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专升本英语翻译部分


专升本英语翻译部分

包括英译汉和汉译英

大纲要求
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第四部分:翻译(Part IV Translation),共10 题,考试时间为20分钟。这一部分包括两节。 A节(Section A)为英语译汉语,有5题,要 求将阅读理解材料中标号的5个画线句子译成 汉语。本节测试目的是检查学生对常用句型 和词语的综合理解和运用能力。 B节(Section B)为汉译英,给出5个单句或 包含5个句子的短文。本节的测试目的是检查 考生实际运用语言的综合能力。

翻译技巧
做好翻译的关键在于了解英汉两种语言 的差异,把握两种语言不同用语习惯, 按照“忠实”,“通顺”两大原则,是 译文尽可能多的反映原文信息。英汉两 种语言在结构上存在较大差异。应注意 以下几点:

注意事项
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英语信息重点在前,汉语信 息重点在后。 You will lose your chance if you don’t take action right now. 如果不马上采取行动, 你就会坐失良机。 英语多用复合长句。,汉语 多用简单短句。 Chilly gusts with a taste of rain in them had almost dispeopled the streets. 阵阵 寒风,带着雨意,街上冷冷 清清,几乎没有什么行人了

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英语多被动,汉语多主动 He was asked by the local government to set up an injuries center at the hospital. 当地政府要求他在医院创建 一个创伤医疗中心。 英语属静态语言,汉语属动 态语言 That would be the confirmation that it was in general use. 这证明它的使用 是十分普遍的。

英译汉
将英语译为汉语,需要注意两个层 面,一个词汇,一个句法。另外, 句法中着重于从句。

词汇的翻译
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词义选择。根据上下文关系和自身搭配,选择正确的 词义。It is quite another story now. 现在的情况完全 不同了。 This story is very interesting. 这个故事很 有趣。The war is becoming the most important story of this generation. 这场战争将成为这代人生命中最 重大的事件了。 词义的引申 delicate skin 娇嫩的皮肤 delicate porcelain 精致的瓷器 delicate health 虚弱的健康 delicate living 奢侈的生活 delicate stomach容易吃坏 的胃 词义的褒贬 注意感情色彩。My brother’s ambition is becoming a pilot. Hitler’s ambition is to conquest the world. 词义的转换 英语在表达上多用名词,形容词,介词, 而汉语多用动词,副词 The very sight of it makes me nervous 一看到他,我就感到紧张。 Independent thinking is an absolute necessity in study. 学习中必须

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增词法 They say her father was a worker in the small company. Maybe he was as poor as us. 听人说,以前 她的父亲在一个小工厂里当工人。他那时也许和我们 现在一样穷。 减词法 He put his hands into his pockets and then shrugged his shoulders. 他双手插进口袋,然后耸了 耸肩。 调整语序 常常需要把英文中位于主要信息之后的次 要信息前移。定语前移 This is the best solution imaginable. 这是能想到的最好解决办法。 状语前移 He had to quit the position and went to exile, having been deprived of his power. 他被剥夺了权力,只好离 职,流落他乡。 拆分法 They, not unexpectedly, did not respond. 他 们没有答复,这完全是意料之中的事。 融合法 We look forward to the day when the scientists can discover more secrets of the universe. 我 们期待有一天科学家们能揭开更多宇宙奥秘。

英文句式的翻译

被动语态
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译成汉语主动句 On the contrary, both their knowledge and experience are enriched. 相反,他们的 知识和经验更丰富了。By the end of the war more than 2000 people had been saved by the organization. 到战争结束时,这个组织拯救了2000多人的生命。 To explore the moon’s surface,rockets were launched into the space again and again. 为了探测月球表面, 人们不断向太空发射火箭。(2007.56) 译成汉语无主句,主要用于翻译被动句 The use of satellite makes it possible to observe the universe much better. 利用卫星能够更好地观察宇宙。 借助“被,由,让,为,遭,加,予以,为 所” 等 词译为汉语被动句 Nuclear power has been known to the scientist for a long time. 核能为科学家们所认识已 经有很长时间了。 译成汉语判断句 In addition, not all the technology is

肯定与否定
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有些词汇本身带有否定意味,例如;avoid, before, beyond,deny,escape. It was beyond his power to sign such a contract. 他无权签订这种 合同。 (2001.65) 部分否定结构翻译为肯定更符合英语习惯。 Don’t lose time in posting this letter 双重否定 Its significance and importance can never be overemphasized.关于这一点的意义 和重要性,怎么强点也不为过。 特殊结构 All that glitters is not gold.发光的不 都是金子。(2003.65) Nobody is admitted without permission. 未经 允许,任何人不得入内。

