定语从句讲解与练习 一．定义：在复合句中修饰某一名词或代词的从句叫定语从句。 二．特点：1.先行词：定语从句所修饰的名词或代词 2. 关联词： 1）引出定语从句，并作从句的一个成分。可作主语、宾语、定语、 状语，作宾语可省略。 2）关联词包括关系代词和关系副词。关联词位于先行词和定语从句 之间。 关系代词：that, which, who, whom, whose 代指先行词。
关系副词：when, where, why 作时间状语。 三．基本结构：先行词+关联词+定语从句剩余部分 四．关系代词的用法： 1. that 和 which that 指人或物，作主语或宾语，作宾语可省略，主语不能。 Which 指物，不指人，作主语或宾语，作宾语可省略，主语不能。 His father works in a factory that/which makes TV sets. Who was hurt in the accident that/which happened yesterday? The coat (which/that) I put on the desk is black. 注意：The room in which I live is very big. (在介词后面不能用 that) 2.只能用 that 不能用 which 引导的定语从句： 1) 先行词被形容词最高级修饰时，定语从句只能用 that This is the most interesting story (that) I have ever heard. 2）先行词被序数词修饰时，定语从句只能用 that The children like the second lesson that is about “The Football Match”. 3）先行词被 the only，the very 或 the same 等修饰，定语从句只能用 that 引导。 It is the only word (that) I know in the passage. Where is the very book (that) I bought just now? This is the (same) bicycle (that) I lost. 4）先行词为 everything，something，anything，all，none，much，little，few 等 不定代词时，定语从句只能用 that I want everything (that) I want. I am writing to tell you about something very strange that happened to me last week. 5)先行词被不定代词 all, any, no, every, little, much, many 修饰时，只能用 that Here is all the money (that) I have. 6)先行词是同时含有“人和物”的名词时，定语从句只能用 that I can remember well the persons and some pictures (that) I see in the room. 7)定语从句所修饰的词为 the one 时，定语从句用 that 引导 Is it the one（that）you want？
8）为了避免重复，在疑问词 who 之后，用 that 引导定语从句 Who is the girl that won the first place? 3. who 和 whom who 指人，在句中作主语和宾语，作宾语可省略。 Whom 指人，在句中只能作宾语，可省略，但在介词后面不能省略。 Who is the teacher that Xiao Li is talking to? The doctor with whom she went to the United States last month is very famous. =The doctor who/whom/that she went to the United States with last month is very famous. 五.关系副词的用法： 1. when 指时间，在定语从句中作时间状语 I still remember the day when I first came to Beijing. 2.where 指地点，在定语从句中作地点状语。 This is the house where I lived two years ago. when=on which
3.why 指原因， 在定语从句中作原因状语， 其先行词只有表示原因的 reason 一词. We don’t know the reason why he was late for school. ㈠．单项选择 1. This is the bag _____ my mother bought yesterday. A. that B. who C. whom D. this 2. The man _____ lives next to us is my English teacher. A. whom B. which C. who D. / 3. The girl _____ you saw in the street is Mary. A. that B. whose C. which D. as 4. Is this the factory _____ a lot of students visited yesterday? A. the one B. which C. who D. whom 5. Is this factory _____ a lot of students visited yesterday? A. the one B. that C. which D. / 6. The only language _____ is easy to learn is the mother tongue. A. which B. that C. / D. it 7. The girl handed everything _____ she had picked up in the street to the police. A. which B. in which C. that D. all 8. _____ cleans the blackboard should be praised. A. That B. Who C. The one who D. The students who 9. Please show me the book _____ you bought yesterday. A. which B. whom C. whose D. this 10. This is the best book _____ I have been looking for all this year. A. who B. whom C. which D. / 11. This is the only article of these that _____ written by him.
12. The man _____ was here just now is a doctor. A. whom B. who C. / D. he 13. The boy _____ has two lovely dogs. A. who live next door B. which lives next door C. whom lives next door D. that lives next door 14. Those _____ made no mistakes in today’s exercises please raise your hands. A. which B. whom C. that D. who 15. Don’t go in, this is the shop _____ we have just been _____. A. /, to B. that, / C. where, to D. which, there 16. He is the most careful boy _____ I know. A. what B. which C. as 17. This is the school _____ Mr. Smith once taught. A. in that B. when C. where D. / D. there
18. Have you visited the house _____ the famous scientist was born? A. where B. in that C. that D. which 19. The factory _____ Mr. Li used to work was closed last week. A. when B. where C. that D. which 20. Do you still remember the day _____ we first met? A. that B. when C. what D. on that 21. The first time ___ I saw Premier Zhou was in 1958. A. when B. where C. which D. that 22. October 1, 1949 is the day _____ we’ll never forget. A. when B. that C. where D. in which 23. October 1, 1949 was the day _____ the People’s Republic of China was founded. A. which B. when C. where D. in which 24. Is this the shop _____ sells children’s clothing? A. which B. where C. in which D. what 25. Is this museum _____ they visited last month? A. that B. which C. where D. the one 26. I still remember the sitting-room _____ my mother and I used to sit in the evening. A. what B. which C. that D. where 27. Did you tell your mother all ___ you had seen on the way home? A. what B. why C. that D. which 28. It’s one of the most important meetings ___ this years. A. that has been held B. which has been held C. that have been held D. which have held
29. Do you know who lives in the building ___ there is a well? A. in front of it B. in front of whose C. in front of which D. in the front of which 30. I’ll never forget the day ___ I joined the League. A. on which B. which C. in which D. at which 31. She showed her new watch to my wife, ___ was kept in a box. A. who B. which C. that D. it 32. She had three sons, all ___ became doctors. A. who B. whom C. of them D. of whom 33. This is the new type of plane ___ parts are made of plastics. A. that B. what C. which D. whose 34. ___ is known to all, China is a developing country, belonging to the third world. A. It B. That C. As D. Which 35. Is this the leaning tower ___ Galileo did experiment centuries ago? A. that B. where C. which D. when ㈡．将下列两句话合并成一句. 1. I can’t find the book.. I bought a book yesterday. _____________________________________________________________________ _________________________ 2. The girl is my sister. The girl is standing on the stage. _____________________________________________________________________ _________________________ 3. The West Lake lies in Hangzhou. The West Lake is one of the most famous lakes in China. _____________________________________________________________________ _________________________ 4. I don’t know that boy. The boy is in blue shirt. _____________________________________________________________________ _________________________ 5. My brother likes the singers. The singers write their own music. _____________________________________________________________________ _________________________ 6. The cat is mine. The cat is playing with a ball. _____________________________________________________________________ _________________________ 答案： 一） 1-5 A C A B A
11-15 A B D D A 16-20 D C A B B 21-25 D B B A D 26-30 D C C C A 31-35 B D D C B （二） 1. I can’t find the book that/which/ / I bought yesterday. 2. The girl who/that is standing on the stage is my sister. 3. The West Lake is one of the most famous lakes in China that lies in Hangzhou. 4. I don’t know the boy who/that is in blue shirt. 5. My brother likes the singers who/that write their own music. 6. The cat which/that is playing with a ball is mine.