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American Sports

Watching or attending sports events is an important part of the lives of many Americans. American life pace is very fast , they prefer to choose the sports to keep fit in their daily life .In every state of America , there are various kinds of Sports , such as basketball , football and skiing, and so on.

The Sports in American People’s Life

Three Ball Games in the United States
The Achievements of American Sports The Problems of Current American Sports

The American people are very crazy about their Sports

In many parts of the world, there are four seasons: spring, summer, fall and winter. In the U.S., there are only three: football, basketball and baseball.

That’s not completely true, but almost. In every season, Americans have a ball. If you want to know what season it is, just look at what people are playing. For many Americans, Sports do not just occupy the sidelines.[(球场)边线] They take center court. [中圈]

? Sports in the United States are an important part of the United States culture. However, the sporting culture of the U.S. is different from that of many other countries. Compared to any other nation, Americans prefer a unique set of sports.

? For example, soccer, the most popular sport in the world, is not as popular in the U.S. compared to the four most popular team sports — namely football, basketball, baseball, and ice hocky.

Baseball
Ice hockey American football Soccer Basketball

Baseball

Baseball

is the oldest of the major American team sports, though baseball is no longer the most popular sport, it is still referred to as the "national pastime.“(“民族消遣” ) Also unlike other popular spectator sports in the U.S., Major League Baseball teams (美国职业棒球大联盟) play almost every day from April to October.

The most popular baseball league in the U.S. is Major League Baseball. it attracts more ticket sales than any other sport in the United States, and is considered the second most popular professional sport. baseball is also popular in many other countries, notably (尤其,特别) Japan, South Korea and Latin American countries such as the Dominican Republic, Cuba, and Venezuela.

Baseball------the national pastime
?Began as early as 1790 and became the official sport in America by the 1850’s ?Played by all ages in both the US, Cuba, and Japan ?It is a game between two teams of 9 people. One team trying to gain points by hitting a ball and running around the field, the other tries to stop them by catching the ball and throwing it.

Baseball
? There are two leagues, in Major League Baseball (professional baseball), the American League and the National League ? Each league has teams in many cities across America ? The teams play each other in each league ? The winners from each league play each other in the World Series at the end of each year (sometime in October)

How the Game Is Played
? Baseball is one of the few team sports that is not controlled by a clock; the location of the ball determines the play of the game. ? The pitcher of the defensive team throws the ball towards the home plate at a speed often over 145 km/hr. ? A single player of the offensive team, the team at bat, attempts to hit the baseball somewhere in fair territory outlined by the lines running to the right over first base and to the left over third base. ? Scoring occurs when a batter travels around all the bases and returns to home plate.

Baseball

Basketball

Basketball
Basketball, invented in Springfield, Massachusetts, by Canadian-born physical education teacher James Naismith, is the second most popular sport behind football. However, the NBA, is ranked third in popularity behind football and baseball.
The National Basketball Association, (NBA), is the world's premier men's professional basketball league and one of the major professional sports leagues of North America. In late April, the NBA Playoffs(最 后决赛 ) begin. Eight teams in each conference qualify for the playoffs and compete for the Larry O'Brien Championship Trophy. (拉里· 奥布赖恩冠 军奖杯)

The origin of basketball
? Football and baseball came from other old world game. Basketball was a truly American origin. ? Basketball was born in 1891 in Springfield, Massachusetts, when a physical education teacher James Naismith(1861-1939)hung up a couple of peach baskets on poles at opposite ends of the gymnasium and used a soccer ball to create an “indoor” sport for students during the winter.

Basketball
? First established in 1891 in the US ? Professional leagues are the NBA (National Basketball Association est. 1947) and the WNBA (Women’s National Basketball Association est. 1997) ? The NBA has 30 teams in two divisions the Eastern Conference and Western Conference ? Boston Celtics have won the most Championships (17), the LA Lakers have won the second most (16).

How the Game Is Played
? A basketball court can vary slightly in dimensions, but all approximately 26m long and 15m wide. At each end a basket is fixed to a board about 3.1 m from the floor. ? The object of the game is to drop the basketball into the net, usually by shooting the ball into the air so that it drops in. ? If a player sinks a basket by throwing the ball from a distance of about 6m, the team is awarded 3 points. If a player is closer than that, the team receives 2 points. ? Players commit a foul if they touch another player. The player receiving a foul is awarded a free throw from a distance about 4.6m in front of the net.

How the Game Is Played
? The challenge in the game arises from the rule that players may not carry the ball. A player can throw the ball to a team mate, or he can bounce the ball on the floor as he moves around the court. ? The defensive players naturally try to intercept a pass, or steal the ball while it is being dribbled. The defense also tries to prevent the offense from shooting the ball before the shot clock expires. ? There are five players on each team, and collegiate games last forty minutes, while professional games go on for forty eight minutes. All games are broken into quarter periods of play measured by a game clock. ? If the score is tied at the end of the regular game period, additional overtime periods are played until one team emerge as the winner.

National Basketball Association Originated in 1946

Houston Rockets

Yao played for Shanghai team before he went to America to achieve his dream. He was chosen by Rockets as the NO.1 in 2003 NBA draft(选秀)

Michael Jordan

The basic information
Name:Michael Jordan

Birthday:February 17 ,1963(Sunday)
Birthplace :Brooklyn in New York

University: North Carolina State University
北卡罗莱纳大学

He was the fourth child ,and was the smallest of the three sons. He also had a sister and a younger

His wife was Juanita,they had three children (two boys ,one girl ).

