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2014-2015 学年高中英语同步【宏志】练习与测试题【4】【答案】:Unit1(人教新课标必修 4)

Period Four

Grammar & Writing

Ⅰ.单项填空 1.A poet and artist ________ coming to speak to us about Chinese

literature and painting tomorrow afternoon. A.is B.are C.was D.were 2.As you can see,the number of cars on roads ________ rising these days. A.was keeping B.keep C.keeps D.were keeping 3.The company had about 20 notebook computers but only onethird ________ used regularly.Now we have 60 working all day long. A.is B.are C.was D.were 4.The father as well as his three children ________ every Sunday afternoon in winter. A.is going B.go C.goes D.are going 5.One advantage of playing the guitar is ________ it can give you a great deal of pleasure. A.how B.why C.that D.when 6.Most of what has been said about the Smiths ________ also true of the Johnsons. A.are B.is C.being D.to be 7.A survey of the opinions of experts ________ that three hours of outdoor exercise a week ________ good for one’s health. A.show; are B.shows; is C.show; is D.shows; are 8.We live day by day,but in the great things,the time of days and weeks ________ so small that a day is unimportant. A.is B.are C.has been D.have been 9.—Did you go to the show last night? —Yeah.Every boy and girl in the area ________ invited. A.were B.have been C.has been D.was 10.Either you or one of your students ________ to attend the meeting that is due tomorrow. A.are B.is C.have D.be 11.The number of foreign students attending Chinese universities ________ rising steadily since 1997. A.is B.are C.has been D.have been 12.Dr.Smith,together with his wife and daughters,________ visit Beijing this summer. A.is going to B.are going to C.was going to D.were going to 13.The fact has worried many scientists ________ the earth is becoming warmer and warmer these years. A.what B.which C.that D.thought 14.—Is there any possibility ________ you could pick me up at the airport? —No problem.

A.when B.that C.whether D.what 15.Not only I but also Tom and Mary ________ fond of watching TV. A.am B.is C.are D.be Ⅱ.单句改错 1.Reading without comprehension are no good. ________ 2.One and a half banana are on the left. ________ 3.All work and no play make Jack a dull boy. ________ 4.Many a student and teacher have seen the film. ________ 5.A number of cables is needed in this project. ________ Ⅲ.阅读理解 U.S.President Barack Obama has again gone on the road to try to persuade Americans to support his economic agenda.The president is campaigning for his plan to encourage hiring. President Obama visited the Northeastern state of New Hampshire on Tuesday,to promote a plan he hopes will help ease the nation’s ten percent unemployment rate. Mr.Obama says money repaid by large banks that received government help should be lent to small businesses,where he says most of America’s job creation takes place.“I am announcing a proposal to take $30 billion of the money that was repaid by Wall Street banks—now that they are back on their feet—take that $30 billion and use it to create a new small business lending fund that would provide capital for community banks on Main Street, ” said President Obama. As Mr.Obama admitted in last week’s State of the Union address,the federal bailout (紧急融 资) of big financial institutions has been unpopular.But he says it was necessary to prevent the U.S.financial system from collapsing. That program,plus stubborn unemployment,is among the factors in the president’s sagging ( 下跌的 ) approval ratings and victories by the opposition Republican Party in several recent elections. At a public forum in New Hampshire,Mr.Obama said he shares Americans’ frustration with persistent joblessness. The president addressed Republican opposition to his policies.He appealed for lawmakers from both parties to work together for the good of the country,while also blasting some Republicans as being willing to take positions simply for political gain. Mr.Obama’s proposed government budget is being criticized by lawmakers from both parties.Republicans say it does not address deficits (财政赤字) soon enough and raises taxes too much.Democrats are questioning some of the president’s proposed spending cuts. 1.What is the main problem that America is faced with now? A.The bankruptcy of Wall Street. B.The two parties are against each other. C.The financial cuts on large banks. D.The unemployment problem. 2.Most of the job opportunities can be created by ______. A.Wall Street banks B.big companies C.small businesses D.large banks 3.We can infer from the passage that ________. A.the people who have lost their jobs will be benefited B.the federal bailout of big financial institutions was unpopular C.Obama’s budget policy is welcomed by the two parties D.all the American people dislike Obama’s budget policy