主语从句
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主语从句包含的信息为重要信息,位于句首。 What he told me was only half-truth.他告诉我 的只是半真半假的东西而已。(2008.58) 形式主语It 与 accept,agree,argue,claim,report,say,suggest等 动词连用,一般增补主语,或译为无主句。It is generally accepted that the experiences of the child in his first years largely determined his character and later personality. 人们普遍 认为,孩子早年的经历很大程度上决定了他 们的性格和未来的人品例如(2008.57; 2008.60;2008.64)。

宾语和表语从句
一般直译 I understand that he is well qualified,but I feel that he needs more experience. 我知道他很符 合条件,但是我觉得他还需经验。(2008.62) I regard it an honor that I am chosen to attend the meeting. 能被当选参加会议,我感带很荣 幸。 事物并不总是如其表象 Things are not always as they seem to be. (2008.63)

同位语从句
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同位语从句修饰的 名词例如: hope,idea suggestion,statement (例如2008.60)

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She had no idea why she thought of him suddenly. 她不明白 自己为什么突然想 起他来。 He expressed the hope that he would come over to visit China again.

定语从句
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前置 Pollution is a pressing problem (which we must deal with right now).污染是我们 现在就必须解决的 一个迫切问题。 (2007.60;2008.56)

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后置,定语太长时 It is he who received the letter that announced the death of your uncle 是他 接到那封信,说你 的叔叔去世了 (2007.65)。

状语从句
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一般包括时间,地点,原因,条件,让 步,目的,结果。多位于句首。 Now all of us are here,let’s start our meeting. 既然大家都到了,我们开始开 会吧 。 She sat behind me so that I could not see the expression on her face. 她坐在我身 后,我看不到她的表情。

汉译英

方法类似于英译汉中使用的方法。

常见方法
对应法 If you don’t come here, I will go to
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visit you. 假如你不来,我就去看你。 改译法 他提醒我们要注意身体 He warned us to take care of ourselves。 增译法 不知你是否完成了任务。 I wonder whether you have finished you task. 许多商店开展‘买一赠一’ 的活动。 Many departments provide service of “Buy One Get One Free” 省译法 你们需要的是快速进步,而不是慢慢的进步。 You need rapid progress, not slow. 调整顺序 我能在这儿坐一会吗? Can I sit here for a while 好的建议,谁来提都无所谓。If the suggestion is advisable, it does not matter who gives it. 不管晴天 阴天,比赛准时进行。 Rain or shine,the match will go on time.

转换语态和正反对译
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这座桥将在今年年 底建成。 The construction of the bridge will be completed by the end of this year.

我还没来得及拦住她,她 就向大家宣布了这个消 息。 Before I could stop her,she shouted the news to everyone. 当时 女孩子没有受教育的机 会。 Girls were denied the chance to education at that time.

常用的词组
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打开专升本资料库中的视频材料2002年 的串讲或者一个文档形式的文件

常用的句型
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Not……until….. 句型 1.She did not go to bed until her mother came back.她 直到她妈妈回来才上床睡觉。 2.Tom did not watch TV until he finished his homework.(2003.68) 3. It was not until in my thirties that I made this important discovery:giving-away makes life so much more exciting. 直到将近不惑之年,我才如梦方醒, 意识到奉献社会使我们的生活更加灿烂。(模拟1.58) 4. Not until the beginning of the twentieth century did the human beings learn to prevent the disease from spreading. 直到二十世纪初,人类才学会防治疾病的 传播。

It is reported/said /estimated that
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It is reported that foreign insurance companies has entered into nineteen Chinese cities so far. (2007.59) =made their way据报道,迄 今为止,外国保险公司已打入中国19个城市。 据估计,已经有100多万人从这个工程中受益。 It’s estimated that more than 1 million people had been benefited from this project. (2005.76)

It is necessary/important for sb to do sth
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我们有必要了解一些英语国家和中国的 文化差异。It is necessary for us to learn/know some differences between some English speaking countries and China.(2002.70) 大学生学好英语很重要。 It is important for university students to learn English well.(2003.66)

比较级
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你练得越刻苦,你取得的进步就越大。The harder you practice,the greater progress you will make.(2003.70) 他在各方面都比我好 He is much better than I in every aspect. This year they have made by far greater progress in business than they did last year. 他 们今年的业务进展比去年大得多(2008.56) The people there will pay two or three times as much as they used to pay for a house. 对于同 一所房子,人们将要支付的是往常支付钱数