They divorced in December 30, 2006 (17y). And Juanita got more than $150 million in this settlement.(离婚费1.5亿美元) His new girlfriend was a model from Cuba.

rebellious 、 naughty 、got his in trouble

He liked sports. Basketball. Running. Long jump. American football(橄榄球)
Was afraid to swim

? 188cm in 15 years old “You’re not tall,response is not fast , playing basketball is not a good choice ” his coach said.
He never gave up.198cm in 20 years old Gained acceptance

1987年全明星周末首夺扣篮大赛冠军

took a slam dunk champion in 1987

Wondrous

1988年全明星周末蝉联扣篮大赛冠军

took slam dunk champion again

1992年率梦之队称雄巴塞罗那奥运

To get full victory of the 14 basketball match

To help the American basketball team won the Olympic gold medal again.

1996年10月29日乔丹被评为NBA历史上50大巨星之一 he was named one of the 50 greatest players in history In 1996.

1997年带病拼杀总决赛

再捧冠军奖杯

Got into the final match sicklly hleped Bulls the fifth championship

1998年经典一投成就公牛六冠王

The last shot
Six consecutive championship achievement

飞人的精彩表现

He was a successful man.
As a basketball player, he had too much reputation. As a father, he took care of his children Meticulously.
As a boss, he managed his team reasonablely .

American Football

American football
Football, known as gridiron or American football outside the U.S.and Canada, attracts more television Viewers than baseball, and is considered the most popular sport in the United States.

The 32-team National Football League (NFL)(全国橄榄球联赛) is the most popular and only major professional football league. Its championship game, the Super Bowl, is the biggest annual sporting event held in the United States. Additional millions also watch college football, and some communities, particularly in rural areas, place great emphasis on their local high school team.

American Football
? Began in the 1890’s as a new form of rugby ? There are two leagues the AFL (American Football League) and the NFC (National Football Conference) which together are part of the NFL (National Football League) ? There are 32 NFL teams ? Teams in each league play each other. The winners from the two leagues play each other in the Super Bowl final. ? The Pittsburg Steelers have the most Super Bowl wins (6) followed by the San Francisco 49ers (5) and Dallas Cowboys (5)

Football
? American football is a distinct type of football that developed in the United States in the 19th century from soccer and rugby. Football is played by school, college and professional teams and is one of the most popular American sports, attracting thousands of participants and millions of spectators annually. American football was made popular by teams representing colleges and universities. Even today, despite greatly increased interest in professional football, college football games, played by more than 600 teams, are attended by more than 35 million spectators each year.

Football
? The largest stadium today is the Pontiac Silverdome in Michigan with a capacity of a little over 80 000 seats, and the smallest is the Oakland Coliseum in California seating just 50 000 people. Many stadiums today have a large screen visible from the seating area and capable of displaying a television picture. ? In addition to professional football, most colleges and universities have a varsity football team, with additional personnel in a marching band and a squad of cheerleaders, whose task is to lead the spectators in cheering for their team. ? One reason football is so popular in America may be that the game combines teamwork with individual prowess in a rough, contact competition.

How the Game Is Played
? The two opposing teams place eleven players on the field at one time. The team having possession of the football is the offense whose object is to advance the ball over the defense’s goal line. ? The offense must advance at least ten yards in four attempts (called downs) otherwise the defensive team gains possession of the ball and thus becomes the offense. ? If the offense believes it will fail to make the requisite ten yards, it will usually kick the ball on the fourth down, so that when the defense takes possession it will be that much farther back from their desired goal. This kick is called a punt.

How the Game Is Played
? A team scores 6 points for a touchdown, running or passing the ball over the opponent’s goal line. At that stage, the team can earn one additional point by kicking the ball through the goal posts, a Point After Touchdown (PAT). ? There are four quarters of playing time lasting 15 minutes for each quarter. At the end of an hour of playing, the team with the most points wins. In college football, there could be a tie. But in professional football, the game will continue for additional 15 minute periods until one team scores.

The Pontiac Silverdome American Football

Officials and hand signals

Hockey

Ice Hockey

Car Racing and Boxing

Individual Sports
? ? ? ? ? ? ? Swimming Golf Tennis Bowling Skiing Snowboarding (X-treme Sports) Track and Field

GOLF

Bowling

Snowboarding

Recreational Sports
? ? ? ? ? Hiking Walking Boating Hunting Fishing

Hiking

Boating

Hunting

Fishing

The Brilliant Achievements of American Sports
The United States is one of the traditional powers of the Olympic Sports.

The United States is one of creators of the International Olympic Committee (IOC).(国际奥委员会 ) The United States have great strength and many excellent athletes , the United States participated in the previous summer and winter Olympic Games, and have gain the outstanding achievements
By 2008 ,the United States got a total of 2228 medals, including 921 gold medals

The Problems of the American Sports

Scandal Drug

Stimulant

Michael Phelps issued an apology after a British newspaper published a photograph showing him smoking marijuana.

The newspaper reported that Phelps, 23, was photographed using the bong during a house party with students from the University of South Carolina in Columbia in November.

Michael Phelps

"I engaged in behavior which was regrettable and demonstrated bad judgment," Phelps said. "I'm 23 years old and despite the successes I've had in the pool, I acted in a youthful and inappropriate way, not in a manner people have come to expect from me. "

Jones 琼斯

Floyd Landis 兰迪斯

Montgomery Lance Armstrong 蒙哥马利 兰斯-阿姆斯特朗

Carl Lewes 卡尔· 刘易斯

Justin Gatlin 加特林

All of their doping texts are positive

THE END….
Thank you for coming!!!!!


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