4.Which is NOT the reason why President Obama is unpopular? A.The high unemployment rate. B.The federal bailout of big financial institutions. C.Lawmakers at the two parties dislike each other. D.Obama government raises too much taxes. 5.Which is NOT the factor that causes Obama’s being criticized? A.His budget does not address deficits soon enough. B.Obama wants to cut the unemployment rate. C.The president’s proposed spending cuts. D.His budget raises taxes too much. Ⅳ.书面表达 为纪念林肯(Abraham Lincoln)对反对奴隶制度而做出的贡献, 你校课外英语小组委托你写 一篇介绍林肯的英语文章,拟发表于校报上。 1.林肯是美国最伟大的总统之一; 2.他 1809 年出生于 Kentucky,几乎未受过学校教育; 3.开过商店,供职过邮政所,闲暇时钻研法律,1860 年当选为美国第十六任总统; 4.他反对奴隶制度,反对分裂,领导北方取得内战的胜利,维护了国家的统一; 5.1864 年再次当选为总统,但却于 1865 年 4 月 14 日遭枪击,第二天凌晨去世。 ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________

It seems that...句型常可转化成“从句的主语+不定式”结构。 1.It seems that she’s right.=She seems to be right. 看起来她是对的。 2.It seemed that there was something wrong with him.=There seemed to be something wrong with him.他似乎有点不对劲。

Period Four

Grammar & Writing

Ⅰ.1.A [此题考查主谓一致。 因为 a poet and artist 是指一个人, 排出 B 和 D; 由 tomorrow afternoon 可排除掉 C 选项。] 2.C [此题考查主谓一致。因 the number of 作主语时,谓语动词用单数,排除 B 和 D 选项;由 these days 可知,不用过去式,排除 A。] 3.D [此题考查主谓一致。 分数作主语由所指代的具体内容来确定单复数, 排除 A 和 C; 由 had 可知,是指过去,排除 B 选项。] 4.C [此题考查主谓一致。主语 father 是单数,排除 B 和 D;由 every Sunday afternoon 可知,用一般现在时,排除 A 选项。] 5.C [此题考查名词性从句作表语。当名词性从句中不缺少任何成分时,用 that。] 6.B [此题考查主谓一致。 What has been said about the Smiths 是介词 of 的宾语从句, 主语是 most,所以全句缺少谓语动词,排除 C 和 D 项;most 作主语,谓语与所指代的名词或 代词保持一致,of 后面是一个句子,所以排除 A 选项。] 7.B [两处空格前的主语都是单数形式, 所以此题选择 B 选项。] 8.A [主语是 the time,所以谓语动词用单数形式。] 9.D [此题考查的是主谓一致。由 and 连接的两个名词同时被 every,each,no 修饰的时 候,谓语动词用单数。再从问话中的 last night 可以看出,应为过去式。] 10.B [此题考查的是主谓一致。此题遵循就近原则,one of your students 谓语应用单数 形式。] 11.C [此题考查的是主谓一致和时态。主语是 the number,故谓语动词用单数;又因时 间状语是 since 1997,所以用完成时态。] 12.A [考查动词时态和主谓一致。主语是 Dr.Smith,表单数,谓语动词用单数形式;时 间状语是 this summer,表将来的计划,故时态用一般将来时,选 A 项。] 13.C [考查同位语从句的用法,即先行词 the fact 和 that 引导的同位语从句中间间隔了 谓语部分。] 14.B [考查同位语从句的用法。that 引导同位语从句解释说明 possibility 的内容。] 15.C Ⅱ.1.are→is 2.are→is 3.make→makes 4.have→has 5.is→are Ⅲ.1.D [根据第一段的最后一句话我们可以判定此题的答案为 D 选项。] 2.C [根据第三段的第一句话我们可以判定此题的正确答案为 C 选项。] 3.A [判断推理题。奥巴马所要解决的问题就是就业问题,所以此题选择 A 选项。] 4.C [细节考查题,只有 C 项文中没有提及到,所以此题选择 C 选项。] 5.B [细节考查题。奥巴马想减小失业率并不是其招致批评的原因,所以此题选择 B 选 项。] Ⅳ. 参考范文 Abraham Lincoln

Lincoln,one of the greatest American Presidents,was born in Kentucky,USA in 1809. As a child,Lincoln hardly received any schooling.He had run a store,worked in a post office and studied law in his spare time before he became the 16th president of the US in 1860. Lincoln was strongly against slavery during his lifetime.When the Civil War broke out,he insisted on safeguarding the whole Union and led the North through the war.At last,the North won, and the South and the North joined up again as one country. Lincoln was elected president for the second time in 1864,but unfortunately he was shot on April 14,1865 and died early the next morning.

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