Be likely to and not….but…..
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The words and phrases given in this dictionary are those that are likely to be needed by every person.(2007.56) 本词典词条所列,都是每个 人极可能用得上的单词和词组。 如果你想获得成功,除了努力工作以外别无 选择。 There is no other choices but hardworking if you want to be successful(2005.77)

It seems that…and in spite of…..
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It seems strange that in the past ten years Mike and I might just as well have been in different worlds. 看起来很奇 怪的是,在过去的 十年里,麦克和我 可能恰好在不同的 世界里。(2008.57)

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In spite of differences of opinion,we share a common interest in the preservation of the world. 尽管意见 有分歧,我们对维 护世界和平有着共 同的利益。

Although,but and depend on
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尽管警察怀疑这名 年轻人,但没有足 够证据证明他就是 犯罪。 Although this young person is under suspicion, there is no proof to show he is the criminal.(2005.80)

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使我们自己的所为和所 不为决定着我们的未来。 Our future depends on what we ourselves should do or not do.(2007.61) 我们能否出行取决于天 气。Our trip is dependent on the weather.(depends on )(模拟1.64)

So….that…and sb have the/no little chance of /there is little chance of
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汤姆筋疲力尽,看 着书竟睡着了。 Tom was so worn out that he fell asleep while reading a book.

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He has no chance of passing the examination.He never goes his lesson.他绝没有 及格的可能,因为他从 来不复习功课。There is little chance of our coming to business because of the big differences between our price.由于双方价格悬 殊,我们恐怕很难达成 协议。

Scarcely/hardly…when…and sb wonder
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He had scarcely handed me the letter when he asked me to read. 他把信一交给 我,就叫我念给他 听。(2002.61)

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我想知道他是否能 看英文小说 I
wonder whether he can read English novel well.(2002.67)

Good luck

Everything is possible

FOREVER FRIENDS永远的朋友
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曲: Giorgio Moroder莫洛德尔(意大利) 词: Michael Kunze迈克尔· 昆泽(德国) 制作人:孔祥东

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You’ve tasted bitter defeat and the sweet success. 你已经尝过失败的痛苦和成功的甜蜜 You want it all and you settle for nothing less. 你想要的莫过于此 You’ve tried harder than the rest. 你比所有人都更努力

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You’ve become one of the best. 你已经成为最好的一个 This is the time you’ll remember for all your life. 这是值得你一辈子铭记的时刻

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Forever friends 永远的朋友 In harmony 和谐无间 As the whole world joins and sees 全世界都参与并见证

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ays of unity and peace. 这团结和平的日子 Forever through the years 多年过后 We’ll hear the cheers. 我们能够听到穿越时空的欢呼喝彩 Joy and laughter everywhere!We’re together here to share我们共同分享无处不在的欢笑喜悦 Forever friends永远的朋友

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You’ll meet all races, see faces you’ve never seen. 你会遇到不同种族 各种面孔的人们 People from parts of the world where you’ve never been.它们来自世界各地 彼此素昧平生 And you’ll feel it in your heart 你将用心去感受 We spent too much time apart 我们已经分开的太久

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This is the time when all dreams of man come alive. 这是人类所有梦想成真的时刻 Forever friends 永远的朋友

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No matter where we are or go 无论我们身在何处前往何方 No matter what we hope for or know 无论我们心怀何种梦想 No matter how we word our prayer 无论我们用何种语言祈祷 There is one dream we share 这是我们共同分享的梦想

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应试技巧
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书写工整 不要犯低级错误,例如;首字母大写, 简单词不要错,性别正确

试题特点
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结构简单 题材很广 重点词汇 语言的运用能力

基本方法
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句子顺序调整 分译 合译

2009年试题
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He never went outside;but he was sick of staying home and wanted to gou out for once

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但他厌倦了呆在家 里,想出去一次透 透气。

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In the United States,elementary and middle schools are advised to give students two and a half hours of physical activity a week.

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学和中学给学生两个 半小时的体育时间。

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处理这些问题全凭经验

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all depends on experiences to deal with these problems.

? 77.请你帮我在纽约预

定一个四星级宾馆的 房间好吗?

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you please help me to book a room in a four-star hotel in New York?

? 78.我们两国之间已经

有10年的贸易关系。

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have been a trade relationship between us two countries for 10 years.

? 79.整套设备可以在几个小

时内安装完毕

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complete set of equipment can be fixed within several hours.

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80.我们的实验现在已经到了最 后也是最重要的一个阶段。

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experiment has come to the last and the most important stage.


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