体保持一致。
【由 2013 界广东省惠州 4 月模拟改编】
完 形 填 空 。阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 l?l5各题所給的 A、B、C和 D项中，选出最 佳选项，
It happened to a very young pastor (牧师).His church was very old and what's worse, a storm knocked a hole in the wall of the church. One day the pastor1_____ an auction(拍卖）and bid a beautiful tablecloth for six dollars. He carried the cloth back to the church and put it up on the wall. It completely hid the 2_____! Just before noon of Christmas Eve, the pastor noticed a woman standing in the cold at the bus stop. “The 3 _____won’t be here for 40 minutes!” he called, and he invited her into the church to get 4_____ .She told him that she had come from the city to be interviewed for a job as governess to the children of one wealthy family in town but she had been turned down. The woman saw the tablecloth and rose suddenly. The pastor smiled and started to tell her about the storm 5_____, but she didn’t seem to 6_____ “It is mine!” she said. “My husband had the cloth made 7_____ for me ! She explained that she and her husband decided to go separately in the War II. They planned that he would 8_____ her. But she never saw him again. Later she heard that he had died. The pastor tried to 9_____ her, advising her to take the cloth with her. She 10_____ . Then she went away. On Christmas Eve, after the service in church, one middle-aged man—the local clock-and-watch repairman—looked rather 11_____ .‘‘It is strange，”he said in his soft accent.
Many years ago, my wife and I owned such a cloth.
The pastor suddenly became very 12_____ . He told him about the woman who had been in church 13_____ in the day .Together the two got in touch with the 14_____ who had interviewed her. And this man and his wife -who had been separated through so many saddened 15_____were reunited.
1. A had B attended C held D took
2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9.
A A A A A A A A
wall boss warm damage work carefully join amuse cried puzzled sad later woman weeks
B B B B B B B B B B B B B B
church company ready story believe attentively write comfort accepted delighted shocked earlier manager countries
C C C C C C C C C C C C C C
hole train cool
D D D
table bus calm truth understand especially leave help continued disappionted excited colder family centuries
listen finally bring please refused determined hopeful warmer husband Christmases
D D D D D D D D D D
10. A 11. A 12. A 13. A 14. A 15. A
文章大意：这是一个真实的圣诞节故事，风暴把教堂的墙上弄了一个洞，牧师拍得一块桌 布，挡住那个洞。让那个在寒风中领漂泊的妇女进入教堂，最终一对因为战争而分离走散多 年的夫妻团聚了。 1. 【答案】B 【解析】 考查动词及上下文的呼应。A.had 有；B.attended 参加；C.held 举行 D. took 带。有一 天牧师参加一个拍卖会。参加拍卖会应该用 attend，故选 B。 2. 【答案】C 【解析】考查名词及上下文的呼应。A.wall 墙；B. church 教堂；C.hole 洞；D. table 课桌。从 前面的句子：a storm knocked a hole in the wall of the church.用那块布挡住了洞，可知选 C。 3. 【答案】D 【解析】考查名词及上下文的呼应。A.boss 老板；B.company 公司；C.train 火车；D.bus 公共 汽车。从前面的句子 the pastor noticed a woman standing in the cold at the bus stop. 可知是公共 汽车。车到站还有 40 分钟，故选 D。 4. 【答案】A
【解析】 考查形容词及上下文的呼应。A.warm 温暖；B. ready 准备好了；C.cool 冷却；D. calm 冷静。他邀请她进入教堂取暖，故选 A。 5. 【答案】A 【解析】考查名词及上下文的呼应。A.damage 破坏；B. story 故事；C.fact 事实；D. truth 真 理。牧师微笑着，告诉她关于风暴的破坏。故选 A。 6. 【答案】C 【解析】考查动词及上下文的呼应。A.work 工作；B.believe 相信；C. listen 听；D. understand 理解。但是妇女好像没听，故选 C。 7. 【答案】D 【解析】考查副词及上下文的呼应。A.carefully 仔细的；B. attentively 专心地；C.finally 最终 地；D. especially 尤其地。根据“It is mine!这是丈夫特别为我做的桌布。故选 D。 8. 【答案】A 【解析】考查动词及上下文的呼应。A.join 参加；B.write 写；C.bring 带来；D. leave 离开。 join sb 和某人一起。他计划和她汇合。故选 A。 9. 【答案】B 【解析】 考查动词及上下文的呼应。A.amuse 使…高兴；B.comfort 安慰；C. please 使…高兴； D. help 帮助。牧师安慰她，建议她把桌布带着。故选 B。 10. 【答案】C 【解析】考查动词及上下文的呼应。A.cried 哭；B.accepted 接受；C. refused 拒绝；D. continued 继续。她拒绝了，就走了。选 C。 11. 【答案】A 【解析】考查名词及上下文的呼应。A. puzz led 困惑的；B.delighted 高兴的；C.determined 有 决心的；D. disappionted 失望的。从后面的句子：‘It is strange，可知很困惑。故选 A。 12. 【答案】D 【解析】考查形容词及上下文的呼应。A.sad 难过的；B.shocked 震惊的；C. hopeful 有希望 的；D. excited 兴奋的。指人高兴用 excited；牧师很兴奋。故选 D。 13. 【答案】B 【解析】考查副词及上下文的呼应。A.later 后来；B. earlier 早些时候；C. warmer 更暖和；D. colder 更冷。告诉他早些时候在教堂的妇女。故选 B。 14. 【答案】D
【解析】考查名词及上下文的呼应。A.woman 妇女；B. manager 经理；C. husband 丈夫；D. family 家庭。从前面的句子：She told him that she had come from the city to be interviewed for a job as governess to the children of one wealthy family in town but she had been turned down.可知 答案是 D。 15. 【答案】C 【解析】考查名词及上下文的呼应。A.weeks 星期；B. countries 国家；C.Christmases 圣诞； D. centuries 世纪。经历这么对悲伤的夫妇最终团聚了。故选 C。
【参考答案】完形填空： 1—5 BCDAA 6—10 CDABC 11—15 ADBDC